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Chemicals Were Injected Into Wells, Report Says (During Hydraulic Fracturing by Gas Companies)
New York Times ^ | 04/17/2011 | Ian Urbina

Posted on 04/17/2011 6:24:30 AM PDT by SeekAndFind

Oil and gas companies injected hundreds of millions of gallons of hazardous or carcinogenic chemicals into wells in more than 13 states from 2005 to 2009, according to an investigation by Congressional Democrats.

The chemicals were used by companies during a drilling process known as hydraulic fracturing, or hydrofracking, which involves the high-pressure injection of a mixture of water, sand and chemical additives into rock formations deep underground. The process, which is being used to tap into large reserves of natural gas around the country, opens fissures in the rock to stimulate the release of oil and gas.

Hydrofracking has attracted increased scrutiny from lawmakers and environmentalists in part because of fears that the chemicals used during the process can contaminate underground sources of drinking water.

“Questions about the safety of hydraulic fracturing persist, which are compounded by the secrecy surrounding the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing fluids,” said the report, which was written by Representatives Henry A. Waxman of California, Edward J. Markey of Massachusetts and Diana DeGette of Colorado.

The report, released late Saturday, also faulted companies for at times “injecting fluids containing chemicals that they themselves cannot identify.”

The inquiry over hydrofracking, which was initiated by the House Energy and Commerce Committee when Mr. Waxman led it last year, also found that 14 of the nation’s most active hydraulic fracturing companies used 866 million gallons of hydraulic fracturing products — not including water. More than 650 of these products contained chemicals that are known or possible human carcinogens, regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act, or are listed as hazardous air pollutants, the report said.

(Excerpt) Read more at nytimes.com ...


TOPICS: Business/Economy; Culture/Society; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: chemicals; gas; hydraulicfracture; oil
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1 posted on 04/17/2011 6:24:35 AM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: SeekAndFind
The EPA says it has the info and doesn't have the info in the same breath.

I think the EPA is full of crap and it's just another hit on the oil, gas and coal industries.

2 posted on 04/17/2011 6:28:22 AM PDT by Sacajaweau
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To: thackney

Of some interest.


3 posted on 04/17/2011 6:30:06 AM PDT by mad_as_he$$
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To: SeekAndFind
Show me a list of chemicals. From what I have read, they use a binder in ice-cream Carrageenan, sand, salt, sodium phosphate ( the stuff in TSP to clean walls ? ) and some other acids. ok, what are the other 655 ingredients? IMHO this is a watermelon ( green on the outside, red on the inside ) tempest in a teapot....
4 posted on 04/17/2011 6:31:07 AM PDT by taildragger (( Palin / Mulally 2012 ))
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To: SeekAndFind

Is it just me?

If the NYT told me the sun rises in the East, I’d want a second opinion before believing it!


5 posted on 04/17/2011 6:31:14 AM PDT by Panzerlied ("We shall never surrender!")
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To: SeekAndFind

If Waxman and Markey are involved, it is, by logical extension, bad for the country and the citizenry.


6 posted on 04/17/2011 6:31:40 AM PDT by rlmorel (Capitalism is the Goose that lays The Golden Egg.)
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To: SeekAndFind

It’s pretty evident that if energy technology and exploitation of such is not centered on “green” energy source, the enviro-libtards are against it..........=.=


7 posted on 04/17/2011 6:32:19 AM PDT by cranked
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To: Sacajaweau

The booming natural gas industry in Pennsylania is going to take a huge hit as a result of this development.

PA has huge natural gas reserve in the Marcellus Shale and just 2 years ago, the Marcellus Shale industrial boom began resulting in vey affordable natural gas for the Northeast. Thousands of jobs were created in the Quaker State.

Extracting gas from the shale in PA involves a technique called hydraulic fracturing in which crews pump millions of gallons of chemical-laced water and sand deep into the earth to splinter the dense shale and free the gas trapped inside.

