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Why Development Aid for Africa Has Failed
Der Spiegel ^ | August 16, 2010 | Kurt Gerhardt

Posted on 08/21/2010 2:09:38 AM PDT by Cardhu

Development aid to Africa has been flowing for decades, but the results have been paltry. Instead, recipients have merely become dependent and initiative has been snuffed out. It is time to reform the system.

Development aid to Africa is a blessing for all those directly involved -- both on the giving end and on the receiving end. Functionaries on the donor side, at least those abroad, earn good money. Many of those on the receiving end, for their part, know how to organize things in such a way that their own personal interests don't get short shrift.

There is no reason for these two groups to be interested in changing the status quo. Yet even so, some within their ranks are starting to suggest the situation as it stands cannot continue. The development aid of the past 50 years, they say, is hardly justifiable given the disappointing results. Even individual donors, who know little about how development aid works in practice, increasingly sense that something might be amiss.

They're right. The aid has failed to a large extent.

We have taken on too much responsibility for solving African problems. We have essentially educated them to, when problems arise, call for foreign aid first rather than trying to find solutions themselves.

This attitude has become deeply rooted in Africa. This self-incapacitation is one of the most regrettable results of development cooperation thus far. Poorly designed development aid has made people dependent and accustomed them to a situation of perpetual assistance, preventing them from taking the initiative themselves. It is this situation which represents the greatest damage done, far worse than the enormous material losses engendered by failed aid projects. And there are many. Africa is strewn with idle tractors, ruined equipment and run-down buildings.

(Excerpt) Read more at ...

TOPICS: Culture/Society; Editorial; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: africa; aid; bhoafrica; foreignaid
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To: Cardhu
I believe the “no strings attached” aid encourages fraud and waste.
21 posted on 08/21/2010 6:37:29 AM PDT by elpadre (AfganistaMr Obama said the goal was to "disrupt, dismantle and defeat al-Qaeda" and its allies.)
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To: Cardhu

What is the similarity to aid to Deeetroit and aid to Africa?

22 posted on 08/21/2010 6:37:29 AM PDT by bert (K.E. N.P. N.C. +12 ..... Greetings Jacques. The revolution is coming)
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To: Cardhu

The only people who can help africa are the africans.

23 posted on 08/21/2010 7:43:42 AM PDT by barbarianbabs (Liberty 5-3000)
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To: Ann Archy

yeah the mean time foolish missionaries get slaughtered there all the time.

24 posted on 08/21/2010 9:01:23 AM PDT by rrrod (at home in Medellin Colombia)
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To: rrrod
Christianity is growing by leaps and bounds in Africa. In Nigeria for example there are conflicts as the surge of Christians compete with the moslems in the north for new adherents. Across the former British colonies the Anglican church is alive and thriving, far more so than the diluted and moribund western church itself.

The Christian church may yet be the salvation of Africa, but only because they now have their own quality homegrown leadership to guide them rather than european and American missionaries.

25 posted on 08/21/2010 9:53:34 AM PDT by hinckley buzzard
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To: hinckley buzzard

Wont help Africa is Africa. But if it makes you feel good then so be it.

26 posted on 08/21/2010 10:33:11 AM PDT by rrrod (at home in Medellin Colombia)
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To: Leisler
"the Germans did not do a Bush/Paulson/Fwank/Obama bailout, and their economy is taking off."

EU has bailed out Greece. The take-off occurs for a different reason.

27 posted on 08/21/2010 12:09:17 PM PDT by TopQuark
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To: UCFRoadWarrior
" Free Trade Globalists"

What does this have to do with aid?

28 posted on 08/21/2010 12:10:22 PM PDT by TopQuark
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To: TopQuark
" Free Trade Globalists"

What does this have to do with aid?

Absolutely nothing. Some just have to throw their favorite digs in, regardless of the subject.

