The world is nowhere near running out of resources, and could conceivably support by a vast magnitude, much greater human population than it now does.
But before that limit is reached, mankind shall have learned how to expand off-world, terraforming some of the nearby celestial objects, and it is not merely science-fiction speculation, it may be possible to reach other star systems, in the greatest diaspora imaginable. We shall be mining asteroids within a span of perhaps less than a century, and become space-dwelling creatures, who rarely or never touch down on the earth’s surface.
Human beings obey an imperative to breed right up to the limits of whatever environment they find themselves in, then break out to another environment, overcoming the most hostile aspects and making this their “new normal”.
The “population bomb” was a fallacy that was defused long ago. Microsoft will become some kind of enterprise that shall be left in the dust, like The Hudson Bay Trading Company, which outgrew its business model and was overtaken by competitors and technology that was advancing on many other fronts. After all, who needs beaver pelts today?
Microsoft is in the analogous position of trading beaver pelts today.