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Rare, non-fatal skin disease found in N. Texans[may have migrated north from the Mexican border]
Dallas Morning News ^ | September 14, 2007 | SHERRY JACOBSON

Posted on 09/14/2007 8:49:40 PM PDT by SwinneySwitch

Dermatologists in North Texas were alerted Friday to be on the lookout for a rare skin infection caused by a parasite that may have migrated north from the Mexican border.

The disease, leishmaniasis, typically causes a half-dollar-sized boil that takes six to 12 months to heal. It is not considered life-threatening.

Doctors at UT Southwestern Medical Center said they have identified nine cases of the skin disease in North Texans in recent months. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed that all nine people, both adults and children, were infected by the parasite, Leishmania mexicana.

Typically found in Mexico or along the Texas border, it is carried by wood-burrowing rats and spread by tiny sand flies that bite both the rats and humans.

"None of the North Texas cases had traveled south or to parts of the world where the disease is endemic, which suggests they got it here," said Dr. Kent Aftergut, a Dallas dermatologist who identified the first apparent local infection in March.

Weldon Hatch, a 58-year-old Waxahachie man, said he sought Dr. Aftergut's care after two small red spots appeared on his shoulder in February. Later, the lesions grew to the size of a quarter, became itchy and painful.

"All the creams and salves didn't do anything," he said. "So my doctor gave up, and I went to an expert."

Dr. Aftergut diagnosed the skin ailment and later shared Mr. Hatch's case with other Dallas-area dermatologists, who realized they had treated similar cases.

The other leishmaniasis cases were confirmed in Hillsboro in Hill County, Tom Bean in Grayson County, Anna and Nevada in Collin County, Savoy in Fannin County, North Richland Hills in Tarrant County, and in Glenn Heights, which straddles Dallas and Ellis counties.

Dr. Barbara Herwaldt of the CDC's division of parasitic diseases....

(Excerpt) Read more at dallasnews.com ...


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events; US: Texas
KEYWORDS: aliens; baghdadboil; diseases; immigration; leishmaniasis; mexico
ABOUT THE SKIN DISEASE

What is leishmaniasis?

It's an infectious skin disease spread by sand flies.

What should I do if I develop a boil?

Go to your doctor and be tested for the parasite that causes the disease.

How serious is the disease?

It's a mild disease, though the boil could be painful and large. It often is misdiagnosed and can take as long as a year to heal.

How do you avoid being infected?

You should use insect repellent and wear protective clothing when outdoors between dusk and dawn, when the flies usually feed.

SOURCE: UT Southwestern Medical Center

1 posted on 09/14/2007 8:49:47 PM PDT by SwinneySwitch
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To: ImaTexan

And you thought your mosquitoes were bad this year.


2 posted on 09/14/2007 8:56:49 PM PDT by bjcintennessee (Don't Sweat the Small Stuff)
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To: SwinneySwitch

Why is it when I read about this stuff, I get all itchy?
Icccchhhh!


3 posted on 09/14/2007 8:58:52 PM PDT by sockmonkey
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To: neverdem

ping


4 posted on 09/14/2007 9:01:24 PM PDT by endthematrix (He was shouting 'Allah!' but I didn't hear that. It just sounded like a lot of crap to me.)
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To: SwinneySwitch

I heard about this a year or so ago and as I recall, it was debunked by some twerps like snopes or some other know it all website.
Sorry, too tired and don’t get HTML, foriegn language to me.


5 posted on 09/14/2007 9:01:29 PM PDT by acapesket (never had a vote count in all my years here)
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To: call meVeronica; AnimalLover; rineaux; Roamin53; genxer; time4good; NoTaxTexas; RGVTx; ...

PSA ping!

If you want on, or off this S. Texas/Mexico ping list, please FReepMail me.


6 posted on 09/14/2007 9:01:44 PM PDT by SwinneySwitch (US Constitution Article 4 Section 4..shall protect each of them against Invasion...domestic Violence)
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To: SwinneySwitch

Photos of lesions:

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001386.htm


7 posted on 09/14/2007 9:01:44 PM PDT by LibFreeOrDie (L'Chaim!)
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To: SwinneySwitch
Spreading the diseases Americans won't spread.

The Arkansas Legislature will have meeting about the cost of illegal immigration next Tuesday. The State Health Department is one of the organizations scheduled to testify.

8 posted on 09/14/2007 9:02:50 PM PDT by pulaskibush (USA, founded by tolerant Christians. USSR, founded by intolerant Secularist.)
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To: SwinneySwitch

LEEEEISSSH- MAAANIA VII!!!!

Heh. Late nights of studying in med school...memories.


9 posted on 09/14/2007 9:04:02 PM PDT by CheyennePress (There's Such a Lot of World...)
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To: SwinneySwitch

Just another benefit of open borders.


10 posted on 09/14/2007 9:06:44 PM PDT by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: CheyennePress

You’re a doctor ? Which end, dude ?


