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Older Than The Pyramids, Buried For Centuries - Found By An Orkney Plumber
The Scotsman ^ | 3-14-2008 | Tristan Stewart-Robinson

Posted on 03/17/2008 8:45:12 AM PDT by blam

Older than the pyramids, buried for centuries – found by an Orkney plumber

Tristan Stewart-Robertson

A RARE piece of Neolithic art has been discovered on a beach in Orkney.

The 6,000-year-old relic, thought to be a fragment from a larger piece, was left exposed by storms which swept across the country last week.

Local plumber David Barnes, who found the stone on the beach in Sandwick Bay, South Ronaldsay, said circular markings had shown up in the late-afternoon winter sun, drawing his attention to the piece.

Archeologists last night heralded the discovery as a "once-in- 50-years event". But they warned that a search for other fragments in the area would be hampered by a lack of funds.

"At first, I just thought it was an interesting pattern from the erosion," said Mr Barnes, 44. "Then I knew it was fairly rare. It's a miracle I spotted it."

He said he realised the find could be significant after he read more about the local history of the area.

Archaeologists compared the discovery to the Westray Stone, a Neolithic carved stone discovered in 1981 during routine quarrying work.

It has been in Orkney Museum for more than 25 years but is due to be returned to the area this week and exhibited in the new Westray Heritage Centre in Pierowall.

The Westray Stone was once part of a Neolithic chambered cairn which is thought to have been destroyed in prehistory. A second part, and two smaller carved pieces, were found the following spring in a dig led by Niall Sharples, of the University of Cardiff.

Mrs Julie Gibson, Orkney county archaeologist, said the latest discovery must be the result of erosion from recent storms, as the carved patterns would not have successfully survived so many thousands of years' exposure on soft sandstone.

She said: "This piece is really a once-in-50-years discovery. I was very pleased to find out David really had such a piece of Neolithic art. It's not something that happens every day.

"Natural stones always have patterns in them and quite often people mistake patterns for art. It was surprising David was able to see this on the beach.

"The stone is perhaps from a chambered tomb and could be as old as 5,000 or 6,000 years, and would have possibly been used as a ceremonial, sacred object. This is art made in the same style as art from the Newgrange stone tomb in Ireland or tombs in Brittany. It's part of this Neolithic world linked by the Irish Sea."

The world heritage site at Newgrange in County Meath is estimated to be 600 years older than the Giza pyramids in Egypt.

The concentric circles in the latest find indicated "something special", said Mrs Gibson.

She added that the Sandwick Bay beach now warranted more investigation but she feared that would be constrained by a lack of resources.

She said: "The budget for 'rescue' archaeology has been flat-lined since Margaret Thatcher's time, and it's gone down since then by £200,000 a year, down to £1.5 million in Scotland each year for all rescue archaeology.

"We would like to do more, but the chances are pretty slim."

The stone will now be passed to Orkney Museum and brought to the attention of the Queen and Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer to determine if it is a treasure trove or not. Ancient objects without an owner are automatically property of the Crown.

But Mrs Gibson added: "An object like this becomes the property of everyone."

TREASURES FIND THEIR WAY TO THE CROWN

ALL historical finds – whether made by chance, fieldwalking, metal detector or archaeological excavation – are subject to the laws of Treasure Trove in Scotland.

The objects become the property of the Crown and may be claimed as treasure trove, and must be reported so they can be assessed.

The Queen and Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer is the Crown Office employee responsible for claiming objects for the Crown under the law of Treasure Trove.

The role of the QLTR also includes deciding on the allocation of objects to museums and the payment of rewards to finders.

The Crown Office, on behalf of the Scottish Government, is given the first chance to claim the object for the overall benefit of the nation. Small museums, including Orkney Museum, can also bid for the found objects to stay in the area where they were found.

Finds not claimed by the Crown are returned to the finder along with an individually numbered certificate stating that the Crown is not exercising its right to claim.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: art; godsgravesglyphs; neolithic; orkney; scotland

1 posted on 03/17/2008 8:45:13 AM PDT by blam
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To: blam
Ah ... the old "lack of funds" gambit.


Dig deeper peasants.

2 posted on 03/17/2008 8:49:23 AM PDT by G.Mason (And what is intelligence if not the craft of out-thinking our adversaries?)
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To: blam

To bad there is not a picture of this.


3 posted on 03/17/2008 8:49:50 AM PDT by Red_Devil 232 (VietVet - USMC All Ready On The Right? All Ready On The Left? All Ready On The Firing Line!)
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To: blam

Channeling Helen Thomas.


4 posted on 03/17/2008 8:50:34 AM PDT by Eurale
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To: blam

Darn it no picture.


