Skip to comments.Researchers Develop World's First Energy-Storage Membrane
Posted on 10/03/2011 11:37:44 AM PDT by Red Badger
A team from the National University of Singapore's Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative (NUSNNI), led by principle investigator Dr Xie Xian Ning, has developed the world's first energy-storage membrane.
Electrical energy storage and its management is becoming an urgent issue due to climate change and energy shortage. Existing technologies such as rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors are based on complicated configurations including liquid electrolytes, and suffer from difficulties in scaling-up and high fabrication costs. There is also growing public concern and awareness of the impact of traditional energy sources on the environment, spurring a continued search for alternative, green, sustainable energy sources.
Cost-effective and environmentally friendly
Xie and his team have developed a membrane that not only promises greater cost-effectiveness in delivering energy, but also an environmentally friendly solution. The researchers used a polystyrene-based polymer to deposit the soft, foldable membrane that, when sandwiched between and charged by two metal plates, could store charge at 0.2 farads per square centimeter. This is well above the typical upper limit of 1 microfarad per square centimetre for a standard capacitor.
The cost involved in energy storage is also drastically reduced. With existing technologies based on liquid electrolytes, it costs about US$7 to store each farad. With the advanced energy storage membrane, the cost to store each farad falls to an impressive $0.62. This translates to an energy cost of 10-20 watt-hour per U.S. dollar for the membrane, as compared to just 2.5 watt-hour per U.S. dollar for lithium ion batteries.
"Compared to rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors, the proprietary membrane allows for very simple device configuration and low fabrication cost. Moreover, the performance of the membrane surpasses those of rechargeable batteries, such as lithium ion and lead-acid batteries, and supercapacitors," Xie said.
The research is supported by grants from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research & Technology (SMART), and National Research Foundation. Dr Xie and his team started work on the membrane early last year and took about 1.5 years to reach their current status, and have successfully filed a US patent for this novel invention.
The discovery has also gained the attention of scientific journals worldwide, and was featured in Energy & Environmental Science and highlighted by journal Nature.
Potential applications: From hybrid vehicles to solar panels and wind turbines
The membrane could be used in hybrid vehicles for instant power storage and delivery, thus improving energy efficiency and reducing carbon emission. Potentially, hybrid cars with the membrane technology could be powered by the energy stored in the membranes in conjunction with the energy provided by fuel combustion, increasing the lifespan of car batteries and cutting down on waste.
The membrane could also be integrated into solar panels and wind turbines to store and manage the electricity generated. Energy provided through these sources is prone to instability due to their dependence on natural factors. By augmenting these energy sources with the membrane, the issue of instability could potentially be negated, as surplus energy generated can be instantly stored in the membranes, and delivered for use at a stable rate at times when natural factors are insufficient, such as a lack of solar power during night-time.
The research team has demonstrated the membrane's superior performance in energy storage using prototype devices. The team is currently exploring opportunities to work with venture capitalists to commercialise the membrane. To date, several venture capitalists have expressed strong interest in the technology.
"With the advent of our novel membrane, energy storage technology will be more accessible, affordable, and producible on a large scale. It is also environmentally-friendly and could change the current status of energy technology," Xie said.
Darn, that’s got to be thin.
Rated at some small fraction of a volt, I’d think.
So what’s the downside that they never mention in these articles?
The first ain't happening and the second is caused by government...interesting reasons...
I don’t see any.............
I want to scream every time I read that...Grrrrrrrrrrr~!!!!!!!!!!
If you invested in lithium mining you're screwed.
As for safety, no matter how energy is stored, if you release it all at at once, bad things will happen.. . . and as far as that goes, any storage of 100% "available energy" (in a thermodynamics sense) definitely has the potential for 100% instantaneous release. And electrical energy fits into that category.
10 posted on October 3, 2011 2:58:16 PM EDT by BitWielder1
I don't know what the definition of a "super" capacitor is, but
"could store charge at 0.2 farads per square centimeter. This is well above the typical upper limit of 1 microfarad per square centimetre for a standard capacitor"certainly would fit into my intuitive definition. The ratio between 0.2 farads and 1 microfarad being one fifth of a million . . .
Rate-related effects might be show stoppers. What happens at a high rate of charging or discharging?
Heating? Swelling of the membrane? Hydrogen and/or oxygen evolution?
Any of the above could lead to physical disruption of the device and/or explosions...
Question: What happens to a fully charged device when you "crowbar" it (dead-short it with a conductor capable of handling the current)?
They should have said mobile devices and load leveling for utility companies.
Not to mention power back up, RC cars, and cordless power tools.
And the potential to turn into a plasma grenade.