11 posted on 09/14/2007 9:07:01 PM PDT by fieldmarshaldj (~~~Jihad Fever -- Catch It !~~~ (Backup tag: "Live Fred or Die"))
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To: SwinneySwitch

Paging Dr. House...


12 posted on 09/14/2007 9:09:00 PM PDT by rabscuttle385 (Sic Semper Tyrannis * U.Va. Engineering '09 * Friends Don't Let Friends Vote Democrat * Fred in 2008)
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To: pulaskibush

Well, technically, most Leishmaniasis is found in the Middle East. It could have come from our soldiers in Iraq. Or perhaps someone else crossing our border from the Middle East...


13 posted on 09/14/2007 9:09:26 PM PDT by CheyennePress (There's Such a Lot of World...)
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To: SwinneySwitch
My sister caught this bug when she was little. In South America. Its not a big deal, just takes a while to heal.

But dammit this shouldn’t be showing up in this country!

14 posted on 09/14/2007 9:09:49 PM PDT by JRochelle ( Winkle Paw is a Hillary donor.)
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To: LibFreeOrDie; TigersEye

Ewww thats nasty looking.


15 posted on 09/14/2007 9:13:13 PM PDT by pandoraou812 ( zero tolerance to the will of Allah ...... dilligaf? with an efg.....)
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To: fieldmarshaldj

>>>You’re a doctor ? Which end, dude ?<<<

Going to be. Applying to residencies here soon enough.


16 posted on 09/14/2007 9:13:58 PM PDT by CheyennePress (There's Such a Lot of World...)
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To: SwinneySwitch
Another goodie from south of the border.
17 posted on 09/14/2007 9:16:11 PM PDT by BigFinn
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To: CheyennePress

How come you went out to WY for that ? We have all the med stuff here in Nashville. So you gonna be a GP, a nad grabber, a head shrinker, or you gonna specialize in plastic and silicone ? ;-)


18 posted on 09/14/2007 9:16:50 PM PDT by fieldmarshaldj (~~~Jihad Fever -- Catch It !~~~ (Backup tag: "Live Fred or Die"))
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To: SwinneySwitch

A paste made of onions might be helpful in the initial phase of the disease, when the first lesion occurs...

http://www.niscair.res.in/ScienceCommunication/ResearchJournals/rejour/npr/npr2k4/npr_may04.asp

Anti-leishmanial effect of aqueous onion extract

Leishmania spp. are intracellular parasitic haemoflagellates that infect macrophages of the skin and viscera to produce disease in their vertebrate hosts. Three major clinical manifestations of leishmaniasis are recognized: visceral, cutaneous and muco- cutaneous leishmaniasis. The disease usually presents as fever, weight loss and hepato-splenomegaly with biochemical abnormalities of hyper-small gamma, Greek-globulinemia and pancytopenia. It has received increasing attention in developed countries because of the growing number of cases seen in AIDS patients and the occurrence of viescerotropic L. tropica disease among Persian Gulf war participants.

Pentavalent antimonial drugs, have remained standard treatment for visceral leishmaniasis since the 1940s. These drugs not only have several adverse effects but drug resistance and treatment failures are becoming increasingly common especially in immunocompromised patients who often fail to respond or relapse. Amphotericin B and its new lipid formulations are used as second line of treatment. However, these are severely limited due to prolonged length of therapy and adverse reactions. Thus, there is still a need for development of new and safe drugs. Onion has had an important dietary and medicinal role for centuries, hence, Saleheen and others at The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan and Institute of Biochemistry, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan studied the anti-leishmanial effect of aqueous onion (Allium cepa Linn.) extract (AOE) on leishmanial promastigotes in vitro. Five leishmanial strains in the promastigote stage were studied in vitro. Seventy-two hours inoculation of AOE gave an IC100 and average IC50 values of 1.25 mg/ml and 0.376 mg/ml, respectively, against all leishmanial strains tested.

During experiment fresh onions were peeled, cut into small pieces, crushed in a blender pre-cooled at 4 °C and onion extract was prepared. Concentrations of AOE ranging from 10 to 0.07 mg/ml were tested for its anti-leishmanial activity. The concentration of 1.25 mg/ml was found to be leishmanicidal for all the leishmanial strains tested, whereas 50% parasites of all strains were found to be dead at an average value of 0.376 mg/ml after 72 hrs of treatment [Saleheen et al, Fitoterapia, 2004, 75(1), 9-13].


19 posted on 09/14/2007 9:19:43 PM PDT by dandelion
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To: sockmonkey; All
Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket
20 posted on 09/14/2007 9:19:52 PM PDT by Cobra64 (www.BulletBras.net)
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To: TASMANIANRED

Mexican Sand Flies: Doing the jobs American flies won’t do!


21 posted on 09/14/2007 9:21:32 PM PDT by CitizenUSA
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To: Cobra64

Now, I’m really itchy, thanks Cobra..

