Skip to comments.How Radio Wrecks the Right (Don't barf, it's by John Derbyshire!)
Posted on 03/04/2009 6:39:43 AM PST by seatrout
You cant help but admire Rush Limbaughs talent for publicity. His radio talk show is probablyreliable figures only go back to 1991in its third decade as the number-one rated radio show in the country. And here he is in the news again, trading verbal punches with the president of the United States.
Limbaugh remarked on Jan. 16 that to the degree that Obamas program is one of state socialism, he hopes it will fail. (If only he had said the same about George W. Bush.) The president riposted at a session with congressional leaders a week later, telling them, You cant just listen to Rush Limbaugh and get things done. Outsiders weighed in: Limbaugh should not have wished failure on a president trying to cope with a national crisis; Obama should not have stooped to insult a mere media artiste, the kind of task traditionally delegated to presidential subordinates while the chief stands loftily mute. Citizens picked sides and sat back to enjoy the circus.
For Limbaugh to remain a player at this level after 20-odd years bespeaks powers far beyond the ordinary. Most conservativeseven those who do not listen to his showregard him as a good thing. His 14 million listeners are a key component of the conservative base. When he first emerged nationally, soon after the FCC dropped the Fairness Doctrine in 1987, conservatives for the first time in decades had something worth listening to on their radios other than country music and bland news programs read off the AP wire. In the early Clinton years, when Republicans were regrouping, Limbaugh was perhaps the most prominent conservative in the United States. National Review ran a cover story on him as The Leader of the Opposition.
Limbaugh has a similarly high opinion of himself: I know I have become the intellectual engine of the conservative movement, he told the New York Times. This doesnt sit well with all conservatives. Fred Barnes grumbled, When the GOP rose in the late 1970s, it had Ronald Reagan. Now the loudest Republican voice belongs to Rush Limbaugh. Upon discovering that Limbaugh had anointed himself the successor to William F. Buckley Jr., WFBs son Christopher retorted, Rush, I knew William F. Buckley, Jr. William F. Buckley, Jr. was a father of mine. Rush, youre no William F. Buckley, Jr.
The more po-faced conservative intellectuals have long winced at Limbaughs quips, parodies, slogans, and impatience with the starched-collar respectability of the official Right. American conservatism had been a pretty staid and erudite affair pre-Limbaugh, occasional lapses into jollification on Firing Line being the main public expression of conservatisms lighter side.
Now the airwaves are full of conservative chat. Talkers magazines list of the top ten radio talk shows by number of weekly listeners also features Sean Hannity, Michael Savage, Glenn Beck, Laura Ingraham, and Mark Levin. Agony aunt Laura Schlessinger and financial adviser Dave Ramsey are both in the top ten too, though their conservatism is more incidental to the content of their shows.
Liberal attempts to duplicate the successes of Limbaugh and his imitators have fallen flat. Alan Colmess late-evening radio show can be heard in most cities, and Air America is still alive somewherethe Aleutians, perhapsbut colorful, populist, political talk radio seems to be a thing that liberals cant do.
There are many reasons to be grateful for conservative talk radio, and with a left-Democrat president and a Democratic Congress, there are good reasons to fear for its survival. Reinstatement of the Fairness Doctrine is generally perceived as the major threat, but may not in fact be necessary. Obama is known to have strong feelings about localism, the FCC rule that requires radio and TV stations to serve the interests of their local communities as a condition of keeping their broadcast licenses. Local community invariably turns out in practice to mean leftist agitator and race-guilt shakedown organizationsthe kind of environment in which Obama learned his practical politics. Localism will likely be the key to unlock the door through which conservative talk radio will be expelled with a presidential boot in the rear.
With reasons for gratitude duly noted, are there some downsides to conservative talk radio? Taking the conservative project as a wholelimited government, fiscal prudence, equality under law, personal liberty, patriotism, realism abroadhas talk radio helped or hurt? All those good things are plainly off the table for the next four years at least, a prospect that conservatives can only view with anguish. Did the Limbaughs, Hannitys, Savages, and Ingrahams lead us to this sorry state of affairs?
