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Dogs Display Aspects Of Human Intelligence
The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 11-29-2007 | Roger Highfield

Posted on 11/28/2007 7:54:46 PM PST by blam

Dogs display aspects of human intelligence

By Roger Highfield, Science Editor
Last Updated: 6:01pm GMT 28/11/2007

Dog lovers have long claimed that their pets are smarter than many of us realise.

New evidence to back that view comes from research published today which concludes that, like us, our canine friends are able to form abstract concepts.

Friederike Range and colleagues from the University of Vienna, Austria, show for the first time that dogs are able to learn how to classify complex colour photographs and place them into categories in the same way that humans do.

Training stimuli: Images of dogs and landscapes are used to test dogs' recognition of abstract concepts

"Dogs were for a long time considered to be just pets - so showing that they are able to also form abstract concepts maybe gives their cognitive abilities more credit," she said.

However, the abstract concept they were able to grasp in this pioneering experiment was rather familiar, that of "dog."

The team reports in the journal Animal Cognition a clever way to show that the dogs are not picking up subtle signals from their handlers: the dogs successfully demonstrate their learning through the use of computer touch-screens, eliminating potential human influences.

Four dogs were shown both landscape and dog photographs simultaneously and were rewarded with food if they selected the dog picture on the touch screen.

Then they were shown a new set of dog and landscape pictures. They continued to reliably select the dog photographs, demonstrating that they could transfer their knowledge gained in the training phase to a new circumstance, even though they had never seen those particular pictures before.

In a second test, the dogs were faced with a choice between a new dog pasted on a familiar landscape and a completely new landscape with no dog, In this case, they reliably selected the landscape with the dog.

"These results show that the dogs were able to form a concept, that is 'dog', although the experiment cannot tell us whether they recognized the dog pictures as actual dogs," said Dr Range.

"Using touch-screen computers with dogs opens up a whole world of possibilities on how to test the cognitive abilities of dogs."

The dogs that took part were a Border Collie (Maggie), one Border Collie mix (Lucy), one Australian Shepherd (Bertl), and one mongrel (Todor). Two dogs were male (Bertl, Todor), two were female (Maggie, Lucy).

In earlier work, the team showed striking similarities between humans and dogs in the way they imitate others, showing they do more than copy. They also interpet what they see.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: doggieping; dogs; intelligence; pets; smart
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To see my dogs, click on my name.
1 posted on 11/28/2007 7:54:47 PM PST by blam
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To: blam

The more I know about people, the more I appreciate my dog.


2 posted on 11/28/2007 7:56:36 PM PST by USFRIENDINVICTORIA
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To: blam

3 posted on 11/28/2007 7:56:55 PM PST by badpacifist (They say your head can be a prison Then, these are just conjugal visits.)
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To: badpacifist

MY dog was mocking me


4 posted on 11/28/2007 7:59:08 PM PST by badpacifist (They say your head can be a prison Then, these are just conjugal visits.)
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To: badpacifist
"MY dog was mocking me"

Nah, listening to your jokes.

5 posted on 11/28/2007 8:05:17 PM PST by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: blam

This is difficult to accept when our dog eats poop.


6 posted on 11/28/2007 8:05:59 PM PST by Proud2BeRight
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To: TASMANIANRED

Pooch ping


7 posted on 11/28/2007 8:06:57 PM PST by mylife (The Roar Of The Masses Could Be Farts)
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To: blam

Those dogs played them for suckers. Everyone knows dogs do anything for treats.


8 posted on 11/28/2007 8:09:02 PM PST by Thrownatbirth (.....when the sidewalks are safe for the little guy.)
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To: blam
This is a factitious result of the scientific illiteracy of our falling age. Wanna see a monkey go nuts? Show him a picture of a human face with the eyes and mouth pasted in impossible, abnormal positions. 30-40 year old common place phenomena in undergraduate psychology. This "study" would not have passed muster as an undergraduate honors thesis 30 years ago.
9 posted on 11/28/2007 8:09:21 PM PST by hinckley buzzard
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To: blam

Wow, Gary Larson was right.


