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Flash Memory That'll Keep On Shrinking
MIT Technology Review ^ | Friday, September 2, 2011 | By Katherine Bourzac

Posted on 09/02/2011 11:19:10 AM PDT by Red Badger

Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, and one of the largest manufacturers of computer memory, Samsung, have created a new kind of flash memory that uses graphene—atom-thick sheets of pure carbon—along with silicon to store information.

Incorporating graphene could help extend the viability of flash memory technology for years to come, and allow future portable electronics to store far more data.

Chipmakers pack increasing amounts of data in the same physical area by miniaturizing the memory cells used to store individual bits. Inside today's flash drives, these cells are nanoscale "floating gate" transistors. Recent years have seen the rapid miniaturization of flash cells, enabling, for example, the iPhone 4 to store twice as much data as the iPhone 3. But below a certain cell size, silicon becomes less stable, and this has the potential to halt the march of miniaturization.

Graphene-based technology like that demonstrated the UCLA team and Samsung could let flash memory continue shrinking. The group's prototypes devices are described online in the journal ACS Nano.

"We're not totally replacing silicon but using graphene as the storage layer," says Augustin Hong, who worked on the devices at UCLA and is now a research staff member at IBM's Watson Research Center. "We're using graphene to help extend the capabilities of the conventional technology."

The graphene flash memory prototypes can be read and written to using less power than conventional flash memory, and they can store data more stably over time, even when miniaturized. The UCLA researchers have also demonstrated that they meet the industry standard of 10-year projected data retention—today's flash memory does too, but future versions may not. Most important, the graphene memory cells don't electrically interfere with one another—a problem with conventional flash cells as they are made smaller that can cause them to malfunction.

Other researchers are working on radical new kinds of computer memory that promise to hold more data. However, many of these alternatives require exotic materials and totally new manufacturing processes. Replacing silicon with graphene in flash memory cells could provide a simpler, more practical solution, at least in the short term.


TOPICS: Business/Economy; Culture/Society; Technical
KEYWORDS: communications; computers; electronics; graphene; memory
This also means Solid State Drives will get bigger and faster...............
1 posted on 09/02/2011 11:19:17 AM PDT by Red Badger
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To: ShadowAce

Bigger memory ping!.................


2 posted on 09/02/2011 11:19:47 AM PDT by Red Badger ("Treason doth never prosper.... What's the reason? Why if it prosper, none dare call it treason.")
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To: Red Badger

Combine this with IBM’s new PCM design and we’ll be seeing 1+tb flash drives in no time!
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/2744808/posts


3 posted on 09/02/2011 11:26:34 AM PDT by Teflonic
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To: Red Badger

pretty cool stuff..

my first beast was a 64 KiloByte core memory thingy.. and it weighed plenty..

now ya can lug 64GB on a little stick..


4 posted on 09/02/2011 11:27:22 AM PDT by NormsRevenge (Semper Fi ... Godspeed .. Monthly Donor Onboard .. Obama: Epic Fail or Bust!!!)
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To: Red Badger
Graphene is a one-atom-thick planar sheet of sp2-bonded carbon atoms that are densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice.

We cannot use Graphene as the EPA has indicated that Carbon causes Global Warming. - lunatic lib

5 posted on 09/02/2011 11:29:27 AM PDT by frogjerk (Today is already the tomorrow which the bad economist yesterday urged us to ignore. - HAZLITT)
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To: Red Badger

Does anyone make a graphene memory cell that I can plug in to my brain? THAT is where I need more memory...


6 posted on 09/02/2011 11:29:27 AM PDT by WayneS (Enlightened statesmen will not always be at the helm. -- James Madison)
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To: rdb3; Calvinist_Dark_Lord; GodGunsandGuts; CyberCowboy777; Salo; Bobsat; JosephW; ...

7 posted on 09/02/2011 11:33:21 AM PDT by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: WayneS
Does anyone make a graphene memory cell that I can plug in to my brain? THAT is where I need more memory...

You already have about 2.5PB in your hippocampus. Don't be greedy.

8 posted on 09/02/2011 11:38:48 AM PDT by frogjerk (Today is already the tomorrow which the bad economist yesterday urged us to ignore. - HAZLITT)
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To: frogjerk

Some of mine acccidently got erased..


9 posted on 09/02/2011 11:41:30 AM PDT by WayneS (Enlightened statesmen will not always be at the helm. -- James Madison)
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To: Teflonic

But it will still take Windows ten minutes to boot up!...................


10 posted on 09/02/2011 11:41:51 AM PDT by Red Badger ("Treason doth never prosper.... What's the reason? Why if it prosper, none dare call it treason.")
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To: Red Badger

I keep hearing stuff about graphene.


11 posted on 09/02/2011 11:43:22 AM PDT by cuban leaf
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To: WayneS

Try Crap Cleaner...........

http://www.piriform.com/ccleaner

Then use DeFraggler............

http://www.piriform.com/defraggler


12 posted on 09/02/2011 11:44:58 AM PDT by Red Badger ("Treason doth never prosper.... What's the reason? Why if it prosper, none dare call it treason.")
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To: cuban leaf

It’s the new ‘plastics’!.......................


13 posted on 09/02/2011 11:45:39 AM PDT by Red Badger ("Treason doth never prosper.... What's the reason? Why if it prosper, none dare call it treason.")
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To: Red Badger

Yeah.

http://bigthink.com/ideas/24381

a snip:
Some say that it will be heralded as one of the materials that will literally change our lives in the 21st century. Not only is graphene the thinnest possible material that is feasible, but it’s also about 200 times stronger than steel and conducts electricity better than any material known to man—at room temperature.


14 posted on 09/02/2011 11:45:48 AM PDT by cuban leaf
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To: NormsRevenge

I bought a 40MB hard drive, ($350!) and wondered what in the world I was gonna go with all that SPACE!...................


15 posted on 09/02/2011 11:48:00 AM PDT by Red Badger ("Treason doth never prosper.... What's the reason? Why if it prosper, none dare call it treason.")
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To: WayneS
Some of mine acccidently got erased..

Mine's still in the Recycle Bin, but I think the files are corrupted.

16 posted on 09/02/2011 11:50:57 AM PDT by babyfreep
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To: ShadowAce

Honestly, it looks like the big story here is not the memory, but the graphene itself. Google it.

Very interesting.


17 posted on 09/02/2011 11:51:43 AM PDT by cuban leaf
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To: Red Badger

This is amazing:
“It [graphene] can also be considered as an indefinitely large aromatic molecule...”

Molecules don’t “wear out”. How long would moving parts made of graphene last? They claim it would take an elephant standing on a pencil, point down, to break a sheet (one atom thick) of graphene.


18 posted on 09/02/2011 11:56:57 AM PDT by cuban leaf
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To: Red Badger

I like flash but I hope they can make it more robust. It has a limited number of writes leading to poor reliability over the long hall.

I’ve had a number die over the years and still find hard drives more reliable for long term storage.


19 posted on 09/02/2011 12:03:01 PM PDT by dangerdoc (see post #6)
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To: frogjerk

My hippo got loose and the campus just can’t keep up on its own.


20 posted on 09/02/2011 12:04:45 PM PDT by dangerdoc (see post #6)
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To: cuban leaf

21 posted on 09/02/2011 12:10:26 PM PDT by Red Badger ("Treason doth never prosper.... What's the reason? Why if it prosper, none dare call it treason.")
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To: Red Badger

Must be a graphene ball. 8->


22 posted on 09/02/2011 12:11:43 PM PDT by cuban leaf
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To: Red Badger
I bought a 40MB hard drive, ($350!) and wondered what in the world I was gonna go with all that SPACE!

Been there. Then I did the MFM to RLL controller swap. If you were lucky you could get 60MB out of it.

23 posted on 09/02/2011 12:31:04 PM PDT by ken in texas (Can't Afford a Tagline... send money.)
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To: ken in texas

I’m at work and we are ‘cleaning house’ of our old equipment and junk today. I’m tossing old 386’s and monitors, floppy drives and all kinds of dust covered relics into the pile. Old test and measurement equipment, some TUBE stuff!................


24 posted on 09/02/2011 12:48:21 PM PDT by Red Badger ("Treason doth never prosper.... What's the reason? Why if it prosper, none dare call it treason.")
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To: Red Badger

My first HD (not the first PC though) was a WHOPPING 12MB :o)
I think it was around $500..

The first mouse (1 button) was $126 >.<


25 posted on 09/02/2011 12:54:41 PM PDT by Bikkuri
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Bookmark


26 posted on 09/02/2011 1:13:02 PM PDT by thackney (life is fragile, handle with prayer)
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To: dangerdoc
I’ve had a number die over the years

Me too.

And I lose the darn things. But I don't have that problem anymore. I find old hard drive cases and install them in those with a cable that comes out and plugs into the computer. Much harder to misplace. ;-)

27 posted on 09/02/2011 2:00:52 PM PDT by Right Wing Assault (Dick Obama is more inexperienced now than he was before he was elected.)
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To: Bikkuri

I built a computer from a kit back in I think 1976 and an 8k (That’s 8 kilobytes!) memory card cost $440. And I had to solder in the 64 2102 chips.

Here’s the instructions I found online.

http://bytecollector.com/archive/digital_group/documentation/hardware/dg_systems/system_cards/memory/8k_mem.pdf


28 posted on 09/02/2011 2:10:39 PM PDT by Right Wing Assault (Dick Obama is more inexperienced now than he was before he was elected.)
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To: Red Badger
Remembering memory

The next time you load 4 gigs of memory into your $99 digital camera recall this picture.

29 posted on 09/02/2011 2:32:11 PM PDT by MosesKnows (Love many, Trust few, and always paddle your own canoe)
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To: WayneS
>>>>>Does anyone make a graphene memory cell that I can plug in to my brain? THAT is where I need more memory...<<<<<

It's Labor day weekend. Just reboot your CPU, memory leak will be fixed by itself and you'll be just fine :-)

30 posted on 09/02/2011 3:11:36 PM PDT by DTA (U.S. Centcom vs. U.S. AFRICOM)
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To: Right Wing Assault
I can't get to that link, for some reason :/  something is blocking it..

Anyway, yeah, my first was a TRaSh80 MC :p  (had to buy the 300 Bd modem and cassette recorder separately ;^) ) Was 1980..



https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/TRS-80_MC-10



At at least it got me into computers :) The one before my HD PC was called Apple Laser with 128KB of ram.. I could be way off.. it has been decades XD



https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Laser_128


I do remember the 5.25 floppy drive and the first sim I got on it though.. Was Chuck Yeager's SR-71 flight sim... AWESOME at the time (stick graphics lol).

31 posted on 09/02/2011 3:50:46 PM PDT by Bikkuri
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To: MosesKnows

I help someone move an old HD about the size of a dishwasher. The thing was VERY heavy. We struggled it out of the place he got it, into my van, out of the van, and into his basement. We found, mounted on the bottom, a solid piece of lead about 4”x12”x12”. Lead weighed 100 pounds.

Since the thing was top heavy, it needed a counter weight to keep from tipping over. Removing four nuts could have saved us a lot of grief. I got the lead. I loaned the lead to someone years ago and I haven’t seen it since. He probably made 100 pounds of bullets.


32 posted on 09/02/2011 4:27:10 PM PDT by Right Wing Assault (Dick Obama is more inexperienced now than he was before he was elected.)
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To: Bikkuri

The Laser was a copy of the Apple 2e, but it’s name was just Laser, since Apple didn’t make it. I’ve got one of them in the attic.


33 posted on 09/02/2011 4:28:37 PM PDT by Right Wing Assault (Dick Obama is more inexperienced now than he was before he was elected.)
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To: Bikkuri

The link downloads a pdf file. Maybe you don’t have the right Adobe software for it.


34 posted on 09/02/2011 4:30:09 PM PDT by Right Wing Assault (Dick Obama is more inexperienced now than he was before he was elected.)
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To: Right Wing Assault

Strange.. which link was it?
The only difference is it’s a secure connection (HTTPS) instead of a normal one.. maybe I should link the normal connection...


35 posted on 09/02/2011 4:35:23 PM PDT by Bikkuri
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To: Right Wing Assault

Ah.. sorry, I see what you’re talking about.. Adobe software is no prob.. I have photoshop..

I will see if I can download direct..

ok.. It is downloading fine.. maybe I just didn’t wait long enough for the PDF to load :p

Thank you for the tip ;)


36 posted on 09/02/2011 4:38:08 PM PDT by Bikkuri
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To: Red Badger

Hey you guys, don’t just blindly trash that old stuff into the dumps. Some of it is valuable to us collectors of vintage computers. I recently sold a vintage Apple motherboard for $300 (could have got twice that but it cost me nothing because I originally bought 16 of them for only $10 total). Guys are buying vintage chips and tubes for big bucks. Too many are being recycled as scrap, depleting what’s left for collectors.


37 posted on 09/02/2011 4:42:59 PM PDT by roadcat
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To: Bikkuri

Drives of the vintage when I started. The removable packs held a massive 3 MB. Cost? $90K 1960's era dollars if I read the information correctly. And they needed special flooring, A/C, power supplies.

See http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/BRL64-i.html

38 posted on 09/02/2011 4:43:18 PM PDT by bvw
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To: bvw
My first: The Philco Ford 210. Installed in 1963. Revolving drum storage with 1" magnetic tape. Used at NORAD Cheyenne Mountain Complex until 1977.


39 posted on 09/02/2011 5:18:14 PM PDT by Alas Babylon!
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To: Right Wing Assault

4”x12”x12”
approx equals 10cm x 30cm x 30cm.
one liter is 10cm cubed ... so you are talking about 9 liters volume

One liter of water is one kilogram

Density of lead is around 11.5 ...
so your lead block was a bit more than 100kg ~= 220pounds


40 posted on 09/03/2011 7:28:18 AM PDT by AFPhys ((Praying for our troops, our citizens, that the Bible and Freedom become basis of the US law again))
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To: AFPhys

Yeah, I forgot to convert to kg! It was probably is bit smaller dimensions than that, since I could barely lift it alone. Likely no more than 150 lbs. The bolts made nice legs.

But it was a heavy momma for its size! And to find we could have removed it early on in the move...


41 posted on 09/03/2011 8:49:58 AM PDT by Right Wing Assault (Dick Obama is more inexperienced now than he was before he was elected.)
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To: Red Badger

I had the same experience with my first pc!!


42 posted on 09/03/2011 2:13:22 PM PDT by dcwusmc (A FREE People have no sovereign save Almighty GOD!!! III OK We are EVERYWHERE)
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