Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

NASA sends spacecraft on mission to comet Hartley 2 ^ | 16 Dec 07 | NASA/JPL NEWS RELEASE

Posted on 12/16/2007 10:31:11 AM PST by RightWhale

NASA sends spacecraft on mission to comet Hartley 2 NASA/JPL NEWS RELEASE Posted: December 15, 2007

NASA has approved the retargeting of the Epoxi mission for a flyby of comet Hartley 2 on Oct. 11, 2010. Hartley 2 was chosen as Epoxi's destination after the initial target, comet Boethin, could not be found. Scientists theorize comet Boethin may have broken up into pieces too small for detection.

The Epoxi mission melds two compelling science investigations -- the Extrasolar Planet Observation and Characterization and the Deep Impact Extended Investigation. Both investigations will be performed using the Deep Impact spacecraft.

In addition to investigating comet Hartley 2, the spacecraft will point the larger of its two telescopes at nearby previously discovered extrasolar planetary systems in late January 2008. It will study the physical properties of giant planets and search for rings, moons and planets as small as three Earth masses. It also will look at Earth as though it were an extrasolar planet to provide data that could become the standard for characterizing these types of planets.

"The search for exosolar planetary systems is one of the most intriguing explorations of our time," said Drake Deming, Epoxi deputy principal investigator at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. "With Epoxi we have the potential to discover new worlds and even analyze the light they emit to perhaps discover what atmospheres they possess."

The mission's closest approach to the small half-mile-wide comet will be about nearly a thousand kilometers (620 miles). The spacecraft will employ the same suite of two science instruments the Deep Impact spacecraft used during its prime mission to guide an impactor into comet Tempel 1 in July 2005.

If Epoxi's observations of Hartley 2 show it is similar to one of the other comets that have been observed, this new class of comets will be defined for the first time. If the comet displays different characteristics, it would deepen the mystery of cometary diversity.

"When comet Boethin could not be located, we went to our backup, which is every bit as interesting but about two years farther down the road," said Tom Duxbury, Epoxi project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif.

Mission controllers at JPL began directing Epoxi towards Hartley 2 on Nov. 1. They commanded the spacecraft to perform a three-minute rocket burn that changed the spacecraft's velocity. Epoxi's new trajectory sets the stage for three Earth flybys, the first on Dec. 31, 2007. This places the spacecraft into an orbital "holding pattern" until it's time for the optimal encounter of comet Hartley 2 in 2010.

"Hartley 2 is scientifically just as interesting as comet Boethin because both have relatively small, active nuclei," said Michael A'Hearn, principal investigator for Epoxi at the University of Maryland, College Park.

Epoxi's low mission cost of $40 million is achieved by taking advantage of the existing Deep Impact spacecraft.

JPL manages Epoxi for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The spacecraft was built for NASA by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo.

TOPICS: Culture/Society; Extended News
KEYWORDS: astronomy; comet; comet103p; comethartley2; deepimpact; epoxi; greencomet; hartley2; nasa
the initial target, comet Boethin, could not be found. ***poof*** it's gone.
1 posted on 12/16/2007 10:31:16 AM PST by RightWhale
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: RightWhale
***poof*** it's gone.

Reduced to a meteor shower or called back to the Mother Ship from it's flyby recon mission?

2 posted on 12/16/2007 11:27:41 AM PST by InABunkerUnderSF ("Gun Control" is not about the guns. "Illegal Immigration" is not about the immigration)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: RightWhale
"The Epoxi mission melds two compelling science investigations ..."

If I was the editor, I would have changed this to, "The Epoxi mission glues together two compelling science investigations ..."

3 posted on 12/16/2007 11:44:43 AM PST by robertpaulsen
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: robertpaulsen


Blessed be the ties that bind...hmmmm???

4 posted on 12/16/2007 3:41:15 PM PST by stevie_d_64 (Houston Area Texans (I've always been hated))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794 is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson