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Jennifer Rubin Forces Washington Post to Explain Its Own Bogus Poll
News Busters ^ | 2 Nov 2012 | Noel Sheppard

Posted on 10/02/2012 9:21:53 AM PDT by mandaladon

The media were all atwitter Monday over a new Washington Post-ABC News poll finding President Obama eleven points ahead of Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney in key swing states.

Within 90 minutes of the Post's Jennifer Rubin exposing that the margin of error in the poll was - wait for it! - an astonishing eight points, the paper felt the need to publish a new piece explaining the whole thing.

The Post's Jon Cohen and Dan Balz wrote Sunday: On the eve of their first presidential debate, President Obama leads or is at parity with Mitt Romney on virtually every major issue and attribute in what remains a competitive general election, according to a new Washington Post-ABC News poll.

The new survey also highlights an emerging dynamic: the disparity between the state of the race nationally and in battleground states, where campaigning and advertising by the two candidates have been most intense and where the election will be decided.

Nationally, the race is unmoved from early September, with 49 percent of likely voters saying they would vote for Obama if the election were held today and 47 percent saying they would vote for Romney. Among all registered voters, Obama is up by a slim five percentage points, nearly identical to his margin in a poll two weeks ago.

But 52 percent of likely voters across swing states side with Obama and 41 percent with Romney in the new national poll, paralleling Obama’s advantages in recent Washington Post polls in Florida, Ohio and Virginia.

An eleven point lead in swing states sounds pretty ominous, doesn't it? Maybe not as Rubin wrote at 2:37 PM Monday:

(Excerpt) Read more at ...

TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Extended News; News/Current Events; Politics/Elections
KEYWORDS: elections; polls; romney
As I learned from Post pollster Jon Cohen, that finding is based on the responses of a total of 160 people, and it has a margin of error of 8 percentage points. So yes, there may be a difference between swing-state and national numbers, but the gap might be very small or it might be big.....................Just in case anyone has any doubts about the polls being manipulated by the MSM.
1 posted on 10/02/2012 9:21:56 AM PDT by mandaladon
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To: mandaladon


2 posted on 10/02/2012 9:23:48 AM PDT by mandaladon (PalinGenesis)
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To: mandaladon

3 posted on 10/02/2012 9:25:23 AM PDT by Paladin2
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To: mandaladon
"...finding is based on the responses of a total of 160 people..."

Desperation defined. Just the opening salvos in the run up to election day. I suspect that as that day comes to a close, we shall hear the prolonged spittle-flinging shriek of the deranged as the Obamanistas take it to the streets.
4 posted on 10/02/2012 9:39:27 AM PDT by PowderMonkey (WILL WORK FOR AMMO)
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To: mandaladon

160 voters out of +100 million voters is not a reliable sample, imho.

5 posted on 10/02/2012 9:40:16 AM PDT by Hotlanta Mike (Resurrect the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC)...before there is no America!)
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To: mandaladon

As Rush was saying how many people only get their news from the morning newspaper and the evening news? This is the big problem. If it is 5% of the electorate that is hugh and series and can sway the election.

6 posted on 10/02/2012 9:40:37 AM PDT by Parley Baer
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To: mandaladon
An 8 point MoE is unconscionable. That is fraud. Just outright fraud.
7 posted on 10/02/2012 9:45:47 AM PDT by Anitius Severinus Boethius (
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To: mandaladon
How many of those 160 person polls were taken? The margin of error is the amount you are 80% certain (not 95% as in most polls) the sample matches with the total population. Taking 20 (or 40 or 100) of those individual 160 person polls and then picking the one outlier that "proves" your point is a way of lying with statistics.
8 posted on 10/02/2012 9:49:52 AM PDT by KarlInOhio ("Government is the only thing that we all belong to"=implicit repeal of the 13th amendment for all.)
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To: mandaladon

Remember when Jimmy Carter beat Ronald Reagan in 1980?

Washington Post admits polling was “in-kind contribution”; New York Times agenda polling.

