I don’t think it is necessarily taxes. I think it is the job problem. Same with Detroit. Those folks did not leave Detroit because of taxes, they left because the industry died and they needed to retrain in another area which meant leaving the city.
Businesses also flee high taxes - hence the loss of jobs.
As far as NY goes, it's mostly a tax problem.
During a temporary moment of insanity, we had considered moving back to Long Island. I 86'd the idea pretty quick when I realized how much I would be paying in property taxes - and that I'd have to sell my guns.
My friend lives in a crappy house in a crappy Hempstead neighborhood. The house is 100% paid off, yet he still pays $18,000 per year in property taxes. He wouldn't even be able to rent the place for that much. Despite owning his home outright, he essentially a tax slave to the froward minority pols, renters and 3rd worlders who run (and are destroying) Hempstead and it's deplorable, astronomically expensive school system.
The lefties/unions/parasites there think they can just keep sucking everyone dry, but the smart people and their smart money simply leave.
Concur—not just taxes, but lack of opportunity. Upstate NY is very beautiful, but its an economic wasteland. Its the Appalachia of the North, closer in character to WV than to New York City.