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ANALYSIS: Okinawa the front line of Japan's defense
asahi.com ^ | August 01, 2012 | NANAE KURASHIGE

Posted on 08/01/2012 8:02:57 PM PDT by Tailgunner Joe

Okinawa serves as a vital bulwark against China as the giant neighbor presses territorial claims and flexes its military muscle in waters around Japan, according to this year's defense white paper.

By emphasizing the strategic importance of Okinawa, the Defense Ministry apparently seeks to highlight the deterrence power of U.S. military forces stationed in the southernmost prefecture.

It says the U.S. military presence is a "lifeline" for Japan in terms of the Japan-U.S. alliance. The document, released July 31 at a Cabinet meeting, cites the importance of defending the Nansei Islands, which extend some 1,000 kilometers near major sea lanes in a southwesterly direction almost as far as Taiwan.

The Japanese government regards cooperation with U.S. forces stationed in Japan as indispensable in countering China's rapid military buildup and aggressive naval posturing in the Pacific Ocean.

Defense Minister Satoshi Morimoto told reporters after the release of the white paper that Japan, along with the rest of East Asia, maintains "a certain level of wariness over which direction China will take."

"We want the Japanese people to understand what defense policies the United States is going to take with Japan to deal with the changes that are taking place in East Asia," he added.

In a special section, the white paper gives a rundown of the "dynamic defense capability" that was revealed in the basic defense program of 2010.

"From now on, the idea of dynamic defense capability will be applied to Japan-U.S. defense cooperation," it says, citing closer cooperation between U.S. forces and Japan's Self-Defense Forces.

The steps include an "expansion of joint training," "further consideration of joint use of facilities" and an "expansion of information-sharing, monitoring and reconnaissance activities."

The white paper also painstakingly details steps taken to review the realignment of U.S. forces in Japan, which were agreed upon by the two countries in April.

It points out, "It is necessary to reduce the burden of Okinawa while (maintaining) the U.S. strategies that place importance on Asia and the Pacific region."

The passage explains the process under which the transfer to Guam of U.S. Marines stationed in Okinawa, along with the return to Japan of land south of the sprawling Kadena Air Base, was kept separate from the issue of relocating the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, now in Ginowan.

As for the candidate site for the relocation, the white paper says the Henoko district in Nago, also in Okinawa Prefecture, is the only available site.

The document states in no uncertain terms the geographical importance of Okinawa for Japan because of its proximity to vital sea lanes.

"We sent a message that the military importance of Okinawa, including the ability to defend Okinawa itself, is growing due to the rapid modernization of China's military," a Defense Ministry official said.

For the first time, the white paper came with graphics and explanations titled, "Geopolitical location of Okinawa and the significance and the role of the U.S. Marine Corps stationed in Okinawa."

The graphics also show routes that Chinese warships have taken to venture into the Pacific Ocean by passing through the Nansei Islands, concluding that "Okinawa is located in a strategically important area."

"The stationing of U.S. forces in Okinawa is contributing greatly to the safety of Japan and the peace and stability of Asia and the Pacific region," it says.

Although the white paper emphasizes the strategic importance of Okinawa, negotiations between Japan and the United States on reducing the burden on Okinawa posed by the massive U.S. military presence there have gone anything but smoothly.

Washington and Tokyo still have their work cut out in deciding the ratio of financial burden to be shouldered by each country in relation to the establishment of training grounds in Guam or nearby Northern Mariana Islands. This is something that must be hammered out by year-end.

They must also decide before the year is up on the return of lands south of the Kadena base to Japan.

However, a senior official of the Defense Ministry, citing vehement local opposition to the planned deployment of Osprey transport aircraft to Japan and weak political leadership in Tokyo, said, "It is doubtful that we will be able to reach a decision by year-end."

Foreign Minister Koichiro Genba has said the Osprey will contribute to "improved deterrence power."

But Okinawans are not buying that line. They have serious reservations about the Osprey because of recent accidents overseas and the symbolism of maintaining U.S. military might in their part of Japan.

All this leaves Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda grappling to find solutions to maintain a strong U.S. deterrence power while reducing the burdens on Okinawa.


TOPICS: Japan
KEYWORDS:

1 posted on 08/01/2012 8:02:59 PM PDT by Tailgunner Joe
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To: Tailgunner Joe

My 1st Duty Station was Camp Hansen on Okinawa. I was a 19 year old LCpl assigned to Motor T Plt, Support Co, 9th Engineer Support Bn. Aug 1985 to Aug 1986.


