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Microfiche-New York Times archives | 5/25/38 | G. E. R. Gedye

Posted on 05/25/2008 7:23:40 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson



Held Uncompromising - No Date Set for Him to See Hodza Again


Big Demonstration Planned – Czechs Hear Reich Forces Are Moving in Austria

Konrad Henlein, Sudeten German leader, departed from Prague yesterday, leaving his negotiations with Czech Premier Hodza hanging fire. At his Monday night talk, it was understood, he was not conciliatory and yesterday Prague’s optimism decreased, particularly when new German troop movements were reported.

Berlin, smarting under a feeling of diplomatic defeat, concentrated first on getting Czechoslovakia to dissolve her troop concentrations and, second, on combating what was termed a new “war guilt lie” by asserting the Reich had no aggressive designs on its neighbor. The War Ministry denied the massing of troops at the border, but at the same time denied any troops had been withdrawn.

France has asked the United States to support the Anglo-French peace efforts, a Foreign Office spokesman said. But the American Embassy was cool to this approach.

Nazi Leader Quits Prague

PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, May 24. – Konrad Henlein, leader of the Sudeten German party, left Prague for Asch, his home, today without any date having been set for the resumption of his conversations with Premier Milan Hodza that were begun last evening.

No official information is procurable concerning the tone of their conference then, but the general view is that Herr Henlein showed no desire to compromise.

Ernst Eisenlohr, the German Minister, again called at the Foreign Office today, but no information could be obtained as to the object of his visit. The Cabinet’s political committee had a long session.

The general view here of the international situation is much less optimistic than yesterday, although there is no change in the Czechs’ calm determination to hold out whatever may be ahead.

The ostensible reason given for Herr Henlein’s departure from Prague is that he must attend tomorrow the funeral of his two followers who were shot Saturday as a result of their failure to halt in response to a Czech challenge.

Big Demonstration Planned

The Sudeten German party has made every preparation to insure that the funeral will be an imposing propaganda demonstration. From Eger the bodies will be taken in a large procession to Franzensbad, where they will lie in state on a high catafalque during musical honors, three speeches by noted Henlein party orators and the playing of the German soldiers’ dirge, “I Had a Comrade.”

Herr Henlein himself will then lay two wreaths, one on his own behalf and one on the party’s, after which the bodies will be carried amid the roll of muffled drums to the two men’s native villages for burial.

Nothing that would help to convey the impression that this is the funeral of two heroes slain on the field of battle by the common enemy will be omitted.

Two wreaths arrived in Eger today inscribed respectively “Adolf Hitler,” adorned with a swastika, and “The Adolf Hitler Standard” – Chancellor Hitler’s bodyguard among the Elite Guard.

So large were the Nazi crowds eager to view these floral tributes, which were displayed in the German Consulate, that its doors had to be closed for a time.

New Reich Moves Reported
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, May 24 (AP). – The differences between Czechoslovakia’s German minority and the government seemed greater than ever tonight, twenty-four hours after Konrad Henlein, the Sudeten German leader, had had his first meeting with Premier Milan Hodza.

Reports circulating in government quarters said that Chancellor Adolf Hitler was sending more German troops into Northeastern Austria, opposite the most vulnerable section of Czechoslovakia’s frontier.

These reports stated that yesterday’s withdrawal of German troops from the border had taken place only in Saxony and that they had fallen back only about twenty miles.

The situation within Czechoslovakia continued quiet, but the authorities were taking special precautionary measures against possible disorders at Eger growing out of the funeral tomorrow of the two Sudeten Germans shot last Saturday. All businesses will be closed during the services.

When the political committee of the Cabinet met tonight to discuss the situation, Premier Hodza informed his colleagues of the nature of his conversations last night with Herr Henlein and also reported on conferences he had had with the British and French Ministers. He also conferred at length with President Eduard Benes.

As details of the talk between Herr Henlein and M. Hodza began to filter through the veil of official uncommunicativeness, the conversation, which at first had been described as “encouraging,” seemed anything but that.

Troops’ Withdrawal Asked

Herr Henlein, it was learned, asked that Czechoslovak troops be withdrawn from the Sudeten German border regions as a preliminary to serious negotiations. He received a curt refusal from M. Hodza.

When M. Hodza later asked the Sudeten German leader whether he intended on that account to break off negotiations altogether, Herr Henlein replied, “By no means.” The Sudeten Germans, he said were as anxious for a peaceful settlement of the minority question as the government was, but felt that conversations would get nowhere as long as troops occupied their towns and freedom of public assembly was denied them.

