Were in an uproar over the usage of the non-emergency wording in obamas EO. Found this in clintons EO:
Policy. The United States must have an industrial and technology
base capable of meeting national defense requirements, and capable of contributing
to the technological superiority of its defense equipment in PEACETIME.
and in times of national emergency. The domestic industrial and technological
base is the foundation for national defense preparedness. The authorities
provided in the Act shall be used to strengthen this base and to ensure
it is capable of responding to all threats to the national security of the
You ask a very good question. One should ask why the word change at all? If they are truly synonymous...why change it? I noted the change between the word 'threat' and it has been changed to 'need,' as well.
So define "peacetime?" period without war: a time when there is no war, In politics, peacetime is defined as any period of time where there are no violent conflicts occurring.
Define non-emergency: not being or requiring emergency care
The word change one deals with violent conflicts and war. Non-emergency deals with domestic matters.
I think we all understood the previous orders were there in the event of war. Threat as the EO from Clinton calls it. Hence, the word peacetime as the opposite. But now the tone is changed to "need" and "non-emergency."
This is internal to take control vs. taking control to deal with a 'threat.'