The Soviets did several times challenge innocent passage of U.S. warships in e.g. the Sea of Japan in the 70's.
There were at least two incidents in which Soviet icebreakers attempted to cause collisions with WW2-era U.S. destroyers (Allen M. Sumner and Gearing classes) which were known to have longitudinal structural-strength issues. I.e., they tried to cut destroyers in two. One incident was written up in detail in the "NOFORN News", the DIA's weekly intelligence summary. The icebreaker in that incident succeeded in engineering a collision but struck the U.S. destroyer on the portside bow anchor, doing no real damage. Personally, I'd have had my gun mounts clear the Russian's bridge for him. But the RoE were very strict about these encounters.
Maybe not exactly the same thing but I knew a guy who was a chief on a destroyer in the ‘70s. His ship patrolled the Mediterranean. He said there were many incidents of Russian naval craft playing “chicken” with his ship, and I guess they played right back because he said sometimes they would pass hair-raisingly close.