It does both.
No, it does NOT. Rights are INHERENT, endowed by the Creator. Government is not a power that has capability to confer rights on humanity.
Perhaps you need to re-read this document and the Declaration of our founding...for clarity.
The Government grants privileges.. and alienates rights..
Thats what gov't does... alienates unalienable rights and converts them to privileges..
No democracy has ever yet been democratic..
Democracys always become Oligarchys..
Because democracy is defacto Mob Rule by mobsters..
The U.S. Constitution has NO WHERE in it the words democracy, democratic, or democrat.. by design.. it was not a clerical error..