This is not historically accurate. Throughout most of its history the attitude of Islam towards the Jews has been much like that of Christianity, contempt rather than hatred.
Christians were much more hated for most of this time by Muslims, as they were strong enough to be formidable enemies. The Jews, without a state and with no military power, were not. They were despised more than hated.
In my studies of Islam, I have found that Mohammed referred to Christians as 'followers of the Book', where the Jews were referred to as Jews. The "followers of the Book" were to be defeated, but the Jew was to be killed.
Sahih Bukhari Hadith Volume 4, Book 52, Number 176: Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "You (i.e. Muslims) will fight with the Jews till some of them will hide behind stones. The stones will (betray them) saying, 'O 'Abdullah (i.e. slave of Allah)! There is a Jew hiding behind me; so kill him.'"
Sahih Bukhari Hadith Volume 4, Book 52, Number 177: Narrated by Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established until you fight with the Jews, and the stone behind which a Jew will be hiding will say. "O Muslim! There is a Jew hiding behind me, so kill him."
"Believers, take neither Jews nor Christians for your friends." (Surah 5:51)