Skip to comments.After 30 years, the Marines are returning to the Colt .45 pistol
Posted on 08/18/2012 2:50:53 PM PDT by Jet Jaguar
HARTFORD, Conn. The newest Colt .45-caliber pistol is touted for its durability and design.
It is tested to make sure it can be dropped in water, covered in mud, immersed in sand or ice, or left in a dust storm and still be able to blast off a round when you pull the trigger.
"Virtually, it's indestructible," said Casimir Pawlowski, who works in international sales and technical sevices for Colt Defense LLC. "You can drive over these things with a Humvee and they're still gonna work. It's like a brick that shoots bullets."
An order last month of new M45 Close Quarter Battle Pistols for the Marines is the first purchase of any Colt handgun in almost three decades by any branch of the U.S. military, though .45-caliber Colts were a trusty sidearm of the Army and Marines for most of the 20th century.
Pawlowski started working at Colt Defense several years ago after a 30-year career as a Navy Corpsman. In 1977, he joined the medical corps serving the Navy and U.S. Marines who carried an earlier version of the Colt as their official sidearm the Model 1911 .45-caliber automatic.
"We saw the .45s out there, and that's what the guys wanted," Pawlowski said.
Connecticut's historic gun manufacturer first sold its semi-automatic Model 1911, designed by John Moses Browning, to the U.S. military in 1911. At the turn of the 19th century, the military was looking for a stronger handgun than the .38-caliber revolvers used in close combat during the Phillipine-American War. The .45-caliber promised knock-down power more likely to kill than injure compared with the .38-caliber.
Browning's design was an impressive development from 19th century single-action Army revolvers that held six, individually loaded bullets. The Model 1911 was designed to have a spring-loaded magazine of bullets fit vertically inside the pistol grip. The Model 1911 features a sliding top which ejects a bullet casing, or shell, immediately after a bullet is fired while slipping another round into position for the next shot.
"It's been a brilliant design," Pawlowski said. "Browning was kind of like the Jimi Hendrix of the gun world at the time."
The Model 1911 Colt has been called the "most respected handgun" and was carried, mostly by U.S. military officers, during both World Wars, in Korea and Vietnam.
But in 1985, the federal government, switched to Italian-owned Beretta to provide 9-millimeter pistols as the new official sidearm for the military. The switch was controversial in the 1980s.
The argument in favor of changing to 9-millimeter cartridges was mostly to standardize the U.S. military with other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO. The U.S. General Accounting Office, however, said in 1982, leading up to the change, that substituting an existing inventory with 9-mm pistols would be costly. It wasn't clear if there was any advantage to a 9-mm round versus existing sidearms, the GAO report said.
In recent years, the Marine Corps has been building its own .45-caliber pistols at a facility in Quantico, Va., using parts from existing inventory of Model 1911 pistols and other commercial parts, said Barbara Hamby, spokeswoman for Marine Corps System Command, which orders guns for the Marines. The government, however, hadn't bought new handguns from Colt for decades. That changed this month with the first order of up to 12,000 Colt pistols, starting with 4,036 right away.
"The Colt pistol met or exceeded all requirements put forth in the solicitation and offered the best value to the government," Hamby said. "Colt Defense LLC successfully competed under a best value competitive source selection utilizing a performance specification. Any historical significance inferred from the selection of Colt's offered weapon is coincidental."
The West Hartford Colt manufacturing plant where the pistols are made, along with many other guns, is a spectacle of curiosities.
A computerized lathe about the size of an MRI machine sculpts gun barrels to the 1/10,000th of an inch.
In one room, a team of highly skilled engravers chisel designs on custom-made revolvers, making art on the firearm. They tap tiny, 24-karat-gold-wire strands into inlaid designs, including one pistol with a scrimshaw-scratched portrait of Samuel Colt on one side of the ivory handle.
Engraver Jan Gwinnell says he has been carving designs for Colt for 33 years. Master engraver George Spring said he's been with the company since 1975, though he started engraving earlier than that.
Colt even has a special sauce.
Deep inside the big-box factory is a square vat of chemicals that looks like a doughnut grease fryer, labeled "Activated Black Magic." Beside it are similar vats full of water. This is where polished, carbon steel pistols can be stained as azure as the deep ocean in Belize.
"That'll give you your royal blue finish on carbine steel," said Phil Hinkley, vice president of quality at Colt Defense LLC, said of the oxidizing chemical. "After they pull it out of here, they'll dip it into a cold water tank."
The color can be contrasted with inlaid gold, for example, for an exotic look to the expensive, custom-designed guns that are sold to collectors by the other Colt the company under the same roof that makes consumer guns sold at WalMart, Cabela's, Bass Pro Shops and gun stores.
Colt gives a pair of customized guns to each standing president, though Bill Clinton was the only one not to accept the offer, Hinkley said.
In the back of the factory, the accuracy of guns is tested in an indoor shooting range. In addition to paper targets, a series of microphones use acoustics to track the bullets.
"They pick up the acoustics of the round going by, and they'll chart what the group size is," Hinkley said. The microphones also measure the number of rounds fired per minute and the gun's muzzle velocity.
