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Iraq: Fleeing Christians face new hardships in Turkey
Compass Direct News ^ | November 14, 2008 | Staff

Posted on 11/16/2008 9:26:47 AM PST by forkinsocket

ISTANBUL, November 14 (Compass Direct News) – In this Turkish city’s working-class neighborhood of Kurtulus, Arabic can be heard on the streets, signs are printed in the Arabic alphabet and Iraqis congregate in tea shops.

In 99-percent Muslim Turkey, most of these Iraqis are not Muslims. And they are not in Turkey by choice. They are Christian refugees who fled their homeland to escape the murderous violence that increasingly has been directed at them.

It is hard to tell how many of Mosul’s refugees from the recent wave of attacks have made their way to Istanbul, but finding these residents here is not hard. A middle-aged Iraqi refugee who fled Mosul five months ago now attends a Syrian Orthodox Church in the poverty-stricken neighborhood of Tarlabasi, where gypsies, transvestites, and immigrants from Turkey’s east live in hopes of a better life in Istanbul.

Declining to give his name, the refugee said there is no future for Christians in Iraq and that nearly everyone he knew there wanted to leave the country. He said the only hope for Iraqi Christians is for Western countries to open their doors to Christian Iraqi refugees.

“We don’t have hope,” he said. “If these doors aren’t opened, we will be killed.”

Since October, violence in Mosul has pushed more than 12,000 Christians from their homes and left more than two dozen dead, according to U.N. and Christian organizations. In the face of Mosul violence, Iraqi Christians flee to Turkey before settling permanently in another country, usually in a place where their family has gone out before them.

Christian Sisters Killed

Weeks after the mass exodus of Mosul Christians to surrounding villages, Turkey and other nations, around one-third of families reportedly have returned due to the presence of 35,000 army and police and the Iraqi government offering cash grants of up to $800.

But those returning Christians were shaken again on Wednesday (Nov. 12), when Islamic militants stormed into the house of two Syrian Catholic sisters, Lamia’a Sabih and Wala’a Saloha, killing them and severely injuring their mother. They then bombed their house and detonated a second explosive when the police arrived, which killed three more.

The Christian family had recently returned after having fled Mosul. Many believe this attack will deter other Christians from returning to Mosul, and there are reports of Christians again leaving the area.

There has been a steady exodus of Christians from Iraq since the first Gulf War in 1991. The church in Iraq dates from the beginning of Christianity, but the population has plummeted by 50 percent in the last 20 years. The outflow of Iraqi Christians spiked in 2003 following the U.S.-led invasion.

Although Iraq as a whole has seen a dramatic decrease in violence due to last year’s surge in U.S. troops, the flight of Christians to Turkey has grown. One-third of the 18,000 refugees who registered in Turkey last year are from Iraq. In Syria, an estimated 40 percent of the 1.2 million Iraqis who have fled Iraq are Christians, though they make up only about 3 percent of Iraq’s population.

Monsignor Francois Yakan, the 50-year-old leader of the Chaldean Church in Turkey, said all Iraqi refugees are undergoing hardships regardless of religion, but that the situation is especially difficult for Christians since there is less support for them in Turkey.

“Muslims have the same difficulty as Christians, but there are more foundations to assist them,” he said. “The government notices Muslim immigrants, but nobody pays attention to us.”

Yakan travels to other countries to raise awareness of the plight of Iraqi Christians, trying to marshal the support of government and church leaders – last week he traveled to France, Romania and Germany. If Western governments don’t wake up to this crisis, he said, the results could be catastrophic.

“People don’t know the plight of Iraqi Christians. They have no government, no soldiers, and no power,” he said. “Christianity in Iraq is ending. Why aren’t they noticing this?”

Strangers in Strange Land

The unnamed Iraqi refugee in Tarlabasi said not even pleas from Iraqi priests can make them stay.

“The church in Iraq can’t stop the people from leaving because they can’t guarantee their security,” he said.

He came to Istanbul with his family but still has an adult son and daughter in the city. He hopes to join his brother in the United States soon.

A group of Iraqi refugees at a tea shop in the Kurtulus area of Istanbul interrupted their card game to talk to Compass of their troubled lives.

