Skip to comments.Russia revives Caspian Sea Monster
Posted on 07/18/2010 1:29:53 AM PDT by ErnstStavroBlofeld
The Russian government has commissioned the renewal of the Caspian Sea Monster, the legendary ground effect vehicle (GEV). Only 30 such crafts were built in the Soviet Union over two decades. Propeller The revival of GEV production was announced by the Alekseev design and construction bureau, which used to be the leading producer of such vehicles. According to its production branch director, Evgeny Meleshko, the bureau is working on a big model. It will spend two years making the new design with the first tests to be launched in 2012.
For our company its a big project, and most of our specialists will be working on it, Meleshko told Interfax news agency.
GEVs are high-speed naval vehicles that fly just over the surface thanks to a high-pressure air cushion created by its wings. The first prototype with a wingspan of 37.6 meters and a hull length of about 100 meters could travel at 250 knots and had a maximum take-off weigh of 544 tons.
The Soviet Union produced several models, including one for amphibian troops transportation and a cruise missile carrier. There was also a project for a strategic GEV armed with ballistic missiles.
(Excerpt) Read more at rt.com ...
Wonder how a not quite airplane that can maneuver in 2 dimensions will stand up against real airplanes that can maneuver in three dimensions?
Release the Kraken
It attains level flight near the surface of the Earth, made possible by a cushion of high-pressure air created by the aerodynamic interaction between the wings and the surface known as ground effect.
The big multi-engine ones are very impressive, but I imagine they really burn up the fuel.
That's what I'm saying, there is not much in the "Up or Down" maneuverability of this thing, easy pickings for an aircraft that has lots of "Up and Down" maneuverability.
Ground effect works great as long as there are no waves or sand dunes.
International Maritime Organization recognizes three classes of ground effect craft:
1.Type A cannot operate out of ground effect.
2.Type B can jump to clear obstacles by converting kinetic energy (speed) into potential energy (height), but cannot maintain flight without the support of the ground effect.
3.Type C are certified as aircraft, with the ability to operate safely and efficiently out of ground effect.
Type C are certified as aircraft, with the ability to operate safely and efficiently out of ground effect
Didn't know about type "C".
Types "A" and "B" would definitely be a thrill ride ;^)
Water is very smooth - not open ocean. I fail to see the modern utility in a prop plane that guzzles fuel and flies neither high nor fast and is sensitive to waves.
(Spent some time as an A.I. in the 70's trying to figure these guys out)
I think they are bringing it back for military use.
Military use in inland waterways? Cause the water has to be sooth and then, unoccupied. Sea Monster versus commuter ferry. Sea Monster versus trawler. Sea Monster versus row boat/jet ski. So they want to cover long flat unoccupied bodies of water...hmmmm....
“amphibian troops transportation” Hmmmm....doesn’t seem practical. It does mention ballistic missile...so...assuming one is riding up on hostiles, you hope their waterways are clear and calm? For the Black Sea or some other neighbor?
I do believe that this “somewhat” limited aircraft wannabe is an ideal mass troop carrier for any high speed invasion.
How many Russian troops in just one aircraft? a thousand, or more?
I can imagine 6 of these aircraft all wave skimming to make a beach head landing.
I personally think its a very admirable Russian design that is overlooked by western over-tech thinking.
The Soviet Navy ordered 120 Orlyonok-class ekranoplans. ut this figure was later reduced to fewer than thirty vehicles, with planned deployment mainly in the Black Sea and Baltic Sea fleets.A few Orlyonoks served with the Soviet Navy from 1979 to 1992. In 1987, the 400-ton Lun-class ekranoplan was built as a missile launcher.
These craft were originally developed as very high-speed military transports, and were based mostly on the shores of the Caspian Sea and Black Sea
I know of these “aircraft” but looking at them it still gives me a shiver, these are truly menacing, its like looking at a combination battleship, LCAC and a 747 all morphed together.
I would like to own one.
For those of you concerned about these vehicles clearing water-based obstacles, consider that ground effect occurs up to an altitude equivalent to the wingspan of the vehicle, with maximum efficiency occurring at one-half of that altitude. If one of these things has a 100-foot wingspan, it can stay in ground effect at 100 feet above the surface, with maximum efficiency at 50 feet. Some of these vehicles can also do short-distance hops up to several hundred feet, to clear taller obstacles. Don’t forget that they can fly at 500 knots.
These things are awesome marvels of aeronautical engineering.
Not exactly stealthy, tho...
Bump for later
Looks like a grandchild of the Spruce Goose!
We might not worry about it but I guarantee that the nation of Georgia has the shivers. This is a “Threat Axis” multiplier which has to be factored in for proper military preparedness. Every country along the Caspian and Black Seas now has something else to worry about in this area if the Russian Bear gets irritated enough.
It’s an interesting idea but quiet they’re not. Hopefully, the Russians will use modern high-bypass jet engines and turboprops with quieter blades for a commercial version.
It may seem ungainly, but it is really a beautiful design
If they fly 100 ft. over the surface, why couldn't these planes be used for commercial transportation? It seems that they would be more fuel efficient. And their design looks crash landing-friendly.
//It seems that they would be more fuel efficient//
Not at 500 knots, or maybe any speed using jet engines. Both the aircraft and the engine is more efficient at high altitude.
That however does not mean this platform does not have some very effective uses. Think about if China perfected this technology and their threat against Taiwan.
There’s been some strange stuff made. I always likes the Sea Dart and Martin Sea Master.
IMO it is very efficient vs airplane since it takes much less enegry to utilize a ground effect comparing to horizontal flight. Same is about payload.
This thing is a hybrid of an airplane and a boat with pros and cons from both.
Less wind resistance? I guess that makes sense.
On the Stealth, they could work on it.
Fuel consumption? Think turbo-compound Rotary or 2 stroke Diesel, turbo-compounded.
And Zero is cutting everything defense.We could do it, but not anytime soon. This is a serious delivery system of weapons and personnel.