Two companies share the 310,000-square-foot facility on New Park Avenue in a commercial and industrial strip next to BJ's Wholesale Club.
Colt Defense LLC was spun off from its parent company Colt's Manufacturing Company LLC in 2002 to protect the military-contract business from lawsuits against gun makers. Colt Defense sells to U.S. and allied militaries in 90 nations around the world as well as to law enforcement agencies. Colt's Manufacturing makes guns for regular customers, such as collectors, hunters and target shooters.
While the military hasn't bought Colt handguns in 27 years, the federal government has purchased other Colt firearms all along. Since the M4 carbine was introduced in 1993, the U.S. Army has been a major customer, buying 19,000 the next year for the Army and Special Forces. Colt sells machine guns to the military, too.
Throughout the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, the military bought a steady supply of the M4 a short, lightweight rifle, which is a successor to the M-16 that the government bought from the Vietnam era until 1988.
The drawdown of troops a few years ago contributed to a financial slump at Colt Defense as net sales dropped from $270 million to $175 million between 2009 and 2010. Last year, sales were up to $208 million. The company also recovered from an $11.3 million net loss in 2010 to report net income of $5.2 million last year.
The Marines' contract to buy up to 12,000 pistols for $22.5 million over five years means it accounts for about 2 percent of Colt Defense's annual sales. That's not enough to drive the success of the company. But the historic return to Colt sidearms is significant and it's a morale boost within the company.
"I call it in the category of 'cool,'" said Gerry Dinkel, CEO and president of Colt Defense.
"It just has a lot of ring to it when you have something that's this long lived," Dinkel said of the Model 1911.
The return to West Hartford-made Colts from Italian-owned Beretta also carries some patriotic pride.
Dinkel said, "A lot of people have said it's great to go back to an American supplier."
Yankee Fist BUMP
A most wide choice.
John Browning’s birthday should be a national holiday!
The only thing that could make it better would be if it was DA/SA instead of SAO.
What, so the trigger position would change between the first round and subsequent ones?
Good article, with excellent history of the the "new" pistol's M1911 roots. One criticism for the author: it was the Spanish-American War, not the "Philippine-American War."
As much as I like the 1911, it probably been better to go with a Glock in 45 ACP or 10mm.
“Colt gives a pair of customized guns to each standing president, though Bill Clinton was the only one not to accept the offer, Hinkley said.”
The lying, treasonous, POS Kenyan-In-Chief should have gotten 2 plastic squirtguns.
Glad to see Colt coming back as supplier.
Love my Bull Barrel Commander.
I have always heard it called the Philippines Insurrection.
It was not the Spanish American war tho it did evolve from our getting the Philippines in that war.
Stars and Stripes didn’t say, so I’ll ask: Who was the person who approved the switch to the 9mm back in 1985?
Uh, youse knows of course dat da most wonderful pistol ever made ‘cuz it’s made by da cousins rite here in New Joisey is da Beretta. Hey, youse gotta problem wid’ da 9mm??
What dese Marines are doin’, well, Vito & Dominic & da boys ain’t gonna be happy about this. Just thought youse’d like to know.....
I always liked the 45 better than the pop gun 9mm. The Army should not have dropped the 45 either.
Clintoon is a Moron.
OH HELL YES.
People that bitch about “the Mormonizing of America” would do well to recognize JMB’s contributions to the winning of the 20th century’s wars.
Yeah, there are more modern handguns out there in .45. But I guess that after the disaster that was the Joint Combat Pistol program, they decided it would be easier to just buy more stocks of something that was already in service.
I agree with you.
The M1911 is my favorite pistol but I too think the Glock would be the better choice. It is just as reliable, holds a whole lot more rounds and fits the hands of more people than the Beretta which I also like.
Until you get a faulty, contaminated or waterlogged primer. 99 times out of 100 a second hammer strike is all that's needed to touch it off, and that's a lot quicker with a DA than an SA trigger.
Personally, I'm quite fond of my CZ75B, which has a double action trigger, but was designed to be carried cocked and locked, just like a 1911.
Actually it was the "Phillipine Insurection". The Spanish American war was already over, and Spain had ceded the Phillipines to us. We were fighting Moro (Muslim) rebels.
Best gun ever made. My first gun from kidhood, before even the 22 :).
Hardly any sights and atrocious trigger. Still best.
As Browning and other experts then and now have noted, if you manage to get any of those conditions in military spec ammo, chances are that a restrike won’t fix the problem. Better to just discard the dud round and move on.
Note that most WW2 and later rifles have no restrike capability, either. And neither does a revolver unless you want to pull the trigger enough times to rotate the dud round into position again.
The CZ75B is a great pistol. 40S&W
The M1911 has a flawless pedigree. It was developed specifically to kill muslim fanatics who would survive .38s and go on to kill the shooter.
Due to EPA regulations, Glocks cannot be fully assembled in the US. The Tenifer finish is banned from being applied here.
~George S. Patton
Yes it do!
Also, you are aware that CZ offers a single action only trigger option and swap-in retrofit for older weapons on the 75, right? It’s so the weapon could compete with single actions in shooting contests where DA is a distinct disadvantage.
