Skip to comments.Corruption report highlights political party funding in EU countries
Posted on 05/09/2012 3:23:23 PM PDT by Olog-hai
European nations are not doing enough to fight corruption and bribery, according to an annual report released on Wednesday (9 May) by the Council of Europe (CoE). In the EU alone, corruption costs an estimated 120 billion annually.
The CoE's group of states against corruption (GRECO), which acts as a peer review system producing reports and recommendations on different aspects of each member's efforts to fight corruption, says members need to increase transparency of political funding.
In April, GRECO requested Italy to clean up its act, citing a gross lack of transparency throughout its party funding structure.
"The control performed by [Italian] public authorities over political funding is fragmented and formalistic, consisting of three different institutions with limited powers and no coordination either among themselves or with law enforcement bodies," the CoE said.
Anonymous individual donations to political parties are banned in the Czech Republic, according to GRECO. Everyone, regardless of the donated amount, must reveal his or her identity.
But elsewhere, the threshold on individual donations before disclosure is too high. The report points out that in Germany, only the identities of individuals who donate more than 50,000 to a political party are made public.
Germany and Spain are also the only two member states that have yet to ratify the 1999 criminal law convention on corruption. The convention creates obligations for signatory states to criminalize corruption in both the public and the private sector.
Germany's national law on bribery and corruption applies to members of its parliament but is limited in scope. Parliament members can only be investigated if the allegation is linked to a legislative process. The supervisory body in the Bundestag charged with monitoring compliance with German legislation is composed of eight individuals.
(Excerpt) Read more at euobserver.com ...