Dick Morris is right.

Here’s his column on “Why the Polls Understate the Romney Vote.”

Here’s something Dick Morris doesn’t mention. And he’s charitable.

Remember when Jimmy Carter beat Ronald Reagan in 1980?

That’s right. Jimmy Carter beat Ronald Reagan in 1980.

In a series of nine stories in 1980 on “Crucial States” — battleground states as they are known today — the New York Times repeatedly told readers then-President Carter was in a close and decidedly winnable race with the former California governor. And used polling data from the New York Times/CBS polls to back up its stories.

Four years later, it was the Washington Post that played the polling game — and when called out by Reagan campaign manager Ed Rollins a famous Post executive called his paper’s polling an “in-kind contribution to the Mondale campaign.” Mondale, of course, being then-President Reagan’s 1984 opponent and Carter’s vice president.

All of which will doubtless serve as a reminder of just how blatantly polling data is manipulated by liberal media — used essentially as a political weapon to support the liberal of the moment, whether Jimmy Carter in 1980, Walter Mondale in 1984 — or Barack Obama in 2012.

First the Times in 1980 and how it played the polling game.

The states involved, and the datelines for the stories:
· California — October 6, 1980
· Texas — October 8, 1980
· Pennsylvania — October 10, 1980
· Illinois — October 13, 1980
· Ohio — October 15, 1980
· New Jersey — October 16, 1980
· Florida — October 19, 1980
· New York — October 21, 1980
· Michigan — October 23, 1980

Of these nine only one was depicted as “likely” for Reagan: Reagan’s own California. A second — New Jersey — was presented as a state that “appears to support” Reagan.

The Times led their readers to believe that each of the remaining seven states were “close” — or the Times had Carter leading outright.

In every single case the Times was proven grossly wrong on election day. Reagan in fact carried every one of the nine states.

Here is how the Times played the game with the seven of the nine states in question.

• Texas: In a story datelined October 8 from Houston, the Times headlined:

Texas Looming as a Close Battle Between President and Reagan

The Reagan-Carter race in Texas, the paper claimed, had “suddenly tightened and now shapes up as a close, bruising battle to the finish.” The paper said “a New York Times/CBS News Poll, the second of seven in crucial big states, showing the Reagan-Carter race now a virtual dead heat despite a string of earlier polls on both sides that had shown the state leaning toward Mr. Reagan.”

The narrative? It was like the famous scene in the Wizard of Oz where Dorothy and her friends stare in astonishment as dog Toto pulls back the curtain in the wizard’s lair to reveal merely a man bellowing through a microphone. Causing the startled “wizard” caught in the act to frantically start yelling, “Pay no attention to the man behind the curtain!” In the case of the Times in its look at Texas in October of 1980 the paper dismissed “a string of earlier polls on both sides” that repeatedly showed Texas going for Reagan. Instead, the Times presented this data:

A survey of 1,050 registered voters, weighted to form a probable electorate, gave Mr. Carter 40 percent support, Mr. Reagan 39 percent, John. B. Anderson, the independent candidate, 3 percent, and 18 percent were undecided. The survey, conducted by telephone from Oct. 1 to Oct. 6, has a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 4 percentage points.

In other words, the race in Texas is close, assures the Times, with Carter actually in the lead.

What happened? Reagan beat Carter by over 13 points. It wasn’t even close to close.

• Pennsylvania: The next “Crucial States” story focused on Pennsylvania on October 10. Here the headline read:

Undecided Voters May Prove Key

Reagan, said the Times, “appears to have failed thus far to establish many positive reasons for voting for him.”

