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Report: Chinese navy has new sub base in Pacific
Stars and Stripes ^ | March 27, 2009 | Jeff Schogol

Posted on 03/26/2009 12:07:02 AM PDT by Jet Jaguar

ARLINGTON, Va. — The Chinese navy has a new submarine base on Hainan Island, according to the latest Defense Department report on Chinese military power.

The report comes about two weeks after a Military Sealift Command contract surveillance ship was accosted by five Chinese vessels about 75 miles south of Hainan Island.

"The base appears large enough to accommodate a mix of attack and ballistic missile submarines and advanced surface combatant ships," the report said.

"The port, which has underground facilities, would provide the PLA (People’s Liberation Army) Navy with direct access to vital international sea lanes, and offers the potential for stealthy deployment of submarines into the deep waters of the South China Sea."

On March 8, the USNS Impeccable was in the region of Hainan Island when it was surrounded by five Chinese vessels while the ship was in international waters. One vessel got so close that the Impeccable had to spray the Chinese crew with fire hoses. The Chinese also tried to snare the Impeccable’s sonar equipment.

Defense Secretary Robert Gates later said he hoped diplomatic exchanges that resulted from China’s "aggressive acts" against the Impeccable would prevent future incidents.

Neither U.S. Pacific Command nor U.S. Pacific Fleet had further information on the submarine base.

The new base means the Chinese want to project power into the South China Sea and Indian Ocean, said Dan Blumenthal, of the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative think tank in Washington.

"I wouldn’t consider it an aggressive move," Blumenthal said.

However, the move has already made other countries in the region nervous, Blumenthal said. That includes India, which has begun upgrading its aircraft carriers in response.

TOPICS: Foreign Affairs
KEYWORDS: china; chinasmilitary; chinesemilitary; hainanisland; pla; southchinasea; subbase; submarinebase; submarines; tm

1 posted on 03/26/2009 12:07:02 AM PDT by Jet Jaguar
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To: Jeff Head


2 posted on 03/26/2009 12:07:22 AM PDT by Jet Jaguar (Atlas Shrugged Mode: ON)
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To: Jet Jaguar

Not to worry, Obama will cave to them soon enough

3 posted on 03/26/2009 12:11:19 AM PDT by dddanonymous
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To: Jet Jaguar

China is intent on slowly but steadily turning the South China Sea into their personal swimming pool. What they can’t do by force of arms they’ll accomplish by way of US “restraint”, just like N. Korea, Iran, and others. We are a paper tiger.

4 posted on 03/26/2009 12:11:54 AM PDT by dr_who
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To: Jet Jaguar

I know they had one on that island for years.

5 posted on 03/26/2009 12:18:10 AM PDT by Steve Van Doorn (*in my best Eric cartman voice* 'I love you guys')
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To: Jet Jaguar; Jeff Head; backhoe; piasa


Note: The following text is a quote:

China’s Military Capabilities Continue to Grow, Report Says

By Jim Garamone
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, March 25, 2009 – Transformation of the Chinese military has gained speed, but U.S. officials would like to see China become more transparent about military and security affairs, according to a report to Congress released today. Video

The report, called “Military Power of the People’s Republic of China,” provides some new details, “but there are no new, major strategic insights revealed or capabilities revealed,” Pentagon Press Secretary Geoff Morrell said today.

In the report, officials said that Chinese transparency has improved over the past year, “but much remains to be learned about China’s national and military strategies, progress and trends in its military modernization, and the related implications for regional security and stability.”

China’s increased military ability stems from the nation’s emergence as an economic superpower. With 8 percent per year economic growth, the Chinese have been able to invest significant sums in military modernization.

Morrell said the United States continues to ask for “more dialogue and transparency in our dealings with the Chinese government and military, all in an effort to reduce suspicions on both sides.”

The Chinese still look at transparency as “a transaction to be negotiated.” U.S. officials would like the Chinese to see transparency as a responsibility that accompanies the accumulation of national power. Without this transparency, conclusions in the report are subject to best guesses by U.S. experts.

To begin, the Chinese need to be more transparent in budgeting, the report says. The People’s Liberation Army budget has more than doubled since 2000 — from $27.9 billion to $60.1 billion. Officials believe the Chinese are underreporting the amount they spend on security. The real budget in 2008 is probably between $105 billion and $150 billion, they said.