Runaway Slave

Apostle Claver tells the world how the real party of racism is the Democrats

29 posted on 08/21/2010 3:50:41 PM PDT by rdb3 (The mouth is the exhaust pipe of the heart.)
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To: politicalmerc

30 posted on 08/21/2010 5:13:36 PM PDT by 4Liberty ( How do you spell "moral hazard"?: $ 19, 0 0 0, 0 0 0, 0 0 0, 0 0 0.)
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To: hinckley buzzard

You are spot on regarding Christianity in Nigeria. Worked with a woman from there at a PC Diversity Center. She REFUSED to call our annual shindig a ‘holiday’ party it was a CHRISTMAS party. Very adamant she was...

She’d also roll down the window when driving to work and yell at kids to pull up their pants :-)

31 posted on 08/21/2010 8:08:06 PM PDT by FreeStateYank (I want my country and constitution back, now!)
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To: TopQuark

That just happened, and it won’t again. The Germans were brought kicking and screaming.

32 posted on 08/21/2010 8:15:28 PM PDT by Leisler ("Over time they create a legal system that plunders and a moral code that glorifies it." F. Bastiat)
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To: Cardhu
LET AFRICA SINK, by Kim du Toit
November 19, 2002
Africa has to heal itself. The West can't help it. Nor should we. The record speaks for itself...

When it comes to any analysis of the problems facing Africa, Western society, and particularly people from the United States, encounter a logical disconnect that makes clear analysis impossible. That disconnect is the way life is regarded in the West (it's precious, must be protected at all costs etc.), compared to the way life, and death, are regarded in Africa. Let me try to quantify this statement.

In Africa, life is cheap. There are so many ways to die in Africa that death is far more commonplace than in the West. You can die from so many things--snakebite, insect bite, wild animal attack, disease, starvation, food poisoning... the list goes on and on. At one time, crocodiles accounted for more deaths in sub-Saharan Africa than gunfire, for example. Now add the usual human tragedy (murder, assault, warfare and the rest), and you can begin to understand why the life expectancy for an African is low--in fact, horrifyingly low, if you remove White Africans from the statistics (they tend to be more urbanized, and more Western in behavior and outlook). Finally, if you add the horrifying spread of AIDS into the equation, anyone born in sub-Saharan Africa this century will be lucky to reach age forty.

I lived in Africa for over thirty years. Growing up there, I was infused with several African traits--traits which are not common in Western civilization. The almost-casual attitude towards death was one. (Another is a morbid fear of snakes.)

So because of my African background, I am seldom moved at the sight of death, unless it's accidental, or it affects someone close to me. (Death which strikes at strangers, of course, is mostly ignored.) Of my circle of about eighteen or so friends with whom I grew up, and whom I would consider "close", only about ten survive today--and not one of the survivors is over the age of fifty.

Two friends died from stepping on landmines while on Army duty in Namibia. Three died in horrific car accidents (and lest one thinks that this is not confined to Africa, one was caused by a kudu flying through a windshield and impaling the guy through the chest with its hoof--not your everyday traffic accident in, say, Florida). One was bitten by a snake, and died from heart failure. Another also died of heart failure, but he was a hopeless drunkard. Two were shot by muggers. The last went out on his surfboard one day and was never seen again (did I mention that sharks are plentiful off the African coasts and in the major rivers?). My situation is not uncommon in South Africa--and north of the Limpopo River (the border with Zimbabwe), I suspect that others would show worse statistics.

The death toll wasn't just confined to my friends. When I was still living in Johannesburg, the newspaper carried daily stories of people mauled by lions, or attacked by rival tribesmen, or dying from some unspeakable disease (and this was pre-AIDS Africa too) and in general, succumbing to some of Africa's many answers to the population explosion. Add to that the normal death toll from rampant crime, illness, poverty, flood, famine, traffic, and the police, and you'll begin to get the idea.

My favorite African story actually happened after I left the country. An American executive took a job over there, and on his very first day, the newspaper headlines read: "Three Headless Bodies Found".

The next day: "Three Heads Found".

The third day: "Heads Don't Match Bodies". You can't make this stuff up.