Once again the paper played the polling data card, this time saying Reagan had a mere 2 point lead. But the Reagan lead was quickly disputed in series of clever ways. Fundraising for Reagan wasn’t as good as expected, said the Times, and besides the budget for a Reagan telephone bank being shaved “from $700,000 to $400,000.” The Times/CBS poll showed that Carter was ahead of Reagan 36-32 among union households in a heavily labor state. To make matters worse for Reagan the GOP Senate candidate Arlen Specter was being “swamped” in the polls by his Democratic rival, the former Pittsburgh Mayor Pete Flaherty — with Specter losing to Flaherty 47-36. Not to mention Reagan was being trounced in Philadelphia 52-15 percent. Towards the very end of the story was this interesting line — a line that should have some relevance to the Romney campaign as President Obama struggles with the consequences of the killing of the American Ambassador in Libya. Reads the sentence:

One negative reason [meaning an anti-Carter vote] that did not turn up in the telephone poll but came up repeatedly in door-to-door interviews was the hostage situation in Iran.

What happened? The race wasn’t close, with Reagan beating Carter in Pennsylvania not by barely 2 points but rather trouncing him by over 7 points. And Arlen Specter beat Pete Flaherty.

• Illinois: The Times headline here in a story October 13?

Poll Finds Illinois Too Close to Call: Both Camps Note Gains by Carter

The narrative for Illinois? Carter is gaining, so much so that:

…uncertainty about Ronald Reagan’s leadership, especially among suburban voters, [has] apparently set back Mr. Reagan’s hope for a victory in Illinois and left his campaign scrambling to regain lost momentum, according to advisers in both camps.

Then came the usual New York Times/CBS polling data that proclaimed a Reagan one-point lead of 34% to Carter’s 33% as a sure sign that “Carter Gains and Reagan Slips in Close Illinois Race” — as an inside page headline proclaimed.

What happened? Reagan beat Carter by almost 8 points, 49.65% to 41.72%. Again, there was no “close” race as the Times had claimed.

• Ohio: The headline in this “Crucial States” profile once again conforms to the Times pattern of declaring Reagan and Carter to be in a “close” race.

Ohio Race Expected to Be Close As Labor Mobilizes for President

The narrative for Ohio? Ohio, the paper explained, had been “long viewed by Ronald Reagan’s campaign as its best opportunity to capture a major Northern state” but “such a victory …is not yet in hand.” Then came the inevitable New York Times/CBS polling data. Reagan was ahead by a bare 2 points, 36% to 34%. Two-thirds of the undecided were women and Reagan was doing “much worse among women voters than men.” Carter on the other hand had the great news that “35 percent of the undecided came from labor union households, a group that divides nearly 2-1 for Mr. Carter among those who have made up their minds.”

What happened? Reagan beat Carter by over 10 points in Ohio. Yet another “crucial state” race wasn’t even close to being close as the paper had insisted.

• Florida: For once, the problem was impossible to hide. The Times headline for its October 19 story headlined:

Carter Is in Trouble With Voters In Two Major Sections of Florida

There was no New York Times/CBS poll here. But what was published was “the most recent Florida Newspapers Poll” that showed Reagan with only a 2 point lead over Carter: 42 for Reagan, 40 for Carter, with 7 for Anderson. The election, said the Times confidently, “was widely expected to be close.” Surprise!

What happened? Reagan beat Carter in Florida by over 17 points.

• New York: The Times headline for its home state in a story dated October 21?

President is in the Lead, Especially in the City — Anderson Slide Noted

The Times waxed enthusiastic about New York. Reagan was “being hindered by doubts within his own party.” And it trotted out its favorite New York Times/CBS Poll to show definitively that Reagan was getting clobbered in New York. The poll, said the Times, “showed Mr. Carter leading in the state with 38%, to 29% for Mr. Reagan….” Which is to say, Carter was running away with New York state, leading Reagan by 9 points. The headline on the inside of the paper:

Reagan Far from Goal in New York; Carter in Lead

Why was this so? Why was Reagan doing so badly in New York? The paper turned to a Carter campaign aide in the state who explained that New Yorkers aren’t “willing to vote for a Goldwater.” Then they found one “frustrated Republican county chairman” who said the problem with Reagan was that New Yorkers “don’t like what they think they know about him.” Then there was the usual yada-yada: Reagan was failing miserably with women (losing 41-23 said the poll) and losing in New York City, not to mention that “labor is hard at work” for Carter.

