Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Maine Middle School May Drug 11 Year Old Girls with Birth Control Patches
NaturalNews.com ^ | April 03, 2008 | David Gutierrez

Posted on 04/07/2008 3:42:34 AM PDT by Man50D

(NaturalNews) A middle school in Portland, Maine is considering a proposal to provide birth control pills and patches to students as young as 11 years old. King Middle School launched a reproductive health program after five of the 135 students who visited the school's health center in 2006 reported being sexually active. The program already provides condoms to students, but the new proposal would expand this to include prescriptions for birth control pills and patches (which would then have to be purchased at a pharmacy).

The contraceptives could be dispensed without the knowledge of parents, although written permission would be required for children to receive (unspecified) services from the health center.

The proposed program has attracted controversy, with some people accusing the schools of taking away parental power and encouraging children to have sex too early. But school officials dispute these claims.

"We do certainly sit down and speak with them about why [being sexually active] is not a good choice," said Amanda Rowe, the school's nurse coordinator. "But there are some who persist... and they need to be protected."

Logan Levkoff, a sexologist and relationship expert, said that while the school may be stepping into a role that would better be filled by parents, many parents do not feel comfortable enough to do so. "Parents should be the sex educator for their children," Levkoff said. "The problem is not every parent feels empowered [to do so]."

Parents interviewed by ABC News were split on their feelings about the proposal.

"I don't think I would want my child in middle school to be getting birth control pills unless I had something to do with it," one woman said.

But another woman, a mother, disagreed: "I think that education at that age is appropriate because our culture is saturated with messages about sex," she said.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: ageofconsentlaws; moralabsolutes; parentalrights; sexpositiveagenda; sexualizingchildren
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-5051-77 next last

1 posted on 04/07/2008 3:42:35 AM PDT by Man50D
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: Man50D

I hope they get sued. I’m not allowed to send an aspirin to school with my daughter but the school has a right to medicate her without my permission, or even my knowledge?

As long as it’s regarding sex, it seems the schools have unlimited discretion to do, say, or give anything they want to the kids.

What’s next? Will they provide a bed and some private time for the kids who want to have sex?


2 posted on 04/07/2008 4:02:28 AM PDT by G.Love ( Romney '12)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D
...after five of the 135 students who visited the school's health center in 2006 reported being sexually active....

...after five of the 135 students who visited the school's health center in 2006 reported statutory rape....

3 posted on 04/07/2008 4:17:47 AM PDT by Arthur McGowan
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

And I’m sure B/C hormones don’t affect the development of girls going through puberty...

This is madness. We are killing ourselves with chemicals.


4 posted on 04/07/2008 4:21:49 AM PDT by varyouga ("Rove is some mysterious God of politics & mind control" - DU 10-24-06)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D
"Parents should be the sex educator for their children," Levkoff said. "The problem is not every parent feels empowered [to do so]."

Given the recent opinions of California judicial activists, East Coast government indoctrination camp kommissars - excuse me, I meant "public school superintendents" - and ACLU lawyers, who can blame them?

Mr. niteowl77

5 posted on 04/07/2008 4:21:54 AM PDT by niteowl77
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

And what in blue blazes it is of the school’s that anyone is sexually active or not? Not to mention just because someone says they are or aren’t doesn’t mean they’re telling the truth.


6 posted on 04/07/2008 4:23:58 AM PDT by mtbopfuyn (The fence is "absolutely not the answer" - Gov. Rick Perry (R, TX))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D
"Parents should be the sex educator for their children," Levkoff said. "The problem is not every parent feels empowered [to do so]."

Parents don't feel empowered? Well, the solution is obviously to take all power away from parents and give it to the schools. That'll help. [/s]

7 posted on 04/07/2008 4:24:48 AM PDT by ClearCase_guy
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D; informavoracious; larose; RJR_fan; Prospero; Conservative Vermont Vet; ...
+

Freep-mail me to get on or off my pro-life and Catholic List:

Add me / Remove me

Please ping me to note-worthy Pro-Life or Catholic threads, or other threads of interest.