“We can’t find any work,” said Baghdad-born Iraqi Jalal Toma, who acted as the translator for the group. He pointed to a young man at the table and said, “He works moving boxes and carrying things, and they pay him half as much as a Turk for a day’s work.”

All of the men are Chaldean Christians, a Catholic Eastern-rite church whose historical homeland is in northern Iraq, and came from Mosul in recent months. They are chronically under-employed and rely on financial help from family members abroad to make ends meet.

They had to flee their homes at a moment’s notice, taking along their families but leaving behind their cars, houses and most of their possessions. The men hope to join family members who live in foreign countries, but they harbor few hopes that they can ever return to Iraq again.

Offering Relief

Work is scarce for refugees and hard to come by legally in Turkey. To survive, most Iraqi Christians rely on money from families abroad or the handful of local church charities that struggle to keep up with the overwhelming volume of refugees, such as the Istanbul Interparish Migrant Program, an ecumenical umbrella group that unites the city’s parishes to assist migrants and asylum seekers.

Another such charity is Kasdar, the Chaldean-Assyrian-Syriac Humanitarian, Social and Cultural Organization, run by Yakan, the Chaldean Church leader in Turkey.

He launched Kasdar two years ago to provide a safety net for Christian refugees who live in Turkey’s legal limbo. Kasdar assists all Christians regardless of denomination or faith tradition and has 16 volunteers from an equally diverse background.

Yakan sees thousands of refugees pass through Istanbul each year. Most of them are Chaldean, and he knows of 60-70 people who fled due to the recent October violence in Mosul. He travels constantly to visit Chaldean refugees scattered throughout the country.

When refugees first arrive in Turkey, they must register with the United Nations as asylum seekers. The Turkish police then assign them to one of 35 cities to live in as they wait to receive official refugee status. These Christians face the biggest hardships since they don’t have access to the same social resources as refugees in Istanbul, said Metin Corabatir, U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees spokesman in Turkey.

“The Chaldean population faces problems in Turkey, especially due to the policy of resettling them to satellite cities,” said Corabatir. “The Chaldeans in Istanbul have NGOs [Non-Governmental Organizations] and churches to help them, but in satellite cities there is no church or community to help them.”

Most refugees send their children to school at a local center run by Caritas, a Catholic confederation of relief, development and social service organizations. Here, Iraq children receive education and lessons in basic vocational skills.

The wait for legal status can be as short as a few months or a couple of years. But complicated circumstances can push back the wait to five years, 10 years, or even 17 years – as it is now for a man who fled during the first Gulf War, Yakan of the Chaldean Church said.

Another church leader who has helped Christian refugees is 70-year-old Monsignor Yusuf Sag, vicar general of the Syrian Catholic Church in Turkey. His 350-person congregation assembles packets of clothes and food for the refugees.

Many who come to Sag also seek medical help. He has connections with doctors throughout the city, both Muslim and Christian, who offer basic treatment to refugees free of charge. Sag said he tries to help all who come to him, without asking them of their denomination or even their religion.

“Their situation is not a Christian problem, but a human problem,” he said.

Often Iraqi Christians work illegally, where they are vulnerable to extortion. Refugee workers in Istanbul said registered asylum seekers can work legally, but it is not uncommon for employers to garnish their wages or withhold them completely, with the foreigners getting little protection from police.

The Turkish government charges a refugee a residence tax of US$460 a year and will not allow them to leave the country until it is paid, making them remain in the country even longer. With all these hurdles to finding stable employment, many Iraqi refugees are never too far from homelessness.

“There was a family we found living on the streets – a husband, wife and two children,” Yakan said. “They have lived in Istanbul for six months and couldn’t even afford to pay rent.”

His foundation found the family an apartment and assisted them with rent, but they only have enough resources to help for two months.

Kasdar gave similar assistance to 54 families in October. But the organization can only help for a few months at a time and assist the most vulnerable refugees.

TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: catholicsiniraq; catholicsinturkey; chaldean; christians; flee; iraq; iraqichristians; mohammedanism; mosul; refugees; turkey; wot
1 posted on 11/16/2008 9:26:47 AM PST by forkinsocket
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To: forkinsocket

But, instead of letting these Christian immigrants into America, Immigrants who have a legit reason to claim refugee status, we let Islamic criminals in 10,000 at a time, from anti- christian places like Somolia, Sudan, Chad, who then get jobs as Cab jockeys who refuse to pick up anyone from the airport who doesn’t wear a turban, or let any white Christian use a cab to go to the liquor store.

Who’s running the immigration dept. anyways, Muslim immigrants? You bet!

2 posted on 11/16/2008 9:33:07 AM PST by Nathan Zachary
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To: Nathan Zachary
"Who’s running the immigration dept. anyways..."


They are every bit as much the enemies of the American people as Osama Bin Laden.

3 posted on 11/16/2008 9:38:02 AM PST by trickyricky
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To: Nathan Zachary

>But, instead of letting these Christian immigrants into America, Immigrants who have a legit reason to claim refugee status, we let Islamic criminals in 10,000 at a time.<

It is all part of the process of de-Americanizing America which started in the 60s and will continue until the country’s total destruction a.k.a national suicide.

4 posted on 11/16/2008 9:40:25 AM PST by 353FMG (The sky is not falling, yet.)
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To: 353FMG; All

It’s an Obama Nation

5 posted on 11/16/2008 9:41:39 AM PST by Syncro (Tagline: optional, printed after your name on post)
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To: Nathan Zachary

I wonder if the churches could sponsor these Iraqi Christians. Would be great to have more Christians here, especially those who KNOW Islam intimately.

6 posted on 11/16/2008 9:51:01 AM PST by bboop (obama, little o, not a Real God)
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To: Nathan Zachary
I don't understand why in new, free, post-surge Iraq, where the overall violence level is way down and the democratically elected Iraqi government is supposedly in control of almost all the country, the security situation for Christians has gotten much worse.

Isn't Nouri Al-Maliki's government supposed to be providing for peace, security, justice and rights for these Christian Iraqis, as for everyone else?

And if not, what did we spend our billions for? What did our thousands of military men die for? So that a 2-millennia-old religious community can be driven into destitution and exile forever?

7 posted on 11/16/2008 9:54:21 AM PST by Mrs. Don-o ("Every system is perfectly designed to get the results it gets." - Isaac Asimov)
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To: Nathan Zachary
Cab jockeys who refuse to pick up anyone from the airport who doesn’t wear a turban, or let any white Christian use a cab to go to the liquor store.

or refuse to pick up blind people with service dogs.

8 posted on 11/16/2008 10:54:39 AM PST by reg45
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To: Mrs. Don-o
And if not, what did we spend our billions for? What did our thousands of military men die for? So that a 2-millennia-old religious community can be driven into destitution and exile forever?

The war on terror is to maintain the international corporate structure, the New World Order. It was the same during the Crusades. Western monarchs and the Church saw the need to defend the Catholic and Feudal order. The landed wealthy had no intent on losing their property and power and neither did the Church. So they wage war against the advancing Muslims with the blood and guts of the peasantry. This time the Wealthy elite are relying on the blood and guts of the middle-class. The last thing they care about is freedom and democracy. Recall that Kuwaiti was handed back to the ruling royals and not the people.

You want more proof that the ruling elite don't care about democracy. Listen to them carp about making DEMOCRATIC Israel surrender territory to Islamic Palestinian THUGS. Do you ever hear them carp about making China surrendering Tibet? The Islamic Arabs continually attack Israel making its conquests a legitimate acquisition. Secretary of State Rice has spent a lot of time trying to convince the Israelis to surrender territory. How much time has she spent leveraging our trade deficit and Tibet? None. I don't recall in my lifetime that Tibet ever attacked China.

America bleeds, but it's not for freedom.

9 posted on 11/16/2008 11:09:06 AM PST by LoneRangerMassachusetts
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To: Syncro

This is a Bush (”Islam is not our enemy”) policy.

10 posted on 11/16/2008 3:11:42 PM PST by theothercheek ("Unless we stand for something, we shall fall for anything." - U.S. Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall)
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