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Archaeologists Uncovers 11,000-Year-Old Artefacts In Syria
Middle-East-Online ^ | 10-23-2007 | Talal el-Atrache

Posted on 10/23/2007 1:17:42 PM PDT by blam

Archaeologist uncovers 11,000-year-old artefacts in Syria

Latest discoveries in Syria date back to start of Neolithic era in Epipalaeolithic period.

By Talal el-Atrache - DAMASCUS

A small stone anthropomorphic Neolithic figurine

Deep in the heart of northern Syria, close to the banks of the Euphrates River, archaeologists have uncovered a series of startling 11,000-year-old wall paintings and artefacts.

"The wall paintings date back to the 9th millennium BC. They were discovered last month on the wall of a house standing two metres (6.6 feet) high at Dja'de," said Frenchman Eric Coqueugniot, who has been leading the excavations on the west bank of the river at Dja'de, in an area famous for its rich tradition of prehistoric treasures.

The etchings are "polychrome paintings in black, white and red. The designs are solely geometric, and only figurative. The composition is made up of a system cross-hatched lines, alternating between the three colours," Coqueugniot said.

They were found in a circular building, around 7.5 metres (25 feet) in diameter. The excavated house features three solid blocks where the paintings were located.

The main pillar has been completely excavated and stands almost two metres high displaying the new murals, said Coqueugniot, a researcher for the Paris-based National Centre for Scientific Research.

The remains of the building, much larger than the small and rectangular domestic dwellings of the period, "must have been used as a meeting place for the whole village or for a clan," he added.

Apart from the organic artefacts, which have decomposed over time, the site has provided many well-preserved treasures.

Carved stone tools, flints, seed-grinding implements and brick-grinding stones have been recovered. Many bone objects were also found -- both remnants of the animals that made up part of the daily diet and intricately fashioned tools.

The dig also uncovered several figurines made of gypsum, chalk, bone and clay. The most recent discovery, an 11,000-year-old statue of a man is "particularly important and well preserved," Coqueugniot said.

This item will allow comparisons with other similar sculptures found on sites in the Urfa region of southern Turkey, added the French scientist, who has overseen archaeological projects at Dja'de for 15 years.

"The figures could have had religious significance. The female statuettes could also have been fertility symbols. But they could have had entirely different ritual meanings," Coqueugniot said

"We can only offer hypotheses," he added. "It is still very difficult to say what was the significance of this 11,000-year-old statue of the woman."

The latest discoveries date back to the start of the Neolithic era, in a period known as the Epipalaeolithic.

Many artefacts from this period have been discovered in northern Syria, in particular at Jerf al-Ahmar, a site destroyed by the Tishrin dam, Coqueugniot said. It was one of several built over the past three decades that have flooded a number of archaeological sites.

For example, the dam at Tabqa flooded an area of around 650 square kilometres (250 square miles) after it was erected in 1976. Prior to that, the government approved testing of 56 sites, 20 of which were spared when the dam was built.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: artefacts; godsgravesglyphs; natufian; neolithic; syria

1 posted on 10/23/2007 1:17:43 PM PDT by blam
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To: SunkenCiv

GGG Ping.


2 posted on 10/23/2007 1:18:07 PM PDT by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: blam

< insert Helen Thomas joke here >


3 posted on 10/23/2007 1:24:36 PM PDT by Izzy Dunne (Hello, I'm a TAGLINE virus. Please help me spread by copying me into YOUR tag line.)
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To: blam

Too bad they couldn’t find Saddam’s WMD’s.


4 posted on 10/23/2007 1:25:55 PM PDT by alice_in_bubbaland (Ron Paul is nutcase, plain & simple.)
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To: blam
That was the result of an Israeli boming, soon they will be findings artifacts from the stone-age.
5 posted on 10/23/2007 1:25:56 PM PDT by #1CTYankee (That's right, I have no proof. So what of it??)
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To: blam
Gumby?
6 posted on 10/23/2007 1:26:35 PM PDT by TRY ONE (NUKE the unborn gay whales!)
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To: blam

But, but, I thought the world was 6,000 years old?


7 posted on 10/23/2007 1:27:57 PM PDT by stubernx98 (cranky, but reasonable)
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To: blam

Well, that proves they have no nuclear weapons!


8 posted on 10/23/2007 1:32:05 PM PDT by edcoil (Reality doesn't say much - doesn't need too)
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To: blam
The wall paintings date back to the 9th millennium BC. They were discovered last month on the wall of a house standing two metres (6.6 feet) high

The wall or the painting is two meters high. A house wall that old, that high would be remarkable in itself. Pictures required of course.

9 posted on 10/23/2007 1:35:04 PM PDT by RightWhale (anti-razors are pro-life)
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To: #1CTYankee
Neolithic is the New Stone Age, so these artifacts are from the Stone Age. I don't remember seeing the term Epipaleolithic before (instead of Mesolithic...maybe there is a slight difference).
10 posted on 10/23/2007 1:43:22 PM PDT by Verginius Rufus
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To: blam

“Artefact is a fulltext information retrieval system capable of searching through databases containing documents written in a natural language.” - Wikipedia.

They found one of THESE things?????


11 posted on 10/23/2007 1:49:02 PM PDT by righttackle44 (The most dangerous weapon in the world is a Marine with his rifle and the American people behind him)
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To: blam

Also found were parts of a Canaanite nuclear weapon and Israelite smart bomb fragments.


12 posted on 10/23/2007 1:51:50 PM PDT by oldbill
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To: stubernx98
But, but, I thought the world was 6,000 years old?

You can think whatever you want. It's all a best guess anyway, based on whatever one decides is credible evidence.