8 posted on 04/07/2008 4:30:03 AM PDT by narses (...the spirit of Trent is abroad once more.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

bttt


9 posted on 04/07/2008 4:37:06 AM PDT by Guenevere (If you do not stand firm in your faith, you will not stand at all.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: ClearCase_guy
Thank God i don't have children in school anymore! I'm afraid there would be a serious arse whipping in someones future. With me having to do a little “time out” in the county jail.
10 posted on 04/07/2008 4:39:41 AM PDT by Dusty Road
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

I like this instead: http://www.silverringthing.com/whatissrt.asp


11 posted on 04/07/2008 4:48:28 AM PDT by polymuser (Those who believe in something eventually prevail over those who believe in nothing.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

Science and the MSM won’t admit that the chemicals in Birth Control Pills/Patches cause cancer.
Anybody else notice the dramatic increase in women’s cancer begining about 20 years after the introduction of the pill?


12 posted on 04/07/2008 4:56:19 AM PDT by G Larry (HILLARY CARE = DYING IN LINE!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Arthur McGowan

Has the school bothered to determine how many of the sexual partners of these children are adults? Or are they just going to provide birth control and look the other way?


13 posted on 04/07/2008 5:08:17 AM PDT by gridlock (Proud McCain Supporter since February 8, 2008.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: Man50D
Logan Levkoff, a sexologist and relationship expert, should be publicly flogged, and pilloried in the town square.
14 posted on 04/07/2008 5:13:46 AM PDT by ArrogantBustard (Western Civilization is Aborting, Buggering, and Contracepting itself out of existence.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: DaveLoneRanger; 2Jedismom; aberaussie; Aggie Mama; agrace; Antoninus; arbooz; bboop; bill1952; ...

ANOTHER REASON TO HOMESCHOOL

This ping list is for the “other” articles of interest to homeschoolers about education and public school. The main Homeschool Ping List handles the homeschool-specific articles. This can occasionally be a fairly high volume list. If you want on/off either list, please freepmail me and let me know which list it is that you want to be put on or taken off of.
15 posted on 04/07/2008 5:25:14 AM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D
Whatever happened to schools doing the teaching they're supposed to be doing?

Instead, they're trying to become medical clinics handing out medicine by a school nurse and LEO by strip searching 13 year old girls for contraband Advil.

16 posted on 04/07/2008 5:27:10 AM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: G.Love

They’ll get sued as soon as the adverse health affects of being on hormones hits these girls.


17 posted on 04/07/2008 5:27:52 AM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: metmom

Wait until you see this one. I am so glad to get my child out of the school’s hands. Why they think they have the right to give my child at 11 yrs old birth control is not ok with me.


18 posted on 04/07/2008 5:28:31 AM PDT by pandoraou812 (Out, damned spot......OUT ..)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: Dusty Road

Not if I were on your jury.


19 posted on 04/07/2008 5:28:51 AM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: gridlock

Not likely, and probably.


20 posted on 04/07/2008 5:29:33 AM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: Man50D
"We do certainly sit down and speak with them about why [being sexually active] is not a good choice," said Amanda Rowe, the school's nurse coordinator. "But there are some who persist... and they need to be protected."

"We do certainly sit down and speak with them about why shoplifting or using drugs is not a good choice," said Amanda Rowe, the school's nurse coordinator. "But there are some who persist... and they need to be protected by being told how to avoid getting caught by police or security cameras. After all, that could ruin their entire life; unlike, of course, engaging in immoral and illegal behavior with impugnity and the knowledge that when all is said and done, our bottom line shows them that we really don't believe what we say about refraining from the behavior."
21 posted on 04/07/2008 5:56:24 AM PDT by aruanan
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

“...they need to be protected.”
...from the consequences of their own actions, which forms the basis for the entire nanny-state movement. If the birth control doesn’t work, they can be ‘protected’ by an abortion. If that doesn’t work, there is always AFDC and welfare.


22 posted on 04/07/2008 6:59:28 AM PDT by whipitgood (Neither of, by, nor for the people any longer...)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

Perhaps an even better way to ‘protect’ them would be a large box of diapers and baby wipes, a supply of injectable antibiotics for the treatment of STD, and an alarm clock which wakes them up at three hour intervals in preparation for infant care. And a list of available minimum wage jobs, which is all they will ever qualify for.


23 posted on 04/07/2008 7:03:13 AM PDT by whipitgood (Neither of, by, nor for the people any longer...)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

Hump and get STD’s kids, that’s OK. But we don’t want you to be punished with a child, no way.


24 posted on 04/07/2008 7:07:59 AM PDT by vpintheak (Like a muddied spring or a polluted well is a righteous man who gives way to the wicked. Prov. 25:26)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D; 230FMJ; 49th; 50mm; 69ConvertibleFirebird; Aleighanne; Alexander Rubin; ...
Moral Absolutes Ping!

