My take on Hamilton’s writings (and Madison) is that they understood the balances of the initial Constitution. As it was originally designed it worked well and preserved rights and liberties.
But when the first serious challenge of limited government was debated (the Cod Fisheries Act) Madison rose and challenged the proposal for all he was worth.
We now have no such member of Congress. Heck, they do not even understand the Constitution. How else could they take an oath to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and then nominate and confirm a character such as Sotomayor?
The pressure continues to build......
Your knowledge of the early Federal period far exceeds my own, but my understanding is that Hamilton and Madison eventually parted ways, Hamilton opting for federal supremacy and implied powers, and Madison adopting (or perhaps retaining) a more “Jeffersonian” position.