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Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet

It's a FReebie, but it opens at the discussion courtesy of Forbes.

1 posted on 02/25/2013 4:33:40 PM PST by neverdem
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To: neverdem

My mom age 86 has a diet including olive oil, garlic, salads and some fish. She also eats red meats, butter, cakes, ice cream, bagels and such. She’s a bit overweight with HBP but she’s still around. Only one male member of the extended family to my knowledge has made it to age 80.


2 posted on 02/25/2013 4:46:39 PM PST by tflabo (Truth or Tyranny)
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To: carlo3b

Ping! You knew it all the while!


3 posted on 02/25/2013 4:49:39 PM PST by afraidfortherepublic
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To: neverdem

I just wonder if the good outcomes are based more on the diet or more on the genetics of the Spaniards participating.

For instance, and I mean this seriously, if African Americans ate a diet like this would this reduce the high rates of hypertension they have as a race? I suspect not, but I don’t know, of course.


5 posted on 02/25/2013 5:24:18 PM PST by Persevero (Homeschooling for Excellence since 1992)
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To: neverdem

Or, mother could reclaim her previous job as family nutritionist.


6 posted on 02/25/2013 5:25:57 PM PST by donna (Pray for revival.)
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To: neverdem

Salient components of the Mediterranean diet reportedly associated with better survival include moderate consumption of ethanol (mostly from wine), low consumption of meat and meat products, and high consumption of vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, fish, and olive oil. Perhaps there is a synergy among the nutrient-rich foods included in the Mediterranean diet that fosters favorable changes in intermediate pathways of cardiometabolic risk, such as blood lipids, insulin sensitivity, resistance to oxidation, inflammation, and vasoreactivity.

...favorable trends were seen for both stroke and myocardial infarction. ...changes in total fat were small and the largest differences at the end of the trial were in the distribution of fat subtypes.

...extra-virgin olive oil and nuts were probably responsible for most of the observed benefits of the Mediterranean diets. Differences were also observed for fish and legumes but not for other food groups.

In conclusion, in this primary prevention trial, we observed that an energy-unrestricted Mediterranean diet, supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil or nuts, resulted in a substantial reduction in the risk of major cardiovascular events among high-risk persons.


10 posted on 02/25/2013 5:37:08 PM PST by ProtectOurFreedom
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To: neverdem
Eligible participants were men (55 to 80 years of age) and women (60 to 80 years of age) with no cardiovascular disease at enrollment, who had either type 2 diabetes mellitus or at least three of the following major risk factors: smoking, hypertension, elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, overweight or obesity, or a family history of premature coronary heart disease. Detailed enrollment criteria are provided in the Supplementary Appendix, available at NEJM.org. All participants provided written informed consent.

Beginning on October 1, 2003, participants were randomly assigned, in a 1:1:1 ratio, to one of three dietary intervention groups: a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts, or a control diet. Randomization was performed centrally by means of a computer-generated random-number sequence.

Ummm, so they put some fat people middle aged people on a controlled diet for a change and it worked?

Amazing what passes for science these days...

13 posted on 02/25/2013 6:46:14 PM PST by Snickering Hound
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To: neverdem

Wait til they find out that high fat, high protein, extremely low carb diet is the healthiest way to live. The AHA can enjoy being fat and choke on their whole grains.


14 posted on 02/25/2013 6:52:33 PM PST by exit82b
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To: neverdem

The results were fudged. The control study had no controls. Pure garbage. The study was a product of the “Olive Garden” restaurant


15 posted on 02/25/2013 6:53:02 PM PST by batterycommander (a little more rubble, a lot less trouble)
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