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Study gives more proof that intelligence is largely inherited
UCLA/Eureka Alerts ^ | 17-Mar-2009 | Mark Wheeler

Posted on 03/18/2009 8:36:57 AM PDT by Pharmboy

UCLA researchers find that genes determine brain's processing speed

They say a picture tells a thousand stories, but can it also tell how smart you are? Actually, say UCLA researchers, it can.

In a study published in the Journal of Neuroscience Feb. 18, UCLA neurology professor Paul Thompson and colleagues used a new type of brain-imaging scanner to show that intelligence is strongly influenced by the quality of the brain's axons, or wiring that sends signals throughout the brain. The faster the signaling, the faster the brain processes information. And since the integrity of the brain's wiring is influenced by genes, the genes we inherit play a far greater role in intelligence than was previously thought.

Genes appear to influence intelligence by determining how well nerve axons are encased in myelin — the fatty sheath of "insulation" that coats our axons and allows for fast signaling bursts in our brains. The thicker the myelin, the faster the nerve impulses.

Thompson and his colleagues scanned the brains of 23 sets of identical twins and 23 sets of fraternal twins. Since identical twins share the same genes while fraternal twins share about half their genes, the researchers were able to compare each group to show that myelin integrity was determined genetically in many parts of the brain that are key for intelligence. These include the parietal lobes, which are responsible for spatial reasoning, visual processing and logic, and the corpus callosum, which pulls together information from both sides of the body.

The researchers used a faster version of a type of scanner called a HARDI (high-angular resolution diffusion imaging) — think of an MRI machine on steroids — that takes scans of the brain at a much higher resolution than a standard MRI. While an MRI scan shows the volume of different tissues in the brain by measuring the amount of water present, HARDI tracks how water diffuses through the brain's white matter — a way to measure the quality of its myelin.

"HARDI measures water diffusion," said Thompson, who is also a member of the UCLA Laboratory of Neuro-Imaging. "If the water diffuses rapidly in a specific direction, it tells us that the brain has very fast connections. If it diffuses more broadly, that's an indication of slower signaling, and lower intelligence."

"So it gives us a picture of one's mental speed," he said.

Because the myelination of brain circuits follows an inverted U-shaped trajectory, peaking in middle age and then slowly beginning to decline, Thompson believes identifying the genes that promote high-integrity myelin is critical to forestalling brain diseases like multiple sclerosis and autism, which have been linked to the breakdown of myelin.

"The whole point of this research," Thompson said, "is to give us insight into brain diseases."

He said his team has already narrowed down the number of gene candidates that may influence myelin growth.

And could this someday lead to a therapy that could make us smarter, enhancing our intelligence?

"It's a long way off but within the realm of the possible," Thompson said.

###

Graphics from the study can be found at www.loni.ucla.edu/~thompson/HARDI/PDF/hardi3.jpg.

The UCLA Department of Neurology encompasses more than a dozen research, clinical and teaching programs. These programs cover brain mapping and neuroimaging, movement disorders, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, neurogenetics, nerve and muscle disorders, epilepsy, neuro-oncology, neurotology, neuropsychology, headaches and migraines, neurorehabilitation, and neurovascular disorders. The department ranked No. 1 in 2005 and 2006 among its peers nationwide in National Institutes of Health funding.

Contact: mwheeler@mednet.ucla.edu 310-794-2265 University of California - Los Angeles


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Extended News; News/Current Events; US: California
KEYWORDS: genes; godsgravesglyphs; imaging; intelligence; neurons
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Go to the URL provided above for a very interesting graphic. I did not bother to post it here since it took a while to download and I did not think it would show up if I linked it via HTML...
1 posted on 03/18/2009 8:36:57 AM PDT by Pharmboy
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To: martin_fierro; blam; SunkenCiv; neverdem; aculeus; Coleus; SJackson; dennisw; weegee; wagglebee; ...

Brainy ping list...


2 posted on 03/18/2009 8:39:20 AM PDT by Pharmboy (Democrats lie because they must...)
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To: Pharmboy

That’s Racist!


