Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

America's gun culture - fading slowly? (Semi-automatic barf alert)
Reuters AlertNet ^ | January 9, 2008 | Bernd Debusmann

Posted on 01/13/2008 8:13:54 PM PST by 2ndDivisionVet

Is America, land of shooting massacres in schools and public places, slowly falling out of love with guns?

The answer is yes, and it runs counter to popular perceptions of the United States as a country where most citizens are armed to the teeth and believe it is every American's inalienable right to buy an AK 47-style assault rifle with the minimum of bureaucratic paperwork.

But in fact, gun ownership in the United States has been declining steadily over more than three decades, relegating gun owners to minority status.

At the same time, support for stricter gun controls has been growing steadily and those in favour make up a majority.

This is a little-reported phenomenon but the trend is shown clearly by statistics compiled by the University of Chicago's National Opinion Research Center (NORC), which has been tracking gun ownership and attitudes on firearms since 1972, the longest-running survey on the subject in the United States.

The number of households with guns dropped from a high of 54 percent in 1977 to 34.5 percent in 2006, according to NORC, and the percentage of Americans who reported personally owning a gun has shrunk to just under 22 percent.

So, by the rules of democratic play, one might assume that the majority would have major influence on legislation. But that's not how it works, thanks to the enormous influence of the gun lobby.

The long-term decline monitored by the Chicago survey has buoyed proponents of tighter gun controls. "America's gun culture is fading," says Josh Sugarmann, who heads the Washington-based Violence Policy Center.

According to Sugarmann, those keeping the culture alive and those most vocal in resisting tighter regulations are white, middle-aged men whose enthusiasm for firearms, hunting and shooting is not shared by younger Americans.

Yet, at the moment it's difficult to imagine the U.S. without its gun culture.

But then, who could have imagined France with a ban on smoking in public places, Germany with speed limits on almost half its autobahns, or a black man as a serious contender in this year's presidential elections in the United States?

To what extent gun ownership will continue to shrink depends, at least in part, on a decision by the U.S. Supreme court expected this summer. The court will rule on one of the most acrimonious disputes in the United States: do Americans have the constitutional right to own and bear arms?

GUN RAMPAGES PART OF LIFE

At the heart of the long-running debate, argued with more passion than almost any other, is the meaning of the U.S. constitution's second amendment.

Written 219 years ago, it says: "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

A string of lower court rulings over several decades held that the amendment meant to guarantee the collective right of state militias, not individual citizens. Such rulings have had limited impact: gun regulations vary from state to state and in most, weapons are easy to buy and legal to keep.

There are a few exceptions: handguns are illegal in Chicago and in Washington, where a court ruled in December that its total ban violated the constitution. That is the case the Supreme Court will take up this year.

No matter how it rules, the court's decision is unlikely to make much immediate difference to the mass shootings by unhinged citizens that have become part of American life.

Gun rampages happen with such numbing regularity -- on average one every three weeks in 2007 -- that they barely make news unless the death toll climbs into double digits, as happened at the Virginia Tech university. There, a student with mental problems killed 32 of his peers and himself.

President George W. Bush this week signed into law a bill meant to prevent people with a record of mental disease from buying weapons.

Virginia Tech was the worst school shooting in U.S. history and rekindled the debate over the easy availability of guns in America. There are more private firearms in the United States than anywhere else in the world -- at least 200 million.

While that arsenal has been growing every year, the proportion of U.S. households where guns are held has been shrinking. In other words: Fewer people have more guns.

One estimate, by the National Police Foundation, says that 10 percent of the country's adults own roughly three quarters of all firearms.

PREVENTION, NOT CURE

That is the hard core, which counts on the gun lobby, chief of all the National Rifle Association (NRA), to throttle attempts to impose restrictions on the sale of firearms.

The NRA, a group that claims some 3 million members, calls itself "America's foremost defender of Second Amendment rights" and backs candidates for political office on their stand on one issue -- gun ownership -- regardless of party affiliation.

Politicians tend to pander to the NRA, some more shamelessly than others. One of the Republican candidates for the 2008 presidential race, Mitt Romney, went so far as to falsely claim that he was a lifelong hunter and had received an official NRA endorsement in 2002.

Small wonder, then, that the debates following every shooting massacre tend to focus not on the easy availability of guns but on preventive security measures.

