August 6, 1945, the date that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Japan, marked the end of an age already passed, and the beginning of a new world era, the atomic age.
During the five years in which scientists harnessed the power of the atom as a weapon of war, mans scientific progress leaped forward at least 500 years. The tragic situation now faced by mankind is that mans social order has not leaped the 500 years parellel with science. This is a supreme example of what the sociologists call cultural lag Mans social progress has failed to keep abreast wth his scientific progress. Unless man by his will can bridge the gap, he is doomed to destruction.
Many, therefore, stand looking at the worlds calamity as at a gigantic spectacle, feeling that the problem is well-nigh insoluble. I do not see how we can take that position, however, if we perceive what the gist of the worlds problem really is a lack of world brotherhood. I am convinced that if our civilization is to survive, we must rise from the narrow horizon of clashing nationalism to the wide horizon of world cooperation. No longer can we be content wth a national ethical code, but instead we must have an international ethical code.
This is truly what Mr Wendall Wilkie called one world, and we can readily make an addition to that phrase by saying, one world or none. World brotherhood is no longer a beautiful ideal, but an absolute necessity for civilizations survival. We must come to see that all humanity is so interwoven in a single process that whatever affects the man in Russia also affects the man in America. As Prime Minister Attlee said, we cannot make a heaven in our country and leave a hell outside.” We had better realize that before it is too late. We must erase the centuries of waiting and quickly achieve that world brotherhood.
This is our great opportunity This is our only hope.