10 posted on 11/28/2007 8:11:00 PM PST by Atchafalaya
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To: Proud2BeRight
"This is difficult to accept when our dog eats poop."

I've read that if your dog will eat poop...he's not being proprely fed.

11 posted on 11/28/2007 8:11:11 PM PST by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: blam

Our three dogs understand everything we say. They just don’t always agree with it.


12 posted on 11/28/2007 8:14:16 PM PST by Cicero (Marcus Tullius)
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To: blam

My new dog is from a shelter, a mixed breed (terrier and we think German Sheppard or maybe some kind of hound). We have had him since June and we think he is about a year old (give or take a month or two). He is sort of medium (around 55 lbs or so). Really a sweet, people person dog. He (w/o us wanting him too) has mastered our original kitchen trash can (it was cheap and plastic and had a tab you hit on the top and the lid popped up). He openned it w/his nose...So I got a new one, before Thanksgiving. An expensive metal one, called a Bullet. It has a foot pedal. Well, he’s learned to hit that w/his paw (after watching us I guess...we have only had it about two weeks). When he knows he’s ‘caught’ he turns head to the side and looks like he’s saying ‘who me?’


13 posted on 11/28/2007 8:14:58 PM PST by PennsylvaniaMom (I do not want people to be agreeable, as it saves me the trouble of liking them. Jane Austen.)
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To: blam; badpacifist

I hope the dog picked a flushed bowl. :^)


14 posted on 11/28/2007 8:15:18 PM PST by eyedigress
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To: blam

Yes, my dog mimics me all the time -— yesterday I caught him mounting a bitch in heat on my front lawn...at least I have the decency to invite them inside first.


15 posted on 11/28/2007 8:17:19 PM PST by EagleUSA
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To: PennsylvaniaMom
"When he knows he’s ‘caught’ he turns head to the side and looks like he’s saying ‘who me?’"

Sounds like both of you (you and the dog) have had good luck in finding each other.

16 posted on 11/28/2007 8:17:54 PM PST by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: blam
THe neighbor's dog is an idiot savant -- if you're throwing balls for him, he can count to four: even if you've hidden the balls, he knows when you've still got some left to throw.

Just the other night, my dog showed abstract reasoning capabilities -- my son was training him to find things, and invariably the first place he went to look was to the last place he'd found stuff.

17 posted on 11/28/2007 8:18:36 PM PST by r9etb
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To: blam

Dogs can count...Get out 3 treats and only give them 2..

Dogs are very good with inanimate representations...I figured out my lab pups were too big for me to walk tandem any more when they pulled me across a neighbors lawn to visit with the concrete Collie lawn ornament.

My big Lab swung wide and barked at the concrete lion in anothers lawn...
and she has never met a lion or a collie....


18 posted on 11/28/2007 8:20:21 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: blam; All

Love those pics, and those of your dogs. Wish we had a ‘dog pinger’ here on FR! Here’s one I posted a couple days ago:

“Dear God - From the Dog:”

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1930989/posts?page=22#22


19 posted on 11/28/2007 8:20:29 PM PST by yorkie
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To: mylife

LOL... I was gonna ping you..


20 posted on 11/28/2007 8:20:54 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: HairOfTheDog

doggie ping


21 posted on 11/28/2007 8:21:12 PM PST by GregoTX (The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.)
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To: blam

Hi blam. I love your dogs.

I see these people have met my cattle dog, Peaches. You have to be careful with this one. She can figure out what you are doing.


22 posted on 11/28/2007 8:23:07 PM PST by freekitty ((May the eagles long fly our beautiful and free American sky.))
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To: Cicero

My previous lab (rest her sweet soul) had conversations with my Husband.. He didn’t understand her vocalizations but she understood his.

She would go into the bedroom or the kitchen and get the item he mentioned. She would turn left, turn right..and other than being taught to shake and to heel she never had any training..


23 posted on 11/28/2007 8:23:19 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: blam; AnAmericanMother; Titan Magroyne; Badeye; apackof2; Joe 6-pack; sinkspur; Shannon; 88keys; ...
Ping!