As a result, death is treated more casually by Africans than by Westerners. I, and I suspect most Africans, am completely inured to reports of African suffering, for whatever cause. Drought causes crops to fail, thousands face starvation? Yup, that happened many times while I was growing up. Inter-tribal rivalry and warfare causes wholesale slaughter? Yep, been happening there for millennia, long before Whitey got there. Governments becoming rich and corrupt while their populations starved? Not more than nine or ten of those. In my lifetime, the following tragedies have occurred, causing untold millions of deaths: famine in Biafra, genocide in Rwanda, civil war in Angola, floods in South Africa, famine in Somalia, civil war in Sudan, famine in Ethiopia, floods in Mozambique, wholesale slaughter in Uganda, and tribal warfare in every single country. There are others, but you get the point.

Yes, all this was also true in Europe--maybe a thousand years ago. But not any more. And Europe doesn't teem with crocodiles, ultra-venomous snakes and so on.

The Dutch controlled the floods. All of Europe controls famine--it's non-existent now. Apart from a couple of examples of massive, state-sponsored slaughter (Nazi Germany, Communist Russia), Europe since 1700 doesn't even begin to compare to Africa today. Casual slaughter is another thing altogether--rare in Europe, common in Africa.

More to the point, the West has evolved into a society with a stable system of government, which follows the rule of law, and has respect for the rights and life of the individual--none of which is true in Africa.

Among old Africa hands, we have a saying, usually accompanied by a shrug: "Africa wins again." This is usually said after an incident such as:

- a beloved missionary is butchered by his congregation, for no apparent reason
- a tribal chief prefers to let his tribe starve to death rather than accepting food from the Red Cross (would mean he wasn't all-powerful, you see)
- an entire nation starves to death, while its ruler accumulates wealth in foreign banks
- a new government comes into power, promising democracy, free elections etc., provided that the freedom doesn't extend to the other tribe
- the other tribe comes to power in a bloody coup, then promptly sets about slaughtering the first tribe
...etc, etc, etc, ad nauseam, ad infinitum.

The prognosis is bleak, because none of this mayhem shows any sign of ending. The conclusions are equally bleak, because, quite frankly, there is no answer to Africa's problems, no solution that hasn't been tried before, and failed.

Just go to the CIA World Fact Book, pick any of the African countries (Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi etc.), and compare the statistics to any Western country (eg. Portugal, Italy, Spain, Ireland). The disparities are appalling--and it's going to get worse, not better. It has certainly got worse since 1960, when most African countries achieved independence. We, and by this I mean the West, have tried many ways to help Africa. All such attempts have failed.

1. Charity is no answer. Money simply gets appropriated by the first, or second, or third person to touch it (17 countries saw a decline in real per capita GNP between 1970 and 1999, despite receiving well over $100 billion in World Bank assistance).

2. Food isn't distributed. This happens either because there is no transportation infrastructure (bad), or the local leader deliberately withholds the supplies to starve people into submission (worse).

3. Materiel is broken, stolen or sold off for a fraction of its worth. The result of decades of "foreign aid" has resulted in a continental infrastructure which, if one excludes South Africa, couldn't support Pittsburgh.

Add to this, as I mentioned above, the endless cycle of Nature's little bag of tricks--persistent drought followed by violent flooding, a plethora of animals, reptiles and insects so dangerous that life is already cheap before Man starts playing his little reindeer games with his fellow Man--and what you are left with is: catastrophe.

The inescapable conclusion is simply one of resignation. This goes against the grain of our humanity--we are accustomed to ridding the world of this or that problem (smallpox, polio, whatever), and accepting failure is anathema to us. But, to give a classic African scenario, a polio vaccine won't work if the kids are prevented from getting the vaccine by a venal overlord, or a frightened chieftain, or a lack of roads, or by criminals who steal the vaccine and sell it to someone else. If a cure for AIDS was found tomorrow, and offered to every African nation free of charge, the growth of the disease would scarcely be checked, let alone reversed. Basically, you'd have to try to inoculate as many two-year old children as possible, and write off the two older generations.

