Skip to comments.EU: Political Factions Threaten to Derail Moldova’s European Course (Part One)
Posted on 02/27/2013 6:15:49 PM PST by bruinbirdman
Until a few days ago, Moldova was on course to sign or at least to initial an Association Agreement with the European Union this year. Moldova was outpacing the other countries in the EUs Eastern Partnership program toward the goals of association and free trade with the EU. In recent months, Moldova became the only Eastern Partner country to be offered a prospect of eventual EU membership, conditional on performance, by top European officials. Within Moldovas coalition government, Prime Minister Vlad Filats team holds the ministries implementing the EU-Moldova Action Plan (the ministries of foreign affairs, internal affairs, justice, finance). Filat and his team interact directly with the EU and European governments and have earned high-level European support.
Former First Vice-Chairman of Parliament Vlad Plahotniuc
Those goals, and the countrys whole institutional setup, are now threatened by the countrys wealthiest businessman, Vlad Plahotniuc, and his allies, who are attempting to remove Prime Minister Filats team or at least to slash its powers. Plahotniuc and his allies seek to retain their share of control over law enforcement agencies, which can be useful in protecting business interests. Plahotniuc operates inside the governing coalition through Parliament Chairman Marian Lupus Democratic Party, where Plahotniuc is officially deputy leader but calls the shots, including appointments to law enforcement services on this partys quota (see below). They are now conducting criminal proceedings against Filats team for political intimidation. In parallel, unidentified perpetrators are eavesdropping on the prime ministers phone conversations and disseminating bits from the intercepts. The coalition governments third component is Mihai Ghimpus small Liberal Party, bitter rival to Filats Liberal-Democrat Party on overlapping segments of the electorate. Ghimpu is allied with the Plahotniuc-Lupu tandem to cut down Filats party.
In early February, the National Anti-Corruption Center headed by Democratic Party appointees launched criminal investigations against Finance Minister Veaceslav Negruta and Health Minister Andrei Usatii; and it threatened a criminal investigation against Internal Affairs Minister Dorin Recean. All three ministers belong to Prime Minister Filats Liberal-Democrat Party. To mitigate perceptions of selective law enforcement, the Anti-Corruption Center has also announced an investigation against Culture Minister Boris Focsa from Lupus Democratic Party.
On February 15, National Anti-Corruption Center chief Viorel Chetraru dispatched his agents armed with submachine guns, wearing combat uniforms and masks, to search government offices that are headed by Prime Minister Filats appointees. The Anti-Corruption Center detained the head of the Main Fiscal Inspectorate, Nicolae Vicol, for a 20-day term for investigation on vaguely phrased charges. The Anti-Corruption Center also searched the premises of Filats chancellery; and summoned the chancellerys deputy head, Eduard Banaruc, for questioning on February 18. Those scenes were amply televised from footage supplied by the same Anti-Corruption Center (Unimedia, Jurnal.Md, Publika TV, February 1518).
The February 15 morning raids were timed to the opening of Parliaments 2013 session. Their instant goal was to intimidate Filats party into cancelling the motion to remove Plahotniuc from the post of first vice-chairman of parliament, in a vote scheduled for that same day. The first vice-chairmanship had been created specially for Plahotniuc in 2010, although it is not provided for in the Constitution. The motion nevertheless went ahead and abolished Plahotniucs post with the Liberal-Democrat Partys votes and those of the Communist opposition. Beyond that immediate issue, however, the raids and investigations are overtly aimed at generating criminal charges motivated politically against Filats team or his appointees. Vicols 20-day preliminary detention is widely seen as designed to pressure him into making those kinds of allegations for political use by the Anti-Corruption Center. Indeed on February 18, the Centers Chetraru implied that Vicol was being pressured by higher-ups to participate in tax-related corruption. In his turn, Chetraru stepped up pressure on the government by announcing that his Center would call in Filat with [unnamed] ministers and others for questioning (Publika TV, February 18).
On February 18, an anonymous group self-titled Prosecutors for Truth disseminated bits from purported recordings of the prime ministers and internal affairs ministers telephone conversations with the same Vicol. Most of these selective bits do not seem to reveal criminal activity or intent, but rather some political instructions to the Fiscal Inspectorate chief. In one case, Filat is heard instructing Vicol to stop unfair tax pressures against the German automobile components manufacturer Draexlmaier, following complaints by the German ambassador in Chisinau. The Draexlmaier company is one of the main European investors in Moldova, with factories in Chisinau and Balti (Unimedia, Jurnal.Md, February 1820).
No court has authorized those wiretaps. No one knows whether these may be the first bits from more extensive, unlawful intercepts at the disposal of those seeking to topple the government. While unauthorized wiretaps may not be used as evidence in a court of law, their political impact can potentially destabilize Filats team. Intercepting the prime ministers telephonewhile also searching his chancellery by armed agents on behalf of one faction in the governmentis in any case an assault on Moldovas state security.
The Anti-Corruption Center is not known to possess the technical equipment for such eavesdropping. The Security and Information Service (the main state security agency) is believed to possess such equipment, but this is only guesswork, and it seems entirely possible that private interests conducted the eavesdropping on the prime minister. Filats Liberal-Democrat Party has requested the General Prosecutors Office to launch a criminal investigation into the wiretapping. It described this unlawful action as a blow to national security andalluding to Plahotniucas political blackmail on behalf of one individual (Moldpres, February 19).
From the moment of his removal as first vice-chairman of parliament on February 15 (see above) to date, Plahotniuc has insisted that his removal must necessarily trigger Prime Minister Filats immediate resignation for the sake of balance in the governing coalition. Lupus Democrats and Ghimpus Liberals are closely following Plahotniucs line in their daily statements to date (Unimedia, Jurnal.md, February 2026).
Aware that the prime ministers resignation would ipso facto entail that of the entire government, Lupu and Ghimpu want an interim prime minister and caretaker government, so as to force a re-distribution of powers and institutions in their own favor. They are calling for such a re-negotiation from a zero basis. They pretend that Plahotniuc and Filat represent symmetrical political factors in the coalition, although this is obviously not the case. Plahotniuc has no official leadership post and no popular mandate; whereas, Filat has such a mandate as prime minister, and his party holds more parliamentary seats (31) than Lupus and Ghimpus parties combined (15 and 12, respectively). Retaining and expanding these two parties share of government portfolios, crucially including quotas in law enforcement agencies, seems more important to them than the continuity and success of Moldovas European integration course.
Indirectly, however, the attempt at accrediting a Filat-Plahotniuc symmetry reflects the reality of two competing power centers in this coalition government. Some of Ghimpus disappointed supporters in the press are urging him to demonstrate that he is not in Plahotniucs pocket (Nicolae Negru in Jurnal de Chisinau, February 22). Lupu, however, does not seem to be asked or expected to demonstrate this.
The jaws of death... must... run... to them...
The opposition Party Of Communists is waiting in the wings.
It has held power before.
I guess no one told Moldova that Free Trade and the EU do not work.