I like this essay but...
it says “, Galileo was convicted of heresy for insisting that the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around. “
This is an enduring myth but absolutely untrue and one of the many slanders against the Catholic church. Well done lies last don’t they.
Galileo was convicted of Perjury for insisting that his unproven theories were “fact” though he had sworn an oath to cease doing so.
One of his “facts” was that the rotation of the earth caused the tides. This theory was not a “fact” as he kept insisting.
His opponent Friar Roger Bacon had a theory that it was the moon that caused tides. Bacon was right. Galileo was a great genius but well known as a braggart.
Incidentally a century before Galileo the Catholic Church(in the person of Catholic clergyman Copernicus) advanced and partly substantiated the theory that the planets revolved around the sun.
It was already a popular theory among educated Catholics when Galileo was born. Galileo provided additional proofs that were valid.
The Church welcomed these as part of what everyone regarded as a highly plausible theory, not a fact.