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Why Few People Are Devoid Of Racial Bias
Science Daily ^ | 9-26-2007 | Association for Psychological Science

Posted on 09/25/2007 6:59:50 PM PDT by blam

Source: Association for Psychological Science
Date: September 26, 2007

Why Few People Are Devoid Of Racial Bias

Science Daily — Why are some individuals not prejudiced? That is the question posed by a provocative new study appearing in the September issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

The authors investigate how some individuals are able to avoid prejudicial biases despite the pervasive human tendency to favor one's own group.

Robert Livingston of the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University and Brian Drwecki of the University of Wisconsin conducted studies that examined white college students who harbored either some or no racial biases.

What is remarkable about the findings is that only seven percent did not show any racial bias (as measured by implicit and explicit psychological tests), and that nonbiased individuals differed from biased individuals in a psychologically fundamental way -- they were less likely to form negative affective associations in general.

Subjects completed a task that repeatedly paired unfamiliar Chinese characters with pictures that evoked positive or negative emotions (e.g., puppies or snakes). The objective was to see whether unfamiliar Chinese characters could evoke emotions by simply being paired with pictures that evoked these emotions (i.e., classical conditioning).

Results showed that nonbiased individuals were less likely than biased individuals to acquire negative affect toward characters that were paired with negative pictures. This implies that people who display less racial bias may be more resistant to the kinds of real-world conditioning that leads to racial bias in our society.

The results suggest that "whether someone is prejudiced or not is linked to their cognitive propensity to resist negative affective conditioning," according to the authors. Thus, reducing prejudice may require more than simply adopting egalitarian values. Instead, such change may require reconditioning of the negative associations that people hold.

"Just as it is difficult to change visceral reactions to aversive foods (e.g., lima beans) through sheer force of will," writes Livingston, "it may also be difficult to change visceral attitudes toward racial groups by acknowledging that prejudice is wrong and wanting to change." The authors argue that although negative affect cannot be reduced by reason alone, it could be reconditioned through positive interpersonal experiences or exposure to more positive images of Blacks in the media.

Note: This story has been adapted from a news release issued by Association for Psychological Science.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: bias; limabeans; prejudice; psychobabble; racial

1 posted on 09/25/2007 6:59:53 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam
it could be reconditioned

Are they talking about car parts or people?

2 posted on 09/25/2007 7:04:54 PM PDT by vbmoneyspender
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To: blam
Is it white mans fault yet?
3 posted on 09/25/2007 7:05:13 PM PDT by kinoxi
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To: blam
Robert Livingston of the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University and Brian Drwecki of the University of Wisconsin conducted studies that examined white college students who harbored either some or no racial biases.

And they knew this to be true by what evidence?

4 posted on 09/25/2007 7:07:54 PM PDT by Doctor Raoul (Columbia = Ayatollah U.)
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To: blam

Psychobabble.


5 posted on 09/25/2007 7:08:27 PM PDT by Graybeard58 (Remember and pray for SSgt. Matt Maupin - MIA/POW- Iraq since 04/09/04)
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To: blam

“...conducted studies that examined white college students who harbored either some or no racial biases.”

And why not conduct the same study among blacks?


6 posted on 09/25/2007 7:08:31 PM PDT by vladimir998 (Ignorance of Scripture is ignorance of Christ. St. Jerome)
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To: blam
their cognitive propensity to resist negative affective conditioning," ... change may require reconditioning of the negative associations that people hold.

I would like to advance the thesis that, if peoples' "negative associations" are justifiable, that if, in fact, they are based on valid observation and experience, then to NOT be "biased" is pathological. To NOT embrace negative conditioning is to discard one of the psychological mechanisms that has ensured our survival as a species. It is sick to expect people to choose the wrong door in the maze, get shocked, then choose the wrong door again. And again. And again. What this author proposes is that we are somehow wrong in associating being shocked with something negative.

Defining deviance downward.

7 posted on 09/25/2007 7:13:31 PM PDT by IronJack (=)
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To: blam
The elevation of social and psychological studies to a level of science may be the biggest contributer to the downfall of western civilization and a return to dark ages.
8 posted on 09/25/2007 7:15:02 PM PDT by Archon of the East ("universal executive power of the law of nature")
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To: Archon of the East

I hate all paired unfamiliar Chinese characters.