I think my Glock21SF is technologically better than this 1911 in every way 13 shots & looks correct with a flashlight on it. This is a nostalgia choice 100%.
So what makes it any better than the 1911? (Other than the $1875 price tag?)
There is no doubt that the .45 is far superior to the old .38 Army round. The fact is the 9mm is also far superior to it.
That old .38 round was extremely weak with only 150 ft. lbs. of energy. The 9mm and .45 in military loadings are both in the 350 ft. lbs. range.
My CZ75 is DA/SA and both triggers are nice.
I’ve shot glocks. Lots of em. I don’t like them.
Even the nines aren’t such a pussycat to shoot as the 1911 45, or such a natural pointer.
The DI, a Korean War Vet, said “Fire off all of the Mag then throw it at them and run.”
I noticed shortly afterward that RTOs, Blooper Operators, and M60 Gunners who normally would have a .45 as a secondary weapon took the Sergeants advice.
In as much as a pistol is primarily a short range, defensive weapon, just discarding the dud round is a (relatively) time consuming option, and even those well practiced in misfire drills are going to have their sight/target picture impeded by the drill. Me personally? I'd be more comfortable just pulling the trigger again. I've had three primer malfunctions in my life (one w/ handloads, two with factory). In every case, a second hammer strike has remedied the situation.
In traditional engagement ranges with rifles there is more time to clear the weapon, and while you would have to recycle a revolver to re-strike the dud round, all you have to do to fire the next round is pull the trigger again (presuming the dud wasn't the last round in the cylinder).
I'm not opposed to SA only pistols...indeed I've spent most of my morning replacing the shok-buff and doing some other minor maintenance on a Delta Elite, but when it come to my nightstand guardian, the CZ is my choice.
But I don't know if it would stand up to a Humvee driving over it. Knowing a marine or two, they trust but verify!
There are a couple design flaws in the 1911 that were corrected in Browning’s next pistol, the Hi-Power. FN completed the Hi-Power design after John Browning passed away.
All modern pistols have the feed ramp integral with the barrel instead of using the frame.
Also, new pistols use a small coil spring on the extractor which tilts upon a pin. This is has more long term durability that the 1911’s leaf spring type extractor.
Finally, the double stack magazine is an improvement over the single stack type. This is evident in the name “Hi-Power”, because the result is more firepower capacity in the double stack mags.
I’ll get flamed for this, but the 1911 in its original form is obsolete. However, there are new versions of the 1911 which incorporate these features.
The 1911’s grip safety is pure engineering genius. John Browning intended it to be carried cocked and unlocked with this feature.
My idea of the ultimate combat handgun would be a 1911 with all three of these design upgrades chambered in .400 Cor-Bon to have 10mm ballistic effectiveness.
This caliber can use .45 magazines and only require a different barrel and recoil springs.
I have owned a Colt Delta Elite and compact EAA Witness in 10mm. The dual recoil springs in those worked quite well.
I just bought my first 1911 yesterday. That thing is sweet. I like it a lot more than the 9mm. And I love that pistol.
Fixed it for ya.
"Tested to make sure it can be dropped in water, covered in mud, immersed in sand or ice, or left in a dust storm and still be able to blast off a round when you pull the trigger."
"Virtually, it's indestructible"
"You can drive over these things with a Humvee and they're still gonna work."
"It's like a brick that shoots bullets."
WELL.........DUH.........The old 1911 has done all that for the last 100 years !! What's the big deal? Where's the changes? Only change I can see are a couple of minor exterior changes, plus a new color.
To do all the above things, there's obviously been no operational changes.
Nope, there are plenty of classes and competitions where DA is permitted, and they usually end up losing.
If they were going to replace the 1911 with a Beretta they should have gone with the 40 call Beretta 96F.
Personally I think the 40 cal CZ75B is an even better choice.
As a Navy FMF Corpsman, I carried a Colt .45 on both tours. Also had a .38 stub nose as a backup (passed on from another Corpsman when he rotated home) but never used it. Had to get ammo from the civilians (RMK/BRJ Construction guys). I too passed it on when I left from my first tour.
>>pop gun 9mm<<
This is absurd. If you NEED more than a 9+P, you NEED a rifle of some sort. I see statements like this and they are usually made by those who know very little about what they’re talking about. Shot placement is key, and when shot placement isn’t good enough, a traditional compact or full size handgun isn’t going to be good enough.
I love 1911’s. I borrowed a friend’s for a number of years (I cried when he wanted it back) and would often carry it in the “wild” (no, not South Dallas) on a Tac vest as a backup. I’d switch between that and a revolver. My 13 shot 9mm H&K stayed at my side all the time, with or without the “backup.”
If you WANT a .40, .45, .357mag/sig, 44 mag, whatever, get one. They’re all great guns, but a 9 is NOT a pop gun. In fact, a 9 should be the “default” choice — the one to get unless you specifically desire another caliber. Cheaper ammo and a little easier to shoot than most, so you’ll practice more and be more proficient. I would not recommend the .45 for purchase unless one has shot it a bunch or just wants to have it around.