They surely did. At the very least, by yoking themselves to the clueless George W. Bush and his free-spending administration, they helped create the great debt bubble that has now burst so spectacularly. The big names, too, were all uncritical of the decade-long (at least) efforts to build democracy in no-account nations with politically primitive populations. Sean Hannity called the Iraq War a massive success, and in January 2008 deemed the U.S. economy phenomenal.
Much as their blind loyalty discredited the Right, perhaps the worst effect of Limbaugh et al. has been their draining away of political energy from what might have been a much more worthwhile project: the fostering of a middlebrow conservatism. There is nothing wrong with lowbrow conservatism. Its energizing and fun. Whats wrong is the impression fixed in the minds of too many Americans that conservatism is always lowbrow, an impression our enemies gleefully reinforce when the opportunity arises. Thus a liberal like E.J. Dionne can write, The cause of Edmund Burke, Leo Strauss, Robert Nisbet and William F. Buckley Jr. is now in the hands of Rush Limbaugh, Sean Hannity. Reason has been overwhelmed by propaganda, ideas by slogans. Talk radio has contributed mightily to this development.
It does so by routinely descending into the ad hominemFeminazis instead of feminismand catering to reflex rather than thought. Where once conservatism had been about individualism, talk radio now rallies the mob. Revolt against the masses? asked Jeffrey Hart. Limbaugh is the masses.
In place of the permanent things, we get Happy Meal conservatism: cheap, childish, familiar. Gone are the internal tensions, the thought-provoking paradoxes, the ideological uneasiness that marked the early Right. But however much this dumbing down has damaged the conservative brand, it appeals to millions of Americans. McDonalds profits rose 80 percent last year.
There is a lowbrow liberalism, too, but the Left hasnt learned how to market it. Consider again the failure of liberals at the talk-radio format, with the bankruptcy of Air America always put forward as an example. Yet in fact liberals are very successful at talk radio. They are just no good at the lowbrow sort. The Rush Limbaugh Show may be first in those current Talkers magazine rankings, but second and third are National Public Radios Morning Edition and All Things Considered, with 13 million weekly listeners each. It is easy to mock the studied gentility, affectless voices, and reflexive liberalism of NPR, but these are very successful radio programs.
Liberals are getting rather good at talk TV, too. The key to this medium, they have discovered, is irony. I dont take this political stuff seriously, I assure you, but really, these damn fool Republicans... Bill Maher, Jon Stewart, and Stephen Colbert offer different styles of irony, but none leaves any shadow of doubt where his political sympathies lie. Liberals have done well to master this trick, but it depends too much on facial expressions and body languagethe double-take, the arched eyebrow, the knowing smirkto transfer to radio. It is, in any case, not quite populism, the target audience being mainly the ironic cohortcollege-educated Stuff White People Like types.
If liberals cant do populism, the converse is also true: conservatives are not much good at gentility. We dont do affectless voices, it seems. There are genteel conservative eventsIve been to about a million of them and have the NoDoz pharmacy receipts to prove itbut they preach to the converted. If anything, they reinforce the ghettoization of conservatism, of which talk radios echo chamber is the major symptom. We dont know how to speak to that vast segment of the American middle class that lives sensiblyindeed, conservativelywishes to be thought generous and good, finds everyday politics boring, and has a horror of strong opinions. This untapped constituency might be receptive to interesting radio programs with a conservative slant.
Even better than NPR as a listening experience is the BBCs Radio 4. One of the few things I used to look forward to on my occasional visits to the mother country was Radio 4, which almost always had something interesting to say on the 90-minute drive from Heathrow to my hometown. One current feature is America, Empire of Liberty, a thumbnail history of the U.S. for British listeners. The shows viewpoint is entirely conventional but pitched just right for a middlebrow radio audience. Why cant conservatives do radio like that? Instead we have crude cheerleading for world-saving Wilsonianism, social utopianism, and a cloth-eared, moon-booted Republican administration.
You might object that the Right didnt need talk radio to ruin it; it was quite capable of ruining itself. At sea for a uniting cause once the Soviet Union had fallen, buffaloed by master gamers in Congress, outfoxed by Bill Clinton, then seduced by the vapid compassionate conservatism of Rove and Bush, the post-Cold War Right cheerfully dug its own grave. And there was some valiant resistance from conservative talk radio to Bushs crazier initiatives, like comprehensive immigration reform and the Medicare prescription-drug extravaganza.
