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Satellite Image Shows Suspected Uranium Conversion Plant in Syria
Institute for Science and International Security ^ | 2/23/2011 | David Albright and Paul Brannan

Posted on 02/23/2011 9:03:53 PM PST by bruinbirdman

The Sueddeutsche Zeitung has reported the location of a site in Syria suspected of containing a small uranium conversion facility that is functionally related to the destroyed covert reactor construction project at al Kibar. The compound is near the town of Marj as Sultan, near Damascus. This facility was reportedly intended for processing uranium yellowcake into uranium tetrafluoride (UF4). This facility could have been related to the process of making fuel for the planned al Kibar reactor. Israel bombed the reactor construction project in early September 2007.

The facility’s operational status is unknown. However, there is suspicion that Syria may have emptied the buildings prior to mid-2008 and taken steps to disguise previous activities at the site.

A wider view of the Marj as Sultan site. The main process buildings are seen located at the same site that appears to be a military storage depot. Large guns, trucks, and other vehicles can be seen stored outside.

Syria has refused multiple International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) requests to inspect the Marj as Sultan site and two other sites suspected of being functionally related to the reactor construction project. While Syria initially allowed access to the site of the destroyed al Kibar reactor, it did so only after burying the foundation that remained after the bombing, pouring a new foundation, and constructing a new building. With no substantial cooperation from Syria, the IAEA’s Director General should clearly conclude that Syria may have egregiously violated its safeguards agreement and call for a special inspection of these four sites.

Three Suspect Facilities

Previously, the Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported the names of the three facilities suspected of being functionally related to the al Kibar reactor (see figure 1). The IAEA reported in 2008 that member states provided it with information alleging that there existed three other sites in Syria that were functionally related to the reactor. ISIS learned that these sites included uranium processing and storage of equipment or materials related to the reactor project. ISIS identified in commercial satellite imagery the location of the Masyaf site. The other two suspect sites were located at Iskandariyah and Marj as Sultan.

A commercial satellite image of this site near Marj as Sultan, acquired by ISIS, shows considerable activity taking place on July 25, 2008 (see figure 2). 1 The activity seen in the July 25, 2008 image appears to involve pouring a material on the ground surrounding the larger building. There also appear to be trucks and other vehicles present that may be involved in this operation. This activity may represent an effort to lay down a new concrete or asphalt foundation around the building. The IAEA reported that it observed in satellite imagery “landscaping activities and the removal of large containers” at these locations shortly after it requested access to the sites on May 2, 2008. A senior official close to the IAEA said that Syria was seen in imagery laying down slabs at these sites. Laying down a new foundation could be an attempt to defeat the environmental sampling that IAEA inspectors would likely carry out to see if uranium was present in the event of a visit to these suspect sites.

A comparison of commercial satellite images of this site over time highlights the level of activity seen on July 25, 2008 (see figure 3). Little activity is seen in the other images over nearly seven years. The level of activity seen near the larger building in the July 25, 2008 image stands in stark contrast to the other image dates.

Processing Equipment ISIS has also learned from the Sueddeutsche Zeitung that the equipment inside the two main buildings includes a scrubber and two cyclone separators in the larger building and large diameter pipes (30-50cm across), a manifold, reaction vessels apparently made from stainless steel and storage tanks in the smaller building. There is also a large vertical metal tube with windows that was described as a column for the cleaning or purification of solutions. All of this equipment is consistent with what would be expected in a small uranium conversion facility. Missing is any equipment to turn uranium tetrafluoride into uranium metal, a crucial step in producing uranium fuel for an al Kibar type reactor.

Similarities with Masyaf Site As with the site near Masyaf, the site near Marj as Sultan also appears co-located on a military storage depot, with stored military vehicles, trucks and large guns (see figure 4). Syria also laid a new foundation around the buildings at the suspect site near Masyaf, which can be seen by comparing commercial satellite imagery from before and after the May 2, 2008 request for access by the IAEA (see figure 5).

[More pics at web site]

TOPICS: Crime/Corruption; Culture/Society; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events

1 posted on 02/23/2011 9:04:02 PM PST by bruinbirdman
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To: nuconvert; txhurl; Jet Jaguar


2 posted on 02/23/2011 9:05:51 PM PST by Army Air Corps (Four fried chickens and a coke)
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To: bruinbirdman

Is that the sound of an Israeli jet I hear?

3 posted on 02/23/2011 9:16:12 PM PST by MadMax, the Grinning Reaper
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To: bruinbirdman

Well, we certainly know that anything that may be going on at this facility
would have no intention of helping out the Iranian nuclear program........
oh, whats that? We Don’t?


4 posted on 02/23/2011 9:23:16 PM PST by HardStarboard (I'm sure George and Dick had quiet smiles while watching the election results!)
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To: bruinbirdman

Hmmmm, seems to be a high number of swimming pools in the area.

5 posted on 02/23/2011 9:23:36 PM PST by Parley Baer
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To: Parley Baer
"high number of swimming pools in the area"

Indicative of nuke scientist status? Also, pretty good size military facility next door.


6 posted on 02/23/2011 9:29:30 PM PST by bruinbirdman ("Those who control language control minds." -- Ayn Rand)
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To: bruinbirdman

Time for another Israeli “midnite” raid, or a daytime raid will do nicely too; it’s worked before.

7 posted on 02/24/2011 1:00:55 AM PST by flaglady47 (When the gov't fears the people, liberty; When the people fear the gov't, tyranny.)
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To: flaglady47
Under the current Israeli government by the showman Bibi, there will be no action taken, having signaled successfully to Iran that establishing an Iranian Naval base in Syria is just peachy. No doubt that the newly arrived Iranian ships were carrying vital parts for the plant as well as advanced missiles for Hezbollah.
8 posted on 02/24/2011 2:40:57 AM PST by PIF (They came for me and mine ... now it is your turn ...)
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To: Army Air Corps


9 posted on 02/24/2011 3:53:09 AM PST by Jet Jaguar
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