13 posted on 10/23/2007 1:52:25 PM PDT by MEGoody (Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.)
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To: RightWhale
"A house wall that old, that high would be remarkable in itself. Pictures required of course.

'Oldest' Wall Painting Looks Like Modern Art

14 posted on 10/23/2007 1:52:47 PM PDT by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: blam

That is surprisingly radical.


15 posted on 10/23/2007 2:00:20 PM PDT by RightWhale (anti-razors are pro-life)
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To: blam

A small stone anthropomorphic Neolithic figurine
))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))

This figurine in the article dose not look like a monkey to me. More like a take off of Arnold SwartzWhatsHisName of California fame.


16 posted on 10/23/2007 2:01:10 PM PDT by CHEE (ha)
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To: blam
Did they find... any North Koreans down there, too?
17 posted on 10/23/2007 2:02:21 PM PDT by Bender2 ("I've got a twisted sense of humor, and everything amuses me." RAH Beyond this Horizon)
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To: RightWhale

I guess they really DON’T build them like they used to.


18 posted on 10/23/2007 2:05:50 PM PDT by Hoosier-Daddy ("It does no good to be a super power if you have to worry what the neighbors think." BuffaloJack)
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To: RightWhale

It kinda looks to me to be a picture of a building. Two walls connecting to the left and a stairway to the right.


19 posted on 10/23/2007 2:07:29 PM PDT by Hoosier-Daddy ("It does no good to be a super power if you have to worry what the neighbors think." BuffaloJack)
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To: Hoosier-Daddy

It has some of that perspective effect. Maybe a touch of cubism.


20 posted on 10/23/2007 2:10:12 PM PDT by RightWhale (anti-razors are pro-life)
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To: blam

Is 11,000 years ago Antediluvian?


21 posted on 10/23/2007 2:11:06 PM PDT by Hoosier-Daddy ("It does no good to be a super power if you have to worry what the neighbors think." BuffaloJack)
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To: Verginius Rufus
"Neolithic is the New Stone Age, so these artifacts are from the Stone Age. I don't remember seeing the term Epipaleolithic before (instead of Mesolithic...maybe there is a slight difference)."

Boy, you really know how to ruin a joke.

22 posted on 10/23/2007 3:31:19 PM PDT by #1CTYankee (That's right, I have no proof. So what of it??)
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To: blam
"A small stone anthropomorphic Neolithic figurine"

Or possibly a very early, very stale gingerbread man.

23 posted on 10/23/2007 3:58:12 PM PDT by Grut
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To: blam

[”The wall paintings date back to the 9th millennium BC]

When asked how they dated the discovery to 9th millennium BC, an expert declared the date was written on the wall.


24 posted on 10/23/2007 4:34:15 PM PDT by RetSignman (DEMSM: "If you tell a big enough lie, frequently enough, it becomes the truth")
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“the start of the Neolithic era, in a period known as the Epipalaeolithic.”

Okay, I’ve gotta look that up.


25 posted on 10/23/2007 8:56:21 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Monday, October 22, 2007. https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epipaleolithic

[snip] Mesolithic or Epipaleolithic
Kebaran culture
Natufian culture
. . .
The Epipaleolithic or Mesolithic was a period in the development of human technology that precedes the Neolithic period of the Stone Age. It is preferred as an alternative to Mesolithic in areas with limited glacial impact. The period began at the end of the Pleistocene epoch around 10,000 years ago and ended with the introduction of farming around 8,000 years ago.

The Epipalaeolithic is distinguished at least in the Middle East, Anatolia and on Cyprus, that is, in areas where the Neolithic Revolution (neolithisation) occurs early and the post-glacial climatic change is not very marked.

Epipalaeolithic hunter-gatherers made relatively advanced tools made from small flint or obsidian blades, known as microliths that were hafted in wooden implements. They were generally nomadic, although the Natufian culture of the Levant established permanent settlements. [end]


26 posted on 10/23/2007 10:28:47 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Monday, October 22, 2007. https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/keyword?k=tellhamoukar


27 posted on 10/23/2007 10:29:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Monday, October 22, 2007. https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: blam; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1ofmanyfree; 24Karet; 3AngelaD; 49th; ...

· join list or digest · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post a topic ·

 
Gods
Graves
Glyphs
Thanks Blam.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.

The quarterly FReepathon is underway.
GGG managers are Blam, StayAt HomeMother, and Ernest_at_the_Beach
 

· Google · Archaeologica · ArchaeoBlog · Archaeology magazine · Biblical Archaeology Society ·
· Mirabilis · Texas AM Anthropology News · Yahoo Anthro & Archaeo ·
· History or Science & Nature Podcasts · Excerpt, or Link only? · cgk's list of ping lists ·


28 posted on 10/23/2007 10:30:14 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Monday, October 22, 2007. https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv; blam

11,000 years? Impossible! The Universe was created 6010 years ago yesterday. I saw it on the internet, so it must be true, right?


29 posted on 10/24/2007 5:26:23 AM PDT by CholeraJoe (Islam is to Religion as Taco Bell is to Mexican food)
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To: CholeraJoe
That's not funny. From now on, anyone using that gets a double header:
Image and video hosting by TinyPic

30 posted on 10/24/2007 8:45:41 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Monday, October 22, 2007. https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

My corneas just melted.


31 posted on 10/24/2007 8:47:20 AM PDT by CholeraJoe (Islam is to Religion as Taco Bell is to Mexican food)
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To: RetSignman

And “Made in China” on the bottom.


32 posted on 10/24/2007 8:51:12 AM PDT by purpleraine
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To: CholeraJoe

Next time I’ll use the 3-D glasses version. Really jumps right out.


33 posted on 10/24/2007 8:58:30 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Monday, October 22, 2007. https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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