But there was not much confrontation with other deep social and economic problems. The unholy marriage of social engineering and high finance that ended with our present ruin was left largely unanalyzed from reluctance to slight a Republican administration. Plenty of people saw what was coming. There was Ron Paul, for example: Our present course ... is not sustainable. ... Our spendthrift ways are going to come to an end one way or another. Politicians wont even mention the issue, much less face up to it.
Neither will the GOP pep squad of conservative talk radio. And Ron Paul, you know, has a cousin whose best friends daughter was once dog-walker for a member of the John Birch Society. So much for him!
Why engage an opponent when an epithet is in easy reach? Some are crude: rather than debating Jimmy Carters views on Mideast peace, Michael Savage dismisses him as a war criminal. Others are juvenile: Mark Levin blasts the Washington Compost and New York Slimes.
But for all the bullying bluster of conservative talk-show hosts, their essential attitude is one of apology and submissionthe dreary old conservative cringe. Their underlying metaphysic is the same as the liberals: infinite human potentialYes, we can!if only we get society right. To the Left, getting society right involves shoveling us around like truckloads of concrete; to the Right, it means banging on about responsibility, God, and tax cuts while deficits balloon, Congress extrudes yet another social-engineering fiasco, and our armies guard the Fulda Gap. That human beings have limitations and that wise social policy ought to accept the factsome problems insoluble, some Children Left Behindis as unsayable on Hannity as it is on All Things Considered.
I enjoy these radio bloviators (and their TV equivalents) and hope they can survive the coming assault from Left triumphalists. If conservatism is to have a future, though, it will need to listen to more than the looped tape of lowbrow talk radio. We could even tackle the matter of tone, bringing a sportsmans respect for his opponents to the debate.
I repeat: There is nothing wrong with lowbrow conservatism. Ideas must be marketed, and right-wing talk radio captures a big and useful market segment. However, if there is no thoughtful, rigorous presentation of conservative ideas, then conservatism by default becomes the raucous parochialism of Limbaugh, Savage, Hannity, and company. That loses us a market segment at least as useful, if perhaps not as big.
Conservatives have never had, and never should have, a problem with elitism. Why have we allowed carny barkers to run away with the Right? __________________________________________
John Derbyshire is a contributing editor of National Review and the author of, most recently, Unknown Quantity: A Real and Imaginary History of Algebra.
Who is this mope?
Derbyshire has every right to be wrong, as he is in this case.
Derbyshire—all the more reason to barf.
High-brow, intelligent guy from UK. Conservative principles are better expressed by other folks at NR, like Ponnoru or Goldberg.
Does this mean they don't need my tax dollars anymore?
Oh so wrong.
Who is this bozo? NPR isn't the least bit "successful" in any free market sense of the word: it would collapse as quickly as Air America were it not subsidized by the government.
I liked Ron Paul’s comment on MSNBC yesterday “Rush (like Hannity and Levin) worshipped GWB”, although Rush has backed off a bit and doesnt talk about him anymore now.
I am not convinced that Derb is entirely on our side.
He often writes for National Review. I think he’s actually a medical doctor, but I could be misremembering.
Mark Levin smacked this doofus down last night.
Yet another nitwit falls for the left’s propaganda about Rush, feeling that he, the writer, has to distance himself from what the left considers “lowbrow”.
BTW, didn’t the mentioned Chris Buckley vote for the 0? Doesn’t appear that he knew his father all that well. Come to think of it, it doesn’t appear he knows much of anything, save possibly how to spend dad’s money.
Congressional Republicans lost their chance when they were in power by thinking they had to spend like Democrats to maintain power. That only works for Democrats because they have conditioned their base to expect to get Other Peoples Money. If Conservatives in Congress don’t get this message (and they haven’t with 40% of earmarks) then it’s going to take a long time to fix a system that rewards those who don’t deserve it and bankrupts this country.
NR and most of those that write for it are liberals... the left owns this hack... is he gay?
Umm, how about...
"Yes we can ... raise taxes on the rich ... hope ... change..."