Llimited transparency can be dangerous and lead to instability. Also, the Chinese reluctance creates uncertainty and increases the potential for misunderstanding and miscalculation, U.S. officials say.
“The United States continues to work with our allies and friends in the region to monitor these developments and adjust our policies accordingly,” the report says.

Chinese military capabilities have increased tremendously. People’s Liberation Army officials have invested in the acquisition of advanced foreign weapons, and they have fueled hothouse growth in domestic defense industries. The Chinese military also has poured money into research and development. On top of this, there is a far-reaching organizational and doctrinal reform of the People’s Liberation Army.

“China’s ability to sustain military power at a distance remains limited, but its armed forces continue to develop and field disruptive military technologies, including those for anti-access/area-denial, as well as for nuclear, space and cyber warfare, that are changing regional military balances and that have implications beyond the Asia-Pacific region,” the report says.

China continues to put military pressure on Taiwan. “China’s armed forces are rapidly developing coercive capabilities for the purpose of deterring Taiwan’s pursuit of de jure independence,” the report says. More advanced missiles, more equipment and better-trained troops have deployed to the military regions opposite the island. The military balance in the region continues to shift in Beijing’s favor, the report says, and Taiwan no longer enjoys “air dominance” over the Taiwan Straits.

The capabilities the Chinese are putting in place “could in the future be used to pressure Taiwan toward a settlement of the cross-Strait dispute on Beijing’s terms while simultaneously attempting to deter, delay or deny any possible U.S. support for the island in case of conflict,” the report says.

Some of the Chinese capabilities have allowed the military to contribute to peacekeeping operations, humanitarian assistance, disaster relief and counter-piracy. “However, some of these capabilities, as well as other, more disruptive ones, could allow China to project power to ensure access to resources or enforce claims to disputed territories,” the report says.

The Chinese assert that the People’s Liberation Army is purely defensive and aimed solely at protecting China’s security and interests. “Over the past several years, China has begun a new phase of military development by beginning to articulate roles and missions for the PLA that go beyond China’s immediate territorial interests,” the report says. But these statements have not cleared up international community questions about the purposes and objectives of the PLA’s evolving doctrine and capabilities.

China has modernized its intercontinental ballistic missile arsenal with the deployment of DF-31 and DF-31A missiles, the report says. They also are readying to launch a new class of ballistic missile submarines soon, it says.

The Chinese military has worked to develop anti-access and area-denial weapons, the report says. This capability goes beyond the nation’s borders. China has developed the capability to hold surface ships, including aircraft carriers, at risk. The weaponry includes quiet submarines, advanced anti-ship cruise missiles, wire-guided and wake-homing torpedoes, or anti-ship ballistic missiles. They are working to deny use of shore-based airfields, secure bastions and regional logistics hubs via conventional ballistic missiles with greater ranges and accuracy, and land-attack cruise missiles, the report says.

The Chinese also can project air power using new advanced aircraft, advanced long-range surface-to-air missile systems, air surveillance systems and ship-borne air defenses, the report says. China’s space-based reconnaissance and positioning are leading to a precision-strike capability.

China still lags in developing an amphibious and airborne capability, airborne, air-to-air refueling, at-sea replenishment and joint integration, the report says.

Related Sites:
Defense Department Report to Congress

6 posted on 03/26/2009 12:33:03 AM PDT by Cindy
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To: Jet Jaguar
Sometimes I find myself wondering why a country that would build the Three Gorges Dam would bother having a military at all(?)

Talk about putting your head on a chopping block!

7 posted on 03/26/2009 2:38:46 AM PDT by The Duke (I have met the enemy, and he is named 'Apathy'!)
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To: Jet Jaguar

8 posted on 03/26/2009 3:13:45 AM PDT by mylife (The Roar Of The Masses Could Be Farts)
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To: mylife

How very James Bond.....

9 posted on 03/26/2009 3:16:54 AM PDT by cmsgop ( " C'mon, Stand Up Chuck")
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To: cmsgop

They need to carve a skull in the mountain face

10 posted on 03/26/2009 3:19:15 AM PDT by mylife (The Roar Of The Masses Could Be Farts)
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To: Jet Jaguar

I am sure the Japanese are so happy about this.

11 posted on 03/26/2009 3:57:06 AM PDT by central_va (Co. C, 15th Va., Patrick Henry Rifles-The boys of Hanover Co.)
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