Freepmail wagglebee to subscribe or unsubscribe from the moral absolutes ping list.

FreeRepublic moral absolutes keyword search
[ Add keyword moral absolutes to flag FR articles to this ping list ]


25 posted on 04/07/2008 7:11:14 AM PDT by wagglebee ("A political party cannot be all things to all people." -- Ronald Reagan, 3/1/75)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Man50D

The left is just implementing its agenda. They seek to have everyone having sex with everyone else, with no responsibility involved, and to strip parents of their influence over the moral code of their children. (but they still want the parent’s money)


26 posted on 04/07/2008 7:17:42 AM PDT by Leftism is Mentally Deranged
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: gridlock

Well, we wouldn’t want to inconvenience their mother’s boyfriends. I mean, they might have to drop these little girls off at Planned Parenthood.


27 posted on 04/07/2008 7:18:03 AM PDT by Let's Roll (As usual, following a shooting spree, libs want to take guns away from those who DIDN'T do it.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: Man50D; wagglebee; RockinRight; Hoodlum91; DeLaine

“The contraceptives could be dispensed without the knowledge of parents, although written permission would be required for children to receive (unspecified) services from the health center.”

WTF? What does that mean, maybe yes and maybe no? Sheesh, why don’t they just say, “hey, we’re the school board, we’ll do whatever we want.”


28 posted on 04/07/2008 7:23:04 AM PDT by Froufrou
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Froufrou

“WTF? What does that mean, maybe yes and maybe no? Sheesh, why don’t they just say, “hey, we’re the school board, we’ll do whatever we want.””

It means that once you’ve given permission for them to receive any kind of care. Such as an upset stomach or actual medical emergency they can do anything they want without the parents permission or knowledge.

They tried this a few months ago and were beat down. They are just trying another time. Anyone who admits knowing a child was raped and didn’t report it should be boiled in oil.


29 posted on 04/07/2008 7:30:37 AM PDT by driftdiver
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 28 | View Replies]

To: Froufrou; metmom
WTF? What does that mean, maybe yes and maybe no? Sheesh, why don’t they just say, “hey, we’re the school board, we’ll do whatever we want.”

This coming after a thread last week where some (including some of FReepers) actually think that it is appropriate to strip search a thirteen year old girl because she might be taking ibuprofen for cramps.

I also was noticing where it said that the pills or patches would have to be purchased at a pharmacy. The sex positive crowd will try to circumvent that at the first opportunity, they will cry about how it will put an "burden" on these girls because they will have to get money and go to a pharmacy.

30 posted on 04/07/2008 7:33:15 AM PDT by wagglebee ("A political party cannot be all things to all people." -- Ronald Reagan, 3/1/75)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 28 | View Replies]

To: Man50D
Logan Levkoff, a sexologist and relationship expert, said that while the school may be stepping into a role that would better be filled by parents, many parents do not feel comfortable enough to do so. "Parents should be the sex educator for their children," Levkoff said. "The problem is not every parent feels empowered [to do so]."

Logan Levkoff, children of 11 years of age shouldn't be having sex.

But perhaps you already knew that, being a sexologist and relationship expert.

31 posted on 04/07/2008 7:33:20 AM PDT by Lazamataz (I'll retract the rape complaint from the wombat, because he's pulled out. Now I speak Australian.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: driftdiver; wagglebee; metmom

I’m getting mixed messages. Is this an attempt to control drugs, of all kinds, at public schools? Or, is this an attempt for a school nurse to have carte blanche in the unhappy event that a child needs to see the school nurse for [anything at all, fill in the blank(?)]

IOW, one trip for a flu fever and the child is ‘A-listed for [whatever, strip search, etc.(?)] I don’t think it’s wise for a school nurse to be dispensing anything to a child. Not aspirin, motrin, pamprin, mydol, nothing.


32 posted on 04/07/2008 7:40:30 AM PDT by Froufrou
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 29 | View Replies]

To: Froufrou

oh Frou, LOL, very OL, I just love you, you’re so funny


33 posted on 04/07/2008 7:41:59 AM PDT by DeLaine (A man has only 1 escape from his old self:to see a different self in the mirror of some woman's eyes)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 28 | View Replies]

To: Froufrou

As far as I know its primarily designed to push birth control and the morning after pill. Abortions are probably also discussed (just my guess). IMO it has nothing to do with the health of the child and more about taking control of the child.