9 posted on 09/25/2007 7:19:31 PM PDT by JohnD9207 (Lead...follow...or get the HELL out of the way!)
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To: Graybeard58

“Psychobabble”

You beat me to the punch!


10 posted on 09/25/2007 7:34:44 PM PDT by STE=Q ("Diplomacy is the art of saying 'Nice doggie' until you can find a rock." (Will Rogers))
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To: kinoxi

Love your post.


11 posted on 09/25/2007 7:38:20 PM PDT by freekitty ((May the eagles long fly over our beautiful and free American sky.))
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To: blam
Robert Livingston of the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University and Brian Drwecki of the University of Wisconsin conducted studies that examined white college students who harbored either some or no racial biases.

What is remarkable about the findings is that only seven percent did not show any racial bias (as measured by implicit and explicit psychological tests), and that nonbiased individuals differed from biased individuals in a psychologically fundamental way -- they were less likely to form negative affective associations in general.

Check back when those students get out into the real world and their "diversity is our strength" programing wears off.

12 posted on 09/25/2007 7:39:04 PM PDT by Razz Barry (Round'em up, send'em home.)
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To: freekitty

I’m not a racist, I hate everybody...


13 posted on 09/25/2007 7:40:24 PM PDT by kinoxi
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To: blam

Ah, so there is now “scientific” evidence for original sin?

Right. Lemme tick that one off the list.

I’m really looking forward to the “scientific” free will theorem.


14 posted on 09/25/2007 7:57:00 PM PDT by Carbonado
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To: IronJack

“To NOT embrace negative conditioning is to discard one of the psychological mechanisms that has ensured our survival as a species. It is sick to expect people to choose the wrong door in the maze, get shocked, then choose the wrong door again.”

I agree with your response. It exposes the lie concerning learning prejudice from our parents or friends and not through direct experience. This was a dandy piece of propaganda which once was wide spread by the PC police. Even though it ignored obvious reality, we were to believe it was only our culture’s evil preconceptions and never from experience that anyone became prejudiced.

When I was in college studying behavioral science I did not dare even think about making this point in class. However, we no longer are in school. I’m quite sure you are correct.


15 posted on 09/25/2007 8:02:16 PM PDT by rgboomers (This space purposely left blank)
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To: blam

Oh for god’s sake DROP IT.


16 posted on 09/25/2007 8:03:56 PM PDT by Tzimisce (How Would Mohammed Vote? Hillary for President! www.dndorks.com)
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To: blam

Psychology is the science of creating words for things which don’t exist.


17 posted on 09/25/2007 8:06:54 PM PDT by joebuck
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To: blam
Brian Drwecki

Sounds like an unpronounceable Polack!

18 posted on 09/25/2007 8:08:16 PM PDT by Revolting cat! (We all need someone we can bleed on...)
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To: blam

Very few people in this country, and I’m serious now, seem devoid of the obsession with race, which obsession is nothing but ignorance, and this applies to these so-called scientists, because it’s not race anymore, it is culture, stupid!


19 posted on 09/25/2007 8:12:25 PM PDT by Revolting cat! (We all need someone we can bleed on...)
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To: blam
Why Few People Are Devoid Of Racial Bias

Hmmmm...title needs a little work

WHY PSYCHOLOGIST DEVOID OF COMMON SENSE
20 posted on 09/25/2007 8:15:46 PM PDT by a_chronic_whiner
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To: blam

How can we not consider race when it is thrown in our faces everyday by the media and the race-baiters?


21 posted on 09/25/2007 8:16:56 PM PDT by rfreedom4u (My Freedom of speech trumps your feelings!)
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To: blam

“it may also be difficult to change visceral attitudes toward racial groups by acknowledging that prejudice is wrong and wanting to change.”

In review of the above I must acknowledging my “prejudice” —wrong as it is — that these idiots have GOT to be white guys: suffering from some sort of severe guilt complex?

Why must they project this crap on the rest of us?

I like lima beans... never mind!


