"Historically and currently, one of the greatest obstacles to acceptance of evolution is the claim that human thought is a product of it. Alfred Wallace, who discovered natural selection independently of Darwin, was never able to accept that it applied to minds, which he thought had an irreducible spirituality. Students today find that the most implausible aspect of Darwins theory is the suggestion that it could provide a way of accounting for the operations of human minds. Here students have a double difficulty: not only is evolution an emergent process on the Darwinian account, but thinking is also an emergent process on the account currently being developed in neuroscience. Thus the human mind is an emergent process resulting from an emergent process! So it is small wonder that students and ordinary people, not to mention many contemporary philosophers, have great difficulty imagining how mind could be the result of brain structures arising from natural selection."
"Thagard and Aubie (2008) offer a neuro computational model of emotional consciousness that explains how many interacting brain areas can generate such emotions as happiness."
As for the actual evidence for free will, the authors solve this by stating :
"Third, within our lifetimes, people are not completely constrained by the kinds of physical and biological forces that generated evolution, but rather operate by free will. Not only is free will supported by our subjective experience of having genuine choices to make, it also fits with our preferred view of ourselves and others as responsible agents."
For those interested in inter-acting with the author(s), one of them can be reached here :
If evolution by natural selection is the norm, then why do we have endangered animal funds when that goes against nature?
They walked in tandem, each of the ninety-two students filing into the already crowded auditorium. With their rich maroon gowns flowing .. and the traditional caps, they looked almost .. as grown up as they felt.
Dads swallowed hard behind broad smiles, and Moms freely brushed away tears.
This class would NOT pray during the commencements——not by choice, but because of a recent court ruling prohibiting it.
The principal and several students were careful to stay within the guidelines allowed by the ruling. They gave inspirational and challenging speeches, but no one mentioned divine guidance and no one asked for blessings on the graduates or their families.
The speeches were nice, but they were routine.....until the final speech received a standing ovation.
A solitary student walked proudly to the microphone. He stood still and silent for just a moment, and then, it happened.
All 92 students, every single one of them, suddenly SNEEZED !!!!
The student on stage.. simply looked at the audience and said,
’ GOD BLESS YOU
And he walked off stage...
The audience exploded into applause. This graduating class had found a unique way to invoke God ‘ s blessing on their future with or without the court ‘ s approval.
Isn ‘ t this a wonderful story? Pass it on to all your friends..........and
GOD BLESS YOU!!!!
This is a true story; it happened at the University of Maryland .
Oh, how I wish THIS one would take off and FILL the whole Country!!
IN GOD WE TRUST
PAUL & CAROL
No trees were killed in the sending of this message,
but a large number of electrons were terribly inconvenienced.
Never underestimate the ability of your students to look around, observe modern humanity, and then look back at you and say “Are you freakin’ kiddin’ me?”
Somehow I knew the fault would lie with the students and with the theory.
YIKES, SeekAndFind! Humans have been so reduced on this view that they are just passive, machinelike objects that can be tinkered with to resolve "emotional obstacles" to the received truths of orthodox Darwinism.
I gather in order to preserve "the cornerstone of modern biology," not only God, but man himself, must be sacrificed....
Springer's been publishing a whole lot of junk lately, IMHO FWIW.
Thanks for the head's-up to the Thagard/Findlay piece SeekAndFind!
A major "cognitive obstacle" to the acceptance of the theory of evolution by natural selection is that it is false. Falseness, absurdity or preposterousness of theories, such as for example the theory that the Earth is shaped like a rugby ball, constitute major congitive obstacles to the acceptance of such theories.
make suggestions about what can be done to improve acceptance of Darwinian
One way is to point out that students will get a grade of zero if they do not profess belief in Darwinism.