Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Diaries of Stalin's horrors on display
Western Australia Today ^ | November 13, 2009 | Raphael G Satter

Posted on 11/13/2009 5:30:22 AM PST by Schnucki

The diaries of a British reporter who risked his reputation to expose the horrors of Stalin's murderous famine in Ukraine are going on display in England.

Welsh journalist Gareth Jones entered Ukraine in March 1933, at the height of an artificial famine engineered by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin as part of his campaign to force peasants into collective farms.

Millions starved to death between 1932 and 1933 as the Soviet secret police emptied the countryside of grain and livestock.

Jones' reporting was one of the first attempts to bring the disaster to the world's attention.

"Famine Grips Russia - Millions Dying" read the front page of the New York Evening Post on March 29, 1933.

"Famine on a colossal scale, impending death of millions from hunger, murderous terror ... this is the summary of Mr Jones's firsthand observations," the paper said.

As starvation and cannibalism spread across Ukraine, Soviet authorities exported more than a million tonnes of grain to the West, using the money to build factories and arm its military.

Historians say that between four million and five million Ukrainians perished in what is sometimes referred to as the Great Famine.

Walking from village to village, Jones recorded desperate Ukrainians scrambling for food, scribbling brief interviews in pencil on lined notebooks.

"They all had the same story: 'There is no bread - we haven't had bread for two months - a lot are dying,"' Jones wrote in one entry.

"We are the living dead," he quoted one peasant as saying.

Jones' eyewitness account had little effect on world opinion at the time.

Stalin's totalitarian regime tightly controlled the flow of information out of the USSR, and many Moscow-based foreign correspondents - some of whom had pro-Soviet sympathies - refused to believe Jones' reporting.

(Excerpt) Read more at watoday.com.au ...


TOPICS: Foreign Affairs
KEYWORDS: garethjones; genocide; robertconquest; stalin; ukraine; walterduranty

1 posted on 11/13/2009 5:30:23 AM PST by Schnucki
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

Great! Gareth Jones was one of a small number
of reporters to tell the truth of the horrors
of collectivisation.

Hope they put them on line, I would love to
read them.


2 posted on 11/13/2009 5:37:54 AM PST by tet68 ( " We would not die in that man's company, that fears his fellowship to die with us...." Henry V.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki
an artificial famine engineered by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin as part of his campaign to force peasants into collective farms.

We will all be forced into national health insurance. Fines and prison terms await those who will not join the collective. And if the fines and prison terms prove insufficient, there are other, cruder methods.

The Left kills its opponents whenever they feel they can get away with it.

3 posted on 11/13/2009 5:38:03 AM PST by ClearCase_guy (Play the Race Card -- lose the game.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki; tet68

Read the first chapter of Tom Rob Smith’s novel,”Child 44”. It describes the conditions in Ukraine during the famine, and what people were forced to do to stay alive.


4 posted on 11/13/2009 5:54:05 AM PST by Sender (It's never too late to be who you could have been.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki
and many Moscow-based foreign correspondents - some of whom had pro-Soviet sympathies - refused to believe Jones' reporting.

Hello New York Times. New York Times, please pick up the white Courtesy phone.

5 posted on 11/13/2009 5:56:39 AM PST by Lurker (The avalanche has begun. The pebbles no longer have a vote.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

“...many Moscow-based foreign correspondents - some of whom had pro-Soviet sympathies - refused to believe Jones’ reporting.”

NYT, i’m looking in YOUR direction!


6 posted on 11/13/2009 5:59:46 AM PST by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Sender

Another most excellent read is Miron Dolot’s
Execution by Hunger: the Hidden Holocaust.

Here is a review.

EXECUTION BY HUNGER: THE HIDDEN HOLOCAUST by Miron Dolot. New York: W.W Norton & Company, 1985, xvi + 231 pp. ISBN 0-393-01886-5

Reviewed by Arthur S. Ward

“Holocaust studies” are now being added to school curricula across the country. Yet, as syndicated columnist Joseph Sobran pointed out recently, one of the ghastliest examples in history, the Soviet’s deliberate starvation of nearly eight million Ukrainians in 1932-33, is largely overlooked.

