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Photojournalists describe staging of Obama photo taken after TV announcement of bin Ladenís death
Poynter ^ | May 4, 2011 | Al Tompkins

Posted on 05/04/2011 4:56:55 PM PDT by NWFLConservative

Reuters White House photographer Jason Reed describes how the president made his speech to a single TV camera, then immediately after finishing, he pretended to speak for the still cameras.

Reed writes: “As President Obama continued his nine-minute address in front of just one main network camera, the photographers were held outside the room by staff and asked to remain completely silent. Once Obama was off the air, we were escorted in front of that teleprompter and the President then re-enacted the walk-out and first 30 seconds of the statement for us.”

That means the photograph that appeared in many newspapers Monday morning of Obama speaking may have been the staged shot, captured after the president spoke. This type of staging has been going on for decades.

This is the cutline transmitted with this AP photo: “President Barack Obama reads his statement to photographers after making a televised statement on the death of Osama bin Laden from the East Room of the White House in Washington, Sunday, May 1, 2011. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)”

John Harrington, president of the White House News Photographers Association, tells me that the Obama Administration has used this technique before and they are not the first.

“I am aware of it happening in previous administrations. I believe Bush 41 [George H.W. Bush] did it too,” Harrington says. “The times where I have known of it happening before is when the president is in the Oval Office and you are working in a very tight space.” Other photographers who work at the White House told Poynter.org that since the Reagan era (and possibly before) it has been the standard operating procedure that during a live presidential address, still cameras are not allowed to photograph the actual event. “AP understands why the still photographers are not allowed into the live address area and the captions disclose that these are re-enactment situations as well,” says David Ake, the Associated Press’ assistant bureau chief for photos in Washington.

Because of the noise from the camera shutters and the placement of the teleprompter, “we are not able to photograph those events.”

Senior AP Staff Photographer Pablo Martinez Monsivais was called in from vacation on Sunday to cover the White House announcement.

The AP’s Pablo Martinez Monsivais, who took this photo, told Poynter, “What was very unique this time was that the White House actually allowed the still press photography pool to photograph the president’s ‘walk in’ so that images could be distributed prior to the late, 11:45 p.m. address.”

“There is nothing that we do as photojournalists that is unethical” about this, he says. “We fully disclose in our captions that this is a re-enactment, after the live announcement. We put that in.”

“The statement for the photographers took place two to three minutes after the live speech and it happened very quickly — extremely fast — with each photographer rotating into the center position.”

Doug Mills, New York Times photojournalist and former Associated Press staffer, says it has been done this way “always, always … well, as long as I have covered the White House, going back to the Reagan administration. We [still photographers] have never, never, never, ever been allowed to cover a live presidential address to the nation!”

Poynter’s Senior Faculty for Visual Journalism, Kenny Irby, explains, “The most obvious concern is noise. The 35mm cameras emit shutter noise, that would be multiplied by several photographers and increased by the echo which resonates off of the marble floors. The other visual distraction is the placement of the teleprompter that impedes the photographers’ line of sight to the president.”

Harrington says there are alternatives to staging the photographs.

As video images are increasingly detailed, it is easier to use screen captures that meet still photograph standards. He also points to devices like the “Jacobson blimp,” which he demonstrates in a YouTube video. The blimp is a hard case with a cut-out for the camera and a remote control that allows a photographer to capture images while the case mutes the sound of the camera. Harrington says other photographers have customized still cameras to make them quieter. In fact, a camera was customized to take an unusual photo of Obama during his inauguration.

But this practice of re-enacting a historic speech flies directly in the face of the National Press Photographers Association Code of Ethics, which includes this relevant passage: “Resist being manipulated by staged photo opportunities.”

Harrington says, “I know we are splitting hairs here, but the White House photographers covering those re-enactments did not stage, request or direct them. They are covering an event. They photograph what they are presented with.”

