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Microbiology: The new germ theory
Nature News ^ | 24 November 2010 | Lizzie Buchen

Posted on 11/24/2010 9:21:17 PM PST by neverdem

What can microbiologists who study human bowels learn from those who study the bowels of Earth?

Jillian Banfield trades in hell holes. In September, she could be found wading through the dark, hot, sulphurous innards of Richmond Mine at Iron Mountain, California, where blue stalactites ooze the most acidic water ever discovered, with a pH of −3.6. A year before that, she was pumping up a toxic soup of uranium, arsenic, molybdenum and other metals from underneath a decommissioned nuclear-processing site in Rifle, Colorado. From both sites she took samples back to her lab at the University of California, Berkeley, where she sequenced and analysed the DNA they contain in an attempt to work out which bacteria, archaea, viruses and fungi have decided to make that particular hell their home — and what it takes to survive there.

About a year ago, Banfield added a new location to her repertoire of foul study sites: the pencil-thin intestines coiled inside premature infants weighing less than 1.5 kilograms, in the neonatal intensive care unit of the University of Chicago, Illinois. Banfield had never dealt with microbes that live in humans. But her well-regarded work on the microbial communities of Richmond Mine had attracted the attention of two medical researchers.

One was Michael Morowitz, a neonatal surgeon then at the University of Chicago, and now at the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Morowitz was studying necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a potentially fatal disease that destroys the bowels of premature babies. The other was David Relman of Stanford University in California, a leader in the burgeoning field exploring the human microbiota — the vast populations of microorganisms that live in and on the human body. Morowitz and Relman asked Banfield if she could help them understand the microbial mass in this unexplored landscape...

(Excerpt) Read more at nature.com ...


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Government; News/Current Events; Testing
KEYWORDS: ecology; microbiology; nec; newgermtheory

1 posted on 11/24/2010 9:21:23 PM PST by neverdem
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To: Mother Abigail; EBH; vetvetdoug; Smokin' Joe; Global2010; Battle Axe; null and void; ...

micro ping


2 posted on 11/24/2010 9:23:08 PM PST by neverdem (Xin loi minh oi)
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To: neverdem

One day we may even learn what vile substance inhabits Barack Obama’s cranium.


3 posted on 11/24/2010 9:24:17 PM PST by HiTech RedNeck (I am in America but not of America (per bible: am in the world but not of it))
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To: neverdem

Me for a poo transplant!

But seriously, this is fascinating. I’m under the impression that this kind of work in microbial symbiosis has been done to a much greater extent in critters.


4 posted on 11/24/2010 9:29:28 PM PST by sinanju
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To: neverdem
"Skip forward a few years, and techniques such as these have painted a far more sophisticated picture of human microbes as ubiquitous, abundant and indispensable, harvesting energy and nutrients from food, synthesizing essential amino acids, moisturizing the skin and playing an essential part in immune-system development. 'The microbiota,' as Gordon puts it, 'are bringing a series of utensils to the dining-room table that the human host doesn't have.' The picture bandied around nowadays is of humans and their microbial partners as a coevolved 'superorganism' in which each provides services for the other."

Except when antibacterial soaps are used routinely!

Antibacterials should be "Prescription Only."

5 posted on 11/24/2010 10:11:10 PM PST by editor-surveyor (Obamacare is America's kristallnacht !!)
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To: editor-surveyor
Since I was a teenager, I have always thought that good hygiene is prudent, since my mother was a nurse.

However, I also thought that your immune system needs to be tried, to remain active and effective. Sorta of like exercising your muscles.
So i have come to trust my immune system, I take vitamins B, C and D specifically for the immune system benefits. I have never taken vaccines , except when I was 6 y/o and they forced polio and tetanus vaccines by government school.
I rarely get a cold, or influenza or any other kind of infectious disease.

I find this research very interesting.

6 posted on 11/24/2010 10:23:21 PM PST by J Edgar
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To: editor-surveyor
Since I was a teenager, I have always thought that good hygiene is prudent, since my mother was a nurse.

However, I also thought that your immune system needs to be tried, to remain active and effective. Sorta of like exercising your muscles.
So i have come to trust my immune system, I take vitamins B, C and D specifically for the immune system benefits. I have never taken vaccines , except when I was 6 y/o and they forced polio and tetanus vaccines by government school.
I rarely get a cold, or influenza or any other kind of infectious disease.

I find this research very interesting.

7 posted on 11/24/2010 10:23:29 PM PST by J Edgar
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To: neverdem
Thanks, will read over the weekend.

Happy Thanksgiving!

8 posted on 11/24/2010 10:37:55 PM PST by grey_whiskers (The opinions are solely those of the author and are subject to change without notice.)
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To: Irenic

.


9 posted on 11/24/2010 11:02:30 PM PST by Irenic
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To: J Edgar
However, I also thought that your immune system needs to be tried, to remain active and effective. Sorta of like exercising your muscles. So i have come to trust my immune system, I take vitamins B, C and D specifically for the immune system benefits. I have never taken vaccines

What a vaccine does is try your immune system. Gives it a look at the virus so it can build antibodies to it. Apparently it's the additives and preservatives that cause most of the problems.

10 posted on 11/24/2010 11:02:52 PM PST by El Gato ("The second amendment is the reset button of the US constitution"-Doug McKay)
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To: neverdem

A good article that shows that changes in bacterial flora are as important as which bacteria are present at any given time.


11 posted on 11/24/2010 11:31:41 PM PST by VanShuyten ("a shadow...draped nobly in the folds of a gorgeous eloquence.")
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To: neverdem
Terrific post, neverdem.

Read through it twice.

I've had bits and pieces of this in my mind for a long time.

Your article built a coherent picture for me.

The “Human Microbiota.”

A slam dunk competitor for “Best Phrase of 2010.”

12 posted on 11/25/2010 12:20:06 AM PST by zeestephen
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To: neverdem

ah, food for thought as we pull up to the Thanksgiving dinner table.... we are each communities of microbes and the complexities of what will be going on in each human digestive tract today are staggering


13 posted on 11/25/2010 1:02:46 AM PST by Enchante (What if the Olberdork returned to the air - and no one notices.... or cares?)
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To: neverdem

There are several times more living organisms in one bowel movement than there are human cells in your entire body.


14 posted on 11/25/2010 1:17:04 AM PST by aruanan
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To: neverdem

.....moisturizing the skin ......

There’s the money ap.

P&G will market Oil of Olay with moisturizing micro biota.

The hydrolyzing microbiots are truly natural skin moisturizers that make moisture in situ. It lasts 18 hours, yada yada, yada


15 posted on 11/25/2010 7:29:42 AM PST by bert (K.E. N.P. N.C. D.E. +12 .....( History is a process, not an event ))
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To: J Edgar

Add to the list.....drink the water from sources other than plastic bottles


16 posted on 11/25/2010 7:31:17 AM PST by bert (K.E. N.P. N.C. D.E. +12 .....( History is a process, not an event ))
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To: neverdem

Cooties!!!

;-)
Thanks. Interesting.


17 posted on 11/25/2010 7:44:19 AM PST by djf (Islam will convert you or kill you. Your choice.)
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To: neverdem

Very interesting. Thanks for the post.


18 posted on 11/25/2010 8:00:26 AM PST by Mr Rogers (Poor history is better than good fiction, and anything with lots of horses is better still)
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To: neverdem

One “minor” quibble - you can’t have a negative pH.


19 posted on 11/25/2010 8:15:55 AM PST by facedown (Armed in the Heartland)
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To: facedown
One “minor” quibble - you can’t have a negative pH.

I had the same thought. I think it was intended as a spacebar or dash, IMHO, and that it was written by a biology major if I had to guess.

20 posted on 11/25/2010 1:23:33 PM PST by neverdem (Xin loi minh oi)
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To: neverdem
...and that it was written by a biology major if I had to guess.

LOL!

21 posted on 11/25/2010 2:55:22 PM PST by facedown (Armed in the Heartland)
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To: editor-surveyor
Antibacterials should be "Prescription Only."

Alcohol is a very strong antibacterial. You're suggesting Prohibition again.

22 posted on 11/25/2010 7:04:29 PM PST by Reeses
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To: facedown

If your urine pH is 5 or less... you have some serious issues.

Alkalinity is a major health “plus”.
Acidity leads to big problems.


23 posted on 11/25/2010 7:48:18 PM PST by acapesket
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To: Reeses

Very amusing, but way off the mark.


24 posted on 11/26/2010 12:58:37 PM PST by editor-surveyor (Obamacare is America's kristallnacht !!)
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