Thousands of jobs are going to be affected by this development (not to even mention the effect on Natural Gas prices in this country).


8 posted on 04/17/2011 6:34:37 AM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: mad_as_he$$

Nat gas wells are 5-7,000 ft deep, water wells are a couple hundred feet deep. The fracking of wells is done in tight shale formations which are far below where water wells are located. As long as the drilling company uses proper procedures in lining the well with stell casing before fracking, the chance of these chemicals getting into the water bearing areas far above is 0.


9 posted on 04/17/2011 6:34:55 AM PDT by milwguy
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To: SeekAndFind
Don't tell them that the US Army disposed of chemical weapons and nerve gas and disposed of the wastes 6500 feed under the Arsenal at Denver.
10 posted on 04/17/2011 6:43:53 AM PDT by mountainlion (America land of the free because of the Brave.)
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To: taildragger

I believe the issue is their use of chromates for corrosion and microbiological organism control. We stopped using chromates in the nuclear power industry because of their toxicity.

1. The fracking chemicals are pumped many thousands of feet below the water table. The only connection to the water table is through leaks in the bore hole. Better quality bore holes are possible.

2. There are less toxic substitutes for chromates. It means a seperate chemical for corrosion control and for microbe control.

This finding isn’t the end of fracking. It just means an adjustment in the practices


11 posted on 04/17/2011 6:45:39 AM PDT by kidd
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To: milwguy
The left's groundwater contimination propaganda against fracking failed. So now they have moved on to creating tales of the horrific dangers that disposing of fracking wasterwater presents. Radioactivity! Harsh chemicals! OMG, OHNOES!

This too shall pass - the BS has a fairly short shelf-life now that the MSM does not have a monopoly. But it has caused a downtick in NG development.

12 posted on 04/17/2011 6:45:39 AM PDT by dirtboy
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To: neverdem; narses; MHGinTN; CholeraJoe; sionnsar; steelyourfaith; SunkenCiv; Ernest_at_the_Beach; ...

The oil (mostly natural gas nowdays) fields are being fracked at 8,000 - 15,000 feet down.

Water wells? 200 feet to 800 feet. A few below 1000, but not many. Rural (single family private) wells - that are the ONLY ones actually above the fracked area - are almost never even that deep.

This is pure enviro-mental hype. Played out in Obama’s ABBCNNBCBS media.


13 posted on 04/17/2011 6:46:33 AM PDT by Robert A. Cook, PE (I can only donate monthly, but socialists' ABBCNNBCBS continue to lie every day!)
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To: milwguy
There you go with facts again. The shriekers will never learn/listen.
14 posted on 04/17/2011 6:52:30 AM PDT by mad_as_he$$
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To: SeekAndFind

And, I would guess, that is exactly the aim of the demonization of fracking.


15 posted on 04/17/2011 6:56:17 AM PDT by SuzyQue (Remember to think.)
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To: SuzyQue

They want to stop drilling ..the boom is on and there afraid of the results..Jobs jobs and more jobs...look at the unemployment rates in the oil boom states there going down...


16 posted on 04/17/2011 7:00:44 AM PDT by Hojczyk
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To: SeekAndFind

So, the NY Slimes reporters want to drink water produced from below 5,000 feet? Let’s see, it would be at least 150 deg. F, and contain all sorts of dissolved minerals and salts in concentrations many times that of seawater and including Uranium isotopes in some parts of the country. This naturally occurring water is like the stuff erupting out of geysers in Yellowstone. Industry routinely injects water produced water from mining and oil production operations back into the ground below fresh water aquifers. The EPA actually permits over 500 hazardous material disposal wells in the US that handle foul discharges from Petroleum Refining, Metal Production, Chemical Production, Pharmaceutical Production, Commercial Disposal, Food Production, and Municipal Wastewater Treatment. The fracturing controversy is an effort to shut down all petroleum production in the United States.


17 posted on 04/17/2011 7:01:36 AM PDT by calico_thompson
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To: SeekAndFind

OMG, benzene, a terrible carcinogen, run for the hills!