Execution by Hunger is the first book-length account of this mass murder to be written by one who lived through these terrible events. The author, Miron Dolot (a pseudonym), is a language teacher in California, who as a 15-year-old boy, lived through the winter of 1932-33 in a Ukrainian village that became “a ghost town” that looked “as if the Black Death had passed through.”

What sets the Ukrainian famine apart from others is that it was a politically-induced catastrophe. Ukraine (not “the” Ukraine, anymore than China is “the” China) at one time was known as “the Breadbasket of Europe.” Ukrainians, who are not Russians and have their own language and culture, proclaimed their independence from Russia during World War I. But in 1921, the Red Army reconquered the area and a year later the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed by Lenin.

Ukraine had a history of free peasant farming. This fierce spirit of independence continued even after Ukraine was incorporated into the Soviet Union. But in 1928 Stalin began his program of collectivizing Ukrainian agriculture. The author describes how city-dwelling Communists, who had virtually no knowledge of agriculture and exhibited utter contempt for farmers, took over rural villages and began to enforce collectivization on the hostile populace. In the process, the deeply religious Ukrainians witnessed their churches torn down or turned into Communist Party offices, priests murdered, and religious objects, such as crosses confiscated.

In 1930, Stalin announced a stepped-up campaign of collectivization and declared that all “kulaks” (so-called rich farmers, often paupers by comparison with American farmers) were to be liquidated “as a social class.” Collectivization was organized by Communist offcials (with one Communist functionary for every six villagers) who were assisted by police agents and Red Army units. In Dolot’s village, a Comrade Livschitz oversaw collectivization and elsewhere, “strangers” as the author euphemistically dubs their non-Ukrainian taskmasters, managed the Red reign of terror. Villagers were divided into units of fives and tens, to keep better surveillance over them and root out those who were reluctant to join the collectives. Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians were deported for forced labor in the far northern regions of the Soviet Union.

The Stalin regime confiscated the entire 1932 crop inculding even the seed grain. The bolders were then sealed. Even after starvation set in, agents of the “Bread Procurement Commission” continued to conduct periodic raids on all homes suspected of holding small amounts of food. The author describes what took place;

Faced with statvation, the villagers tried everything possible to save themselves and their families. Some of them started eating dogs and cats. Others went hunting for birds: crows, magpies, swallows, sparrows, storks, and even nightingales. One could see starving villagers searching in the bushes along the river for birds’ nests or looking for crabs and other small crustaceans in the water. Even their hard shells, though not edible, were cooked and the broth consumed as nourishment. One could see crowds of famished villagers combing the woods in search of roots or mushrooms and berries. Some tried to catch small forest animals.

Driven by hunger, people ate everything and anything: even food that had already rotted - potatoes, beets, and other root vegetables that pigs normally refused to eat. They even ate weeds, the leaves and bark of trees, insects, frogs and snails. Nor did they shy away from eating the meat of diseased horses and cattle. Often that meat was already decaying and those who ate it died of food poisoning.

By 1933 there were numerous incidents of cannibalism, and this despite the fact that the 1932 Fall harvest had been a good one. States Dolot, “From the very start of the harvest to the end, not a single pound of wheat had been distributed to the village inhabitants. Nothing was left for them. We were told that all the grain had to be transported to the railroad stations. We also learned that there it had been dumped on the ground, covered in tarpaulins, and left to rot.”

The Soviet-created famine in Ukraine was apparently intended to break the independent spirit of the Ukrainians once and for all. In this effort, they seem to have failed. During the Second World War, many Ukrainians fought along side the Axis forces. Ukrainians are still persecuted in the USSR, at least in part because they retain their sense of awareness that they are indeed Ukrainians and not Russians.

It should be noted that this heart-rending account of the death of a once peaceful and a self reliant Ukrainian village is open to verification. As one who has taught Russian History at the college level, this reviewer can testify that the dates and details coinicide with other records. Adam Ulam, Director of the Russian Research Center at Harvard University, has written the Introduction to this work, and includes a concise overview of the historical context of Dolot’s narrative. This is an important work, dealing with another chapter of what the distinguished Revisionist historian, James J. Martin, has chosen to call “inconvenient history.”