What happened? Reagan beat Carter in New York by over 2 points.

• Michigan: The last of the profiles in the Times “Crucial States” series was Michigan, published on October 23. The ambiguous headline:

Party Defections May Tip Scales in Michigan Vote

The Michigan story begins with the tale of Reagan being endorsed by Dr. Martin Luther King’s famous aide the Reverend Ralph Abernathy. But the Times immediately saw a problem in this backing of Reagan from a prominent “black civil rights leader.” The problem? Black backlash. Said the paper:

Mr. Reagan was barely out of town [Detroit] before the backlash set in.

“The Abernathy Betrayal,” screamed the headline over the chief article in The Michigan Chronicle, a black newspaper. And yesterday the 400-member Council of Black Pastors, in the greater Detroit area, broke its precedent of refraining from Presidential endorsements and declared its support for President Carter a direct reaction to the Abernathy endorsement.

In other words, Reagan was damned because he didn’t get black support — and damned especially when he did. Grudgingly, the paper admitted that “although the race was close” in Michigan, “Mr. Reagan was ahead.” But once again, the Times insisted that a key state race was close. Close, you see, close. Did they mention it was close?

What happened? Reagan carried Michigan by over 6 points, 48.999 to Carter’s 42.50. Yet again — it wasn’t close.

That same day, October 23, the paper ran a second polling story on the general status of the presidential election, its theme self-evident:

Poll Shows President Has Pulled To Even Position With Reagan.

The story by Times reporter Hedrick Smith began this way:

In an election campaign reminiscent of the tight, seesaw contest of 1960, President Carter has pulled to an essentially even position with Ronald Reagan over the last month by attracting some wavering Democrats and gaining on his rival among independents, according to a new nationwide survey by The New York Times and CBS News.

The survey, readers were assured, was “weighted to project a probable electorate” and had Carter leading Reagan 39-38.

As if the point hadn’t been driven home enough, seven days later on October 30, the Times decided to sum up the entire race in the light of the just completed Reagan-Carter debate. Can you guess what they said? That’s right:

Carter and Reagan Voicing Confidence on Debate Showing: Performances Rated Close

And inside the paper the continuation of the story proclaimed — guess what?

Outcome of Debate Rated as Close.

On November 4 — the day before the election — the Times proclaimed… proclaimed…


Race is Viewed as Very Close

The final results?

Ronald Reagan clobbered Jimmy Carter winning 51.7% to Carter’s 41% — a 10 point-plus victory in the popular vote. Third place Congressman John Anderson managed a mere 6.6%.

In the Electoral College? Reagan carried 44 states for a total of 489 votes. Carter won 6 states plus the District of Columbia for 49 electoral votes.

To say the least, the race wasn’t “close.” To compare it to 1960 as a “tight, seesaw contest” was in fact not simply ridiculously untrue but bizarre.

So what do we have here?

What we have is the liberal “paper of record” systematically presenting the 1980 Reagan-Carter election in 9 “Crucial States” as somehow “close” in five of the nine — Texas, Illinois, Ohio, Florida and Michigan. New York was in the bag for Carter. Only in his own California and New Jersey was Reagan clearly leading.

The actual results had only New York “close” — with Reagan winning by 2. Reagan carried every other “close” state by a minimum of 6 points and as much 17 — Florida. Florida, in fact, went for Reagan by a point more than California and about 4 more than New Jersey.

How could the New York Times — its much ballyhooed polling data and all of its resulting stories proclaiming everything to be “close” — been so massively, continuously wrong? In the case of its “Crucial States” — nine out of nine times?

The obvious answer is called to mind by a polling story from four years later involving Ronald Reagan and his next opponent, Jimmy Carter’s vice president Walter Mondale.

