Skip to comments.Mesopotamian City Grew Regardless Of Kingly Rule
Posted on 08/30/2007 3:39:12 PM PDT by blam
Mesopotamian city grew regardless of kingly rule
19:00 30 August 2007
NewScientist.com news service
Changes in pottery over the years allowed researchers to develop a timeline for the Tell Brak's expansion
Contrary to the assumption that ancient cities always grew outwards from a central point, the urban site of Tell Brak in north-eastern Syria appears to have emerged as several nearby settlements melded together, according to researchers' analysis of archaeological evidence.
Experts say that the findings lend support to the theory that early Mesopotamian cities developed as a result of grassroots organisation, rather than a mandate from a central authority.
The new study provides important details about Tell Brak, helping to make it "the first early city of which we have a picture about how it formed," comments Geoff Emberling at the Oriental Institute Museum in Chicago, Illinois, US, who was not involved in this study but has done archaeological work at Tell Brak.
Located in north-eastern Syria, Tell Brak lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and can therefore be considered as an ancient Mesopotamian site. It is thought to have been settled as early as 6000 BCE, according to Harvard University researcher Jason Ur.
Ur and his colleagues examined the distribution of ancient pottery pieces around Tell Brak to determine a timeline of urban development there. He says this is possible because certain ceramic styles appeared within a specific time period.
(Excerpt) Read more at newscientist.com ...
Harvard University researcher Jason Ur? Is he a Chaldean?..........
I think that he off base. A series of towns in an expanding economy will merge, when you walls rub a political accommodation follows.
“...the urban site of Tell Brak in north-eastern Syria appears to have emerged as several nearby settlements melded together,”
Kind of like the Los Angeles megalopolis, or SoCal, as we call it.
So urban sprawl has been around for thousands of years. Who knew?
Archaeological sites should always be evaluated by non-Archaeologists before ready conclusions are drawn, but they seldom are. That is, once a site has been excavated and reconstructed based on known ruin materials, “guests” should be brought in to make their own hypotheses known, based on their expertise.
For example, I visited a site that with even a brief inspection I took to be a thousand year old fortress, and a well designed one, looking through my military trained eyes. To me, it had been carefully crafted as a fortification, to include its basic location, and it would have been easy to defend and very hard to attack, or even approach without detection, even at night. Even a small group could hold off a much larger one from that place.
So I asked a curator about the enemies of the people who lived there. He assured me that they had no enemies, that they were a peaceful people, and that there was no evidence of any conflict at all. Uh-huh. My next question was about any military experience he had. He had none.
But despite my describing to him that good dozen military reasons for that fortification being right there and being constructed the way it had been, he held to his invested theory.
I’m sure his theory was an interesting one, but I’ve yet to see people build a serious fortification just for the sheer joy of doing so anywhere else in the world.
From that point, I’ve been suspicious about conclusions reached on scant evidence in archeology, such as that the Mayans were peace-loving children of nature.
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No central planning, no zoning? They probably didn't even have building inspectors. How did they manage???
It is amazing how much effort some experts invest in ignoring the realities of human and animal struggle for survival.
Signs of an ancient clash unearthed in Syria
Expanded excavations at Tell Brak, Habuba Kabira, Hamoukar and elsewhere in northern Syria, Algaze said, have revealed that some northern cities were larger at an earlier time than was expected. And ample evidence is being found for specialized industries like the obsidian works at Hamoukar...
...Research at Hamoukar has been under way since 1999. The Chicago-Syria team has now determined that the 40- acre, or 16-hectare, heart of the city was surrounded by a 10-foot-, or 2.5-meter- thick wall. The main mound covering ruins extends over 260 acres, and to the south, pottery and obsidian flakes and cores are scattered over some 700 acres.
Reichel, the American co-director of the project, said that excavations in the recent season turned up more evidence of “how the city looked the day it was destroyed.” In a swift and intense attack, he said, “buildings collapsed, burning out of control, burying everything in them under a vast pile of rubble.”...
Thanks. I think we’ve got a few Tel Hamoukar topics around. :’)
Satellite images of Tell Brak, Syria, led archaeologist Jason Ur to a deeper understanding of how ancient road networks moved food into the city.
Planning presupposes a need to plan. :’)
Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.
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