Source: Reprinted from The Journal of Historical Review, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 229-231.


7 posted on 11/13/2009 6:05:37 AM PST by tet68 ( " We would not die in that man's company, that fears his fellowship to die with us...." Henry V.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

“...(Robert)Conquest’s sharp criticism of Western intellectuals for what he saw as their blindness towards the realities of the Soviet Union, both in the 1930s and, in some cases, even in the 1960s. Figures such as Beatrice and Sidney Webb, George Bernard Shaw, Jean-Paul Sartre, Walter Duranty, Sir Bernard Pares, Harold Laski, D. N. Pritt, Theodore Dreiser and Romain Rolland were accused of being dupes of Stalin and apologists for his regime for various comments they had made denying, excusing, or justifying various aspects of the purges. Furthermore, Conquest’s comment about the poet John Cornford, who had been killed in the Spanish Civil War and was a hero of the British intellectual Left, that “not even high intelligence and a sensitive spirit are of any help once the facts of a situation are deduced from a political theory, rather than vice versa,” was widely quoted, and sparked its own controversy. A widely known anecdote says that later, when asked by his publisher how to name the revised version of The Great Terror, Conquest responded, “How about, ‘I Told You So, You F**king Fools’?”
http://en.allexperts.com/e/t/th/the_great_terror.htm


8 posted on 11/13/2009 6:06:08 AM PST by flowerplough ( Pennsylvania today - New New Jersey meets North West Virginia.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: lizol

For your list.


9 posted on 11/13/2009 6:13:09 AM PST by 1rudeboy
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

10 posted on 11/13/2009 7:23:24 AM PST by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: annalex

11 posted on 11/13/2009 7:25:33 AM PST by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

I fear that Obama has something like this in mind for the obstinate American people who refure to quietly into that goodnight....


12 posted on 11/13/2009 7:43:33 AM PST by I Buried My Guns (Buy Lots Of Ammo Today)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki
While the courageous G.Jones was trying to ascertain the truth, Walter Duranty was spreading stalinist lies to the world, specfically whitewashing the Ukranian Genocide, and in general, Stalins war against the Russian Peasantry. Recently, I read a sad book about the Americans who caught up in Duranty's and the NYTimes propoganda about the USSR being the "worker's paradise" decided to leave America in the depths of depression for the communist utopia in the USSR. The book indicates that Duranty was little more than a child molester, and young, underaged Russian girls were delivered to Moskva apartment....Duranty was a total sicko and is a perfect poster child for what is and always has been wrong with the corrupt NY Times.......


13 posted on 11/13/2009 7:55:47 AM PST by AdvisorB (Obamatude could be defined by Blago as something tangible, but not quite as tangible as JJJ's offer.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: FreeStateYank; Velveeta; Cheap_Hessian; paythefiddler; mstar; se99tp; AdvisorB; onedoug; ...
Eastern European ping list


FRmail me to be added or removed from this Eastern European ping list

14 posted on 11/13/2009 1:47:24 PM PST by lizol
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: lizol
There is a book called “Gulag” by a British writer; it came out about five years ago. It has diary excerpts in it as well as the history of the gulags, and how they affect (ed) the world.

I bought it at Heathrow, and read as much as I could on the way home. Solzhenitsyn’s “Gulag Archipelago” should be read along with “Gulag.” One is from inside, one is from outside.

What a sad legacy.

15 posted on 11/13/2009 3:05:41 PM PST by Monkey Face (I wear a yellow ribbon for ForgotenKnight, my army hero grandson.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki
http://www.garethjones.org/soviet_articles/soviet_articles.htm

Even though Gareth revealed the truth, he was publicly
denounced as a liar by several Moscow resident Western
journalists, including The New York Times’ and incumbent
1932 Pulitzer Prize Winner, Walter Duranty.
In 1937, Eugene Lyons, a Moscow based correspondent,
who repudiated Gareth four years earlier, was
apologetic for his actions in his book “Assignment in
Utopia:”

16 posted on 11/13/2009 3:08:41 PM PST by HuntsvilleTxVeteran ((B.?) Hussein (Obama?Soetoro?Dunham?) Change America Will Die From.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: tet68

A small note:

As Mr.Dolot describes, the Ukranians were even forced to eat Nightinggales which were the Ukranian national bird.
That was if they could even find them because the Komsomol
went about killing every one they could find to prevent
the Ukranians from being able to tell when spring had
arrived.