5 posted on 03/17/2008 8:52:09 AM PDT by squarebarb
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To: blam
TREASURES FIND THEIR WAY TO THE CROWN

Real incentive to report the stuff isn't there.

6 posted on 03/17/2008 8:52:22 AM PDT by from occupied ga (Your most dangerous enemy is your own government,)
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To: blam
But they warned that a search for other fragments in the area would be hampered by a lack of funds.

They better find some fast before someone calls the fragment a piece of an ancient mosque and demands to build a new one on the site.

-PJ

7 posted on 03/17/2008 8:55:01 AM PDT by Political Junkie Too (Repeal the 17th amendment -- it's the "Fairness Doctrine" for Congress!)
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To: blam

Concentric circles? Ah, sounds like ancient Olympiad? Bwaahahhahhaha...he stuff is found all the time...maybe they will find more stuff in the area. But we knoweth not a lot about neolithic stuff...so all new stuff is a treasure. How far from Stonehenge is Orkny...anybody know?


8 posted on 03/17/2008 9:00:35 AM PDT by lexington minuteman 1775
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To: blam

Here are some views of the structures in ORKNEY.

http://www.orkneyjar.com/portfolio/scenes/st/index.html


9 posted on 03/17/2008 9:03:11 AM PDT by UCANSEE2 (Just saying what 'they' won't.)
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To: UCANSEE2
Near the beach.


10 posted on 03/17/2008 9:03:49 AM PDT by UCANSEE2 (Just saying what 'they' won't.)
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To: lexington minuteman 1775

11 posted on 03/17/2008 9:05:55 AM PDT by UCANSEE2 (Just saying what 'they' won't.)
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To: blam

This takes me back. When I first graduated from college in 1972, I went to Europe for close to a year, taking on odd jobs as they became available (without a work permit - guilty as charged) and ended up staying for 11 1/2 months. I remember the Orkney Islands well. They have very few trees - I understand that the air has too much salt in it to encourage tree growth - and lots of historic relics. I still remember a 4,000 year-old village which became uncovered when a storm removed lots of sand. It included rooms, sliding stone doors and stone pillows. They also have burial mounds, some with Viking writing inscribed (early graffiti). “Ingabora is the fairest of maidens,” stuff like that. The people living on the island were good hardy Scotch people. The accents get thicker and thicker as you go north in Scotland.


12 posted on 03/17/2008 9:13:45 AM PDT by beejaa
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To: blam

This seems related to the posted article.

http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/nwh_gfx_en/ART52775.html


13 posted on 03/17/2008 9:18:28 AM PDT by UCANSEE2 (Just saying what 'they' won't.)
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To: beejaa

The Orkneys are way up North, right?


14 posted on 03/17/2008 9:18:31 AM PDT by cardinal4
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To: lexington minuteman 1775

The Orkney Islands are just to the north of the main part of Scotland on the east side. North of the Orkney Islands are the Shetland Islands which are a little less than half way to Norway.
Stonehenge is in the south of England. According to Google, the length of Great Britain is 1000 km., or about 610 miles, so that would roughly be the distance between Stonehenge and the Orkneys as the crow flies.


15 posted on 03/17/2008 9:27:15 AM PDT by beejaa
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To: beejaa
" still remember a 4,000 year-old village which became uncovered when a storm removed lots of sand."

Sounds like Skra Brae. See the below article.

Footsteps From The Past: The Ancient Village Of Skra Brae


16 posted on 03/17/2008 9:32:58 AM PDT by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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To: UCANSEE2

Lovely photos of Orkney.


17 posted on 03/17/2008 9:47:38 AM PDT by Ciexyz
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To: blam

It is Skra Brae. Thanks. I remember that it was very close to the water and that I looked down on it. The photo of the interior is like what I saw.


18 posted on 03/17/2008 9:54:42 AM PDT by beejaa
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To: blam
Finding a piece of Neolithic art established to be 5000 to 6000 years old and it being a "50 year find" must be viewed with an amount of pride for the UK. "I grew up in Europe, where the history comes from ~Eddie Izard
19 posted on 03/17/2008 10:00:13 AM PDT by submarinerswife ("If I win I can't 't be stopped! If I lose I shall be dead." - George S. Patton)
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To: blam; Red_Devil 232; G.Mason; Eurale; squarebarb; from occupied ga; Political Junkie Too; ...
The Westray Stone
20 posted on 03/17/2008 10:08:50 AM PDT by Red Badger ( We don't have science, but we do have consensus.......)
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21 posted on 07/31/2008 12:17:15 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/_________________________Profile updated Friday, May 30, 2008)
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