NPR successful? A weekly radio program subsidized with tax dollars deemed successful by a so-called conservative.........wow. I’ll agree Savage is a jerk. Mark Levin can be harsh, but he is also a brilliant constitutional scholar. Rush is an articulate spokesman for the conservative cause...and a jokester. Hannity is more of the everyman. What this guy forgets is “highbrow” conservatism spent 50 years in the minority. It took a plain spoken Ronald Reagan to get the message to the people. This sort of ripping the conservative talk show hosts does the cause no good.
The author is now on my ENEMY OF FREEDOM list... screw him and his left leaning horse!!!
Dear Christopher: Rush never claimed to be the equal to your father. His opinion of your father seems to be too high for him to comfortably ever make such a claim for himself. And another thing, Christopher: If your father was going to cop a line as a put down from someone else he might have done it with irony or humor enough to make the thought fresh and the reader smile. If you're thinking of being a ‘chip off the ol’ block’, Christopher, OWN your words.
Ah hell, what can you expect from a guy who endorsed Obugger.
Because of people like this, including christopher, is why I chose NOT to renew my subscription with National Review. They can all bite me.
“Reason has been overwhelmed by propaganda, ideas by slogans. Talk radio has contributed mightily to this development...It does so by routinely descending into the ad hominem (e.g.)Feminazis instead of feminism.”
Calling them feminazis is not “ad hominem.” Look up the Latin, dummy.
Hoosier: "Conservative principles are better expressed by other folks at NR, like Ponnoru or Goldberg."
Yes. Ok. True.
So why haven't Ponnoru or Goldberg carved out a leading role in conservatism like the intelligent but 'juvenile' Levin or the excruciatingly dimwitted Hannity?
The high-brow elites hated Reagan, too, but they are dwindling now.
One thing for sure, with the universities turning out exclusively leftist intellectuals, Burke and Kirk are carried aloft into the real world by fewer and fewer every May graduation.
If we're going to have a conservative majority, it's going to have to be blue collar folks unpolluted by universities and "erudition."
He's right, too. Do you really think Sean Hannity is capable of building a solid intellectual base for conservatism? Do you think Rush Limbaugh's show is capable of selling conservatism to the 100+ million people who don't listen to his show?
The problem with talk radio is that it is incredibly shallow -- it's just the nature of the beast. It is not a medium that allows for deep, nuanced debate.
It can be argued that limbaugh has been indirectly responsible for the rise in liberalism. Before limbaugh the media at least tried to cover their biases. Since the media HATE limbaugh, anything he says is immediately REJECTED by the MSM. What would have been blockbuster RAT scandals in the MSM are now ignored because Limbaugh talks about them first and at length. If they report the same stories and share the same opinion as Limbaugh they give him credibility. Also since limbaugh is all over the RAT scandals, the media dont feel the need to report them since the info is out there. Unfortunately the MSM still has a great deal of credibility with American viewers. Unless the MSM airheads are upset about an issue, the avg viewer doesnt think its a big deal. Another issue is that before limbaugh MSM “reporters” didnt realize that there was big money in becoming celebrity commentators. They used to keep their opinions mostly to themselves, but afterwards were all over the air spouting off on everything and cashing in. The boundaries between opinion and journalism blurred even further, now there is no difference. In the end, I think Rush drove the media way further left than they used to be and despite what Rush says, the media is important in driving American opinion.
The GOP is not even interested in debate. Power and Pork Rule.
So, people like me with a college degree and my white collar husband need not apply?
You're avoiding a very important point, however. Mr. Derbyshire notes that two of the top three radio shows are on NPR, each with listenership comparable to that of Rush Limbaugh's.
By the size of the audience, NPR is obviously quite successful -- and I would suggest to you that NPR's political influence is much greater than Mr. Limbaugh's.
The advantage NPR has with "Morning Edition" and "All Things Considered" is that they've got access to a wide array of very intelligent folks who have many different points of view, and who are capable of expressing their views in depth. I generally don't agree with what those folks say, but their intellectual abilities are quite evident.
By contrast, conservative talk radio is based on a format where one man expresses his opinions for three hours. Mr. Limbaugh or Mr. Hannity or whomever -- no matter how bright they may be -- is still only one man whose daily task is to be the Oracle. All knowledge depends on what they've scanned through the night before -- and I find that when they speak on topics with which I'm very familiar, they're quite often shallow or even incorrect, because it's clear that they don't have a deep grasp of the topic.
