I don’t know about other states but Ohio’s CCW training requires actual shooting at and *hitting* a target. Several hours worth. I will never forget that day. Early December, outside in a blowing snow.
Besides, my gun has a laser sight................
Same in Va. We had a student who had no idea how to aim something. She just pointed in a random direction.
IIRC, Kentucky required we complete the better part of a day in the classroom and then a marksmanship test. Something like we had to get most of 21 shots into a torso target at 21 feet. Not sure, but I think we got one try.
We were told, if possible retreat. Avoidance is preferable. Don't pull your gun unless you truly believe a life is threatened. And, *If* you have to shoot someone, empty the gun.