Now I would like to see the NYSlimes run a story explaining how every time you fill your car with gas you are exposed to benzene that is a component of gasoline. Maybe it would keep the libs from using gas and the prices would drop.


18 posted on 04/17/2011 7:04:07 AM PDT by epithermal
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To: SeekAndFind
The Marcellus Shale area is HUGE. Cornell just did what I consider a rather sneaky study...saying fracking is worse than coal etc etc.

Except they kinda tipped their hand when they said that the part of the MARCELLUS deposit ON THEIR LANDS WILL ONLY BECOME MORE VALUABLE.

Some at Cornell are saying...Frack now....

The NY politicians have put a moratorium on ALL fracking...I'd say....follow the money!!!!

19 posted on 04/17/2011 7:05:13 AM PDT by Sacajaweau
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To: SeekAndFind

The left’s goal appears to be Soviet style living conditions. that is treasonous, IMHO.


20 posted on 04/17/2011 7:06:05 AM PDT by King Moonracer (Bad lighting and cheap fabric, that's how you sell clothing.....)
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To: SeekAndFind

Just another communist front attempting to shut down America using the Cloward Piven communist plan. History has taught us that there is only ONE WAY to deal with communists that works... the death of the communist.

LLS


21 posted on 04/17/2011 7:09:15 AM PDT by LibLieSlayer (WOLVERINES!!!)
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To: milwguy

milwguy;
you have the facts
greens will use all the fearmongering they can to push us back into the stone age.


22 posted on 04/17/2011 7:12:14 AM PDT by aumrl (let's keep it real Conservatives)
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To: Sacajaweau
The NY politicians have put a moratorium on ALL fracking...I'd say....follow the money!!!!

The Utica find is under NY and is huge. Are they playing Tony Soprano here and want a big "taste"...Pigs, this is all about control and paying the vig so you can drill. Yes I am cynical. Think about it, especially "Up State" with some of the worse poverty rates and all the young kids leaving. Gee an industry with an exportable commodity ( to other NE states to get off of Saudi and ME oil) and they will screw it up... Damn shame...

23 posted on 04/17/2011 7:13:53 AM PDT by taildragger (( Palin / Mulally 2012 ))
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To: taildragger
List of chemicals? Here you go. Read the Halliburton information and draw your own conclusions:
  1. Fracking chemicals registry launches(FR Post)
  2. FracFocus - Chemical Disclosure Registry
  3. Halliburton "Fluids Disclosure"

24 posted on 04/17/2011 7:25:20 AM PDT by ProtectOurFreedom
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To: SeekAndFind

Doesn’t hydraulic fracturing, by definition, involve the deadly chemical dihydrogen monoxide? Thank God we have vigilant public servants like Ed Markey and Hank Waxman!


25 posted on 04/17/2011 7:31:38 AM PDT by Lonesome in Massachussets (Somewhere in Kenya a village is missing its idiot)
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To: SeekAndFind

Economic development in the Northeast? We can’t have that now, can we?


26 posted on 04/17/2011 7:35:29 AM PDT by wjcsux ("In a time of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act." - George Orwell)
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To: Hojczyk
BINGO! The EPA's object here (as everywhere) is to stop the extraction of any and all reliable energy resources ... period.

If there is no environmental or health threat from Fracking; the EPA will invent one. That's what they do. That's all they do.

27 posted on 04/17/2011 7:50:38 AM PDT by PENANCE
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To: mad_as_he$$

So they inject methanol and the like into fields containing methane, ethane, propane, crude oil, etc.

Are people trying to claim a crude oil field was their water supply.