This article and thread are simply amazing.
Reminds me of the libs blaming the US and Israel for the Islamic headchoppers.
—The advantage NPR has with “Morning Edition” and “All Things Considered” is that they’ve got access to a wide array of very intelligent folks who have many different points of view, and who are capable of expressing their views in depth. I generally don’t agree with what those folks say, but their intellectual abilities are quite evident. —
And some folks who consider themselves pretty far on the right side might actually listen to NPR at times (when not listening to music they’ve burned on to a CD for example), if only because the “quality” of their LOCAL talk shows is so horrible (and commerical-glutted) that no one with the IQ of a possum could stand listening to them.
What's that supposed to mean? Do you need your own private party?
Or, can you manage to have common purposes and share a party with someone who listens to Rush but has never read Burke or Santayana?
Actually I think Bush was right on Dubai Ports , a side point .Cavuto gave many reasons why it was good for the USA.
. What those three missed is that Bush got himself in a corner on debt spending prior to those give-aways where saying 'no' for them would have killed his chances for re-election. He already had broke the piggy bank prior, with talk radio's blessings. The TR mantra was "We can invade and rebuild two countries, cut your taxes (Ie free war) but cant afford any of that liberal social stuff you want, so get another job if you want those things." . Rove knew it wouldnt sell. The path GWB/Rove choise, to say 'yes' on expensive social stuff got GWB reelected, but doomed republicans chances for a long time.
They (the three) also praised the economy certainly up to 2006 if not in 2008(Hannity was praising it in October) , but they changed their messages 180 degrees after the October crash. Turns out the economy was bad after after all they said in October) and it was all democrats fault. I still like Rush, at least he went after McCain, but the other two jumped from Bush to McCain.
Most of them are still operating at a loss.
Remove NPRs public funding and the stations would collapse like dominoes. Comparing Public Funded radio shows to Private Funded radio is apples to oranges.
If we're going to have a conservative majority, it's going to have to be blue collar folks unpolluted by universities and "erudition."
If you didn't say what you meant, then just explain to me what you did mean.
Onion dip topped with maraschino cherries; go ahead and barf.
—Onion dip topped with maraschino cherries—
You’re not pregnant, are you? That sounds like a craving!
You're right -- but I think that's a symptom rather than an explanation.
Today's GOP is pretty much rudderless -- they've been mooching for the past 20+ years off the intellectual foundations laid in the '60s and '70s by the likes of Mr. Buckley and Mr. Reagan. Reagan's political successes gave them a chance at power, and today's GOP politicians got a taste for it.
The question became, "how do we keep it?" Here is where "mooching" comes into the picture.
Reagan's biggest challenge -- one that he was unable to surmount -- was to deal with the Democrats' highly effective use of "pork populism." They used Alinsky's tactics of patient infiltration, incremental gains, and cynical exploitation of real injustices, to prevent change and to reverse Republican victories.
Reagan most likely understood the nature of his difficulties, even if he couldn't solve them -- and that, at least, allowed him to express his position as well as he did. Reagan's GOP successors, however, appear never to have understood the Democrat tactics at all; nor is there any reason to believe that they have a good grasp of the intellectual foundations of conservatism as Reagan, Buckley, et al. understood them.
The modern GOP seems only to have noticed that the Democrats have made great gains by offering pork and wild talk, and they're trying to make their own gains by offering the same. The Democrats, however, have a method to their madness -- not to mention a machine built over decades with which to push through their agenda. The GOP has no such method, nor have they built a machine to carry their agenda; they only want the power. With neither method nor machine, they're left to try to use the Democrats' machine for their own ends, to achieve goals which are more properly those of the Democrats.
The unpleasant truth is that it will probably take 20 years of patience and focus for conservatives to rebuild our foundations to the point where we're again an effective political force. Unfortunately, conservatives as a whole have never really shown a knack for either patience or focus -- we're too busy doing other things.
Conservative talk radio is unable to address those foundational issues. Its format (not to mention its audience) are completely unsuited for the task: it feeds our native impatience. Moreover, it tends to make politics a form of entertainment -- a spectator sport that conservatives can enjoy on the couch with a bag of chips. Meanwhile, the political left is out there training and scrimmaging, and when they get out on the field they end up scoring all the touchdowns.