So that is the only one response, and it's a brutal one: accept that we are powerless to change Africa, and leave them to sink or swim, by themselves.

It sounds dreadful to say it, but if the entire African continent dissolves into a seething maelstrom of disease, famine and brutality, that's just too damn bad. We have better things to do--sometimes, you just have to say, "Can't do anything about it."

The viciousness, the cruelty, the corruption, the duplicity, the savagery, and the incompetence is endemic to the entire continent, and is so much of an anathema to any right-thinking person that the civilized imagination simply stalls when faced with its ubiquity, and with the enormity of trying to fix it. The Western media shouldn't even bother reporting on it. All that does is arouse our feelings of horror, and the instinctive need to do something, anything--but everything has been tried before, and failed. Everything, of course, except self-reliance.

All we should do is make sure that none of Africa gets transplanted over to the U.S., because the danger to our society is dire if it does. I note that several U.S. churches are attempting to bring groups of African refugees over to the United States, European churches the same for Europe. Mistake. Mark my words, this misplaced charity will turn around and bite us, big time.

Even worse would be to think that the simplicity of Africa holds some kind of answers for Western society: remember "It Takes A Village"? Trust me on this: there is not one thing that Africa can give the West which hasn't been tried before and failed, not one thing that isn't a step backwards, and not one thing which is worse than, or that contradicts, what we have already.

So here's my solution for the African fiasco: a high wall around the whole continent, all the guns and bombs in the world for everyone inside, and at the end, the last one alive should do us all a favor and kill himself.

Inevitably, some Kissingerian realpolitiker is going to argue in favor of intervention, because in the vacuum of Western aid, perhaps the Communist Chinese would step in and increase their influence in the area. There are two reasons why this isn't going to happen.

Firstly, the PRC doesn't have that kind of money to throw around; and secondly, the result of any communist assistance will be precisely the same as if it were Western assistance. For the record, Mozambique and Angola are both communist countries--and both are economic disaster areas. The prognosis for both countries is disastrous--and would be the same for any other African country.

Africa has to heal itself. The West can't help it. Nor should we. The record speaks for itself.

33 posted on 08/21/2010 10:19:10 PM PDT by A_perfect_lady (So, kids can't wear American flag shirts on Cinco de Mayo but we'll have a mosque at Ground Zero?)
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To: A_perfect_lady

Thank you for posting that article, I have never read a more perfect description of Africa and its actual situation. I was there, on and off, some 60 years ago for a couple years in all the countries on the East coast of Africa.

South Africa was the shining jewel of the continent at that time, probably the shine has lost it luster since independence.

34 posted on 08/22/2010 10:28:58 AM PDT by Cardhu
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To: Cardhu
The problem with Africa is that it's full of Africans.

Sad but true. Same problem with Arab countries.

Sometimes, forcibly circumventing natural selection has hideous consequences.

Frowning takes 68 muscles.
Smiling takes 6.
Pulling this trigger takes 2.
I'm lazy.

35 posted on 08/22/2010 11:05:01 AM PDT by The Comedian (Evil can only succeed if good men don't point at it and laugh.)
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To: Cardhu

Ever read Keith Richburg’s article in American Enterprise? He’s a black journalist with WaPo (I think) who spent 3 years in Africa and came back so traumatized, he won’t even call himself African-American. He wrote a book about it, OUT OF AMERICA. Good stuff.

36 posted on 08/22/2010 11:44:35 AM PDT by A_perfect_lady (So, kids can't wear American flag shirts on Cinco de Mayo but we'll have a mosque at Ground Zero?)
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To: A_perfect_lady

No I have not read that article I will try and find a link to it.

By the way, I have just posted an article that I am sure you will like:

37 posted on 08/22/2010 12:02:42 PM PDT by Cardhu
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To: hinckley buzzard

This is the real Africa.

38 posted on 08/22/2010 1:11:21 PM PDT by rrrod (at home in Medellin Colombia)
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