Metal detectors at the entrances of shopping malls, for example. Or bullet-proof backpacks. They were developed in the wake of the 1999 shooting at Columbine High School, where two teenagers killed 12 students and teachers and then themselves.

The Columbine-inspired backpacks went on sale in August and have sold briskly. "Sales picked up considerably in the Christmas period," said Mike Pelonzi, one of the two men -- both fathers -- who designed and market them. "Our market is expanding."


TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Crime/Corruption; Editorial; Politics/Elections
KEYWORDS: 2ndamendment; banglist; columbine; firearms; guns; rkba; rtkba; secondamendment
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-5051-83 next last
So many lies in one article.
1 posted on 01/13/2008 8:13:57 PM PST by 2ndDivisionVet
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

I’m gagging on this article.


2 posted on 01/13/2008 8:16:31 PM PST by Inyo-Mono (If you don't want people to get your goat, don't tell them where it's tied.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1952457/posts

—rebuttal—


3 posted on 01/13/2008 8:16:46 PM PST by rellimpank (--don't believe anything the MSM tells you about firearms or explosives--NRA Benefactor)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

No, HELL no, gun show attendance has been going through the roof - there’s been a little reluctance to register some guns, since that’s making them a list.


4 posted on 01/13/2008 8:17:04 PM PST by Baladas
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

“At the same time, support for stricter gun controls has been growing steadily “

I am not sure about this - lots of carry permits are being issued and what about DC? Looks like we are making progress.


5 posted on 01/13/2008 8:20:07 PM PST by spanalot (*)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet
The National Shooting Sports Foundation (NSSF), the trade association for the shooting, hunting and outdoor industry, has released U.S. Dept. of the Treasury figures indicating that 2005 retail sales of firearms and ammunition rose 2.6 percent for a total volume of $2.1 billion.

In the fourth quarter of 2006, sales by gun and ammunition manufacturers jumped by 22.7 percent, led by 56.4 percent increase in handgun sales. Statistics are taken from the latest Pittman-Robertson federal excise tax collection report, courtesy of the NSSF.

Not much of a fade, if you ask me.

6 posted on 01/13/2008 8:23:06 PM PST by Nachoman (My guns and my ammo, they comfort me.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet
Support for Gun Control, on the rise? Fisking Debusmann and the biased NORC
7 posted on 01/13/2008 8:23:06 PM PST by Anti-Bubba182
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

The most dangerous gun control law was just signed into law, the law opens the possiblity that anyone can be deemed too mentally unstable to own a gun.

The gun-grabers don’t need even one more gun control law. Ever. The era of individual ownership will come to an end unless we can do an end run around the law, or have it modified to the point of it becomong usless.

In time all of us can be considered too unstable to own a gun.


8 posted on 01/13/2008 8:25:35 PM PST by Balding_Eagle (If America falls, darkness will cover the face of the earth for a thousand years.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

The gun culture is growing stronger, especially among women and young people. Ten years ago, when I went to the range sometimes I’d be the only woman there. Now it’s about 30% female.


9 posted on 01/13/2008 8:25:55 PM PST by JillValentine (Being a feminist is all about being a victim. Being an armed woman is all about not being a victim.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet
"America, land of shooting massacres in schools and public places"

What a view from their Ivory Towers.

10 posted on 01/13/2008 8:27:40 PM PST by endthematrix (He was shouting 'Allah!' but I didn't hear that. It just sounded like a lot of crap to me.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

Flip Romney supports more mindless gun control .

http://www.issues2000.org/2008/Mitt_Romney_Gun_Control.htm


11 posted on 01/13/2008 8:30:08 PM PST by Neu Pragmatist (No RINO's -VOTE FRED ... Thank you :))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: JillValentine

A group of us go to the range once in a while, with one exception it is all couples.


12 posted on 01/13/2008 8:30:48 PM PST by c-b 1 (Reporting from behind enemy lines, in occupied AZTLAN.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

Just purchased S&W Sigma in .40 caliber. Cabela’s has it for 299.99 with 2 14-shot clips. Includes a coupon with a $50 rebate plus 2 add’l clips. Is this a great country or what! They’re also offering the same deal in 9mm, but the 9mm clips are 16-shot.