John Derbyshire is one of the reasons National Review will never again achieve the prominence it had under Bill Buckley.
Derb is, quite simply, a snob. I have no use for snobs who think they are better than me with their nasal Mr. Howell-esqe “Yes, I remember BBC 4, Lovey” vapidity.
Rush Limbaugh IS the leader of the Conservative movement, Derb. Get on board, or get your snooty butt outta the way.
Perhaps you mean a conservative majority is going to have to INCLUDE blue collar folks
“Before limbaugh the media at least tried to cover their biases”
Now that is a funny statement!
Let me detail my thoughts.
it's (the GOP is) going to have to be (primarily) blue collar folks (who are) unpolluted by universities and "erudition."
I did NOT mean:
it's (the GOP is) going to have to be (exclusively) blue collar folks, (and the GOP will need to be) unpolluted by universities and "erudition."
However, having extracted an advanced degree myself from a University in spite of the "intellectual pollution" surrounding those places, I can assure you that I -do- admire intelligent blue collar folks who did not choose that path. They are many, and they tend in my mind to be the most representative of the classical individualist American of the past, better gorunded in basic principles, and altogether more pleasant people to be around.
I see Universities like Hospitals. Central points of contact which perform some of the highest, most advanced functions of modern civilization...but also....a place which draws the best minds but also certain sick people, and perfectly healthy people can contract deadly infections in the normal course of business!!!!
Careful, I’ll rout your seat, and fillet your trout.
They preferred an anti-American racist to what they saw as white trash....in Palin, Joe the Plumber, and their blue collar audiences.
NPR’s right and leftwing “intellectual” bigots cannot be trusted.
I would trust the instincts, guts, moxie, and judgment of their “underlings” anyday.
Yes. Bryt was on to it and I tried to clarify in #44.
However, I'd say it's going to be increasingly blue collar and less and less white WFB and Golbergian! The college educated right is dwindling.
What you're really saying is that "commercial success" is the only success that matters. Well, that's one point of view, I suppose -- but it's clearly not the only one, nor is it even important when one is talking about political influence. Derbyshire's point is that, as an intellectual component of propagating a political point of view, NPR's offerings are much more effective than those of conservative talk radio.
The FACT is that the two NPR shows have audience numbers comparable to Limbaugh's -- which for radio is "success" in the most meaningful sense. I would also suggest to you that the NPR shows are simply better than Limbaugh's or Hannity's. They have better content, a much broader range of topics, discussion, and points of view, and much greater depth.
If you've ever sat through the excruciating pain of listening to Hannity attempt to debate an intelligent liberal, you'll understand the qualitative difference between conservative talk radio and the NPR offerings. I'll give sean credit for trying, though. Limbaugh never even has guests -- who, after all, would just get in the way of his own opinions.
Given that we're talking about political influence here, your focus on commercial success
If that's true, we're screwed.
Great article making a very cogent point. I know a number of people that live very conservative lives, go to church regularly, pay their bills, normally vote Republican, are solid members of the community and can’t stand the ranting of the Limbaughs and Hannitys of the world. I listened to many of the speeches at CPAC and I can tell you Limbaugh’s was one of the most light weight of the group. Limbaugh and many of his imitators sell a very limited, simplistic, low rent version of conservatism. One where you don’t have to think just believe and agree. Pick up your pitchfork and torch and storm the castle. I understand that He has his place in the entertainment end of the conservative spectrum much like a Bill Maher on the liberal side. However, it would be wonderful to actually have some enlightened conservative discussion on TV or radio once and awhile. A conversation amongst thoughtful people who would lay out the conservative message and how it can best address the problems facing the country in an in-depth intellectual way.
Personally I have a hard time taking a multi-millionare talking head who lives in a gated community and flies around in a private jet seriously when he rants about issues like unemployment, foreclosures and everyday pocketbook issues. Actually after listening to Limbaugh since 1990 I can tell you that in the last few years the quality of his show has devolved immensely as has the intelligence of his callers as a whole. Whether he understand it or not I have come to believe that he has become a great tool of the Left.
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