2 posted on 08/01/2012 8:18:43 PM PDT by sean327 (God created all men equal, then some become Marines!)
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To: Tailgunner Joe
I lived a total of four years on the rock. Two six month tours and a three year tour as a spouse. My son was born there. I found the Okinawans to be pleasant and friendly. The Hash House Harriers are the best on Okie. For a small place there are a lot of nook and crannies to explore and the food is the best. GOD BLESS The Ryūkyū Kingdom.
3 posted on 08/01/2012 8:31:45 PM PDT by BBell (And Now for Something Completely Different)
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To: Tailgunner Joe
If Japan has any sense they will start a nuclear program of defense. Japan has the nuclear umbrella of the United States for protection. At this point in time under President Obama I do not think the mutual defense pact between the United States and Japan will protect Japan.

France and The United Kingdom also have nuclear deterrents. Their deterrents are not sufficient to defeat an attack by Russia. However, their nuclear forces are sufficient to make such an attack to costly to even contemplate.

Although France and the United Kingdom are also under the nuclear umbrella of the United States, they are wise to have their small but potent nuclear arsenals. I would hope that Japan is equally wise.

4 posted on 08/01/2012 8:34:08 PM PDT by cpdiii (Deckhand, Roughneck, Mud Man, Geologist, Pilot, Pharmacist. THE CONSTITUTION IS WORTH DYING FOR!)
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To: TigersEye; AmericanInTokyo

Ping.


5 posted on 08/01/2012 8:45:36 PM PDT by Army Air Corps (Four Fried Chickens and a Coke)
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To: cpdiii

It’s been said and it’s been read that the only thing keeping the Japanese from developing a nuclear weapon is joining the sides of the same room.


6 posted on 08/01/2012 8:46:54 PM PDT by BBell (And Now for Something Completely Different)
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To: sean327
My 1st Duty Station was Camp Hansen on Okinawa. I was a 19 year old LCpl assigned to Motor T Plt, Support Co, 9th Engineer Support Bn. Aug 1985 to Aug 1986.

My final year was spent on the Rock...85-86...I was an MP who got orders to the Wing on Fatema but got FAP'ed to Base (Butler) where I met and dated a very nice (and actually nice looking) blonde WM from Motor T...Not sure what unit she was with...

...and more embarrassed I cannot recall her name right now, but it will come to me...was a long time ago. Life gives us what may but if I had not flown out to Pendleton to EAS, and put in for 4 more, who knows. Right now, just really good memories of Oki...

7 posted on 08/01/2012 9:02:45 PM PDT by IrishPennant (Are you behind a "Blade of Grass?")
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To: BBell
It’s been said and it’s been read that the only thing keeping the Japanese from developing a nuclear weapon is joining the sides of the same room.

You are 100% correct. Their science and physics is world class. They could do it very quickly and would not even need to test the weapon. However your enemy must know that you have the weapon in a deliverable form otherwise it is not a deterrent.

8 posted on 08/01/2012 9:08:22 PM PDT by cpdiii (Deckhand, Roughneck, Mud Man, Geologist, Pilot, Pharmacist. THE CONSTITUTION IS WORTH DYING FOR!)
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To: IrishPennant

Me and my dumbass buddies would drink a ton of beer and jump off the rock into the ocean at Mida point. It was great to be young and stupid!


9 posted on 08/01/2012 9:13:55 PM PDT by sean327 (God created all men equal, then some become Marines!)
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To: sean327

Good gosh, I am with ya...I shared an old Toyota that another Sgt and I bought together for $300 or something...If I had a dollar for every time we drove north to the Seabee’s base to hit their E-Club....It was Country Western music and Navy girls in white shorts and cowboy boots...NOW, that I remember, huh?


10 posted on 08/01/2012 9:20:11 PM PDT by IrishPennant (Are you behind a "Blade of Grass?")
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To: IrishPennant

That E-Club was at Camp Shields. Every once in a while we would go down there. Did you ever see the Filipino country band that played there? They were pretty good!


11 posted on 08/01/2012 9:24:49 PM PDT by sean327 (God created all men equal, then some become Marines!)
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To: cpdiii
At this point in time under President Obama I do not think the mutual defense pact between the United States and Japan will protect Japan.

Under Obama, the Russians could launch a massive surprise nuclear attack on the Continental US, and I have much doubts that Obama would retaliate in kind.

12 posted on 08/01/2012 10:46:57 PM PDT by Red Steel
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To: sean327

Considering what you signed up to do (protect our country with your life if called upon), well, then, I guess we can cut you and your buddies some slack for doing some “dumbass” stuff down in Okinawa now and again! I wont tell!


13 posted on 08/02/2012 2:39:14 AM PDT by AmericanInTokyo (Donate, & walk precincts, not for "Parties", but for individual, principled "Candidates" (& for FR)
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To: sean327
Did you ever see the Filipino country band that played there? They were pretty good!

I wish I could remember. I'm sure I did...One thing I do remember about those asian bands, they may not have spoken a word of english but they could mock any American band with the perfect voice tone, inflections, etc...If you closed your eyes you thought you were at a live concert of the original artist. Amazing to me...

14 posted on 08/02/2012 2:27:03 PM PDT by IrishPennant (Are you behind a "Blade of Grass?")
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