Absolutely!! Just look at the stunning success of Smoot-Hawley in preventing the Great Depression. Well, maybe not.
The fact remains that 25% of our people are unemployed, yet you walk into any wal-mart store and most of the goods are made in China. Why are we paying China to do what we have unemployed sitting around that could do for our selves?
When you look at the history of tariffs, our founding fathers started out with protective tariffs on the order of 15%. Since 1980 we've almost completely eliminated import tariffs, and our domestic manufacturing has paid the price in jobs.