Skip to comments.Mysterious Pits Shed Light On Forgotten Witches Of The West
Posted on 03/10/2008 4:05:05 PM PDT by blam
Mysterious pits shed light on forgotten witches of the West
Simon de Bruxelles
Evidence of pagan rituals involving swans and other birds in the Cornish countryside in the 17th century has been uncovered by archaeologists.
Since 2003, 35 pits at the site in a valley near Truro have been excavated containing swan pelts, dead magpies, unhatched eggs, quartz pebbles, human hair, fingernails and part of an iron cauldron.
The finds have been dated to the 1640s, a period of turmoil in England when Cromwellian Puritans destroyed any links to pre-Christian pagan England. It was also a period when witchcraft attracted the death sentence.
Jacqui Woods, leading the excavations, has not traced any written or anecdotal evidence of the rituals, which would have involved a significant number of people over a long period. There are no records of similar practices anywhere else in the world.
Ms Woods, an archaeologist who has advised on the discovery in 1991 of Europes oldest human mummy, the Iceman, in an Alpine glacier, has been digging at the site at Saveock Water for the past eight years. Saveock Water was, in the 17th century, a community of five houses whose occupants worked at a nearby mill.
Human occupation of the site dates to prehistoric times but some of the activity uncovered was more recent. A stone-lined spring that may have been a holy well was full of offerings from the 17th century, including 125 strips of cloth from dresses, cherry stones and nail clippings.
There was evidence that the well had been filled and the site destroyed to hide what went on there.
Each of the feather pits, which are about 40cm square by 17cm deep (15 by 6in), have been carefully lined with the intact pelt of one swan and contain other bird remains.
The pits where the contents were intact also contained a leaf parcel holding stones that experts have traced to Swanpool beach, 15 miles (24km) away, an area famed for its swan population. Ms Woods said: Killing a swan would have been incredibly risky at this time because they are the property of the Crown.
There was a particularly macabre discovery in one of the feather pits: fifty-seven unhatched eggs ranging in size from a bantam to a duck. They were flanked by the bodies of two magpies, birds that have long been the subject of superstition in Cornish folklore. The organic remains survived because they were preserved in the water-logged ground. Although the shells of the eggs had dissolved, the membrane remained, revealing chicks shortly before they were due to hatch.
Ms Woods said: A lot of the paganism of the Celts was wiped out by the Romans, but not in Cornwall.
Swan feathers had a connection with fertility. Its possible these offerings were being left. Then, if there was a conception, nine months later the person would return to empty the pit.
Often when secret rituals are abandoned people will talk about things that were done in my grandmothers day but there has been no whisper of this. It really makes me wonder whether that is because it is still going on.
Ms Wood will deliver a paper on the feather pits at the World Archaeology Conference in Dublin in June.
Burnt, hanged and drowned
The pits were created in the 17th century when the law stated thou shalt not suffer a witch to live
Thousands of women, the vast majority innocent, were burnt, hanged or drowned
The first Witchcraft Act was passed in 1541
In the mid-16th century, when it was believed that the plague was the work of sorcery, persecution of witches reached a frenzy The death penalty for witchcraft ended in 1735
Last week the Scottish Parliament was asked to approve a pardon for the 4,000 people killed
The last person to be convicted was Jane Rebecca Yorke, a medium who was fined £5 in 1944 for claiming to be able to contact dead servicemen
Source: Times database
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I thought it was a timecapsule from Boxer/Feinstink and Pelosi? Just damn!
I need sleep. I thought this post was about mysterious Pita.
What’s so mysterious about the Pizza?
“Whats so mysterious about the Pizza?’
It’s Mystic Pizza. Or was that Mystic Pita?
Leda and the Swan
A sudden blow: the great wings beating still
Above the staggering girl, her thighs caressed
By the dark webs, her nape caught in his bill,
He holds her helpless breast upon his breast.
How can those terrified vague fingers push
The feathered glory from her loosening thighs?
And how can body, laid in that white rush,
But feel the strange heart beating where it lies?
A shudder in the loins engenders there
The broken wall, the burning roof and tower
And Agamemnon dead.
Being so caught up,
So mastered by the brute blood of the air,
Did she put on his knowledge with his power
Before the indifferent beak could let her drop?
Note: Zeus in the guise of a swan ravaging the maiden is an ancient tale commemorated in poems, paintings and rituals.
Typical modern anthropology school foolishness. Anything their grads don’t understand, they are taught to label as, “ritual”...
That's my Engineering perspective.
Perhaps the swan is the deviant. But, here in Virginia, all the geese are swan.