3 posted on 03/18/2009 8:39:48 AM PDT by Uncle Miltie (A trillion here, a trillion there, and pretty soon you are talking about Zimbabwe money.)
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To: Pharmboy

Largely inherited? Not in my family. We have a supergenius (not me, obviously). That high IQ was acquired in new mint condition, and gets buried with the one owner who rarely used it anyway.


4 posted on 03/18/2009 8:40:56 AM PDT by 668 - Neighbor of the Beast (American Revolution II -- overdue.)
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To: Pharmboy

5 posted on 03/18/2009 8:41:06 AM PDT by Travis T. OJustice (Want to make a conservative angry? Lie to him. Want to make a liberal angry? Tell him the truth)
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To: Pharmboy

Does this mean that not all people are created equal?


6 posted on 03/18/2009 8:41:09 AM PDT by stuartcr (If the end doesn't justify the means...why have different means?)
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To: Pharmboy

Well that explains Obama ... father was a whore and id nothing of values iwth his life. His mother was the same and deemed unfit ... not trying to hi-jack the thread but he has me LIVID with his utter incompetence.


7 posted on 03/18/2009 8:41:14 AM PDT by nmh (Intelligent people recognize Intelligent Design (God).)
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To: Pharmboy
Well that explains Obama ... father was a whore and did nothing of value with his life. His mother was the same and deemed unfit ... not trying to hijack the thread but he has me LIVID with his utter incompetence.
8 posted on 03/18/2009 8:41:58 AM PDT by nmh (Intelligent people recognize Intelligent Design (God).)
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To: Uncle Miltie

Y’know, I was wondering if the Neuroscience dept. at UCLA should worry about their federal funding...


9 posted on 03/18/2009 8:42:33 AM PDT by Pharmboy (Democrats lie because they must...)
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To: Travis T. OJustice
"Among the most controversial issues related to the study of intelligence is the observation that intelligence measures such as IQ scores vary between populations. While there is little scholarly debate about the existence of some of these differences, the reasons remain highly controversial both within academia and in the public sphere."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IQ

Does the subject article and the Wikipedia entry cited here create a Matter / Anti-Matter explosion in Liberals' heads?

10 posted on 03/18/2009 8:46:51 AM PDT by Uncle Miltie (A trillion here, a trillion there, and pretty soon you are talking about Zimbabwe money.)
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To: Pharmboy

UCLA gets an A+++ for the wording on their release. Keep it complicated enough so the persons you are afraid of offending can’t understand it and voila... you are in the clear.


11 posted on 03/18/2009 8:47:14 AM PDT by Cyman
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To: Pharmboy

Of COURSE the peak potential IQ is inherited. Nutrition and environment will determine what percent of that potential is REALIZED. But I see no reason to ASSUME that inheritable IQ potential is the same for all groups - that is counterintuitive, since height, weight, proneness to certain diseases, and so many OTHER factors are not constant across groups.


12 posted on 03/18/2009 8:49:32 AM PDT by 2harddrive (...House a TOTAL Loss.....)
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To: Pharmboy

An army of unqualified sociologists is engaged in arbitrary meta-analysis at this very moment, with the express purpose of debunking these harmful findings.


13 posted on 03/18/2009 8:58:00 AM PDT by M203M4 (A rainbow-excreting government-cheese-pie-eating unicorn in every pot.)
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To: 2harddrive
But I see no reason to ASSUME that inheritable IQ potential is the same for all groups - that is counterintuitive, since height, weight, proneness to certain diseases, and so many OTHER factors are not constant across groups.

Fine, as long as we keep in mind that when we're talking about IQ (and other factors) of a group we're discussing statistical averages for that group.

This average tells us nothing whatsoever about any given individual in that group.

It is likely that IQ for all groups falls on the bell curve distribution. The shape and location of the curves is likely to vary between groups.

For instance, it is well known that female and male average IQ is almost identical. Yet the males predominate on the ends of the bell curve, having far more geniuses and far more mentally challenged. Females are bunched more tightly in the center of their curve.