34 posted on 04/07/2008 7:44:01 AM PDT by driftdiver
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 32 | View Replies]

To: G Larry
I suspect it also plays a factor in later fertility problems as well. Of course science has an answer for that too and thus we have fetal farming and more occurrences of twins, triplets, and octuplets.
35 posted on 04/07/2008 7:57:02 AM PDT by weegee (March 18th, 2008 Obama~"I did NOT listen to the sermons of that man, Jeremiah Wright...")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: driftdiver; DeLaine

There’s a boy in our ‘hood, about 12 I guess, who’s dad shooed him away one day when I drove by and waved at him. This is a dad who has lost trust for the very kinds of reasons as presented here.

And why shouldn’t he? If coaches dispense steroids to athletes, how is that different from dispensing birth control to girls? Other than, they’re both WRONG?

It’s wrong for public schools to place teachers in that ‘trust’ role, particularly given that more and more of them are having sex with their students! Before I get flamed, let’s not get gender specific here.

Wait, maybe that’s what this is about! An ‘acceptable’ way for the lusty women teachers to get their mitts on the patch so they won’t have ‘baby bumps’ giving away their indiscretions. After all, that’s how welfare happened [’to remove the stigma of the bastard child,’ my lily white one!]


36 posted on 04/07/2008 8:00:44 AM PDT by Froufrou
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 34 | View Replies]

To: Froufrou; driftdiver; metmom
I don’t think it’s wise for a school nurse to be dispensing anything to a child. Not aspirin, motrin, pamprin, mydol, nothing.

The fact is that all kids in school NEED to take medications for various reasons at one time or another and for younger children in elementary school it might be necessary for a nurse or a teacher to at least be aware of this to make sure they are taken properly. However, I think that middle school and high school students should be responsible enough to have over the counter medicines like asprin, etc. or prescriptions that are prescribed to them.

I don't think that school clinics (which generally don't have physicians) should be prescribing ANYTHING. If a child needs to be prescribed something, their parent should be present to find out exactly what it is for and if it's even necessary.

37 posted on 04/07/2008 8:02:20 AM PDT by wagglebee ("A political party cannot be all things to all people." -- Ronald Reagan, 3/1/75)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 32 | View Replies]

To: driftdiver

What about this? Let’s assume for a minute that a growing number of parents are fed up with this kind of thing and remand their kids to parochial or private schools. BUT, this won’t prevent them from having to pay taxes the same as they would if their kids were in public school.

So, what are the taxing entities doing with the extra tax dollars??? I’m betting there’s a surplus, even after the free breakfast and lunch and the school nurse pharmacy they’re trying to set up.

I’m beginning to think The Fair Tax is the only hope we have.


38 posted on 04/07/2008 8:04:11 AM PDT by Froufrou
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 34 | View Replies]

To: Arthur McGowan

Can’t a school nurse be prosecuted for failure to report clear evidence of child abuse and neglect? Such as statutory rape?

But none of this is accidental. They’re getting the results they planned for. See tagline.


39 posted on 04/07/2008 8:05:57 AM PDT by Mrs. Don-o ("Every system is perfectly designed to get the results it gets." - Isaac Asimov)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee

I don’t think I was clear. I mean, if a child has prescribed medications, the nurse has to be informed about it, and may dispense what a DOCTOR has prescribed. But, I don’t think it’s appropriate to have the nurse handing out anything that the parents haven’t provided, except for maybe a bandaid or some bacitracin. Birth control products are not OTC and a nurse isn’t certified to prescribe them. For that, a PA is needed.


40 posted on 04/07/2008 8:09:17 AM PDT by Froufrou
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 37 | View Replies]

To: G.Love

Stupid leftists think there is no connection between incentive and behavior choices.

SATANIC leftists KNOW there is a connection, and know the misery their policies cause, but do it anyway in order to further their own power.

This is how every “liberal” policy works:
1) There is maybe 1 in 1000 experiencing the consequences of a behavior that they may or may not have had control of.
2) The left forces other people, through the government, to pay for (alleviate) the consequences so that the individual does not experience those consequences (thereby removing the pressure to make other decisions).
3) Obviously, to us at least, the incidence of these behavioral choices increase.
4) Libs are surprised that “the problem was worse than we thought!” and demand expanded consequence alleviation policies.
5) Go to step 2.

And you’re right - the left doesn’t respect ANY freedoms except those that are associated with sex.


