Skip to comments.Setting traps for uranium
Posted on 05/23/2010 8:58:49 PM PDT by neverdem
It could be possible to get uranium from seawater in the future, claim US scientists who have devised a new way to extract uranyl ions from aqueous solutions.
With the rapid depletion of fossil fuels, the search for alternative power sources is becoming increasingly important. One alternative is nuclear fission, making uranium - the fuel used in nuclear reactors - an important target for isolation. Although uranium is currently extracted from solid ores such as uraninite, it also exists in large quantities as uranyl ions (UO22+) in seawater. However, due to its distinctive shape that prevents the use of conventional chelating ligands, sequestering the uranyl ion from seawater has remained a challenge.
The uranyl ion binds well with carboxylates, and encasing the ion in an apolar environment stabilises electrostatic interactions and enhances intermolecular forces explains Julius Rebek Jr at Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla. Rebek's team discovered that when three bidentate 2,6-terphenyl carboxylic acid ligands coordinate to the ion, their bulky phenyl groups form a cage around it shielding it from any water. This complex can then be extracted from solution in various ways depending on the type of medium it is in.
Carboxylic acid ligands coordinate to the ion forming a cage around it
'There are about 4.5 billion tons of dissolved uranium in the ocean. This is nearly 1000 times more than the terrestrial uranium sources in the western world,' says Orion Berryman, a member of the research team. 'Our work addresses the challenges of uranium extraction from a unique perspective - isolating the uranium atom from its native environment through encapsulation.'
'It's certainly confronting a significant problem and it's an interesting piece of work,' says Jack Harrowfield, an expert in coordination chemistry at Louis Pasteur University in Strasbourg, France. 'But it needs to be shown that it is selective,' he adds.
Rebek and his colleagues now plan to address this problem by developing ligands that will exhibit a higher affinity for uranium, which will also allow its extraction at much lower concentrations than currently possible.
Encapsulation of the uranyl dication
Stephan Beer, Orion B. Berryman, Dariush Ajami and Julius Rebek Jr., Chem. Sci., 2010
Basic extraction of uranium
Coordination complexes that can remove radioactive elements from the environment have been developed by US scientists.
Uranium chemistry: the final frontier
Scientists have made new uranium compounds for the future of nuclear power
Interview: Something in the water
Bibudhendra Sarkar talks about metalloenzymes, helping sick children and hunting for toxic metals in the environment
i wonder how well this process could work if adapted to cleaning up radioactive contamination...like at bikini atoll for example...
I knew not to bother to read any further. If they can't get that right, they have no business pretending to be science writers.
I’m inclined to see thorium-based fuels as a better alternative to the use of uranium. It is more plentiful, safer and easier to transport.
It would not work very well at all.
The really bad actors in radioactive contamination are the fission products of uranium, which are other elements.
The oceans pu t together may contain 1000 times as much uranium as in the mines on land — but in how much water? It is going to have to be cost effective to filter it out, before the oceans can be “mined” for uranium.
true but aii of ‘the easy oil’ is getting gone. So we got to start looking elsewhere IMO.
Do you think a similar process could be used to trap those particles?
Well, that "is" the point of the technology described. Probably looking to do solvent extraction. Convert the uranyl ions into species "relatively" insoluble in water, but highly soluble in an organic, separate the immiscible phases, "break" the complex to free the uranium. Recycle the chelating agent and organic solvent.
Put the windmills to work....
'There are about 4.5 billion tons of dissolved uranium in the ocean. This is nearly 1000 times more than the terrestrial uranium sources in the western world,' says Orion Berryman, a member of the research team."The half-life of uranium- 238 is about 4.47 billion years and that of uranium-235 is 704 million years" [wackipedia]
|· join · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post new topic · subscribe ·|