By 1984, Reagan was an extremely popular incumbent president. He was running well everywhere against Mondale. But suddenly, up popped a curious Washington Post poll that indicated Reagan’s 1980 margin of over 16% in California had dropped precipitously to single digits. Nancy Reagan was alarmed, calling campaign manager Ed Rollins (full disclosure, my former boss) and saying, “You have to do something.”

Rollins disagreed, as he later wrote in his memoirs Bare Knuckles and Back Rooms: My Life in American Politics.

A Californian himself Rollins was certain Reagan was just fine in California. The Reagan campaign’s own polls (run by Reagan’s longtime pollster Dick Wirthlin) showed Reagan with a “rock-solid” lead. After all, said Rollins, “Californians knew Ronald Reagan, and either loved him or hated him. He’d been on the ballot there six times and never lost.” The Post poll data made no sense. But Mrs. Reagan was insistent, so Rollins ordered up another (expensive) poll from Dick Wirthlin. Rollins also dispatched longtime Reagan aide and former White House political director Lyn Nofziger, a Californian as well, back to the Reagan home precincts. More phone banks were ordered up. In all, a million dollars of campaign money that could have been spent on Minnesota — Mondale’s home state where the ex-Minnesota Senator was, remarkably, struggling — was spent on California because of the Washington Post poll.

A few weeks later, the Washington Post ran a story that confirmed Rollins’ initial beliefs. The Post confessed that… well… oops… it had made a mistake with those California polling numbers. Shortly afterward came the November election, with California once again giving Reagan a more than 16 point victory. In fact, Reagan carried 49 states, winning the greatest landslide victory in presidential history while losing Minnesota in — yes — a close race. Mondale had 49.72% to Reagan’s 49.54%, a difference of .18% that might have been changed by all that money that went into California. Making Reagan the first president in history to win all fifty states.

After the election, Ed Rollins ran into the Washington Post’s blunt-speaking editor Ben Bradlee and “harassed” Bradlee “about his paper’s lousy polling methodology.”

Bradlee’s “unrepentant” response?

“Tough sh…t, Rollins, I’m glad it cost you plenty. It’s my in-kind contribution to the Mondale campaign.”

Got that?

So the questions for 2012.

How corrupt are all these polls showing Obama leading or in a “close race”?

Are they to Obama what that California poll of the Washington Post was for Walter Mondale — an “in-kind contribution”?

Is that in fact what was going on with the New York Times in 1980? An “in-kind contribution” to the Carter campaign from the Times?

What can explain all these polls today — like the ones discussed here at NBC where the Obama media cheerleaders make their TV home? Polls that the Obama media groupies insist show Obama 1 point up in Florida or 4 points in North Carolina or 5 points in Pennsylvania. And so on and so on.

How does one explain a president who, like Jimmy Carter in 1980, is increasingly seen as a disaster in both economic and foreign policy? How does a President Obama, with a Gallup job approval rating currently at 49% — down a full 20% from 2009 — mysteriously win the day in all these polls?

How does this happen?

Can you say “in-kind contribution”?
About the Author

Jeffrey Lord is a former Reagan White House political director and author. He writes from Pennsylvania at

9 posted on 10/02/2012 9:52:59 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (We are the 53%, who pay taxes and keep this country going inspite of the 47% rat moochers!)
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To: KarlInOhio
More importantly, why didn't Cohen and Balz report the methodology in their first piece so that readers would have known the margin of error?.................I think the answer is obvious.
10 posted on 10/02/2012 9:54:04 AM PDT by mandaladon (PalinGenesis)
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To: mandaladon
Why not to believe polls. Pictures, Images and Photos
11 posted on 10/02/2012 9:57:23 AM PDT by mandaladon (PalinGenesis)
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To: Anitius Severinus Boethius
An 8 point MoE is unconscionable. That is fraud. Just outright fraud.

And it's not just 8%. It is 8% at a 80% confidence level. That is equivalent to 12% at the more traditional 95% confidence level.