“Faced with statvation, the villagers tried everything possible to save themselves and their families. Some of them started eating dogs and cats. Others went hunting for birds: crows, magpies, swallows, sparrows, storks, and even nightingales...”

It’s interesting too what happened to the villager’s
gold. After starving for a while the government opened
special shops where the villagers could turn in family
gold, icons etc for food. Later when the people returned
home the Komsomol was waiting for them so they could
search their homes further for more hidden articles.


17 posted on 11/13/2009 3:17:46 PM PST by tet68 ( " We would not die in that man's company, that fears his fellowship to die with us...." Henry V.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: tet68

Jones was in the same elite group as Malcolm Muggerudge - trying to get the truth out.


18 posted on 11/13/2009 3:19:01 PM PST by PzLdr ("The Emperor is not as forgiving as I am" - Darth Vader)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: Monkey Face

That was probably “Gulag.” by Anne Applebaum.
A complete overview of the gulag system but not
as many first person accounts as I would have liked,
not that there are that many survivors.

Another good book is Kolyma by Conquest or
other books about Magadan, the transfer point
to the gold camps. Truely a horror.


19 posted on 11/13/2009 3:21:52 PM PST by tet68 ( " We would not die in that man's company, that fears his fellowship to die with us...." Henry V.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 15 | View Replies]

To: tet68

The survivors of Kolyma had a little saying:

Kolyma, Kolyma, Amazing Planet.
Twelve months of Winter
The rest is Summer.


20 posted on 11/13/2009 3:25:23 PM PST by tet68 ( " We would not die in that man's company, that fears his fellowship to die with us...." Henry V.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 19 | View Replies]

To: tet68

Substitute guns for gold that is what obama’s disciples have planned for here. Whether they get to execute their plan is another matter, but, rest assured, that is the most pleasant [for us]thing that they have planned for us.

It appears to me that, just as the Jews in Germany in the 20s amd 30s refused to, despite many warnings,believe what the National Socialists had in store for them, the ,ajority of Conservatives,Christians,etal refuse to acknowledge the extent that the socialists, a/k/a Democrts hate them.


21 posted on 11/13/2009 3:29:58 PM PST by sport
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 17 | View Replies]

To: tet68

You’re right. The book is in storage, or I could have provided more info. (My bad!)

With you, I wish there had been more first-hand accounts, but that’s where “The Gulag Archipelego” comes in. For what it’s worth, it’s a first hand account of the entire system.

I will look for “Kolyma By Conquest” on Amazon and B&N. I’m sure it will, most likely, whet my appetite for more Eurasian history. Thanks for letting me know about that.

:o]

I just bought “The 900 Days” by Harrison Salisbury, and another copy (the first one wore out long ago) of “One Day In the Life of Ivan Denosivich.”


22 posted on 11/13/2009 3:38:42 PM PST by Monkey Face (I wear a yellow ribbon for ForgotenKnight, my army hero grandson.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 19 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

bump


23 posted on 11/13/2009 3:51:02 PM PST by VOA
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

Still waiting for “The Inner Circle” to finally come out on DVD.


24 posted on 11/13/2009 6:21:45 PM PST by dfwgator
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

I’m still waiting for the Communists in Hollywood, etc. to produce even one movie, tv special, documentary (?) about ALL the other horrors and genocides that went on between Leninist and Stalinist times, including this one.

Most people don’t have a clue what else was going on then, since the Communists didn’t keep meticulous records, or, as the victors of WWII, purged them.


25 posted on 11/14/2009 7:53:29 AM PST by Borax Queen
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

My grandparents left Huck, Russia in 1911 for the United States. Below is an article from the American Historical Society of Germans From Russia.

