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Religious Affiliation of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence
adherents.com ^ | Dec 2005 | adherents.com

Posted on 07/04/2010 4:53:44 PM PDT by NoLibZone

Religious Affiliation of the Signers of the
Declaration of Independence

Religious Affiliation # of
signers
% of
signers
Episcopalian/Anglican 32 57.1%
Congregationalist 13 23.2%
Presbyterian 12 21.4%
Quaker 2 3.6%
Unitarian or Universalist 2 3.6%
Catholic 1 1.8%
TOTAL 56 100%


Name of Signer
State Religious Affiliation
Charles Carroll Maryland Catholic
Samuel Huntington Connecticut Congregationalist
Roger Sherman Connecticut Congregationalist
William Williams Connecticut Congregationalist
Oliver Wolcott Connecticut Congregationalist
Lyman Hall Georgia Congregationalist
Samuel Adams Massachusetts Congregationalist
John Hancock Massachusetts Congregationalist
Josiah Bartlett New Hampshire Congregationalist
William Whipple New Hampshire Congregationalist
William Ellery Rhode Island Congregationalist
John Adams Massachusetts Congregationalist; Unitarian
Robert Treat Paine Massachusetts Congregationalist; Unitarian
George Walton Georgia Episcopalian
John Penn North Carolina Episcopalian
George Ross Pennsylvania Episcopalian
Thomas Heyward Jr. South Carolina Episcopalian
Thomas Lynch Jr. South Carolina Episcopalian
Arthur Middleton South Carolina Episcopalian
Edward Rutledge South Carolina Episcopalian
Francis Lightfoot Lee Virginia Episcopalian
Richard Henry Lee Virginia Episcopalian
George Read Delaware Episcopalian
Caesar Rodney Delaware Episcopalian
Samuel Chase Maryland Episcopalian
William Paca Maryland Episcopalian
Thomas Stone Maryland Episcopalian
Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts Episcopalian
Francis Hopkinson New Jersey Episcopalian
Francis Lewis New York Episcopalian
Lewis Morris New York Episcopalian
William Hooper North Carolina Episcopalian
Robert Morris Pennsylvania Episcopalian
John Morton Pennsylvania Episcopalian
Stephen Hopkins Rhode Island Episcopalian
Carter Braxton Virginia Episcopalian
Benjamin Harrison Virginia Episcopalian
Thomas Nelson Jr. Virginia Episcopalian
George Wythe Virginia Episcopalian
Thomas Jefferson Virginia Episcopalian (Deist)
Benjamin Franklin Pennsylvania Episcopalian (Deist)
Button Gwinnett Georgia Episcopalian; Congregationalist
James Wilson Pennsylvania Episcopalian; Presbyterian
Joseph Hewes North Carolina Quaker, Episcopalian
George Clymer Pennsylvania Quaker, Episcopalian
Thomas McKean Delaware Presbyterian
Matthew Thornton New Hampshire Presbyterian
Abraham Clark New Jersey Presbyterian
John Hart New Jersey Presbyterian
Richard Stockton New Jersey Presbyterian
John Witherspoon New Jersey Presbyterian
William Floyd New York Presbyterian
Philip Livingston New York Presbyterian
James Smith Pennsylvania Presbyterian
George Taylor Pennsylvania Presbyterian
Benjamin Rush Pennsylvania Presbyterian

The signers of the Declaration of Independence were a profoundly intelligent, religious and ethically-minded group. Four of the signers of the Declaration of Independence were current or former full-time preachers, and many more were the sons of clergymen. Other professions held by signers include lawyers, merchants, doctors and educators. These individuals, too, were for the most part active churchgoers and many contributed significantly to their churches both with contributions as well as their service as lay leaders. The signers were members of religious denominations at a rate that was significantly higher than average for the American Colonies during the late 1700s.

These signers have long inspired deep admiration among both secularists (who appreciate the non-denominational nature of the Declaration) and by traditional religionists (who appreciate the Declaration's recognition of God as the source of the rights enumerated by the document). Lossing's seminal 1848 collection of biographies of the signers of the Declaration of Independence echoed widely held sentiments held then and now that there was divine intent or inspiration behind the Declaration of Independence. Lossing matter-of-factly identified the signers as "instruments of Providence" who have "gone to receive their reward in the Spirit Land."

From: B. J. Lossing, Signers of the Declaration of Independence, George F. Cooledge & Brother: New York (1848) [reprinted in Lives of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, WallBuilder Press: Aledo, Texas (1995)], pages 7-12:

From no point of view can the Declaration of American Independence, the causes which led to its adoption, and the events which marked its maintenance, be observed without exciting sentiments of profound veneration for the men who were the prominent actors in that remarkable scene in the drama of the world's history...