The government point of view is that there are further elections next Sunday and June 12 and that to withdraw the troops would be to invite a resumption of disorders such as almost led to an international conflict last week-end before the first municipal elections.

After original plans for further conversations between the Premier and the Sudeten German leader had been abandoned and Herr Henlein had left Prague for Asch, a government spokesman said frankly that there was not a chance in the world that the troops would be withdrawn from the border regions during the present emergency.

Unofficially it was reported that, far from withdrawing troops from the border, the government last night had called an unrevealed number of additional “technical” troops to the colors.

In official quarters the one bright spot remained the demonstration of Anglo-French solidarity in the critical hours of last week-end. Czechoslovakia’s hopes of peace continued to be based on the firmness shown by Britain and France, confidence in the loyalty of Soviet Russia and complete reliance on the readiness of the Czechoslovak Army to fight for the integrity of the republic’s frontiers.


Polish Foreign Minister Indicates Tension Is Lessened

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, May 24. – Colonel Josef Beck, Polish Foreign Minister, and Mme. Beck arrived today on an official visit to return that of Foreign Minister Rickard Johannes Sandler to Warsaw last Summer.

The fact that Colonel Beck felt able to keep his engagement was taken here as a sign that he considered the Central European situation at least temporarily relieved. The only alteration in the plans was a decision to travel by passenger ship and train instead of on a Polish warship.


Lord Perth Departs After Seeing Ciano About Prague Crisis

ROME, May 24. – The Earl of Perth, British Ambassador to Italy, saw Count Galeazzo Ciano, Foreign Minister, for a half hour this evening and informed him of the latest developments in the Central European situation, as seen from London.

Lord Perth left for a vacation afterward, which is taken to indicate that the Czechoslovak crisis now may be considered overcome.

Hungary Passes Anti-Jewish Bill
BUDAPEST, Hungary, May 24. – The so-called Jewish Bill, restricting Jews’ participation in trades and professions , passed the Upper House today. It can now be enacted by executive order.


Party Gau Divisions Replace Provinces – Name “Oesterreich’ Also Disappears


Ex-Chancellor Schuschnigg Is Reported to Have Suffered Breakdown in Palace

VIENNA, May 24. – The administrative reconstruction of Austria was announced today, profoundly modifying the provincial system which originated before the Habsburg dynasty. At the same time the Austrian local government was considerably reduced in anticipation of total absorption into the Reich.

Under the new order, Dr. Arthur Sess-Inquart remains Statthalter [Governor], but his Cabinet is reduced to the four following Ministers:

Interior, Major Hubert Klausner.
Commerce and Finance, Dr. Hans Fishboeck.
Agriculture, Anton Reinthaler.
Justice, Dr. Franz Hueber.

Several Under-secretaries of State were appointed as follows:

Police, Herr Kaltenbrunner.
Education, Herr Plattner.
Unification of Laws, Herr Wiemmer.
Art and Propaganda, Herr Muhlmann.

The Foreign Ministry and War Ministry disappear. Gau divisions will replace provinces and the name “Oesterreich” disappears. Each Gau represents the National Socialist party administrative unit.

The city of Vienna now includes a number of suburbs such as Moedling. Its Governor and Gauleiter is Herr Globscnik. Lower Austria becomes Niederdonau, with Krems as the capital Upper Austria becomes Oberdonau, with Linz the capital.

Salzburg, Carinthia and Styria retain their names and capitals. Vorarlbeg is now in Tyrol, while Burgenland goes to Styria and East Tyrol to Carinthia.

The former supreme leader of the Austrian Nazis, Captain Joseph Leopold, has been appointed a member of the staff of Rudolf Hess, deputy leader of the Nazi party.

Dr. Sigmund Freud, Vienna psychiatrist, left for England today with his family and several pupils.

Schuschnigg Reported Ill

VIENNA, May 24 (AP). – A close friend of Kurt Schuschnigg said today that the former Austrian Chancellor suffered a nervous breakdown two days ago in Belvedere Palace, where he has been detained since the German annexation.

The property of the monastery of St. Lambrecht in Styria, belonging to the Catholic Order of St. Benedict, was confiscated today. No reasons were disclosed in the decree published in the official Wiener Zeitung.

The newspaper Neuigkeite Weltblatt expressed the belief that financial difficulties, which in recent years had led to sales of valuable art objects, were responsible for the confiscation.