Harrington says the re-enactment is an alternative to just handing out a White House photo. “Obviously you should refer to it as a re-enactment in the cutline of the photo; it does need to be disclosed.” Both Reuters and the AP did disclose the re-enactment in the cutlines they transmitted with photos. For example, the AP cutline reads:

However, not all newspapers reprinted those disclosures. Some newspapers disclose Poynter’s Library Director David Shedden searched 50 newspaper front pages from Monday morning to see if papers that used the staged image disclosed it. Keep in mind, newsrooms were scrambling to create new front pages late Sunday evening.

This cutline was transmitted with this Reuters photo: “U.S. President Barack Obama is pictured after announcing live on television the death of Osama bin Laden, from the East Room of the White House in Washington May 1, 2011. Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden was killed on Sunday in a firefight with U.S. forces in Pakistan and his body was recovered, President Obama announced on Sunday.” (Jason Reed/Reuters) Some newspapers that we viewed used both the AP photo and its cutline, which disclosed the image’s origins. The Wausau Daily Herald, Wisconsin State Journal, Biloxi Sun Herald, Lodi News-Sentinel, Yuma Sun, The Sarasota Herald-Tribune, The Detroit Free Press, The Wichita Eagle and The Orange County Register used the AP photo and its cutline (or a variation). The Orlando Sentinel page simply states, “President Barack Obama is shown after his announcement about Osama bin Laden Sunday.” The San Jose Mercury News had a similar caption with a Getty image. Thirty other front pages we reviewed used an AP, Reuters or Getty photo, credited appropriately, with a caption that implied or strongly suggested it was an image of the live address.

The remaining nine front pages don’t say where the photos came from; although several look like the re-enactments, they could be screen captures from the live address.

What should happen next

It is time for this kind of re-enactment to end. The White House should value truth and authenticity. The technology clearly exists to document important moments without interrupting them. Photojournalists and their employers should insist on and press for access to document these historic moments.

In the meantime, anyone who uses these recreations should clearly disclose to the reader the circumstances under which they were captured.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: fakebutaccurate; freepress; obama; optics; osamadeath; propaganda; recreation; reenactment; staged
Did that clueless jackass really think this would not hit the "wires"
1 posted on 05/04/2011 4:57:00 PM PDT by NWFLConservative
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To: NWFLConservative

Like Gen McArthur wading ashore, after numerous GIs jumped in to find him a shallow spot. LOL


2 posted on 05/04/2011 4:59:43 PM PDT by shalom aleichem
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To: NWFLConservative

This whole administration is a Potemkin village.


3 posted on 05/04/2011 5:00:04 PM PDT by 2ndDivisionVet (Work hard and become a leader; be lazy and never succeed. (Proverbs 12:24))
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To: NWFLConservative

So what?


4 posted on 05/04/2011 5:02:28 PM PDT by Clara Lou
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

It’s worse than that, it’s diabolical.


5 posted on 05/04/2011 5:02:43 PM PDT by 3boysdad (The very elect.)
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To: NWFLConservative

Again, like we are surprised. As they said, this has been going on for decades.


6 posted on 05/04/2011 5:04:30 PM PDT by DallasSun (Courage~Fear that has said its prayers.)
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To: NWFLConservative

7 posted on 05/04/2011 5:06:28 PM PDT by Zuben Elgenubi
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To: NWFLConservative
It's a non-story. It's a standard practice--it's a stupid practice, but it's a standard practice--going back to at least Reagan, and probably earlier.

I get the feeling that it'll be phased out as video stills get crisper and cleaner, but who knows.
8 posted on 05/04/2011 5:06:48 PM PDT by OnlyTurkeysHaveLeftWings
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To: NWFLConservative

The most interesting part of this story is that the Reuters photographer would actually let this out. This is the second time that Reuters has exposed Obama in a less than flattering light. Is it possible that “The One” is losing his grip on the press? Could it be that his mean spiritedness and manipulation are taking their toll, even on the fawning media? We can only hope . . . .


9 posted on 05/04/2011 5:07:05 PM PDT by onevoter
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To: NWFLConservative

The most ‘tranparent’ Admin ever???? Bwahahahahaha! Is there anything real about this @#$% Pres..ent??


10 posted on 05/04/2011 5:07:47 PM PDT by originalbuckeye
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To: NWFLConservative

And now we learn that Obama wasn’t watching the raid live in the Sit Room. It was blacked out.

This thing is unraveling real fast.


11 posted on 05/04/2011 5:09:41 PM PDT by nhwingut (Palin '12... Accept No Other)
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To: NWFLConservative

And ANYONE wonders if Obama’s “Birth Certificate” is legit! Of course it is not. Nothing about him is.


12 posted on 05/04/2011 5:10:34 PM PDT by bvw
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To: OnlyTurkeysHaveLeftWings

It’s a “non-story” to trolls.


13 posted on 05/04/2011 5:16:00 PM PDT by nhwingut (Palin '12... Accept No Other)
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To: NWFLConservative

Interesting. Thanks for posting.

“Everything about socialism is sham and affectation.” - 23.11 Ch23 Evil; Economic Harmonies; Frederic Bastiat 1801-1850


14 posted on 05/04/2011 5:16:04 PM PDT by PGalt
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To: Zuben Elgenubi

I saw The King’s Speech last night. Very good. I expect Obozo sees himself as another `Bertie.’ You know, struggling, underneath it all, really a nice guy.
I’m sure you heard Obozo got a speech therapist for hundred thou or so, chump change right? let me be clear....
in the grand scheme of things in which all of existence revolves around The One.
Obozo sees that the problem is that he, well he just isn’t presenting the words the right way, like King George. Of course the average American, having gotten to know him, gotten to know all about him that he has allowed, even his suporters, sees that Bertie’s problem was one of form, and that his substance was fine, while Obozo has the reverse problem. How will a speech therapist break it to America’s king, to put it in the vernacular—that you just can’t polish a turd.


15 posted on 05/04/2011 5:45:26 PM PDT by tumblindice (Don't confuse me with the facts)
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To: NWFLConservative
Which “clueless jackass” are you talking about?

You are confusing style and substance, on this.
In this case, Obama fails on both, but not because the still photographers played second fiddle (as usual) to the videographer for an important public announcement from the POTUS to the nation.

There are still some applications for 35mm, but seriously, do you really think film photography has any advantage over digital in situations like this?

ROTFLMAO!

16 posted on 05/04/2011 5:51:00 PM PDT by sarasmom
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To: NWFLConservative

Bunch of famous manipulators. There’s a lot less to this Administration than meets the eye.


17 posted on 05/04/2011 5:53:25 PM PDT by popdonnelly (Democrats = authoritarian socialists)
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To: NWFLConservative

Next you'll be telling me that isn't real!

18 posted on 05/04/2011 5:55:43 PM PDT by thecabal (The Golden Rule: He who has the gold, makes the rules.)
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To: NWFLConservative
Who are you speaking about? Reagan? Bush 41? Clinton? Bush 43? or Obama?

Come on. When you scream all the time about everything...well...it just gets annoying.

19 posted on 05/04/2011 5:59:33 PM PDT by NELSON111
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To: thecabal

Now that’s funny, I don’t care who you are, that’s a funny one there!


20 posted on 05/04/2011 6:01:06 PM PDT by NWFLConservative (Game On.......Fight Like a Girl!!...............Saracuda in 2012)
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To: thecabal

ditto thecabal!


21 posted on 05/04/2011 6:30:40 PM PDT by 2nd Amendment
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To: OnlyTurkeysHaveLeftWings

That many shutters going off at once make a racket. The TV guys would get all mad if they had to work with that noise.

This has been going on for years. Just another part of the kabuki dance that is the White House.


22 posted on 05/04/2011 6:43:53 PM PDT by Vermont Lt (How long before the Mall becomes Tahifir Sq?)
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To: NWFLConservative

Totally agree.


23 posted on 05/04/2011 8:25:00 PM PDT by thecabal (The Golden Rule: He who has the gold, makes the rules.)
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To: sarasmom

Nobody uses film for breaking news, it’s all digital. But shutters still make noise.


24 posted on 05/05/2011 8:55:11 AM PDT by OnlyTurkeysHaveLeftWings
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