41 posted on 04/07/2008 8:12:40 AM PDT by MrB (You can't reason people out of a position that they didn't use reason to get into in the first place)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: gridlock

Planned Parenthood has been caught on tape telling a “13 yr old” not to disclose that her boyfriend who impregnated her was 22.


42 posted on 04/07/2008 8:14:11 AM PDT by MrB (You can't reason people out of a position that they didn't use reason to get into in the first place)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: aruanan

Great analogy.

Bottom line, in your scenario, would be those with the ability to avoid the consequences of shoplifting would be

A) More likely to engage in shoplifting
B) Less likely to engage in shoplifting
C) No effect on the likelihood of shoplifting

Liberals would pick C 9 times out of 10.


43 posted on 04/07/2008 8:16:20 AM PDT by MrB (You can't reason people out of a position that they didn't use reason to get into in the first place)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 21 | View Replies]

To: Froufrou

I agree. I could also see where it would make sense to have the parents sign a release where they would specify EXACTLY what OTC medications their child can be given (asprin, mydol, etc.) and the school be LIMITED to what is on the list. But I really don’t see the harm in allowing older students (say 12 and up) to have things like asprin or Advil in their backpacks or purses.


44 posted on 04/07/2008 8:20:04 AM PDT by wagglebee ("A political party cannot be all things to all people." -- Ronald Reagan, 3/1/75)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 40 | View Replies]

To: Mrs. Don-o
Can’t a school nurse be prosecuted for failure to report clear evidence of child abuse and neglect? Such as statutory rape?

I thought that BY LAW they were required to report even SUSPECTED abuse. And here they're aiding and abetting known abuse?

That is soooooo wrong on so many levels.

45 posted on 04/07/2008 8:30:19 AM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 39 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee
But I really don’t see the harm in allowing older students (say 12 and up) to have things like asprin or Advil in their backpacks or purses.

I think the trouble may stem from 1) kids bringing parents' Rx drugs w/o premission, OR 2) kids emptying contents of 'gelcaps' and putting in whatever they want, i.e. illegal drug. The way some used to empty tobacco from cigarettes and fill the paper with marijuana so it looked like an ordinary cigarette.
46 posted on 04/07/2008 8:42:39 AM PDT by Froufrou
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 44 | View Replies]

To: Froufrou

I don’t think that there are many OTC pills that still come in a gelcap; however, kids who are going to bring illegal drugs will do it anyway.


47 posted on 04/07/2008 8:47:22 AM PDT by wagglebee ("A political party cannot be all things to all people." -- Ronald Reagan, 3/1/75)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 46 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee

You’re right.


48 posted on 04/07/2008 8:56:16 AM PDT by Froufrou
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 47 | View Replies]

To: Froufrou

That is the reasoning school officials use for banning any and all drugs- Zero tolerance. Reality is schools were able to handle this sort of thing when I was in school. We were allowed to have our prescriptions and OTC meds, but any suspected illegal drug use and school officials called in police and notified parents to handle it. At some point schools began to take on the role of law enforcement and parents and in many cases refused to call in law enforcement even if a student was caught dead-bang with illegal drugs at school. Students quickly got the message that schools would not report them to LEOs so felt free to possess, use, and distribute drugs at school.

There was an incident at our high school a few years ago when two girls were caught red-handed smoking pot in the bathroom. The school’s reaction was to treat it as a rule infraction and notify parents and suspend the students for 5 days. The mother of one of the girls was a police officer and when she arrived at the school she pointed out that what the girls did was illegal and they should be reported to police and fact those consequences in addition to school actions. The school refused to involve police and she took her own daughter into custody and took her to jail for booking.

Most of the issues with drugs in schools is of their own making- schools need to focus on education and let LEO handle illegal activities. School officials are not trained to deal with illegal activities and they prove it over and over with their wacky responses to the zero tolerance rules.


49 posted on 04/07/2008 8:59:30 AM PDT by Tammy8 (Please Support and pray for our Troops, as they serve us every day.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 46 | View Replies]

To: Man50D
"The program already provides condoms to students, but the new proposal would expand this to include prescriptions for birth control pills and patches (which would then have to be purchased at a pharmacy)."

Using their reasoning, they should offer "make-out rooms" too. I guess anything to keep the abortion mills in business.

50 posted on 04/07/2008 9:00:39 AM PDT by avg_freeper (Gunga galunga. Gunga, gunga galunga)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]


Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-5051-77 next last

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson