Most of my figures come from government documents from the period as well as many private collections of various family documents either held by the family and viewed with permission or housed in many museums across the South.
Tariffs are are a sales tax. If you are making furniture in NH, you don’t need to buy tables and chairs from France. If you have a foundry in PA, you don’t buy stoves from England. When nearly all of the shipping is owned by Yankee traders in Mass. those products from Europe never make it to the dock in NY.
If you don’t buy anything, you don’t pay any sales tax.
A quick look at the available figures on population will show you that I’m correct about the distribution of people across the country at the time. Representation in Congress being allotted by said population shows the South being at a severe disadvantage as a voting block.
I would go on but time is pressing me. The research is quite easy to do, hell, I did it.
True, the NH furniture maker does't buy chairs from France, but he very well might buy a stove from England. The foundry-owner would use his own stove, but he would be as likely to buy a French table as a SC plantation owner.
The significant majority of northerners had nothing to do with industry, they worked in agriculture, just like almost all southerners. This was especially true in the West. Please explain how an Iowa corn farmer was in any different position with regard to tariffs than a Texas cotton planter.
If you're going to quote a precise figure like 80% as fact, you can't just retreat back into vague generalities when asked for documentation. Or suggestions your readers do their own research to verify your claims. Not and retain any credibility.
I'm perfectly well aware you're just repeating something other southern revisionists have posted, with no backup whatsoever for your numbers. You posted it because it sounded good and you thought it would help you make your case. My point is that you can't really expect me or anyone else to take your claims seriously when you do so.