The signing of that instrument was a solemn act, and required great firmness and patriotism in those who committed it... neither firmness nor patriotism was wanting in that august body...

Such were the men unto whose keeping, as instruments of Providence, the destinies of America were for the time intrusted; and it has been well remarked, that men, other than such as these,--an ignorant, untaught mass, like those who have formed the physical elements of other revolutionary movements, without sufficient intellect to guide and control them--could not have conceived, planned, and carried into execution, such a mighty movement, one so fraught with tangible marks of political wisdom, as the American Revolution...

Their bodies now have all returned to their kindred dust in the grave, and their souls have gone to receive their reward in the Spirit Land.

From: Robert G. Ferris (editor), Signers of the Declaration: Historic Places Commemorating the Signing of the Declaration of Independence, published by the United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service: Washington, D.C. (revised edition 1975), pages 27-28:

Liberally endowed as a whole with courage and sense of purpose, the signers [of the Declaration of Independence] consisted of a distinguished group of individuals. Although heterogeneous in background, education, experience, and accommplishments, at the time of the signing they were practically all men of means and represented an elite cross section of 18th-century American leadership. Everyone one of them of them had achieved prominence in his colony, but only a few enjoyed a national reputation.

The signers were those individuals who happened to be Delegates to Congress at the time... The signers possessed many basic similarities. Most were American-born and of Anglo-Saxon origin. The eight foreign-born... were all natives of the British Isles. Except for Charles Carroll, a Roman Catholic, and a few Deists, every one subscribed to Protestantism. For the most part basically political nonextremists, many at first had hesitated at separation let alone rebellion.



TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: declaration; fortunes; lives; religionfounders; sacredhonor
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1 posted on 07/04/2010 4:53:46 PM PDT by NoLibZone
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To: NoLibZone

Religious Affiliation # of
signers
% of
signers
Episcopalian/Anglican 32 57.1%
Congregationalist 13 23.2%
Presbyterian 12 21.4%
Quaker 2 3.6%
Unitarian or Universalist 2 3.6%
Catholic 1 1.8%
TOTAL 56 100%

Ping for later

2 posted on 07/04/2010 5:01:21 PM PDT by Alex Murphy (http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/religion/2503089/posts?page=9#9)
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To: NoLibZone

The declaration was signed by English colonials in the English area, so this is perfectly normal...they were mostly Anglicans (Episcopalians), members of the state church at that time.

I have actually always been surprised that a Catholic was allowed to sign, considering the attacks on the Catholic Church by the English at that point. So the tolerance of Catholics by Protestants was a positive sign that many people don’t recognize or understand.


3 posted on 07/04/2010 5:02:17 PM PDT by livius
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To: livius

We needed France.


4 posted on 07/04/2010 5:05:00 PM PDT by NoLibZone (Liberals are right. The AZ situation is like Nazi Germany. Mexico is Germany and Arizona is Poland)
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To: NoLibZone

Charles Carroll was from Maryland, which had been very tolerant of Catholics.


5 posted on 07/04/2010 5:11:38 PM PDT by Fred Hayek (FUBO! I salute you with the soles of my shoes!)
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Good list. Added to this is how many signers were Freemasons.

Confirmed Masonic Membership of the following:
William Ellery, RI
Benjamin Franklin, PA
John Hancock, MA
Joseph Hewes, NC
William Hooper, NC
Robert Treat Paine, MA
Richard Stockton, NJ
George Walton, GA
William Whipple, NH

Membership Rumored, but not Proven by Records:
Elbridge Gerry, MA
Thomas Jefferson, VA
Richard Henry Lee, VA
Thomas McKean, DE
Robert Morris, PA
Thomas Nelson, Jr., VA
John Penn, NC
Benjamin Rush, PA
Roger Sherman, CT
James Smith, PA
John Witherspoon, NJ

6 posted on 07/04/2010 5:12:58 PM PDT by Ripliancum ("As He died to make men holy, let us live to make men free")
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To: Alex Murphy

Now wait a minute!!!
Not one darn Baptist??
Heck,
Ya can’t swing a dead cat down here in Georgia and not hit three Baptist churches!!!


7 posted on 07/04/2010 5:17:07 PM PDT by bossmechanic (If all else fails, hit it with a hammer)
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To: NoLibZone

There is no ‘constitutional’ separation of Church and State.
This is and has always been a myth created by Liberals.

Anyone with more than two brain cells can easily see that all the founding documents are replete with references to G-D. And all the founding fathers were religious, rational, fair and ethical people. They were all the exact opposite of a Liberal.


8 posted on 07/04/2010 5:17:16 PM PDT by 240B (he is doing everything he said he wouldn't and not doing what he said he would)
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To: Alex Murphy

What, no muzzies?


