The U.S. Constitution says that Senators are elected to terms that last six years, and Representatives to terms that last two years, so recall provisions in state constitutions can’t apply to members of Congress.
Correct, and this was litigated in Idaho in 1967 when some citizens of that state attempted to recall Sen. Frank Church. The federal court shut the recall effort down.
They never have. Recall of Senators, Congressmen and the President has been a dead issue for over a hundred years.
The Senate may expel a sitting Senator with a 2/3 vote. Same for a sitting Congressman. A President much be impeached.
There are no other methods of removal available.
The constitution is a delivering document. It doesn’t say a lot of things. ... like no prescription for recall. ... therefore what applies is that what is not in the Constitution is left to the states. This court was wrong big time.