12 posted on 10/02/2012 9:59:12 AM PDT by KarlInOhio ("Government is the only thing that we all belong to"=implicit repeal of the 13th amendment for all.)
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To: Hotlanta Mike
Any poll as long as it involves random selection and has rules of conduct set up before its taken is VALID within the framework of the rules and the mathematics of probability theory.

You do know they had to call more than 1600 people to get 160 responses, right? Pew revealed that rather universal problem yesterday. What that means is that all the polls are not statistically reliable if only for the replacement dilemma.

Let me explain that briefly. You want to take a random poll and you need at least 20 responses to get what is known as a 95% confidence level. That is, that as long as you keep taking samples, the average of all your samples is not going to very more than 5% no matter how many more samples you take that meet your standard for selection.

But you have 2 variables related to major party candidates (O and R) Then you have 3 kinds of respondents ~ (REP, DEM and IND)

The more factors you include in your poll, the more you have to be concerned with the problem of too few responses (less than 20) In your smallest cell ~ e.g. you could have hundreds of O/DEM, R/REP, but maybe only 19 O/IND ~ so you'd need to keep sampling to get that cell up to 20 before you could call a halt. Then every cell and element in your survey would have at least a 95% level of confidence ~ and folks would say 'Yah, verily, look, a 95% level of confidence'

Most of that is already well understood by most folks by the time they get to posting on a political commentary board. What is not well understood by most of those folks, or even by many professionals in the polling profession, or even very many statisticians, is that if your well designed survey misses a sample, you need to think hard about the next sample ~ you don't just drop the ones you missed from your final computations and move on by substituting the very next sample.

You must record a missed sample which, for most of them will be a missed phone call, or maybe somebody answered, but they weren't an adult, or they were an adult but they told you to stuff it.

When polling for more than one characteristic ~ e.g. Republicans or Democrats or Independents voting for Republicans or Democrats, you must understand that each one of your missed samples actually was someone voting or not voting, and for or against Republicans or Democrats, and that person may have been a Republican, a Democrat or an Independent, but you don't know!

Yet, there they were, at call 39 as selected by your random dialing generator, and they didn't answer, and now you need to substitute a new sample for that missed sample.

If you simply move on to the next one you may be up against hidden factors that are going to make more of "That kind" not respond on that next sample. For instance, Republicans may be tied up watching the Republican convention ~ that would mean more Democrats were available for the calls than Republicans.

Or, it's daytime hours and Republicans are at work, or it's early evening hours and Republican shopkeepers are still at their stores, or it's late evening hours and Democrats are down at the club, or it's early morning hours and Independents are dragging in after a hard night doing stuff (whatever stuff is that Independents do).

I worked with systems that were so specific the sample selection clerk was told to go to THAT specific employee and look at what piece of mail he or she had in the right hand, or the left hand!

You couldn't miss those and just go find some other employee and check the wrong hand ~ oh, no, you had to report it as a missed sample, and accept different instructions for the substitute sample ~ that might not even occur that same day in that same building!

It's not any differrent with political sampling. You start at 6pm and end at 7pm, you have to make up any substitutes under the same conditions of original selection ~ that is, same area codes, same geographical location, in the same time frame.

I suspect the political science and math majors who make up the student groups working for the university systems go through all of that ~ until it comes to them without thinking. At the same time those polls can only take place during the hours the students are available ~ and that's where they go wrong. Student hours are abnormal. Only steel discipline can keep those polls on target ~

Here we have a poll with only 160 responses ~ but it had 5 factors ~ that means you had to have at least 20 Independents reporting Romney and 20 reporting Obama, and 20 Democrats reporting Romney and 20 reporting OBama, and 20 Republicans reporting Romney and 20 reporting Obama. That tells you all your sample cells have a 95% level of confidence. There's at least 20 in all of them, which means you have 120 of your 160 responses serving as a fundamental base ~ and an additional 40 responses differing from each other ~ and the poll's conclusions are based on just those 40 responses.

Does anyone see anything wrong with 40 responses guiding a pollster's discussion?

When it comes to QC systems that might be quite a goodly number, but you're not looking for quality comparisons ~ just that something meets a minimum standard, or it doesn't.