14 posted on 03/18/2009 8:59:39 AM PDT by Sherman Logan (Everyone has a right to his own opinion, but not to his own facts.)
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To: 2harddrive
This argument should have ended with the publication of the book The Bell Curve. Instead, political correctness killed the book and very nearly the author.


15 posted on 03/18/2009 9:01:33 AM PDT by nathanbedford ("Attack, repeat attack!" Bull Halsey)
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To: Uncle Miltie

What was it, “The Bell Curve”? that got the libs’ backs up a while back?


16 posted on 03/18/2009 9:03:17 AM PDT by MrB (The 0bamanation: Marxism, Infanticide, Appeasement, Depression, Thuggery, and Censorship)
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To: Sherman Logan

Also we need to understand that the difference between the “elites” in general and the general masses is NOT that great.

I know there are SOME that are very much above everyone else, but they’re rare, and somehow I don’t think the democRats have the monopoly on these rare individuals as they’d like to claim.


17 posted on 03/18/2009 9:05:31 AM PDT by MrB (The 0bamanation: Marxism, Infanticide, Appeasement, Depression, Thuggery, and Censorship)
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To: Cyman
Keep it complicated enough so the persons you are afraid of offending can’t understand it and voila...

That would be 98% of the text "felt" by leftist spectrum, including "and" and "the."

18 posted on 03/18/2009 9:10:26 AM PDT by Albion Wilde ("Praise and worship" is my alternate lifestyle.)
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To: 2harddrive; Sherman Logan
Both of you put it quite nicely. A quote that I saw years ago, but forget the source was something like: "Your genes give you a range, and your environment puts you at a specific place within that range."

The author put it better than I did, but you get the idea...

19 posted on 03/18/2009 9:11:02 AM PDT by Pharmboy (Democrats lie because they must...)
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To: Incorrigible

Autism mentioned ping.


20 posted on 03/18/2009 9:15:03 AM PDT by Question_Assumptions
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To: zot

Ping.


21 posted on 03/18/2009 9:21:34 AM PDT by Interesting Times (For the truth about "swift boating" see ToSetTheRecordStraight.com)
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To: Pharmboy

Genes appear to influence intelligence by determining how well nerve axons are encased in myelin — the fatty sheath of “insulation” that coats our axons and allows for fast signaling bursts in our brains. The thicker the myelin, the faster the nerve impulses.

I thought Obama looked awfully thin.


22 posted on 03/18/2009 9:21:45 AM PDT by freedomfiter2
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To: nathanbedford

Note they carefully used the term “inverted U-shape” rather than the politically incorrect term “bell curve”.


23 posted on 03/18/2009 9:27:42 AM PDT by Reeses (Leftism is powered by the evil force of envy.)
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To: Pharmboy

So basically hard headed individuals have hard water in their brain that won’t let the brain circuits do their jobs fast.</ sarcasm>


24 posted on 03/18/2009 9:30:49 AM PDT by ReformedBeckite
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To: Pharmboy

What is interesting about the United States is that we have a history of lower class immigrants coming here that have a hidden lineage of high intelligence. This superior intelligence could not blossom back in Europe or China or Asia due to the poverty, little access to education, religious discrimination. rigid class systems

But when these families immigrate here and their children are given a chance. And with our extensive university system their genius can blossom. Immigration can have a downside with all the illegals but there is also this unusually good side


25 posted on 03/18/2009 9:33:34 AM PDT by dennisw (0bomo the subprime president)
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To: freedomfiter2
I thought Obama looked awfully thin.

The very smartest women I've known have relatively big heads with the heft of a cinder block. There's some correlation there.

26 posted on 03/18/2009 9:36:57 AM PDT by Reeses (Leftism is powered by the evil force of envy.)
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To: Pharmboy

Shh!

Don’t tell the lefties!


27 posted on 03/18/2009 9:38:24 AM PDT by aculeus
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To: freedomfiter2
Genes appear to influence intelligence by determining how well nerve axons are encased in myelin — the fatty sheath of “insulation” that coats our axons and allows for fast signaling bursts in our brains. The thicker the myelin, the faster the nerve impulses.