Other articles with keyword "DOGGIEPING" since 12/29/04

24 posted on 11/28/2007 8:23:22 PM PST by HairOfTheDog
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To: badpacifist

Love the pic.


25 posted on 11/28/2007 8:23:55 PM PST by freekitty ((May the eagles long fly our beautiful and free American sky.))
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To: badpacifist

Scene: Dog, Human, and a toilet.

Man says “do not drink out of that, I pee in it”.

Dog says : “Do not pee in there, I drink out of it”.

It is all a matter of perspective, I guess.

....Bob


26 posted on 11/28/2007 8:24:26 PM PST by Lokibob (Some people are like slinkys. Useless, but if you throw them down the stairs, you smile.)
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To: PennsylvaniaMom

I looked. Glad you aren’t suspended. I was hoping for a picture of your dog.


27 posted on 11/28/2007 8:24:34 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: yorkie

There is a doggie pinger... she’s just been a little distracted lately.... I’ll ping your thread momentarily. :~)


28 posted on 11/28/2007 8:25:06 PM PST by HairOfTheDog
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To: blam; MurryMom
Dogs Display Aspects Of Human Intelligence

Research is getting WAY too easy these days...

29 posted on 11/28/2007 8:25:22 PM PST by Libloather (Hillary donors find their way to the cover of Time. And the very next day they're doing it...)
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To: yorkie

yorkie, you did not ping me. I f someone will teach me; I would do it.


30 posted on 11/28/2007 8:26:01 PM PST by freekitty ((May the eagles long fly our beautiful and free American sky.))
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To: blam
Oh we did...we were heartsick at the time. Our little girl dog died (from the bad canned dog food early June). We got Baxter a couple of weeks later. Both were rescued strays.

He also hears and understands the school bus. I had to drive my two youngest a couple weeks ago (science project too cumbersome for the bus). Bax got frantic when he heard the bus but the boys were still in the house. It is really funny how they learn our routines and then tell us when we do something different.

Your four legged friends are beauties...what a nice photo of you all :)PaMom

31 posted on 11/28/2007 8:26:10 PM PST by PennsylvaniaMom (I do not want people to be agreeable, as it saves me the trouble of liking them. Jane Austen.)
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To: Libloather

Can we at least have ONE thread without pictures of democrats? Sheesh, some folks are absolutely obsessed.


32 posted on 11/28/2007 8:26:45 PM PST by JustaDumbBlonde
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To: TASMANIANRED

We have to do a lot of spelling in our house because all of the five indoor dogs know way too many words and phrases. We pretty much talk to them just as we would any person. Frightening, really.


33 posted on 11/28/2007 8:30:35 PM PST by JustaDumbBlonde
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To: blam
I know of a lab that sniffs out cocaine, bodies from Ft. Marcy Park, can spot a mean, lamp-throwing Harridan from a mile away, and can also snif out protein stains on a carpet.

Name is BUDDY but he's dead, now, and they gave his cat friend away...

34 posted on 11/28/2007 8:30:42 PM PST by gaijin
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To: PennsylvaniaMom
" It is really funny how they learn our routines and then tell us when we do something different."

That's for sure...my dogs can even tell time. They know exactly when their dinner is due.

35 posted on 11/28/2007 8:32:13 PM PST by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: holdonnow

Ping!


36 posted on 11/28/2007 8:32:41 PM PST by JennysCool (Don't taze me, Bro!)
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To: TASMANIANRED

LOL...nah...I’m on good behavior here. I did that as a joke aloooooong time ago. I really will put a picture Baxter up...he has a very expressionful face.


37 posted on 11/28/2007 8:33:37 PM PST by PennsylvaniaMom (I do not want people to be agreeable, as it saves me the trouble of liking them. Jane Austen.)
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To: blam
This isn't news to me. And not all dogs are equally intelligent. That may sound trite, but I think the observed gap between the intelligence of my various dogs only emphasizes or validates the concept of abstract thinking in canines. And further, also demonstrates that there exists individuality in dogs, and in their relative intelligence.