9 posted on 07/04/2010 5:17:57 PM PDT by ully2 (ully)
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To: NoLibZone

About France: We benefitted greatly from the propensity of France to tick off Britain.


10 posted on 07/04/2010 5:21:55 PM PDT by angryoldfatman
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To: Alex Murphy
Wasn't Jefferson a Muslim? He had a copy of the Koran in his library!/s
11 posted on 07/04/2010 5:24:09 PM PDT by Candor7 (Obama .......yes.......is fascist... ...He meets every diagnostic of history)
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To: bossmechanic
Not one darn Baptist??

Exactly. That's why this list is ridiculous.

12 posted on 07/04/2010 5:24:56 PM PDT by Misterioso (The truth is not for all men, but only for those who seek it. -- Ayn Rand)
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To: NoLibZone

Actually, I don’t think it was that cynical (for one thing, the French had been heavily, if not officially, on the side of the Protestants for a long time). The Founders realized that a state church wasn’t a good idea and even though the Anglicans didn’t like the Congregationalists and vice versa, and nobody liked the Catholics, they understood that the Judeo Christian nucleus had to be the foundation of this new country.


13 posted on 07/04/2010 5:24:56 PM PDT by livius
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To: NoLibZone
I'd like to see unequivocal evidence that John Adams was a Unitarian.

It's interesting to note that the Supreme Court today consists almost entirely of Roman Catholics and Jews.

14 posted on 07/04/2010 5:26:26 PM PDT by hellbender
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To: hellbender

Yup, the’re all owned by the world system.


15 posted on 07/04/2010 5:28:56 PM PDT by evangmlw
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To: bossmechanic

Baptist were to busy preaching the gospel, didn’t have time for political office.


16 posted on 07/04/2010 5:30:45 PM PDT by evangmlw
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To: NoLibZone

No Methodists on the list, but then methodism hadn’t formed their own churches in America until after the Declaration of Independence.

The Baptists didn’t really organize much in America either until the beginning of the 19th Century.


17 posted on 07/04/2010 5:33:02 PM PDT by I_Like_Spam
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To: Fred Hayek

Carroll was a Catholic. Maryland was the first among the colonies to provide for freedom of religion, having been founded for this purpose by the Catholic Lord Baltimore (the Calvert family) in 1632.


18 posted on 07/04/2010 5:33:47 PM PDT by livius
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To: evangmlw

The Catholics (Kennedy, Scalia, Thomas, Roberts, Alito) on the Supreme Court are now the only barrier to complete triumph of atheistic secular values.


19 posted on 07/04/2010 5:36:08 PM PDT by hellbender
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To: NoLibZone
Those men knew what they were about. They were dedicated, committed, God-fearing individuals who set in motion something amazing...something inspired.
"We have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality and religion. Avarice, ambition, revenge, or gallantry, would break the strongest cords of our Constitution as a whale goes through a net. Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate for the government of any other."- John Adams, Oct. 11, 1798 "We have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality and religion. Avarice, ambition, revenge, or gallantry, would break the strongest cords of our Constitution as a whale goes through a net. Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate for the government of any other."- John Adams, Oct. 11, 1798
Now, after a 40-50 year coup in America...a slow coup where virtually every aspect of society has been slowly infiltrated by individuals diametrically opposed to what those original individual's set in motion, we have an abject marxist and his enablers at the helm. And they know exactly what they are about as they attempt to dissemble what ovr 220 yeaars created.

But the spirit of America is still alive and has awakened.


AMERICA AAWAKENS IN 2009-2010

...and it is forcing thee enemies, and to be sure, they are enemies to everything we hold dear, to hurry, and make their designs more plain with every passing day and to make many large mistakes, awakening further more Americans.

Now, Ameirca is at the crossroads of history, with the opportunity to start turning the long coup around in 2010 and 2012 and that freedom and true morally based liberty and this Union might not perish rom the earth. Shall we do so?


AMERICA AT THE CROSSROADS OF HISTORY IN 2010

You bet!

As seen this July 4th on www.jeffhead.com:

"Barack Hussein Obama, hear us, loyal Americans whose bloodlines run deep in this land, back to the founding & beyond, who have watered the ground of this nation & foreign soils to maintain our liberty & constitution: Molon Labe-Sic Semper Tyranus-De Oppresso Liber. Your Marxism shall not stand in this land, so help us God!" - Jeff Head, July 3, 2010

WE NEED YOU TO HELP RESTORE THE CONSTITUTION

20 posted on 07/04/2010 5:39:14 PM PDT by Jeff Head (Freedom is not free...never has been, never will be. (www.dragonsfuryseries.com))
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