I thought Obama looked awfully thin.

0boma is the thin artistic type. Probably has long slender fingers for playing the piano. He is not the practical type. I'm positive Michelle managed the family's finances

0bomo is high IQ on the verbal side. On the scientific side he is a dunce, such as being a sucker for global warming and that embryonic stem cells getting the paralyzed up and walking

In college 0bomo would be an English major
We are ruled by English majors. By the verbally skilled manipulators -- lawyers
They are not scientifically oriented, far from it

28 posted on 03/18/2009 9:41:40 AM PDT by dennisw (0bomo the subprime president)
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To: Reeses

“Note they carefully used the term “inverted U-shape” rather than the politically incorrect term “bell curve”.”

No, they didn’t:
“Because the myelination of brain circuits follows an inverted U-shaped trajectory, peaking in middle age and then slowly beginning to decline”

The inverted U-shaped trajectory describes the path over an individual’s lifetime. It applies to lots of things, such as annual earnings, average speed in running a marathon etc., not just intellectual performance. In contrast, a bell curve describes a group of individuals, with most people being average and relatively few falling into the extreme tails of ability.

IIRC, The Bell Curve demonstrated rather convincingly that the mean of the distribution of IQ’s among blacks was about 1 standard deviation lower than for whites. Thus, a randomly selected black person is more likely to be less intelligent than a randomly selected white person, but this doesn’t preclude there being black individuals (e.g., Thomas Sowell) whose intelligence greatly exceeds that of other white individuals (e.g., Ted Kennedy).


29 posted on 03/18/2009 9:41:47 AM PDT by DrC
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To: nmh

Are you dissing our first Teleprompter President?


30 posted on 03/18/2009 9:43:28 AM PDT by Secret Agent Man (I'd like to tell you, but then I'd have to kill you.)
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To: dennisw
But when these families immigrate here and their children are given a chance.

American calories consumed and exercise during growth has something to do with it. I'm surprised how little study is done on how certain foods and exercises affect different kinds of growth. This is an important subject because once the growth stops the concrete is set for life.

31 posted on 03/18/2009 9:44:30 AM PDT by Reeses (Leftism is powered by the evil force of envy.)
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To: Pharmboy

32 posted on 03/18/2009 9:45:38 AM PDT by martin_fierro (< |:)~)
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To: DrC

A bell curve describes statistical distribution and is not limited to intelligence.


33 posted on 03/18/2009 9:46:38 AM PDT by Reeses (Leftism is powered by the evil force of envy.)
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To: Secret Agent Man

“Are you dissing our first Teleprompter President?”

To put it politely ... my CAT has more sense and style than this Communist imbecile. She is an intelligent Bengal and stands her ground plus she is beautiful!


34 posted on 03/18/2009 9:46:38 AM PDT by nmh (Intelligent people recognize Intelligent Design (God).)
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To: Pharmboy
well duh !

35 posted on 03/18/2009 9:47:47 AM PDT by Uri’el-2012 (Psalm 119:174 I long for Your salvation, YHvH, Your law is my delight.)
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To: Reeses
You may be right, but even substituting “bell shaped” wouldn’t make that a clear sentence. I think the author’s trying to say that “[the quality of] the myelination of brain circuits [over time] follows an inverted U-shaped trajectory bell curve, peaking in middle age and then slowly beginning to decline…”
36 posted on 03/18/2009 9:48:46 AM PDT by elfman2 (TheRightReasons.net - Reasoning CONSERVATIVES without the kooks.)
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To: Reeses

Definitely good American nutrition is a factor for these immigrant children. Look how many lower class poor Vietnamese children who became HS valedictorian in America.

In Vietnam the highest they could have gotten was rice farmer. Here he can get hired by Lehman or AIG and take home millions trading credit default swaps


37 posted on 03/18/2009 9:52:38 AM PDT by dennisw (0bomo the subprime president)
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To: Reeses

Nice pick-up...