13 posted on 01/13/2008 8:31:28 PM PST by Real Cynic No More (The only thing standing between us and complete victory over the evildoers is POLITICS!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet
Gee, ‘gun culture’ is declining while violent rampages and prison overcrowding are increasing.

So I guess ‘gun culture’ is the bad thing and not violence according to libs.

This proves that it’s not about safety, but all about controlling the sheeple.

14 posted on 01/13/2008 8:32:07 PM PST by varyouga ("Rove is some mysterious God of politics & mind control" - DU 10-24-06)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

A reasonable person, being necessary to the security of a free State, should kick the crap out of a jerk like that.


15 posted on 01/13/2008 8:32:09 PM PST by USMCPOP (Father of LCpl. Karl Linn, KIA 1/26/2005 Al Haqlaniyah, Iraq)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

The survey was conducted by the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research with funding from the Joyce Foundation.


16 posted on 01/13/2008 8:33:44 PM PST by endthematrix (He was shouting 'Allah!' but I didn't hear that. It just sounded like a lot of crap to me.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

Never trust anything utterred or written by Eurotrash named “Bernd”.


17 posted on 01/13/2008 8:34:02 PM PST by OCCASparky (Steely-Eyed Killer of the Deep)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

It just so happened that I went to a gun show this afternoon. Standing room only. BBQ, smoked sausage, jerky and, oh yeah, guns, ammo and more guns. There were even a couple 0f 50 caliber sniper rifles. Got myself a delayed Christmas presence - a Rohrbaugh. I still feel guilty when I think about all the money I spent buying the gun that I should have spent on feeding the young ‘ns. Well, first things first.


18 posted on 01/13/2008 8:35:43 PM PST by 353FMG (Vote for the Person who will do the least damage to our country.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Balding_Eagle

The NRA fully supported that law and in fact that support helped the bill sail through.


19 posted on 01/13/2008 8:37:23 PM PST by saganite (Lust type what you what in the “tagline” space)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: Baladas

We went the Gun and Knife show in Indianapolis this weekend and the place was packed.


20 posted on 01/13/2008 8:37:30 PM PST by Azeem (Only thing worse than war is peace at all costs.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

The author of this article would be disappointed in me: I just ordered an Ed Brown 1911.


21 posted on 01/13/2008 8:37:48 PM PST by 04-Bravo
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Anti-Bubba182

I’ll bump.

From NORC press release: “The telephone survey of 1,200 U.S. adults”


22 posted on 01/13/2008 8:37:54 PM PST by endthematrix (He was shouting 'Allah!' but I didn't hear that. It just sounded like a lot of crap to me.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

This guy is a German. What would he know about the Second Amendment and the U.S. Constitution? This is bovine scatology. Reuters should be ashamed of itself for posting this garbage.


23 posted on 01/13/2008 8:40:08 PM PST by FlingWingFlyer (STILL Proud To Be An American!!!!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet
Gun rampages happen with such numbing regularity -- on average one every three weeks in 2007 -- that they barely make news unless the death toll climbs into double digits, as happened at the Virginia Tech university. There, a student with mental problems killed 32 of his peers and himself.

Because the coward chose to attack a gunfree/freefire zone. I wonder what would happen if he tried at a gunshow.

24 posted on 01/13/2008 8:40:48 PM PST by varyouga ("Rove is some mysterious God of politics & mind control" - DU 10-24-06)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

A big surprise form someone named “Berndt”.

Here is one of his other articles:
“The $3,850 per second war and its victims:Bernd Debusmann”

Liberals are never so concerned with the cost of any tax expenditure except when it involves the military.


25 posted on 01/13/2008 8:41:36 PM PST by rlmorel (Liberals: If the Truth would help them, they would use it.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: c-b 1

Our group runs about 30-50 concealed carry students through a month (not to count our NRA courses). Most all our students are under 35. We just finished a class of 22 yesterday, 4 were women.


26 posted on 01/13/2008 8:42:42 PM PST by QBFimi (When gunpowder speaks, beasts listen.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet
I highly recommend this photo book... it ROCKS...

All bleeding heart liberals can go eat cake.

27 posted on 01/13/2008 8:42:57 PM PST by Trajan88 (www.bullittclub.com)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

...those keeping the culture alive and those most vocal in resisting tighter regulations are white, middle-aged men ...

