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Rare Egyptian "Warrior" Tomb Found
National Geographic News ^ | 2-15-2008 | Steven Stanek

Posted on 02/15/2008 7:21:27 PM PST by blam

Rare Egyptian "Warrior" Tomb Found

Steven Stanek in Cairo, Egypt
for National Geographic News
February 15, 2008

An unusual, well-preserved burial chamber that may contain the mummy of an ancient warrior has been discovered in a necropolis in Luxor.

Scientists opened the tomb—found in Dra Abul Naga, an ancient cemetery on Luxor's west bank—on Wednesday.

Inside the burial shaft—a recess crudely carved from bedrock—experts found a closed wooden coffin inscribed with the name "Iker," which translates to "excellent one" in ancient Egyptian.

Near the coffin they also found five arrows made of reeds, three of them still feathered.

A team of Spanish archaeologists made the surprise find during routine excavations in a courtyard of the tomb of Djehuty, a high-ranking official under Queen Hatshepsut whose burial site was built on top of graves dating to the Middle Kingdom, 2055 to 1650 B.C.

Wealthy Warriors

The coffin dates to Egypt's Middle Kingdom era, though the cemetery is better known for its use during the New Kingdom, 1550 to 1070 B.C.

Based on the coffin's inscriptions and pottery found near it, experts date the burial to the early reign of the 11th dynasty, which lasted from 2125 to 1985 B.C. Soldiers played an important role in society during that time, when Egypt was reunified after years of civil war.

Some intact burials from that period had been found in the 1920s, but the leader of the new excavation, Jose Galán of the Spanish National Research Council, said the new find could offer a fresh look into the era's burial customs.

"It's fairly uncommon to find nowadays an 11th-dynasty intact burial. This is really remarkable," Galán said.

"It gives us information about the continuous use of the necropolis and ... about a period that was not so well documented."

The discovery of burials belonging to soldiers and mercenaries, who had elevated status in the wartime society, are even rarer, according to Salima Ikram, a professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo.

Only "a handful" have ever been unearthed, Ikram said.

"It shows that there were a lot of warriors that had been in use," she said.

"Because of their prominence in calming things down [after the civil war], they probably were wealthier and regarded with more honor than in early periods, and that is why they had nice burials."

Bows and Arrows

The wooden coffin—adorned with drawings of Iker presenting offerings to the goddess of the heavens, Hathor—was fairly well preserved, though it suffered some damage from flooding and termites, according to experts who pried it open.

Inside the coffin, the archaeologists found Iker's mummy, lying on its left side next to two bows and three staffs, which would have been used to indicate his high rank.

"Usually the important people [carried a staff] as a way to be recognized as chiefs of a tribe or family," said Galán, adding that his team had not yet analyzed the newfound artifacts.

The presence of bows and arrows means that Iker was likely a hired soldier in the service of a king, though the exact details are unclear.

"It means this person was a fighter," said Zahi Hawass, secretary general of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities.

"He was fighting in the army or something like that ... there were many fighters joining the king, and this could be one of them," said Hawass, also a National Geographic Society Explorer-in-Residence. (National Geographic Society owns National Geographic News.)

Spanish archaeologist Galán and his team plan to remove the mummy from the coffin to x-ray it and determine more specifics.

"We don't know about the origin of Iker," Galán said. "We don't even know if he was Egyptian, Nubian, or Libyan."


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: egyptian; godsgravesglyphs; hatshepsut; middlekingdom; rare; tomb; warrior

1 posted on 02/15/2008 7:21:28 PM PST by blam
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To: SunkenCiv
GGG Ping.


2 posted on 02/15/2008 7:22:39 PM PST by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: blam

3 posted on 02/15/2008 7:23:43 PM PST by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: blam

Fabulous!


4 posted on 02/15/2008 7:26:53 PM PST by Lijahsbubbe
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To: blam

Those ancient Egyptian finds are always just so gorgeous, even if they are wooden coffins the paintings, the colors, aah, lovely.

Glad they’re still finding this stuff and preserving it.


5 posted on 02/15/2008 7:36:40 PM PST by Beowulf9
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To: Beowulf9

And those arrows!!! Check that out!