38 posted on 03/18/2009 9:57:33 AM PDT by Pharmboy (Democrats lie because they must...)
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To: dennisw

Great point...


39 posted on 03/18/2009 9:58:31 AM PDT by Pharmboy (Democrats lie because they must...)
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To: stuartcr

The founders never understood “created equal” to apply in this sense.


40 posted on 03/18/2009 9:58:45 AM PDT by Dan Middleton
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To: martin_fierro

I knew I could count on you for the key post on this thread...:)


41 posted on 03/18/2009 10:01:13 AM PDT by Pharmboy (Democrats lie because they must...)
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To: nmh

I have never been a Twisted Sister Fan, but I just listened to “We’re Not Gonna Take It Anymore” and I think (apart from the guitar solo in the middle) it’s a great theme song - lyrics aren’t really that bad at all.


42 posted on 03/18/2009 10:01:38 AM PDT by Secret Agent Man (I'd like to tell you, but then I'd have to kill you.)
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To: aculeus

Lefties are convinced that intelligence is bestowed by granting a diploma, a la the Scarecrow in the “Wizard of Oz”. That’s why illiterates now get High School diplomas and then go on to college on the Affirmative Action plan.


43 posted on 03/18/2009 10:03:23 AM PDT by Dionysius (Jingoism is no vice in these troubled times.)
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To: Sherman Logan

Thanks! Your post EXACTLY matches my personal fellings in that arena. I could not have said it as well as you!


44 posted on 03/18/2009 10:05:47 AM PDT by 2harddrive (...House a TOTAL Loss.....)
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To: Dan Middleton

45 posted on 03/18/2009 10:09:07 AM PDT by william clark (Ecclesiastes 10:2)
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To: nmh
Well that explains Obama ... father was a whore and id nothing of values iwth his life.

0bomo's father was Kenya's cream of the crop. Went to Harvard. Had government connections. Was high IQ as also demonstrated by 0bomo having a half brother who is a genius on the piano

His mother was the same and deemed unfit ... not trying to hi-jack the thread but he has me LIVID with his utter incompetence.

Mother was a kook but got a PhD and wrote a very long thesis on village blacksmiths in Indonesia. She is high IQ also

0bomo is high IQ child of high IQ parents
Most of that high IQ is channeled into being a superior con artist

46 posted on 03/18/2009 10:09:29 AM PDT by dennisw (0bomo the subprime president)
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To: Sherman Logan
"bell curve distribution"

I repeated that information to one of my liberal sisters one time. When I said that probably explains why most geniuses are male, she glowered at me. When I further told her that in a room full of people of both sexes, the stupidest person was probably a male, she smiled.

47 posted on 03/18/2009 10:18:07 AM PDT by driftless2
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To: 2harddrive

Thanks, I’m just trying to head off some of the mouth-breathers who insist on generalizing about racial issues where such generalizations don’t belong.

It is likely, for instance, that the average white person is more intelligent (whatever that means) than the average black person. In a logical world this would be of no greater interest than a similar finding that blue-eyed people are on average less intelligent than brown-eyed people.

Interesting, but since it gives you no information about the individuals you deal with, it isn’t earth-shattering information.

In our PC world, we’re supposed to pretend that the average racial differences don’t exist, since stupid people will extrapolate from the group average to the particular individual. And they will!

Meanwhile the same people so insistent that we must keep our eyes tightly closed about obvious racial facts are equally insistent that all people with pale skin are somehow responsible for the actions of people of pallor everywhere and thru all time.

Very odd split point of view these peeps have.


48 posted on 03/18/2009 10:21:20 AM PDT by Sherman Logan (Everyone has a right to his own opinion, but not to his own facts.)
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To: dennisw

Obama’s IQ is in the low 120’s, above average but not impressively so.


49 posted on 03/18/2009 10:30:57 AM PDT by freedomfiter2
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To: Interesting Times

Thanks for the ping. This study didn’t look at the recently discovered fact that brain circuitry is re-wired throughout life.


50 posted on 03/18/2009 10:37:53 AM PDT by zot
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