Nuremberg Laws Applied
BERLIN, May 24. – The Reich Gazette announced today that the Nuremberg anti-Semitic laws would be applied throughout Austria.

New Anti-Semitic Ruling

FRANKFORT ON THE MAIN, May 24. – The Supreme Labor Court ruled today that any employe of any organization may be dismissed without compensation if proved guilty of trading with a Jew or a Jewish firm. The decision was given in the case of an anti-Semitic employer who discharged as employe solely because he made purchases in a Jew’s store.


Officials in London Praise Self-Control in Crisis

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
LONDON, May 24. – A feeling of cautious optimism over the outcome of the Czechoslovak crisis gained strength today as Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain reported to the King on the part that the British Government played in the recent excitement.

Herbert von Dirksen, the German Ambassador, called on Viscount Halifax, British Foreign Secretary, twice during the day. British official quarters, meanwhile went out of their way to emphasize that all the governments concerned in the crisis share credit for their self-restraint under extreme tension.

It is understood here that the conversation between Premier Milan Hodza and Konrad Henlein went off slightly better than might have been expected considering the circumstances under which they met. But the difficulties in the way of an agreement, particularly Herr Henlein’s demand that Czechoslovakia drop her alliance with Soviet Russia, remain formidable and a continuance of the tension is expected until some sort of settlement is reached.

Jan Masaryk, Czechoslovak Minister to London, is taking advantage of the lull here to return to Prague on Thursday to discuss the situation.

There has been a revival of interest in the Spanish question, which was crowded off the stage by the Czechoslovak crisis and it is hoped that Italy and Germany will agree to the Anglo-French compromise plan for reimposing frontier control on Spain and withdrawing “volunteers.”

It is understood that Italy’s first reaction to the plan has been favorable, while Germany is rather dubious. The meeting of the non-intervention subcommittee on Thursday will be most important, for its outcome will largely determine whether Italy and France can reach an agreement supplementing the Anglo-Italian understanding. If they cannot, much of the value of the agreement between Britain and Italy will be lost - a prospect all the more unwelcome to Mr. Chamberlain after the events of the past few days.


Stanley Says Pact Must Consider Rise in Adverse Balance

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
LONDON, May 24. – A sudden “disquieting” increase of ₤22,000,000 in Great Britain’s adverse balance of trade with the United States during the first four months of this year will have to be taken into account in negotiating an Anglo-American trade treaty, Oliver Stanley, president of the Board of Trade, told the House of Commons tonight.

Mr. Stanley rejected the idea of higher tariffs on American goods while the talks were in progress, but his statement that “a genuine trade treaty must provide for a fair expansion of trade in both countries” seemed to suggest that a treaty must encourage the expansion of British exports to the United States if it is to be successful.

“A treaty with the United States, when it comes, must be one which will stand on its own legs, which is fair to both countries and which leads to a fair extension of trade,” Mr. Stanley declared. “We can no longer afford to make unilateral gestures in trade matters.”

He attributed the decline in trade this year to the fall in commodity prices, despite which, however, Britain’s adverse balance with all countries for the first four months increased ₤17,000,000 and gave more cause for alarm than the total of ₤52,000,000 for 1937, when import prices were higher.

The whole of the increase Mr. Stanley aid, was covered by extra imports from the United States, which, however, was due to certain fortuitous circumstances – the good American wheat crop and bad Canadian wheat crop and increased imports of iron and steel to meet armament demands.

TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: 1938; europe; realtime

1 posted on 05/25/2008 7:23:41 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: fredhead; GOP_Party_Animal; r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; ...
I would have sworn I already pinged the RT+70 list for this one too. Oh, well, here it is.

I used seperate threads today since two of the three are fairly long.

2 posted on 05/25/2008 8:45:54 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson (For events that occurred in 1938, real time is 1938, not 2008.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Maybe the obvious similarity between attitudes 70 years ago and today give one a strong feeling of deja vu. One hopes that the results will be different.
3 posted on 05/25/2008 9:02:48 AM PDT by Lucius Cornelius Sulla (All of this has happened before, and will happen again!)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
In a later development, Heinlein threatened, if his demands are not met, he will call in specialized Starship Troopers:

Yes, I'm certain of this. I read it as a boy ;-)

4 posted on 05/25/2008 3:38:39 PM PDT by BroJoeK (A little historical perspective....)
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