There are other passages that describes the Holy Spirit ceasing to strive with folks when they continued to reject Jesus Christ, no matter what primary sin they were into. I think that passage of scripture describes the effect of what rejection of God ultimately can lead to including homosexuality. It doesn’t state that homosexuality itself leads to reprobation, it states that continued rejection of God and revolting against his grace gets you given over “to a reprobate mind” leading to such lifestyles.
Rebel against God and his light and you risk a darkened consciousness, much given over to unnatural lusts almost beastlike in nature. Look at the story of Nebuchednezzar for one such story. Homosexuality isn’t the only “bad end” that can occur when one rejects God but it is a most demostrative one in which the pronounced effects of a consciousness fully at odds with God can be clearly observed!
I’d like to see those “other” examples. Truly.