Those of us familiar with the left these past 3-4 decades know that this is a revealing statement in the article. The “gun culture” is a euphemism for white males, the cultural enemy of the left. It is a stereotype of the left that makes guns an especially important target of the left. To ban guns from private citizens is a symbolic defeat of the white male culture and the old America.

The article is full of lies, but that is what ownership of the press is about in the 21st century. He who owns the press spreads the lies. Gun ownership is up and recent information is consistent in evidencing favorable attitudes toward the individual right to self defense. The number of guns has increased, not decreased, and guns in the hands of citizens continue to protect the lives of individuals.

But then, the natural right to self defense isn’t open to public opinion. Either the right is unhindered or it is infringed and all infringements, as reminded us in our Constitution, are “shall nots” no matter who, when or where is the guilty offender. He who infringes this right violates a human right just as surely as does a slave owner or a murderer.


28 posted on 01/13/2008 8:45:03 PM PST by iacovatx (Self-defense, to the best of one's ability, is a fundamental requirement of life.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: FlingWingFlyer

He works for Reuters.


29 posted on 01/13/2008 8:45:34 PM PST by 2ndDivisionVet (Your "dirt" on Fred is about as persuasive as a Nancy Pelosi Veteran's Day Speech)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 23 | View Replies]

To: 04-Bravo
My neighbor is a reserve cop who has offered to let me fire his .50 cal next time he goes to the range.

I'm just DYING to have him call me some Saturday. Drooling, in fact.
30 posted on 01/13/2008 8:49:15 PM PST by OCCASparky (Steely-Eyed Killer of the Deep)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 21 | View Replies]

To: FlingWingFlyer
This guy is a German. What would he know about the Second Amendment and the U.S. Constitution?

In Germany, all the guns were taken away by fascists. They all want the same for us.

This clown should also go learn why Switzerland remained free during the war from these same fascists.

31 posted on 01/13/2008 8:51:04 PM PST by varyouga ("Rove is some mysterious God of politics & mind control" - DU 10-24-06)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 23 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

This weekend I took my 11 year old nephew out to the range. He shot three rounds from the H&K USP but emptied a whole clip from the PS90. When he finished with the P90 he had an ear to ear grin!!! He said “I have to have one of these!!!”


32 posted on 01/13/2008 8:59:47 PM PST by Syntyr ( Freepers - In the top %5 of informed Americans!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: FlingWingFlyer

Reuters has repeatedly been accused of showing an anti-Israel and anti-American bias.

It was founded by the German Paul Julius Reuter. Reuter was born Israel Beer Josaphat; his father was a rabbi. He converted to Christianity and changed his name).

He fled Germany after the failed Revolution of 1848. Among the demands of the demonstrators was arming of the people. Turned his back on both his heritage as a Jew and the people with whom he protested. Nice guy. 160 years later the organization remains unchanged.


33 posted on 01/13/2008 9:06:26 PM PST by QBFimi (When gunpowder speaks, beasts listen.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 23 | View Replies]

To: Syntyr

So, how do you like it? I’ve always been jealous of the Stargate SG-1 team because their P90’s look so cool... Maybe in 2008 I’ll get one...


34 posted on 01/13/2008 9:14:06 PM PST by The Electrician ("Government is the only enterprise in the world which expands in size when its failures increase.")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 32 | View Replies]

To: The Electrician
No agenda here, nothing to see move on, sarc.
35 posted on 01/13/2008 9:16:58 PM PST by JimC214
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 34 | View Replies]

To: Balding_Eagle

In fact the gun grappers will say the following: if you want to own a gun you are mentally unstable. And by law mentally unstable people cannot own a gun.


36 posted on 01/13/2008 9:18:10 PM PST by Maine Mariner
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

Bernd Debusmann must have had his semi-annual wet dream and decided to write his take of it.
I’m fixing to buy an AR clone and am conflicted as to Mfg. and caliber. I’ve about made up my mind on Rock River Arms as the MFG. Every time I think about a .223 a little voice in the back of my head says “nah man, 308” See what I mean.


37 posted on 01/13/2008 9:18:46 PM PST by Atchafalaya
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet
Another Eurotrash Reuters POS trying to mainline outright propaganda to advance their agenda. It's no wonder we always have to save their asses during wars. This next time (and it is coming), we just wait until the Muzzies overrun them like ants, and not be so selective when we come in to play Orkin Man.