IOW, I once had an Afghan Hound that was dumber than an inbred snail and I was barely able to teach him basic commands. I rarely observed evidence of much original thought or obvious associations in him. Now with my GS/Border Collie mix, she was not only easily trained, she early on demonstrated she could learn cause and effect connections independently of my training. I'm talking small stuff here like understanding that when I go to a certain room in the house and drag out luggage that I'm leaving for some time, to which she becomes quite agitated. And she has been known to stow away, or at least make an attempt, in my car. The Afghan was simply never was able to put 2 and 2 together. This was tragically revealed when he failed to learn that cars are much bigger and likely to cause great harm if not avoided.

38 posted on 11/28/2007 8:34:13 PM PST by Dysart
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To: Libloather

Even a dumb as a rock dog is smarter.


39 posted on 11/28/2007 8:34:23 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: JustaDumbBlonde
Can we at least have ONE thread without pictures of democrats?

This is a thread about dogs. Please stay on topic. (FReeper rule 18.2a)

40 posted on 11/28/2007 8:35:34 PM PST by Libloather (Hillary donors find their way to the cover of Time. And the very next day they're doing it...)
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To: JustaDumbBlonde

I cannot use any sentences with OUT, WALK or GO or EAT. It makes them insane.. I worry about spelling...

5 small or 5 large?


41 posted on 11/28/2007 8:36:39 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: blam

“Using touch-screen computers with dogs opens up a whole world of possibilities on how to test the cognitive abilities of dogs.”....after about an hour of surfing however, the dogs eventually got bored, when link after link, advertising ‘sexy bitches’, all turned out to be merely pictures of humans.


42 posted on 11/28/2007 8:36:50 PM PST by death2tyrants
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To: blam

I think that there are probably quite a few animals that are more intelligent than they are normally given credit for. Geez, even the squirrels in the back yard, know enough to come to the porch and scratch at the door so that my wife will go out and feed them nuts, seeds and corn. The cat even figured out how to open a closed door by fiddling with the latch until it opened. Most dogs are loyal and will display independent thinking if they or someone they care for is in perceived danger.
A recent study of bird songs indicated that the average bird can identify a threat such as a cat or dog and will even describe the threat in detail to other birds in the vicinity by describing the color, size and species of the threat, differentiating between two or more similar animals that are the threat. And all done with song.


43 posted on 11/28/2007 8:37:21 PM PST by BuffaloJack (Before the government can give you a dollar it must first take it from another American)
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To: TASMANIANRED

One small ... three large ... one very large. Six furry children outside (all large). You could say we love dogs.


44 posted on 11/28/2007 8:38:42 PM PST by JustaDumbBlonde
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To: TASMANIANRED

Have you ever owned an Afghan Hound? :)


45 posted on 11/28/2007 8:38:51 PM PST by Dysart
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To: Dysart

Mine looked very much like this one. Gorgeous. So very dumb...

46 posted on 11/28/2007 8:40:11 PM PST by Dysart
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To: PennsylvaniaMom
My husband tells me I am obsessed with dogs..I’m not descended from apes but I think a canid is in my genetic line somewhere.
47 posted on 11/28/2007 8:40:22 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: death2tyrants

My Labs watch animal planet...when there are birds on it...

They are curious about the cats...

They ignore fish.

Solly watched the first 10 minutes of Bambi intensely and then got bored.


48 posted on 11/28/2007 8:42:39 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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To: TASMANIANRED
You live in an interesting neighborhood...concrete Collies and Lions?

Curosity is killing me....where's that?

49 posted on 11/28/2007 8:43:37 PM PST by HardStarboard (Take No Prisoners - We're Out Of Qurans)
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To: JustaDumbBlonde

All dogs have the heart of a mastiff when it comes to people they love.

People that don’t love dogs (or some kind of pet) have an attachment disorder.


50 posted on 11/28/2007 8:44:24 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (TAZ:Untamed, Unpredictable, Uninhibited.)
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