40 responses, 5 characteristics and some sort of margin of error.

BWAhahahahahhahahah ~ does not compute folks. You might do this if you are doing a series of quickies over a period of time to find a trend under changing conditions, but it really can't tell you who is ahead of the other guy.

I suspect some college educated statistician has started up a tracking poll that depends on a series of small polls ~ with a relatively large margin of error, and his boss, less educated but certainly politically opportunistic, has pulled this one item out of a series and said 'Lo, and behold, Romney's losing bad' and had that sent over to the 'news hole' by the editor who is even less knowledgeable in what this is all about ~ all he cares about is 'Romney Loses'.

13 posted on 10/02/2012 10:21:47 AM PDT by muawiyah
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To: muawiyah

I would add that statistics are USELESS in complex systems like people and the environment because there are too many variables.

14 posted on 10/02/2012 10:31:56 AM PDT by PeterPrinciple ( (Lord, save me from some conservatives, they don't understand history any better than liberals.))
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To: muawiyah

And remember that the errors are calculated from the raw data; ie from the numbers that fill your cells. On top of that is then added (in most cases) the model to which the data is fitted. That will of course add another layer of error, because even if the model is close it will never exactly mimic the real outcome. And in most cases the model will actually diverge significantly from reality.

15 posted on 10/02/2012 10:48:40 AM PDT by ScaniaBoy (Part of the Right Wing Research & Attack Machine)
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To: ScaniaBoy

you know they don’t need to add a model ~ not of any sort ~ you will ALWAYS get more Democrats than Republicans in virtually all the polls under almost all conditions.

16 posted on 10/02/2012 10:52:36 AM PDT by muawiyah
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To: PeterPrinciple
That's why you need to limit the variables. If the polls were simply random samples of PEOPLE and they were asked to say yes or no if they were voting for Romney ~ the only bias you'd have in that would be Romney's name.

Back in Sputnik days somebody (Roper maybe, but certainly Harris was involved in this one) they polled people about how high satellites were. The questions were "too high, too low, or about right'. Almost everybody gave an answer.

Always keep that in mind ~ not a single person said he or she didn't have an opinion.

17 posted on 10/02/2012 10:56:04 AM PDT by muawiyah
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To: PeterPrinciple
That's why you need to limit the variables. If the polls were simply random samples of PEOPLE and they were asked to say yes or no if they were voting for Romney ~ the only bias you'd have in that would be Romney's name.

Back in Sputnik days somebody (Roper maybe, but certainly Harris was involved in this one) they polled people about how high satellites were. The questions were "too high, too low, or about right'. Almost everybody gave an answer.

Always keep that in mind ~ not a single person said he or she didn't have an opinion.

18 posted on 10/02/2012 10:56:13 AM PDT by muawiyah
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To: muawiyah

That’s why you need to limit the variables.

you miss my point. there are TOO many variables and you are only measureing a few.

Statistics was NEVER meant for the social sciences.

19 posted on 10/02/2012 2:04:41 PM PDT by PeterPrinciple ( (Lord, save me from some conservatives, they don't understand history any better than liberals.))
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To: mandaladon
No doubt the muckraking press has "gone too far" more than a few times in our past.

For every reaction, there is a response, so how did we, the people, in those days show their displeasure when the press of their time "went too far"? Just quit buying the paper? More? Nothing?

The stories waiting to be reported are far beyond Watergate, Iran/Contra, Vince Foster, Unzippergate on a blue dress, and...nothing. The stories couldn't be bigger or more untold. Where are the Woodward and Bernsteins of today? Have they all been silenced?

No, of course not. Pull one string and they all speak with one voice and say the same words. How weird is that?

I've read enough science fiction and read enough history to get a pretty good idea of where this is headed, why don't the people who read and write the present see it too?

20 posted on 10/02/2012 7:13:29 PM PDT by GBA (The line is drawn, two choices left: We must pull back from the line or be forced to cross it.)
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