38 posted on 01/13/2008 9:19:44 PM PST by Viking2002 (Waterboarding the Left every chance I get.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Real Cynic No More

Nice! I just went to a gun show in Fort Lauderdale, FL Saturday. The place was packed! I found my new S&W 340SS which I had been looking for. I can’t wait to pick it up next Saturday at the Miami gun show. Gun shows are fun! Where else can I find buffalo beef jerky and slim jims?


39 posted on 01/13/2008 9:20:28 PM PST by FreeManWhoCan (An American in Miami)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: The Electrician

I love it. It one of those guns I really don’t have any use for other than just going punching holes in paper targets. But its fun! I just wish I could afford the Class 3 tax stamp to get a full auto version. That would be a hoot!


40 posted on 01/13/2008 9:21:36 PM PST by Syntyr ( Freepers - In the top %5 of informed Americans!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 34 | View Replies]

To: Real Cynic No More

I did the same at Academy Sports; it was too good a deal to pass up. Never thought I’d buy a “striker fired” but the deal was great and the pistol really “fits” in the hand.


41 posted on 01/13/2008 9:27:03 PM PST by Atchafalaya
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

***But in fact, gun ownership in the United States has been declining steadily over more than three decades, relegating gun owners to minority status.***

That line is a lie.


42 posted on 01/13/2008 9:35:59 PM PST by wastedyears (This is my BOOMSTICK)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

Reminders for everyone:

Take friends to the range!

Get your kids stay involved in the sport. Get their friends involved too.

Join a local gun club.

Shoot regularly.

BLOAT.


43 posted on 01/13/2008 9:36:58 PM PST by Jack Black
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Real Cynic No More
Just purchased S&W Sigma in .40 caliber. Cabela’s has it for 299.99 with 2 14-shot clips magazines. Includes a coupon with a $50 rebate plus 2 add’l clips magazines. Is this a great country or what! They’re also offering the same deal in 9mm, but the 9mm clips magazines are 16-shot.

There...I fixed it so no one would freak out.

And......YES...this IS a great country!!
44 posted on 01/13/2008 9:44:04 PM PST by rickomatic
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: saganite

***The NRA fully supported that law and in fact that support helped the bill sail through.***

Another reason I’m not renewing my membership.


45 posted on 01/13/2008 10:21:18 PM PST by wastedyears (This is my BOOMSTICK)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 19 | View Replies]

To: Syntyr
I can honestly say that I can not remember not shooting. Before I started the first grade I would shoot a 22 single shot rifle under my grandfathers watchfull eye. When I was 13 years I was given my first rifle that I was allowed to keep in my room and control.

In the autumn of my life I possess many weapons and arms. I have never fired any of these in anger. I am very competent with them. I shoot a great deal.

I do know what the 2nd amendment says.

46 posted on 01/13/2008 11:02:56 PM PST by cpdiii (OIL FIELD TRASH AND PROUD OF IT, GEOLOGIST, PILOT, PHARMACIST.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 32 | View Replies]

To: 2ndDivisionVet

It’s enough to make me go out and buy a gun.
Not that I need an excuse!


47 posted on 01/13/2008 11:24:50 PM PST by karnage
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Atchafalaya

Why force yourself into such a Hobson’s Choice? Get both!


48 posted on 01/13/2008 11:27:18 PM PST by karnage
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 37 | View Replies]

To: varyouga

http://cuttingedge.org/news/n1344.cfm

Gun Control....the whole story of how the libs passed it.

Interesting how Hucks hometown is the cross point.


49 posted on 01/13/2008 11:30:42 PM PST by proudtobeanamerican1 (Media -)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: iacovatx
To ban guns from private citizens is a symbolic defeat of the white male culture and the old America.

Very insightful post. Imagine what bringing 'white male culture' and 'old America' down will look like. For me, it'd mark the end of Mall Shopping.

The disrespect for individual rights will tragically devolve into 'communal' rights claimed by none other than clans and gangs. Vast portions of America will become 'off-limits' to persons of undesirable color. By liberal standards a success, I suppose.

50 posted on 01/14/2008 12:02:21 AM PST by budwiesest (Screw with the plan-- feel the heel of the 'man'.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 28 | View Replies]


Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-5051-83 next last

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson