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Geron Bails Out of Stem Cells
ScienceInsider ^ | 15 November 2011 | Gretchen Vogel

Posted on 11/16/2011 11:43:22 PM PST by neverdem

Geron, the company that helped pioneer human embryonic stem (hES) cell research, said yesterday that it is stopping its first-in-the-world clinical trial and pulling out of further stem cell work. The company, based in Menlo Park, California, will instead concentrate on its anticancer therapies, CEO John Scarlett said in a statement. "Deciding to move out of the stem cell business was a very difficult decision to make," he told investors and journalists this morning.

Geron helped to fund the work of James Thomson at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, who in 1998 was the first to isolate hES cells. That agreement gave the company exclusive licenses for a number of hES cell patents. Last year, it launched the world's first clinical trial, which was designed to treat eight patients with spinal cord injury, using neuronal cells derived from hES cells. Four have been treated so far, and Geron says it will continue following them. It will not enroll any new patients, however. The company returned a $6.5 million loan from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM), a taxpayer-funded body set up to support research on stem cells, especially hES cells. CIRM agreed earlier this year to loan Geron up to $25 million to fund the trial.

Scarlett, who joined the company in late September, said the decision allows Geron to continue operating without raising new money for the next year and a half, when it expects results from a half-dozen phase II trials of two cancer drugs. As part of the stem cell downsizing, the company will cut 66 full-time positions, 38% of its workforce.

Stephen Kelsey, Geron's chief medical officer, said in the conference call that so far patients showed neither significant side effects nor any improvement in their condition. Given the small scale of the study, he said, stopping early may not be such a loss. "We applied for and received permission to run a very small safety study with a low dose of cells," he said. "We're halfway through, and the data have been remarkably consistent. We will be reporting the results, and it will be a fair reflection of what would have happened if we had completed the study."

Some observers had reservations about the trial from the start, worrying that the animal results were not strong enough to justify a human trial. But many had been pulling for the company nonetheless. "It's with a sense of loss that I see this news," says Roger Pedersen of the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, who was one of the researchers to receive funding from Geron in the mid-1990s to attempt to derive hES cells. He says the company may be reacting not only to the long timeline to bring cell therapies to the clinic, but also to a possible weakening of its intellectual property portfolio. The development of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which are adult cells genetically reprogrammed to resemble embryonic ones, means that Geron's exclusive licenses may be worth less. "Advances in the stem cell field are disruptive innovations that have the potential to supercede earlier innovations, hES cells being one of those. I don't know if Geron looks at it that way, but I do," Pedersen says.

TOPICS: Business/Economy; Culture/Society; Front Page News; Politics/Elections
KEYWORDS: adultstemcells; embryonicstemcells; escr; geron; stemcells
It's remarkable! In one week, we have good news from two types of stem cells!

AHA: Cardiac Stem Cells Show Promise in Heart Failure

1 posted on 11/16/2011 11:43:24 PM PST by neverdem
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To: Coleus; Peach; airborne; Asphalt; Dr. Scarpetta; I'm ALL Right!; StAnDeliver; ovrtaxt; ...

stem cell ping

2 posted on 11/17/2011 12:19:42 AM PST by neverdem (Xin loi minh oi)
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To: neverdem

The “adults” are taking over? ;)

3 posted on 11/17/2011 12:22:30 AM PST by skr (May God confound the enemy)
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To: neverdem

How much longer will we waste resources on hES?

4 posted on 11/17/2011 1:07:59 AM PST by 1010RD (First, Do No Harm)
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To: 1010RD

Good question. Obama has a habit of investing in losers.

5 posted on 11/17/2011 3:00:12 AM PST by syriacus (Romney looks good in his Hallowe'en costume - dressed like a Conservative. TRICK OR TREAT?)
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To: neverdem

Just from a purely scientific point of view, it has never made much sense to go after embryonic stem cells, which are almost completely unprogrammed. We still don’t have a good understanding of how an embryo develops, and certainly, our understanding is insufficient to take unprogrammed cells and induce them to become cells of a type of our choosing.

It is far more sensible to take cells that already have latent programming and tweak them to complete their differentiation in a manner that they are already poised for. Of course, we’ve been doing that for years, starting long before this latest attempt to legitimize abortion as a medical necessity.

6 posted on 11/17/2011 3:42:21 AM PST by exDemMom (Now that I've finally accepted that I'm living a bad hair life, I'm more at peace with the world.)
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To: syriacus

Obama has a habit of investing in losers.

He seems to be pretty good at buying realestate. He’s almost as good as Hillary was in the futures market.

7 posted on 11/17/2011 3:47:53 AM PST by freedomfiter2 (Brutal acts of commission and yawning acts of omission both strengthen the hand of the devil.)
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To: neverdem
I like how nature prevailed here. Natural law prevailed. God prevailed.

The coming GOP administration should focus all resources on ASC pluripotency.

8 posted on 11/17/2011 4:10:18 AM PST by StAnDeliver (/)
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To: neverdem

The government is really lousy at science, engineering and business.

The Human Embryonic Stem Cell industry was created as a political initiative to support abortion rights. It never had much promise as a field of medical research, but it allowed abortion rights supporters to shift the debate from Partial Birth Abortion (where they were getting their asses kicked) to the opposite end of the gestational spectrum. By holding out the false promise of breakthrough therapies, they got many people to support applying a utilitarian argument to the value of human life. This was a major step “forward” for abortion rights advocates.

Of course, California bought this argument hook line and sinker, and passed a public resolution to spend hundreds of millions of dollars on a wasteful political gesture. Outfits like Geron were just picking up the money California was throwing on the ground.

Now Geron is walking away, laughing all the way to the bank. I am not upset that the citizens of California were fleeced of hundreds of millions of dollars. They do that to themselves. It is unfortunate, however, that eight people were injected with ineffective therapies that will probably cause cancers down the road. That is a high price to pay for political gestures.

9 posted on 11/17/2011 6:05:30 AM PST by Haiku Guy (We don't need to Occupy Wall Street... We need to Occupy K Street!)
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To: neverdem

I have nothing to do with stem cells! Should I sue? Just because we share a name..... *shakes fist*

10 posted on 11/17/2011 6:45:48 AM PST by GeronL (The Right to Life came before the Right to Happiness)
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To: neverdem
My guess is that the real reason they are pulling out is that the state funding went dry.
11 posted on 11/17/2011 7:05:57 AM PST by Tribune7 (If you demand perfection you will wind up with leftist Democrats)
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To: Tribune7

There’s no profit nor hope of a profit. It’s BAD SCIENCE.

12 posted on 11/17/2011 6:20:13 PM PST by muawiyah
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To: muawiyah
There’s no profit nor hope of a profit. It’s BAD SCIENCE.

Yup. You have to hype it as faith healing and hope to get cynical pols to go along with a scheme to loot the treasury.

13 posted on 11/17/2011 6:23:04 PM PST by Tribune7 (If you demand perfection you will wind up with leftist Democrats)
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