28 posted on 04/17/2011 7:55:40 AM PDT by thackney (life is fragile, handle with prayer (biblein90days.org))
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To: Sacajaweau

Interesting uses from some of the chemicals the EPA does not like but are included in the fracking process (from the Halliburton site):

Shaving Gel, Facial Cleanser, Shampoo, Car Wash Detergent, Hand Cleaner, Laundry Cleaner, Cat Litter, Plumber’s Putty, Oil Stain Remover, Anti-caking (or sticking) agent for food , Fruit Juices and Nectars, Household Multipurpose Cleaner, Laboratory Hand Cleaner, Laundry Stain Remover, Antimicrobial Soap, Toothpaste, Lipstick, Herbal Supplements, Fruit Jelly, Beer and Malt Beverages, Mustard, Laundry Liquid Detergent, Dishwasher Detergent, Tape Head Cleaner, Hops Extract used for Beer, Air Freshener, Anti-Wrinkle Treatment, Some Baking Soda, Whey Products, Yogurt, Surface Cleaner, Car Wax, Salad Dressing, Frozen Fish Sticks, Infant Formula, Saline Eye Spray, Natural Skin Cleanser, Food Grade Salt, Aquarium Fish Medication, Ice Melting Product, Furniture Oil, Thickened Stripper for Grease, Paint, Ink, and Gum Removal, Commercial Bathroom Disinfectant Cleaner.


29 posted on 04/17/2011 7:59:18 AM PDT by Andyman (The truth shall make you FReep.)
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To: Panzerlied

No, it’s not just you. The watermelon times are a bunch of lying anti-Americans.


30 posted on 04/17/2011 8:00:14 AM PDT by FreeAtlanta (Obama and the left are making a mockery of our country.)
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To: ProtectOurFreedom
Halliburton admits to using dihyrdogen-monoxide, one of the deadliest chemicals there is. Dihydrogen-monoxide has been implicated in the deaths of hundreds of thousands, if not millions of people every year.

Dihydrogen-monoxide even caused the deadly tsunami in Japan...

Everyone who has ever ingested dihydrogen-monoxide is either dying or in the process of dying but Halliburton injects it into impermeable rock formations thousands of feet below kindergartners, Sunday-school teachers, and puppies. Everyone should write their representatives, the EPA and President Obama and insist that they pass a law to ban the use of such a dangerous chemical.

31 posted on 04/17/2011 8:12:03 AM PDT by 5by5
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To: Panzerlied; LibreOuMort
If the NYT told me the sun rises in the East, I’d want a second opinion before believing it!

LOL, I am reading an old SF book, "When Worlds Collide" (the 1930s _book_, not the 195os movie!), Chapter 3 begins in all seriousness:

" IT was no tabloid but the Timesthe staid, accurate, ultra-responsible New York Times —which spread the sensation before him in the morning." The grey old lady is clearly in her dotage.

32 posted on 04/17/2011 8:13:18 AM PDT by sionnsar (IranAzadi|5yst3m 0wn3d-it's N0t Y0ur5:SONY|http://pure-gas.org|Must be a day for changing taglines)
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To: 5by5

Good One!


33 posted on 04/17/2011 8:16:20 AM PDT by ARA
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To: SeekAndFind
according to an investigation by Congressional Democrats...

There was a time when even the New York Times would limit itself to reporting only claims made by authoritative sources, but those times are long gone...

34 posted on 04/17/2011 8:20:06 AM PDT by Zeppo ("Happy Pony is on - and I'm NOT missing Happy Pony")
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To: SeekAndFind

Fracking is vile

If they wish to play with locked in methane there is plenty of it in the sea.

Fresh water table ought to be free of playing with.


35 posted on 04/17/2011 8:24:51 AM PDT by Flavius (What hopes for victory, Gaius Crastinus? What grounds for encouragement ?)
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To: SeekAndFind
You could make a fortune at this: rejuvenating old, played out wells to again produce in abundance.

You could make a fortune, that is, if you knew the formula and the method of injection.

That's all coing to come out in court now. Industrial espionage by environmental activism...

36 posted on 04/17/2011 8:26:12 AM PDT by ZOOKER ( Exploring the fine line between cynicism and outright depression)
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To: thackney
So they inject methanol and the like into fields containing methane, ethane, propane, crude oil, etc.