22 posted on 09/25/2007 8:18:06 PM PDT by STE=Q ("Diplomacy is the art of saying 'Nice doggie' until you can find a rock." (Will Rogers))
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To: kinoxi

A guy I know said he uses his shotgun to shoot cans.

AfriCANS
MexiCANS
Puerto RiCANS


23 posted on 09/25/2007 8:18:41 PM PDT by rfreedom4u (My Freedom of speech trumps your feelings!)
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To: rgboomers

24 posted on 09/25/2007 8:21:47 PM PDT by NewRomeTacitus
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To: STE=Q

TYPO: acknowledge NOT acknowledging


25 posted on 09/25/2007 8:23:29 PM PDT by STE=Q ("Diplomacy is the art of saying 'Nice doggie' until you can find a rock." (Will Rogers))
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To: blam

I defy any white person who thinks they aren’t prejudiced to come live in New Orleans. That will change your outlook real fast.


26 posted on 09/25/2007 8:25:45 PM PDT by bigeasy_70118
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To: Revolting cat!
"Very few people in this country, and I’m serious now, seem devoid of the obsession with race, which obsession is nothing but ignorance,..."

Only you know and I know that race doesn't exist. Only civilizational origins. And ethnic groups inside civilations. Take nice women from Brazil, Spain, China, Scotland, America, Russia and Japan and put them in the same room together. And take men from the same countries and put them in a room next door together.

I will bet the men will plan out how to stop the noise next door together without even knowing each other's languages.

27 posted on 09/25/2007 8:42:38 PM PDT by BobS (I><P>)
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To: vladimir998

“And why not conduct the same study among blacks?”

Becouse ONLY whites can be prejudiced — don’t you know.

If it wasn’t for “whitey” all other races would be one big happy family.


28 posted on 09/25/2007 8:43:55 PM PDT by STE=Q ("Diplomacy is the art of saying 'Nice doggie' until you can find a rock." (Will Rogers))
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To: blam
"repeatedly paired unfamiliar Chinese characters with pictures that evoked positive or negative emotions (e.g., puppies or snakes)"

Stand by for your conditioning:


29 posted on 09/25/2007 8:50:48 PM PDT by who_would_fardels_bear
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To: Doctor Raoul

Is this really a surprise to anyone?

As visually-oriented as humans are that we would choose to associate with those who look like us as opposed to those who don’t?

When you buy a car, the way it looks matters just as much—if not more—than what’s under the hood. Yeah, we expect both. But the way a car looks has nothing to do with its utility. Same thing goes with everything down to a coffee cup.

Meanwhile, I’m trying to recall the last time I saw a symphony audience that was even 1% black. I’m having a hard time doing that, even having lived in Atlanta and Memphis.


30 posted on 09/25/2007 9:06:18 PM PDT by CheyennePress
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To: who_would_fardels_bear

well that just makes the snakes look real good


31 posted on 09/25/2007 9:09:04 PM PDT by modest proposal
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To: bigeasy_70118
" I defy any white person who thinks they aren’t prejudiced to come live in New Orleans. "

Get out. I was born in Newark and live in L.A. now. Stay away from people that run in packs on the streets. Leave. There are "refugee" communities from bad cities that are doing fine together from all ethnic groups that decided not to put up with crap anymore. There are 'problems' awaiting illegal aliens and gangsters around here and they know it. Find this kind of place and meet new friends.

32 posted on 09/25/2007 9:15:34 PM PDT by BobS (I><P>)
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To: JohnD9207

Ever since paired unfamiliar Chinese characters killed my family, I have had an irrational bias against them. And Clowns. I hate those guys too.


33 posted on 09/26/2007 8:11:44 AM PDT by -=SoylentSquirrel=-
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To: kinoxi

LOL


34 posted on 09/26/2007 9:21:31 AM PDT by freekitty ((May the eagles long fly over our beautiful and free American sky.))
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To: vladimir998

That’s it!! You’re off the air for good!!


35 posted on 09/26/2007 9:31:59 AM PDT by tracer
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To: -=SoylentSquirrel=-

The worst of all are unfamiliar Chinese clowns....


36 posted on 09/26/2007 9:32:52 AM PDT by tracer
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