(NOTE: The formatting of this page has been changed and the AHSGR logo and words Die Huckere eliminated to simplify scanning.)

VOLUME 1, No. 2 JANUARY 1997

“HAUNTING IMAGES OF GENOCIDE” Excerpts from an article which appeared in the Lincoln Journal/Star (11/4/96).

A memorial service was held on November 7, 1996 at 7:00 P.M. in the east chambers of the Nebraska State Capital Building to remember the genocide of more than one million German Russians who were forced to be deported by train to work and extermination camps. Mass starvation existed as well as systematic shootings of hundreds of German Russian people during this time. All of this happened in Russia, not Nazi Germany.

Samuel Sinner, a Lincoln chapter member, is researching the government sponsored genocide of German Russians that occurred between 1915-1955.

“The effects of the genocide were so far reaching that Sinner said he thinks every German Russian who fled to Lincoln and other United States Cities had at least one relative killed.”

The date of the memorial is significant because Lenin and the Bolsheviks seized control of the Russian government on this date in 1917.’ Research shows that Lenin and Stalin ordered the executions of many German Russians.

According to Sinner, thousands died of starvation while others died from bullets to the head or ropes around their necks in order to escape execution quotas ordered by Lenin.

The starvation ended in 1924 when Lenin died, but there wasn’t much time to recover before Stalin took over and instituted his first Five Year Plan which called for the elimination of all German Russian privately owned farms.

cont.

“Although they weren’t the only ethnic group that suffered under Lenin and Stalin, German Russians were hit hard because they had the best and largest farms,” Sinner Said.

“Sometimes it haunts you in the night,” said Samuel Sinner. “Even the children were executed: The way they died-they deserve to have their story told,” he added.

“PARTIAL LIST OF VICTIMS OF STARVATION AND

STARVATION RELATED DISEASES” Huck, Volga

January to February 1922: 200+(1)

Fall 1921 - February 1922 (Partial list) (2)

Jacob Schuckmann

Oswald Hausch

Johann Wilhelm

Georg Michael

Johann Hixt Jr.

Philip Hein

Johann Hein (son of Philip)

Conrad Kindsvater, his wife and daughter-in-law

Barbara Kindsvater (wife of Georg Kindsvater)

Christina ....

Jacob Brotzmann

Georg Brotzmann

Oswald Frick

Georg Luther

Elisabetha Eckerdt

Wife of Jacob ....

Anna Margareta Hempel

Johannes Kohler

1: Die Welt Post (Omaha/Lincoln NE) May 25, 19

2: Ibid and Die Welt Post, May 18, 1922


26 posted on 11/15/2009 2:22:54 PM PST by SLB (Wyoming's Alan Simpson on the Washington press - "all you get is controversy, crap and confusion")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Schnucki

The Holocaust that transpired in the Soviet Union under Stalin is essentially denied to this day by the Progressive Left, including many in the counsel of our President. The practice of human sacrifice is still not beyond the pale for some among us, namely those whose God is not God, but the State, and who value an enforced equality of outcome above human liberty.


27 posted on 11/15/2009 2:35:50 PM PST by andy58-in-nh (America does not need to be organized: it needs to be liberated.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: andy58-in-nh

Stalin carried on where Lenin left off, both deserve to rot in hell.


28 posted on 11/15/2009 5:33:21 PM PST by SLB (Wyoming's Alan Simpson on the Washington press - "all you get is controversy, crap and confusion")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 27 | View Replies]

To: flowerplough

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VXkgGdZC6uQ

An award winning documentary about Stalins terror famine in the Ukraine. Banned from PBS for years even though it had won numerous film awards.

Finally when conservative Congressmen made a threat to cut off funding for PBS, it was aired on a special edition of Buckleys “Firing Line”, attempting to taint it as partisan and not a historical documentary.

There was no advertising of it on PBS prior to the showing either.

PBS, at the time, had almost daily documentarys that were pro communist on Frontline, yet they resisted mightedly putting this documentary about communist mass murder on.

Since then I never, ever donate to the local PBS channel.


29 posted on 11/19/2009 2:24:07 PM PST by Katoolie
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson