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6 volcanoes that could shut down the world
The Week ^ | April 23, 2010 | staff

Posted on 04/27/2010 5:28:36 PM PDT by Rebelbase

Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull wreaked havoc on European air travel, but it could have been worse. Much, much, much worse

The eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull caused billions of dollars in economic damage, and left millions of travelers stranded. But on the Volcanic Explosivity Index — volcanologists’ tool for rating the severity of an eruption — the event rated only a two out of a possible eight. More severe eruptions cause “death and destruction” on a planetary basis, points out Simon Winchester in The Guardian. “They can darken skies and cause devastating changes in the weather. They can and do bring about the abrupt end to the existence of entire populations of animals and people” — not to mention economic damages that could run into the trillions. Here are six volcanoes worth fearing:

1. KATLA (Iceland)
Last erupted: 1918

Effects of a major eruption: If Katla goes off, its eruption will be 10 times stronger than Eyjafjallajokull's. Katla’s larger ash plume would shoot higher in the air and spread over larger areas of Europe for a longer period, with much more devastating effects on air travel and economic trade. An eruption could tip Europe's economy — perhaps even the world's — back into severe recession or a depression.
Likelihood: Fairly high. The two volcanoes, only 12 miles apart, tend to erupt in tandem, and Katla is slightly overdue in its 80-year cycle.

2. CUMBRE VIEJA (La Palma, Canary Islands)
Last erupted: 1971

Effects of a major eruption: In 2001, U.S. and British scientists warned that a major eruption of Cumbre Vieja could cause the enire western flank of the volcano to fall into the sea, creating a “mega-tsunami” in the Atlantic. Traveling at 500 miles per hour, it would wipe out Florida, coastal Brazil, and parts of Europe with waves up to 160-feet high.
Likelihood: The scientists say the “year to year probability” of a major eruption is low, but preparations should be taken anyway given the potentially cataclysmic damages.

3. MT. VESUVIUS (Italy)
Last erupted: 1944

Effects of major eruption: Famous for wiping out Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 A.D., Vesuvius would do much greater damage today. About 3 million people live near the volcano, 600,000 of them in the “red zone.” An eruption would kill at least 8,000 people and cause more than $24 billion worth of damage, according to Willis Research Network, which just named Vesuvius the most dangerous volcano in Europe. The ash would change weather patterns in Europe and leave the Naples area a “lifeless desert.”
Likelihood: Scientists say Vesuvius is overdue for an explosion.

4. POPOCATÉPETL (Mexico)
Last erupted: 2000

Effects of a major eruption: The third-tallest active volcano in the Northern Hemisphere, Popocatépetl is only 40 miles west of Mexico City and its 18 million inhabitants, and 30 miles east of Puebla, a city of two million. A large eruption could send deadly mudslides into the populous valleys below, creating “catastrophic” loss of life.
Likelihood: After an 80-year dormant period, Popocatépetl is showing signs of activity.

5. MT. TAMBORA (Sumbawa, Indonesia)
Last erupted: 1967

Effects of a major eruption: Tambora erupted in spectacular fashion in 1815 and changed weather patterns around the globe, causing “frosts in Italy in June and snows in Virginia in July, and the failure of crops in immense swaths across Europe and the America.” The blow-up killed more than 71,000 people directly, and many more through famine and sickness.
Likelihood: Tambora is still active and, given its history and Indonesia's 222 million inhabitants, closely monitored.

6. YELLOWSTONE “SUPERVOLCANO” (U.S.)
Last erupted: 640,000 years ago

Effects of a major eruption: When the Yellowstone Caldera, or “supervolcano,” in Yellowstone National erupts again, it will render a huge swath of North America, from Vancouver to Oklahoma City, uninhabitable. It would have incalculable human and economic consequences. The last eruption of similar magnitude — 73,000 years ago in Sumatra — plunged the entire planet into a decade-long volcanic winter and nearly wiped out the human race.
Likelihood: Geologists see signs that it could be preparing for another major blowout soon, although “soon” could mean thousands of years.


TOPICS: Extended News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: canaryislands; catastrophism; cumbrevieja; lapalma; tsunami; volcanoes
FWIW, the fourth google pic search return for Katla:


1 posted on 04/27/2010 5:28:36 PM PDT by Rebelbase
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To: Rebelbase
She's likely to take a chill, wearing that. Needs a sweater. And pants.

/johnny

2 posted on 04/27/2010 5:33:02 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: Rebelbase
Map of the Yellowstone Hot Spot Trail. Reveals the movement of the North American tectonic plate over the last approximate 15 million years.

Image and video hosting by TinyPic

_______________________________________________________________

Under Yellowstone, Magma Pocket 20% Larger Than Thought

"The finding, based on the most detailed model yet of the region's geologic plumbing, suggests that Yellowstone's magma chamber contains even more fuel for a future "supereruption" than anyone had suspected.

The model shows that a 45-mile-wide (72-kilometer-wide) plume of hot, molten rock rises to feed the supervolcano from at least 410 miles (660 kilometers) beneath Earth's surface.

The deepest part of the plume actually sits beneath the town of Wisdom, Montana, about 150 miles (241 kilometers) from Yellowstone National Park."

NationalGeographic.com:
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/12/091215-yellowstone-volcano-magma-plume-larger.html

3 posted on 04/27/2010 5:37:22 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: ETL
Dang, that's a lot of...


4 posted on 04/27/2010 5:43:49 PM PDT by Charles Martel ("Endeavor to persevere...")
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To: Rebelbase

5 posted on 04/27/2010 5:45:47 PM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: Rebelbase

bookmark


6 posted on 04/27/2010 5:47:08 PM PDT by UCANSEE2 (The Last Boy Scout)
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To: Rebelbase; SunkenCiv; TaraP; JoeProBono

Ping.

:-)


7 posted on 04/27/2010 5:47:49 PM PDT by fanfan (Why did they bury Barry's past?)
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To: Rebelbase
6 volcanoes that could shut down the world

7 if you count the one located at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. in the D.C.

8 posted on 04/27/2010 5:49:35 PM PDT by Don Corleone ("Oil the gun..eat the cannolis. Take it to the Mattress.")
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To: Rebelbase

Don’t forget: Mt. Shasta, Mt. Hood, Mt. St. Helens, and Mt. Ranier.


9 posted on 04/27/2010 5:50:02 PM PDT by DownInFlames
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To: Rebelbase
Great ! A young woman with sagging droopy breasts and no arm muscle carrying an over-sized spear while wearing torn clothing and knee-high boots.

10 posted on 04/27/2010 5:52:33 PM PDT by pyx (Rule#1.The LEFT lies.Rule#2.See Rule#1. IF THE LEFT CONTROLS THE LANGUAGE, IT CONTROLS THE ARGUMENT.)
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To: Rebelbase
In other words these volcanoes are almost as much of a threat to mankind as the democrats.
11 posted on 04/27/2010 5:53:57 PM PDT by Bullish (Light skinned with no negro dialect (unless I want one))
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To: Rebelbase

Tambora likes Katla.

12 posted on 04/27/2010 5:55:09 PM PDT by P.O.E. ("Danger is My Beer" - Rev. Dr. Fred Lane)
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To: Don Corleone

LOL.

That’s not a volcano.

That’s a bad case of hell’s diarrhea.


13 posted on 04/27/2010 5:55:28 PM PDT by Quix (BLOKES who got us where we R: http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/religion/2130557/posts?page=81#81)
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To: UCANSEE2

Bookmark


14 posted on 04/27/2010 6:03:10 PM PDT by Wildbill22
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To: Rebelbase

I would prefer that Katla any day.


15 posted on 04/27/2010 6:05:10 PM PDT by Travis McGee (---www.EnemiesForeignAndDomestic.com---)
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To: ETL

That model of the Yellowstone plume looks like a malignant colon.


16 posted on 04/27/2010 6:10:30 PM PDT by Rebelbase (Don't think of work as 5 days on, 2 days off. Instead think 4 nights on, 3 off.)
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To: Charles Martel

Is there a hockey stick diagram somewhere in that map?


17 posted on 04/27/2010 6:12:30 PM PDT by classified
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To: Travis McGee
I would prefer that Katla any day.

DANGER!!!!WILL ROBINSON!!!!DANGER!!!!

18 posted on 04/27/2010 6:20:36 PM PDT by bigheadfred (If I've said it once, I've said it a million times...)
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To: bigheadfred

DANGER!!!! WILL ROBINSON!!!! DANGER!!!!

19 posted on 04/27/2010 6:25:12 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Rebelbase
That model of the Yellowstone plume looks like a malignant colon.

Rorschach 3D?

20 posted on 04/27/2010 6:25:34 PM PDT by bigheadfred (If I've said it once, I've said it a million times...)
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To: P.O.E.
She's wearing boots so she won't Crack a Toe!

PUN Alert!

21 posted on 04/27/2010 6:30:54 PM PDT by Young Werther ("Quae cum ita sunt" Since these things are so!)
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To: ETL; Travis McGee; Rebelbase
From her looks, I bet little Katla there could take that boogerflicker, slice a bit and then step on you and make your guts protrude just like a malignant colon!

I think I'd rather be stuck bywith the volcano.

HEY! I can see Yellowstone out my back door! OMG! I'm gonna DIE!!

SAVE ME LITTLE KATLA!!!

22 posted on 04/27/2010 6:37:35 PM PDT by bigheadfred (If I've said it once, I've said it a million times...)
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To: ETL

What about Krakatoa?


23 posted on 04/27/2010 6:39:28 PM PDT by Extremely Extreme Extremist (Obamunism: You have two cows. The regime redistributes them and shoots you dead)
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To: Extremely Extreme Extremist
What about Krakatoa?

Will Krakatoa rock the world again? Last time, it killed thousands and changed the weather for five years, now it could be even deadlier...
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1203028/Will-Krakatoa-rock-world-Last-time-killed-thousands-changed-weather-years-deadlier.html

24 posted on 04/27/2010 6:56:28 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Young Werther

I hope she doesn’t get a lawyer and ve-SUE-vi-US...


25 posted on 04/27/2010 7:05:12 PM PDT by AndrewB (FUBO)
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To: Rebelbase

Katla really is a potentially serious unavoidable problem in the near future. It had followed eyjafjallajokull in all 3 of eyjafjallajokull’s eruptions in recorded history. Some of its eruptions have put an awful lot of stuff in the atmosphere. Anything that decrease crop yields worldwide is ‘bad, (as in catastrophism-level bad)’ not to mention the more immediate impact on the european economy.


26 posted on 04/27/2010 8:05:52 PM PDT by WoofDog123
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To: Rebelbase

The closer the volcano to the equator, the more significant the impact on the planet.

The upper level winds will spread the plume much further and wider than a volcano nearer one of the poles like the one in Iceland.

Location counts for an awful lot.


27 posted on 04/27/2010 8:23:35 PM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: pyx

Swaybacked, no less.


28 posted on 04/27/2010 8:25:21 PM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: ETL

Awesome pics.

Looks more like Mt. Doom, however.


29 posted on 04/27/2010 8:28:01 PM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: WoofDog123
Katla really is a potentially serious unavoidable problem in the near future. It had followed eyjafjallajokull in all 3 of eyjafjallajokull’s eruptions in recorded history.

By how much did it follow?

30 posted on 04/27/2010 8:29:04 PM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: metmom

from what I have been able to gather (and this is by what calendar dates I have been able to find on the 3 historic eruptions), a couple of years max maybe. Perhaps someone has more detailed info, I am interested as well.

What references I have been able to find imply that once eyjafjallajokull quits erupting, katla would then go.


31 posted on 04/27/2010 8:46:06 PM PDT by WoofDog123
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To: WoofDog123

Kind of like a relief valve.


32 posted on 04/27/2010 9:04:33 PM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: WoofDog123; metmom
This is all I could find on a quick search at 1:20 AM on the east coast.

Volcanoes of Iceland:
http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/en/iceland.html

Katla volcano

Volcano type Subglacial shield volcano
Location South Iceland, 63.63°N / 19.05°W
Summit elevation 1512 m (4,961 ft)
Last eruptions
920 AD, 950 AD (?), 1150, 1177, 1245, 1262, 1311, 1357, 1416, 1440, 1450, 1500, 1580, 1612, 1625, 1660-61, 1721, 1755-56, 1823, 1860, 1918, 1955(?), 1999(?), 1918
Typical eruption style
explosive basaltic and dacitic eruptions, voluminous lava flows.

____________________________________________

Eyjafjöll volcano

Volcano type Stratovolcano
Location South Iceland, 63.63°N / 19.62°W
Summit elevation 1666 m (5,466 ft)
Last eruptions 1821-23, 20 March 2010 - ongoing
Typical eruption style effusive (Hawaiian-style lava fountains and lava flows), mildly explosive due to ice-water-lava interaction.


33 posted on 04/27/2010 10:23:18 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: WoofDog123; metmom

Iceland is the tiny land mass at the top.


World Distribution of Mid-Oceanic Ridges; USGS


The Mid-Atlantic Ridge in Iceland


The ridge was central in the
breakup of Pangaea that began
some 180 million years ago.

SOURCE: Mid-Atlantic Ridge:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mid-Atlantic_Ridge

34 posted on 04/27/2010 10:27:44 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Rebelbase

FWIW, we were in Pompii on the flanks of Mt. Vesuvius yesterday.
Beautiful but our knowledge made it menacing. Fantastic trip.


35 posted on 04/28/2010 1:49:29 AM PDT by JimSEA ("A deeply, deeply troubled individual" per WJC)
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To: JimSEA
You needn't worry. All we have to do is tax the people for living on a planet with volcanoes and the problem is solved.
36 posted on 04/28/2010 2:23:00 AM PDT by Cowgirl
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To: Rebelbase

Is this your human sacrifice to appease the volcano gods?


37 posted on 04/28/2010 5:07:38 AM PDT by doberville
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To: ETL

Thanks for the pings. Pretty interesting stuff.


38 posted on 04/28/2010 7:56:39 AM PDT by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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