Attempts to use reason, facts, logic, or critical thinking skills when dealing with the New York Times, or any legislator with a (D) beside their name, or your average ecotard will ultimately be fruitless.

Good try, though...

37 posted on 04/17/2011 8:26:30 AM PDT by Zeppo ("Happy Pony is on - and I'm NOT missing Happy Pony")
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To: rlmorel

If Waxman and Markey are involved, it is, by logical extension,....a lie.


38 posted on 04/17/2011 8:30:50 AM PDT by Safetgiver (I'd rather die under a free American sky than live under a Socialist regime.)
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To: Lonesome in Massachussets

“the deadly chemical dihydrogen monoxide?”
You mean H2O?
snicker, snicker......


39 posted on 04/17/2011 8:30:52 AM PDT by 9422WMR (Illegal is not a race. Obamacare is a crime)
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To: SeekAndFind

Penn. don’t need no stenkin revenue, Ill. don’t need no stenkin revenue, Calif. don’t need no stenkin revenue, I assumed everyone knew that.


40 posted on 04/17/2011 8:33:54 AM PDT by Waco (From Seward to Sara)
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To: SeekAndFind

If the New York times and any part of the Obama administration is involved in this report you know
its a lie.


41 posted on 04/17/2011 8:37:00 AM PDT by Slambat (The right to keep and bear arms. Anything one man can carry, drive or pull.)
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To: SeekAndFind

How did the oil they´re seeking not end up in groundwater? It´s been under a hell of a lot more pressure than anything else introduced down there.


42 posted on 04/17/2011 8:39:08 AM PDT by onedoug (If)
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To: SeekAndFind

Is this from the same pseudo-scientist politicos who require dairies to treat spilled milk as a hazardous substance?


43 posted on 04/17/2011 8:42:39 AM PDT by The Duke
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To: 5by5
dihyrdogen-monoxide = water

Really shouldn't promote this as people simply don't know that it's just another name for water.....and these same stupid people (our teachers and politicians)tell "the children"...that Halliburton is bad.

Just like they taught my grandchildren that unions are good because they had a fire in NYC...and women died...and unions haved since saved millions of people...but they don't save aborted babies!!!!

44 posted on 04/17/2011 8:44:45 AM PDT by Sacajaweau
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To: Lonesome in Massachussets
the deadly chemical dihydrogen monoxide

That stuff is deadly. A colorless, odorless, tasteless, killer. Tens of thousands of Japanese died recently from an overdose. Did you hear? Tragic.

45 posted on 04/17/2011 8:47:51 AM PDT by EternalVigilance (The epitaph of the GOP: Less constitutionally-principled than Donald Trump.)
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To: SeekAndFind

Oh dear, not CHEMICALS!

Whenever I see the word CHEMICALS, especially when used by a responsible unbiased authority like the NYT, I become very afraid.


46 posted on 04/17/2011 8:53:27 AM PDT by Yardstick
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To: rlmorel

Maybe Markey and Waxman can help us stop NY City from dumping trash into Pennsylvania old mines? Our own legislature seems to have a tin ear. I don’t like NY garbage in my state.


47 posted on 04/17/2011 8:53:35 AM PDT by oldironsides
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To: Flavius

Fresh water tables are separated by thousands of feet of rock. Those cap rocks that kept the gas and oil contained in the first place keep the fracturing chemicals contained as well.


48 posted on 04/17/2011 8:55:50 AM PDT by thackney (life is fragile, handle with prayer (biblein90days.org))
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To: EternalVigilance

RE: Tens of thousands of Japanese died recently from an overdose. Did you hear? Tragic

I must have missed that news. More Japanese died from this than the Earthquake/Tsunami?


49 posted on 04/17/2011 9:01:47 AM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: EternalVigilance

Edit to add, But then the Tsunami isn’t odorless or colorless or tasteless or even invisible.


50 posted on 04/17/2011 9:03:50 AM PDT by SeekAndFind
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