First it was just my arms, and back..now, it’s my face, and stomach..and....well, that’s private!

Bug avatar, indeed.


22 posted on 09/14/2007 9:23:16 PM PDT by sockmonkey
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To: Cobra64

Dadgum you Cobra, I really thought that was a bug on my screen. Have been trying to get it off. LOL


23 posted on 09/14/2007 9:31:27 PM PDT by freekitty (May the eagles long fly over our beautiful and free American sky.)
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To: Cobra64

The first thing i did when i saw your comment was to poke my computer screen to kill the bug...i need to get more sleep at night.


24 posted on 09/14/2007 9:38:57 PM PDT by The Legionary
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To: SwinneySwitch

Diseases? Who cares. As long as we get cheap stuff.


25 posted on 09/14/2007 9:43:00 PM PDT by Mad_Tom_Rackham (Elections have consequences.)
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To: endthematrix

THANKS, BFL


26 posted on 09/14/2007 9:47:09 PM PDT by neverdem (Call talk radio. We need a Constitutional Amendment for Congressional term limits. Let's Roll!)
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To: SwinneySwitch

My dad lives in north central Texas, close to Fort Worth, and he got a case of leishmaniasis (the lesion was on his wrist) about 5 years ago. At that time, it was so rare in Texas that his doctor asked him to go to a dermatologists’ convention that was being held in FW so that the other docs could see what it looked like in person! My father said it was kind of amusing, being Exhibit A for all the docs. (And no, my dad had not traveled anywhere to acquire the parasite. It found him right there in Texas.)

The information we had from the CDC at that time was that there were actually TWO forms of the disease: one that was relatively benign, and would eventually go away on its own ... and another form that attacked interior organs and could be life-threatening. Made my dad a little nervous, waiting to see which one he had.


27 posted on 09/14/2007 10:19:21 PM PDT by Hetty_Fauxvert
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To: CheyennePress
Well, technically, most Leishmaniasis is found in the Middle East. It could have come from our soldiers in Iraq. Or perhaps someone else crossing our border from the Middle East...

L. mexica´na a taxonomic complex comprising the species and subspecies causing New World cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans: L. m. mexicana, L. m. amazonensis, and L. pifanoi, which infect chiefly forest rodents and opossums. They develop only in the midgut and foregut of their sandfly vectors.

The story mentioned L. mexicana, IIRC. Save the appropriate link for Dorland's if you don't have it.

28 posted on 09/14/2007 10:21:03 PM PDT by neverdem (Call talk radio. We need a Constitutional Amendment for Congressional term limits. Let's Roll!)
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To: SwinneySwitch

“Honey, honest it’s just a leishmaniasis boil. I think I got it in mexico.”


29 posted on 09/14/2007 10:25:18 PM PDT by CJ Wolf (Tagline space for rent. FRmail me for prices and terms and conditions. willing to barter...)
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To: SwinneySwitch
it is carried by wood-burrowing rats and spread by tiny sand flies that bite both the rats and humans.

Illegal-alien rats; time to deal with this problem...

30 posted on 09/15/2007 1:33:08 AM PDT by Born Conservative (Chronic Positivity - http://jsher.livejournal.com/)
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To: SwinneySwitch

You mean there really is such a thing as cooties?


31 posted on 09/15/2007 1:40:36 AM PDT by djf (Send Fred some bread! Not a whole loaf, a slice or two will do!)
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To: sockmonkey
Google "leishmaniasis"

Then click "images"

I dare you! ;-)

32 posted on 09/15/2007 7:53:54 AM PDT by Marie (Unintended consequences.)
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To: CheyennePress
When I tutored (tortured) my classmates in college, I'd quiz them and when they missed a question I'd make them stick a carrot up their nose and do the "teapot" dance. ("I'm a little teapot, short and stout!) The next verse would contain the information they missed.

One of the funniest moments I ever had in my life was a result of this. I'd tutored about 15 of the students in an anatomy class I was in. During the final, every few minutes, I'd hear a *very*quiet*faint* humming....

"I'm a little teapot..."

One of my best memories!

(My poor children were homeschooled with this psychotic for 7 years! But their smart!)

33 posted on 09/15/2007 8:13:36 AM PDT by Marie (Unintended consequences.)
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To: SwinneySwitch

I thought this was going to be about that ugly black thing that grows out of your body like a space alien. That sounds a lot worse than this is.


34 posted on 09/15/2007 9:29:37 AM PDT by Tall_Texan ("The Democrat Party: Where Victory Is Not An Option")
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To: SwinneySwitch
What's the big deal? Yeesh!
Click pic for info ... ;-)
35 posted on 09/15/2007 11:45:17 AM PDT by Tunehead54 (Nothing funny here. ;-)
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To: SwinneySwitch
The gift that keeps on giving.


36 posted on 09/15/2007 5:03:32 PM PDT by Travis McGee (--www.EnemiesForeignAndDomestic.com--)
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