6 posted on 02/15/2008 7:37:28 PM PST by Beowulf9
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To: blam

btt


7 posted on 02/15/2008 7:55:19 PM PST by Cacique (quos Deus vult perdere, prius dementat ( Islamia Delenda Est ))
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To: blam

Incredible!

BTTT


8 posted on 02/15/2008 7:57:56 PM PST by Constitution Day
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To: blam

According to my little elementary hieroglyphics chart. I see f’s, n’s, t’s, k, and an r. It’s exciting to see them so clearly.


9 posted on 02/15/2008 8:06:27 PM PST by Lijahsbubbe
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To: blam

If this guy served when Hatshupset ruled, he didn’t do any fighting. Her major claim to fame [aside from usurping her stepson’s throne for over twenty years, and a truly magnificent tomb] was a trading expedition to Punt.

If he served under the stepson, Thutmoses III, he saw plenty of action.


10 posted on 02/15/2008 8:27:46 PM PST by PzLdr ("The Emperor is not as forgiving as I am" - Darth Vader)
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To: blam
Thanks, Blam! You find and post the neatest stuff!

Wonder if those arrows had bronze (or copper) points...

11 posted on 02/15/2008 8:31:00 PM PST by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias...)
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To: blam

Interesting indeed, I’ll look for it in the next issue.


12 posted on 02/15/2008 8:49:39 PM PST by JUMPIN JEHOSPOHAT ("I am not young enough to know everything" - Oscar Wilde / "It;s the same when yer too old!" - JJ)
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To: blam; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1ofmanyfree; 24Karet; 3AngelaD; 49th; ...

· join list or digest · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post a topic ·

 
Gods
Graves
Glyphs
Thanks Blam.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
GGG managers are Blam, StayAt HomeMother, and Ernest_at_the_Beach
 

· Google · Archaeologica · ArchaeoBlog · Archaeology magazine · Biblical Archaeology Society ·
· Mirabilis · Texas AM Anthropology News · Yahoo Anthro & Archaeo ·
· History or Science & Nature Podcasts · Excerpt, or Link only? · cgk's list of ping lists ·


13 posted on 02/15/2008 11:06:56 PM PST by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/____________________Profile updated Sunday, February 10, 2008)
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Salima Ikram (the most flattering pic I found; she's dressing more Moslem now, and has put on about fifty pounds since this):
The Afterlife: An interview with Egyptologist Salima Ikram

14 posted on 02/15/2008 11:10:59 PM PST by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/____________________Profile updated Sunday, February 10, 2008)
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To: PzLdr
Hatshepsut inherited, or rather usurped the throne of, an Egypt at peace, so it's true that there wasn't much action for soldiers at that time, but this soldier served during the 11th Dynasty, centuries earlier than Hatshepsut. :')
Based on the coffin's inscriptions and pottery found near it, experts date the burial to the early reign of the 11th dynasty... Soldiers played an important role in society during that time, when Egypt was reunified after years of civil war... The discovery of burials belonging to soldiers and mercenaries, who had elevated status in the wartime society, are even rarer, according to Salima Ikram, a professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo... "Because of their prominence in calming things down [after the civil war], they probably were wealthier and regarded with more honor than in early periods, and that is why they had nice burials."

15 posted on 02/15/2008 11:16:09 PM PST by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/____________________Profile updated Sunday, February 10, 2008)
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To: blam
Photobucket
16 posted on 02/15/2008 11:18:17 PM PST by ▀udda▀udd (7 days - 7 ways Guero >>> with a floating, shifting, ever changing persona....)
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Japanese team finds ancient Egyptian coffins
(from the Middle Kingdom, 2 are ~4000 years old)
AFP on Yahoo | 2/10/07 | AFP
Posted on 02/11/2007 2:37:43 AM EST by NormsRevenge
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1782843/posts


17 posted on 02/15/2008 11:18:35 PM PST by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/____________________Profile updated Sunday, February 10, 2008)
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A good year for the record [tomb of Henu, Middle Kingdom Egypt]
Al-Ahram | 27 December 2007 - 2 January 2008 | Nevine El-Aref
Posted on 01/02/2008 8:43:13 AM EST by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/1947094/posts


18 posted on 02/21/2008 12:16:12 PM PST by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/___________________Profile updated Tuesday, February 19, 2008)
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